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i i 






y 



OLIVER OPTIC'S 

LAKE SHORE SERIES. 

Six Vols., Illust. Per vol., $1.25. 



Throag:h 

Or, The 
Shore B 

Or, The 

On Time 

Or, The 
Steamer. 



THE f4BV 



Lake 



: Ucayga 



Switch Off 

Or, The War of the Students. 

Brake Up ; 

Or, The Yotmg Peacemakenk 
Bear and Forbear ; 

Or, The Young Skipper of Lake Ucayga. 

OUver Optic owes hia popularity to a pleiuant 
tiyle, and to a ready 8vniiMthy with the drsamg, 
bopei^ aspirations, aud flinciea of the young people 
few whom he writes. He writes like a wise, over- 
grown boy, and his books have therefore a fresh- 
D«n and raciness rarely attahied by his fellow 
■crlbea. — CkritHan Advocate. 

LEE & SHEPARD, Publishers, Boston. 



OLIVER OPTICS ^ 

STARRY FLAG SERIES. 

Six Vols., Illust. Pke vol., $i.as- 

The Starry Fla^ ; 

Or, The Young Fisherman of Cape Ann. 

Breaking Awajr; 

Or, The Fortunes of a Student 

Seek and Find; 

Or, The Adventures of a Smart Boy. 

Freaks of Fortune ; 

Or, Half Round the World. 

Make or Break ; 

Or, The Rich Man's Daughter. 

Down the River; 

Or, Buck Bradford and his Tyrants. 

Thjse books are exciting narratives, and ftill of 
stirring adventures, but the youthftil heroes of the 
stories are noble, self-sacrificing, and courageous, 
and the stories contain nothing which will do 
injury to the mind or heart of the youthAil reader. 
— Webster Times. 

LEE & SHEPARD, Publishers, Boston. 



OLIVER OPTIC'S 

BOAT CLUB SERIES. 

Six Vols., Illust. Per vol., $1.25. 



The Boat Clnb ; 

Or, The Bunkers of Rippleton. 

All Aboard; 

Or, Life on the Lake. 

Now or Never ; 

Or. the Adventures ci Bobby Bright. 

Try Again; 

Or, The Trials and Triumphs of Harry 

Poor and Prond ; v 

Or, The Fortunes of Katy Redbum. 

Little by Little ; 

Or The Cruise of the Flyaway. 

^. Boya and girls have no taste for dry and tame 

thiogs; they want something that will stir the 

Wood and warm the heart Optic alwavs does 

this, while at the same Ume he in)prove8 the taste 

and elevates the moral nature. The cominff gen- 

; aration of men will never know how much they 

; aie indebted for what is pure and enobllng to his 

I wtMngs. —R.L Schoointate. 

l^ LEE ft SHEPARD, Publishers, Boston. 

&®^ • 



OLIVER OPTIC'S 

WOODVILLE STORIES. 

Six Vols., Illust. Pcr vol., $1.25. 



Rich and Hamble; 

Or, The Mission of Bertha Grant 

In School and Out; 

Or, the Conquest of Richard Grant 

Watch and Wait; 

Or, The Young Fugitives. 

Work and Win ; 

Or, Noddy Newman on a Cruise. 

Hope and Have; 

Or, Fanny Grant among the Indians. 

Haste and Waste; 

Or, The Young Pilot of Lake Cham^ 
plain. 

Oliver Optic is the apostolic suceessor, at th% 
" Hub." of Peter Parley. He has just cofnplete^j 
the »♦ Woodville Stories," by the publication of 
"Haste and Waste." The best notice to give of 
them is to mention that a couple of youngs*^ 
pulled them out of the pilte two hours since, an<i 
are yet devouring them out in the sumroer-nOa'« 
(albeit autumn leaves cover it) oblivious to ■»»«» 
Ume. — iv; r. Leeuler. 

LEE & SHEPARD, Publishers, Boaton 

- i-r^ 




O^^^au-^^x^^^^ r 




^ 



!■■ :M. 






-^ .N /''* :r- ■•.' ; 



1 







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Bs Si Sehsiem®. 




OUTWARD BOUND; 

OR, y 

YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 



A Story of Travel and Adventure. 



BY 

WILLIAM T. ADAMS 
(OLIVER OPTIC). 



BOSTON: 

LEE AND SHEPABD, PUBLISHERS. 

NEW YORK: 

LEB, 8HEPARD AND DILLINGHAM. 

1873. 



^Y^ 



THE NEW YORK 
PUBLIC LIBRARY 

AiT^R, LENOX AND 

TILDE N FOUNDATIONS 

R 1915 L 



Entered according to Act of Congre««« In the year 1868, tj 

WILLIAM T. ADAMS. 

In tlieaerk'i Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts. 



TO 

GEORGE WEBSTER TERRILL 
This Volume 

IS RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED. 

en 

^ .O '■ ■ ■'/■ ■ • •■'•"■' 

i''^ 






YOUNG AMERICA ABROAD, 

BY OLIVER OPTIC. 

A Library of Travel and Adventure in Foreign Lands. Firsl 
and Second Series; six volumes in each Scries. i6mo. 
Illustrated. 

J^irst Series, 
I. OUTWARD BOUND; or, Young America Afloat. 
n. SHAMROCK AND THISTLE; or, Young America 
IN Ireland and Scotland. 

III. RED CROSS; or, Young America in England and 

Wales. 
rV. Dn<ES AND DITCHES; or, Young America in 
Holland and Belgium. 

V. PALACE AND COTTAGE: or. Young America 
IK France and Switzerland. 

VL DOWN THE RHINE; or, Young America in 
Germany. 

Second Series. 
I. UP THE ^^Z.7Y^;:bR^Y<^^G America IN Denmark 

AND Sweden, v^ :; : -^j ^^ '..\^' "?:/: 
II. NORTHERN LANDS;- or,. ^YoyNa America in 

Prussia AND Russia./ ^ ^'^'!:: : : 
in. VINE AND OLIVff^ .OR, Joi^GjiMK^iCA IN Spaih 

AND Portugal, y "^ .M >:.':: ^^ 

IV. SUNNT SHORES; or, Young America in Ital^ 

AND Austria. 

V. CROSS AND CRESCENT; or. Young America 
IN Greece and Turkey. 

VI. ISLES OF THE SEA; or. Young America Home- 
ward Bound. 



PREFACE. 



Outward Bound is the first volume of **A Librarj of 
Travel and Adventure in Foreign Lands/' and contains the 
voyage of the Academy Ship "Young America" across the 
Atlantic. The origin and progress of this aquatic institution 
are incidentally developed, and the plan is respectfully sub- 
mitted to the consideration of those who 'are interested in 
the education and moral training of the class of young men 
who are the characters in the scenes described in this work. 
Besides a full description of the routine and discipline of the 
ship, as an educational and reformatory institution, the vol- 
ume coDtaiifs a rather free exposi of the follies and frailties 
of youth, but their vices are revealed to suggest the remedy. 

The story includes the experience of the officers and crew 
of the Young America, eighty-seven in number, though, of 
course, only a few of them can appear as prominent actors. 
As the ship has a little world, with all the elements of good 
and evil, within her wooden walls, the story of the individual 
will necessarily be interwoven with that of the mass; and 
the history of '* The Chain League," in the present volume, 
of which ShufHes is the hero, will, it is hoped, convey an 
instructive lesson to young men who are disposed to rebel 
against reasonable discipline and authority. 

<«) 



6 PRBFACB. 

In the succeeding volumes of this series, the adventures, 
travels, and *' sight-seeing," as well as the individual and 
collective experience of the juvenile crew of the Academy 
Ship, will be narrated. Thej will visit the principal ports 
of Europe, as well as penetrate to the interior; but they 
will always be American boys, wherever they are. - 

The author hopes that the volumes of the series will not 
only be instructive as a description of foreign lands, and 
interesting as a record of juvenile exploits, but that they 
will convey correct views of moral and social duties, and 
stimulate the young reader to their faithful performance. 

Habrison Squabe, Mass., 
NoYember 2, 1800. 



CONTENTS. 



eOAFRB TAom 

I. The Idea suggested. ii 

II. The Young America 27 

III. The Ensign at the Peak 43 

IV. Officers and Seamen. • • . . 59 
V. Our Fellows 75 

VI. TuE Fourth of July -91 

VII. Heaving the Loo. . . . • • . 106 

VIII. Outward Bound 12a 

IX. The Watch Bill 138 

X. Making a Chain 154 

XI. The Gamblers in No. 8 170 

XII. The Root of all Evil. .... 186 

XIII. Piping to Mischief. . • • • • • 202 

XIV. All Hands, Reef Topsails! . . • 218 
XV. After the Gale 233 

(7) 
t 



8 CONTENTS. 



PAO« 

XVI. Thb Wrkck of the Sylvia 2^8 

XVII. Peas and Beans. 263 

XVIII. The Result of the Ballot. . . . 280 

XIX. Man overboard! • • • • . 299 

XX. The End of the Chain League. • • . 3x8 



OUTWARD BOUND. 



OUTWARD BOUND; 

OR, 

YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 



CHAPTER I. 

THB IDEA SUGGESTED. 

THERE are ho such peaches this side of New 
Jersey; and you can't get them, for love or 
money, at the stores. All we have to do is, to fill 
our pockets, and keep, our mouths closed — till the 
peaches are ripe enough to eat," said Robert Shuffles, 
the older and the larger of two boys, who had just 
climbed over the high fence that surrounded the fine 
garden of Mr. Lowington. 

"What will Baird say if he finds it out?" replied 
Isaac Monroe, his companion. 

"Baird," the gentleman thus irreverently alluded 
to, was the principal of the Brockway Academy, of 
which Shuffles and Monroe were pupils in the board- 
ing department. 

" What will he say when he finds out that the King 
of the Tonga Islands picks his teeth with a pitch- 



12 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

fork ? " added Shuffles, contemptuously. " I don't in- 
tend that he shall find it out; and he won't, unless 
you tell him." 

" Of course, I shall not tell him." 

" Come along, then ; it is nearly dark, and no one 
will see us." 

Shuffles led the way down the gp-avelled walk till 
he came tp a brook, on the bank of which stood the 
peach tree whose rich fruit had tempted the young 
gentlemen to invade the territory of Mr. Lowington 
with intent to plunder. 

" There they are," said the chief of the young 
marauders, as he paused behind a clump of quince 
bushes, and pointed at the coveted fruit. " There's 
no discount on them, and they are worth coming 
after." 

" Hark I " whispered Monroe, " I heard a noise." 

"What was it?" 

" I don't know. I'm afraid we shall be caught." 

" No danger ; no one can see us from the house." 

" But I'm sure tliere's some one near. I heard 
something." 

"Nonsense! It was only a dagger of the mind, 
such as Baird talks about," answered Shuffles, as he 
crawled towards the peach tree. "Come, Monroe, 
be quick, and fill your pockets." 

This peach tree was a choice variety, in whose 
cultivation the owner had been making an elaborate 
experiment. Mr. Lowington had watched it and 
nursed it with the most assiduous care, and now it 
bof*e about a dozen remarkably large and beautiful 
peaches. They were not quite ripe enough to be 



YOITSG AMERICA AFLOAT. 1 3 

gathered, but Shuffles was confident that they would 
*' mellow" in his trunk as well as on the tree. The 
experiment of the cultivator had been a success, and 
he had already prepared, with much care and labor, a 
paper explanatory of the process, which he intended 
to read before the Pomolog^cal Society, exhibiting 
the fruit as the evidence of tlie practicability of his 
method. To Mr. Lowington, therefore, the peaches 
had a value far beyond their intrinsic worth. 

Shuffles gathered a couple of the peaches, and urged 
his companion to use all possible haste in stripping 
the tree of its rich burden. 

"Hallo, there! What are you about?" shouted 
some one, who hastened to make his presence known 
to the plunderers. 

Monroe began to retreat. 

*' Hold on ! " interposed Shuffles. " It's no one but 
Harry Marty n." 

" He can tell of us just as well as anybody else." 

*' If he does, he will catch it." 

"What are you doing?" demanded Harry Martyn^ 
-r- who was a nephew of Mr. Lowington, and lived 
with him, — as he crossed the rustic bridge tliat 
spanned the brook. 

" Don't you see what I'm doing?" replied Shuffles, 
with an impudent coolness which confounded Harry. 

"Stop that. Shuffles!" cried Harry, indignantly. 
" My uncle wouldn't take ten dollars apiece for those 
peaches." 

" That's more than he'll get for them," added Shuf- 
fles, as he reached up and gathered another peach. 

" Stop tliat, I tell you ! " said Harry, angrily, as he 
2^ 



Z4 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

stepped up, in a menacing attitude, before the reckless 
marauder. 

" Shut up, Harry I You know me, and when I get 
all these peaches, I've got something to say to you." 

Shuffles was about to gather another of the peaches, 
when Harry, his indignation overcoming his prudence, 
grasped his arm, and pulled him away from the tree. 

" What do you mean, Harry Martyn ? " exclaimed 
Shuffles, apparently astonished at the temerity of the 
youth. " I can't stop to lick you now ; but I'll do it 
within twenty-four hours." 

" Well, don't you touch those peaches, then." 

"Yes, I will touch them. I intend to have the 
whole of them ; and if you say a word to your uncle 
or any one else about it, I'll pulverize that head of 
yours." 

" No, you won't I You shall not have those peaches, 
anyhow," replied the resolute little fellow, who was 
no match, physically, for Shuffles. 

*' If you open your mouth " 

« Hallo ! Uncle Robert ! Help, help I Thieves in 
the garden ! " shouted Harry, who certainly had no 
defect of the lungs. 

"Take that, you littie monkey!" said Shuffles, 
angrily, as he struck the little fellow a heavy blow 
on the side of the head with his fist, which knocked 
him down. " I'll fix you the next time I see you." 

Shuffles consulted his discretion rather than his 
valor, now that the alarm had been given, and re- 
treated towards the place where he had entered the 
garden. 

" Whaf s the matter, Harry ? " asked Mr. Lowington, 



YOXmG AMERICA AFLOAT. I5 

as he rushed over the bridge, followed by the gardener 
and his assistants, just as Harry was picking himself 
up and rubbing his head. 

" They were stealing your peaches, and I tried to 
stop them," replied Harry. " They have taken some 
of them now." 

Mr. Lowington glanced at the favorite tree, and his 
brow lowered with anger and vexation. His paper 
before the " Pomological" could be illustrated by 
only nine peaches, instead of thirteen. 

" Who Stole them, Harry ? " demanded tlie disap- 
pointed fruit-grower. 

The nephew hesitated a moment, and the question 
was repeated with more sternness. 

" Robert Shuffles ; Isaac Monroe was with him, but 
he didn't take any of the peaches." 

"What is the matter with your head, Harry?" 
asked his uncle, when he observed him rubbing the 
place where the blow had fallen. 

" Shuffles struck me and knocked me down, when I 
called out for you." 

" Did he ? Where is he now ? " 

" He and Monroe ran up the walk to the back of 
tlie garden." 

" That boy shall be taken care of," continued Mr. 
Lowington, as he walked up the path towards the 
point where the marauders had entered. " The Acad- 
emy is fast becoming a nuisance to the neighborhood, 
because there is neither order nor discipline among 
the students." 

The thieves had escaped, and as it would be useless 
to follow them, Mr. Lowington went back to the 



16 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

house ; but he was too much annoyed at the loss of 
his splendid peaches, which were to figure so promi^ 
nently before the ." Pomological," to permit the matter 
to drop without further notice. 

" Did he hurt you much, Harry ? " asked Mr. Low- 
ington, as they entered the house 

" Not much, sir, though he gave me a pretty hard 
crack," answered Harry. 

" Did you see them when they came into the 
garden?" 

" No, sir ; I was fixing my water-wheel in the 
brook when I heard them at the tree. I went up, 
and tried to prevent Shuffles from taking the peaches. 
I caught hold of him, and pulled him away. He said 
he couldn't stop to lick me then, but he'd do it within 
twenty-four hours. Then he hit me when I called for 
help." 

" The young scoundrel ! That boy is worse than a 
pestilence in any neighborhood. Mr. Baird seems to 
have no control over him." 

Suddenly, and without any apparent reason, Mr. 
Lowington's compressed lips and contracted brow 
relaxed, and his face wore its usual expression of 
dignified serenity. Harry could not understand the 
cause of this sudden change ; but his uncle's anger 
had passed away. The fact was, that Mr. Lowington 
happened to think, while his indignation prompted 
him to resort to the severest punishment for Shuffles, 
that he himself had been just such a boy as the plun- 
derer of his cherished fruit. At the age of fifleen he 
had been tlie pest of the town in which he resided. 
His father was a very wealthy man, and resorted 



YOXTNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 1 7 

to many expedients to cure the boy of his vicious 
propensities. 

Young Lowington had a taste for the sea, and his 
father finally procured a midshipman's warrant for 
him to enter the navy. The strict discipline of a ship 
of war proved to be the " one thing needful " for the 
reformation of the wild youth; "^ and he not only 
became a steady young man, but a hard student and 
an accomplished officer. The navy made a man of 
him, as it has of hundreds of the sons of rich men, 
demoralized by idleness and the absence of^a rea- 
sonable ambition. 

When Mr. Lowington was thirty years old, his 
father died, leaving to each of his three children a 
quarter of a million ; and he had resigned his posi- 
tion in the navy, in order to take care of his property, 
and to lead a more domestic life with his wife and 
daughter than the discipline of the service would 
permit. 

He had taken up his residence in Brockway, the 
early home of his wife. It was a large town on the 
sea shore, only a few miles from the metropolis of 
New England, thus combining all the advantages of a 
home in the city and in the country. For several 
years he had been happy in his peaceful retirement. 
But not wealth, nor even integrity and piety, can bar 
the 'door of the lofty mansion against the Destroj'er of 
the race. His wife died of an hereditary disease, which 
gave no indication of its presence till she had passed 
her thirtieth year. Two years later, his daughter, 
just blooming into maturity, followed her motlier 



tS OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

down to the silent tomb, stricken in her freshness 
and beauty by the same insidious malady. 

The husband and father was left desolate. His 
purest and fondest hopes were blighted ; but, while 
he was submissive to the will of the Father, who 
doeth all things well, he became gloomy and sad. 
He was not seen to smile for a year after the death of 
his daughter, and it was three years before he had 
recovered even the outward semblance of his former 
cheerfulness. He was rich, but alone in the world. 
He continued to reside in the home which was en- 
deared to him by the memories of his loved and 
lost ones. 

When his wife's sister died in poverty, leaving two 
children, he had taken them to his home, and had 
become a father to them. Harrj'' Martyn was a good 
boy, and Josephine Martyn was a good girl ; but they 
were not his own children. There was something 
wanting — an aching void which they could not fill, 
though Mr. Lowington was to them all that could be 
asked or expected of a parent. 

' Mr. Lowington busied himself in various studies 
and experiments ; but life had ceased to be what it 
was before the death of his wife and daughter. He 
wanted more mental occupation ; he felt the need of 
greater activity, and he was tempted to return to the 
navy, even after his absence of ten years from the 
service ; but this step, for many reasons, was not 
practicable. At the time when his garden was in- 
vaded by the vandal students from the Brock way 
Academy, he was still thinking what he could do to 
save himself from the inglorious life of ease he was 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. > X9 

leading, and, at the same time, serve his country and 
his race. 

Shuffles had robbed his garden of some of his 
choicest fruit ; had struck his nephew a severe blow 
on the head, and tlireatened to iyflict still greater 
chastisement upon him in the future. Mr. Lowing- 
ton was justly indignant ; and his own peace and the 
peace of the neighborhood demanded that the author 
of the mischief should be punished, especially as he 
was an old transgressor. It was absolutely necessary 
that something should be done, and the retired naval 
officer was in the right frame of mind to do it. Just 
then, when he was wrought up to the highest pitch of 
indignation, his anger vanished. Shuffles at sixteen 
was the counterpart of himself at fifteen. 

This was certainly no reason why the hand of jus- 
tice should be stayed. Mr. Lowington did not intend 
to stay it, though the thought of his own juvenile 
depravity modified his view, and appeased his wrath. 
He put on his hat and left the house. He walked 
over to the Academy, and being shown to the office 
of the principal, he informed him of the depredations 
committed in his garden. 

"Who did it, Mr. Lowington?" demanded the 
principal, with proper indignation in his tones and 
his looks. 

"Shuffles." 

" I need not have asked. That boy gives me more 
trouble tlian all the others put together," added Mf . 
Baird, with an anxious expression. " And yet what 
can I do with him?" 

"Expel him," replied Mr. Lowington, laconically- 



to OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" I don't like to do that." 

"Why not?" 

" It would be an injury to me." 

"Why so?" 

" It would ofiend his father, who is a person of 
wealth and influence. When Shuffles came to Brock- 
way, ten other boys came with him. He was expelled 
from another institution, which so incensed his father 
that he induced the parents of ten others to take their 
sons out, and send them to me. If I expel Shuffles, I 
shall lose about a dozen of my students, and I can't 
afford to do that." 

" But must the neighborhood suflfer from his depre- 
dations?" 

" I will talk with the boy ; I will keep him in his 
room for a week." 

"I'm afraid the boy needs severer measures. If 
tliis were the first, or even the third time, I would not 
say so much." 

" My dear sir, what can I do ? " 

" The boy needs strict discipline. If I were still in 
the navy, and had him aboard my ship, I could make 
a man of him." 

" I don't tliink anything can be done." 

" Something must be done, Mr. Baird. My garden 
shall not be robbed with impunity." 

" I will do what I can, Mr. Lowington." 

But the owner of the stolen fruit was by this time 
satisfied that nothing would be done. The principal 
of the Brockway Academy had not force nor influence 
enough to control such a boy as Shuffles. Mr. Low- 
ington took his leave, determined to apply to another 



YOUNO AMERICA AFLOAT. 31 

tribunal for the correction of the evil. That night the 
peach thieves were arrested, and put in the lock-up. 
The next day they were tried, found guilty, and sen- 
tenced to pay a fine and costs, which Mr. Baird 
promptly paid. Witiiin a week Mr. Lowington's 
stable was burned to tlie ground. Shuffles was seen 
near the building just before the fire broke out ; but it 
could not be proved that he was the incendiary, though 
no one doubted the fact. He was arrested, but dis- 
charged on the examination. 

" You see how it is, Mr. Lowington," said tlie 
principal of the Academy, as the two gentlemen met 
after the examination. " It would have been better 
for you if you had not prosecuted the boy for stealing 
tlie peaches." 

" I don't think so," replied Mr. Lowingfton. " I 
must do my duty, witliout regard to consequences; 
and you will pardon me if I say you ought to do the 
same." 

" If I expel the boy he would burn the house over 
my head." 

*' Then you think he burned my stable ? " 

" I don't know ; it cannot be proved that he did." 

" I have no doubt of the fact. I have no ill will 
against the boy. I only desire to protect myself and 
my neiglibors from his depredations." 

" I think you were very unfortunate in the method 
you adopted, Mr. Lowington," replied the principal 
of tlie Academy. " It has reacted upon yourself." 

" Shall this boy steal my fruit and burn my build- 
ings with impunity?" added Mr. Lowington, with 
considerable warmth. 



Z2 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" Certainly not" 

" I applied to you for redress, Mr. Baird." 

" I told you I would talk with the boy." 

" Such a reprobate as that needs somethings more 
than talk." 

"What would you do witli him, sir?" demanded 
Mr. Baird, earnestly. 

" I hardly know. I should certainly have expelled 
him ; but that, while it protects the Academy, docs not 
benefit the boy." 

" It would only harden the boy." 

" Very likely ; and his remaining will harden a 
dozen more by his influence. Mr. Baird, I shall be 
obliged to take my nephew out of your institution," 
added Mr. Lowington, seriously. 

"Take him out?" 

" I must, indeed." 

" Why so? " asked Mr. Baird, who was touched in 
a very tender place. 

" Because I am not willing to keep him under the 
influence of such an example as this Shuflles sets for 
his companions. As the matter now stands, the young 
rascal has more influence in the Academy than you 
have. You cannot manage him, and you dare not 
expel him. The boy knows this, and he will not 
leave his advantage unused." 

" I hope you won't, take Harry out of the school," 
said Mr. Baird. 

" I must." 

" Others may do the same." 

" I cannot help it ; with my view of the matter, 
tliey can hardly do otherwise." 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 23 

" But you see, sir, what the effect of tliis step 
must be." 

" Mr. Baird, I must be frank with you. You have 
declined to expel Shuffles, while you know that his 
influence is bad. You asked me what you should do ; 
and I told you. Now, you prefer to retain ShufHes, 
but you must lose others. Permit me to say that 3^ou 
should do your duty without regard to consequences." 

" I cannot afford to lose my scholars." 

" Your position is a diilicult one, I grant, Mr. Baird ; 
but witlioat aiscipline you can do nothing for yourself 
or t!ic boys.'* 

Air. Lowington went home, Harry was taken from 
the. Academy, and a dozen parents and guardians fol- 
lowed the example of the advocate for discipline. Mr. 
Baird was in despair. The institution was falling to 
pieces for the want of discipline. The principal had 
not the nerve to enforce order, even with the limited 
means witliin his reach. He went to see Mr. Low- 
ington, and begged him to assist in stemming the tide 
which was setting against the Brockway Academy. 
The retired naval officer became deeply interested in 
the subject of school discipline in general, especially 
in its connection with tlie education of rich men's sons 
given to insubordination. He pitied poor Mr. Baird 
in his perplexities, for he was a good man and an 
excellent teacher. 

In the mean time Shuffles grew worse instead of 
better. Finding that he could have his own way, that 
tlie principal was no match for him, his influence for 
evil was stronger than Mr. Baird's for good. The 
worthy schoolmaster had finally resolved to expel his 



»4 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

troublesome student, when }dr. Lowington one day 
surprised him by ofTering to buy out the Academy at 
a price far exceeding its value. He gladly accepted 
tlie offer as the best solution of the problem, and 
the naval officer became principal of the Brockway 
Academy. 

Mr. Lowington did not expel the refractory pupil at 
once. He waited for an overt act ; but Shuffles found 
tlie anaconda of authority tightening upon him. He 
attempted to vindicate himself before his fellow- 
students by setting fire to a haystack on the marsh, 
belonging to the new principal. A searching investi- 
gation followed, and Shuffles was convicted. Mr. 
Lowington wrote to the boy's father, announcing his 
expulsion. Mr. Shuffles went to Brockway full of 
wrath, and tlireatened the new head of the institution 
with the loss of ^a large number of his scholars if he 
disgraced his son by expelling him. If the boy had 
done wrong, — and he supposed he had, — let him be 
talked to ; let him be confined to his room for a day or 
two ; but he must not be expelled ; it was a disgrace 
to the boy. 

The principal was as firm as a rock, and Mr. Shuf- 
fles was calm when he found that threats were una- 
vailing. Mr. Lowington pointed out to his visitor the 
perils which lay in the path of his son. Mr. Shuffles 
began to be reasonable, and dined with the principal. 
A long and earnest consideration of the whole matter 
took place over the dessert. The fiat of expulsion was 
revoked, and young Shuffles was turned over to the 
ex-naval officer, with full fK>wer to discipline him as 
he thought best. Mr. Lowington had converted the 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 25 

fattier, and he hoped he should be able to convert 
the son. 

After dinner, Mr. Shuffles went down tlie bay with 
his host in the yacht. On the way they passed the 
school ship Massachusetts, to which boys are sentenced 
by the courts for crime and vagrancy, and on board of 
which they are disciplined and educated. Mr. Low- 
ington explained the institution to his guest. 

" An excellent idea," said Mr. Shuffles. 

" It is just tlie place for, your son," replied Mr. 
Lowington. 

" But it is for criminals." 

*' Very true." 

" Robert is nqt a criminal." 

" If he is not now, he soon will be, if he continues 
in his present course. If I had him on shipboard, I 
could make a man of him." 

" Then I wish you had him on shipboard." 

" Perhaps I may yet," replied the principal, with a 
smile. "I did not purchase the Academy with the 
intention of becoming a pedagogue, in the ordinary 
sense of the word. I have no intention of remaining 
in it" 

" I hope you will." 
. " I have been thinking of fitting up a vessel like the 
school ship, that rich men's sons may have the benefit 
of such an institution without the necessity of com- 
mitting a crime. I could do more for the boys in 
a month on board ship than I could in a year at 
Brockway." 

This was the first mention which Mr. Lowington 
made of his plan, though he had been considering 



26 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

it for several weeks. Mr. Shuffles hoped that this 
idea of a nautical academy would be reduced to prac- 
tice ; for he now felt that it was just what his son 
needed. The project was discussed during tlie rest of 
the trip. 

The history of the scheme, from its inception, need 
not be followed in detail. Many persons were con- 
sulted in regard to it ; there were plenty to approve, 
and plenty to disapprove ; but in October tlie keel of 
a four hundred ton ship was laid down. The object 
of this marine institution was thoroughly explained, 
and before the ship was ready for launching there 
were applications for every berth on board of her. 

The idea was exceedingly popular among the boys, 
all of whom were ahxious to be students on board, 
especially as it was already hinted that the ship would 
visit Europe. To parents it held out for their sons all 
the benefits of a sea voyage, with few of its disad- 
vantages. It would furnish healthy exercise and a 
vigorous constitution to its pupils. 

In March of the following year the ship was at 
anchor in Brockway harbor, ready to receive her 
juvenile crew. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. %*J 



CHAPTER II. 



THE YOUNG AMERICA. 



WITH Mr. Lowington, the Academy Ship, which 
was the name he usually applied to the idea 
he had matured, and thus far carried into effect, was 
not a speculation ; he did not intend to see how much 
money could be made by the scheme. It was an ex- 
periment in the education of rich men's sons, for only 
rich men could pay for scholarships in such an expen- 
sive institution. 

The Brockway Academy was to be continued, under 
the management of a board of trustees. An accom- 
plished teacher had been selected by Mr. Lowington, 
and the school, under its present administration, was 
in a highly prosperous condition. Only ten of its 
pupils had been transferred to the Academy Ship, for 
it required no little nerve on tlie part of parents to 
send their sons to school on the broad ocean, to battle 
with the elements, to endure the storms of the Atlantic, 
and to undergo the hardships which tender mothers 
supposed to be inseparably connected with a life on 
shipboard. 

For six months Mr. Lowington had studied upon 
his plan, and it was hardly matured when the new 
ship came to anchor in Brockway harbor. During 



28 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

this period he had visited the principal cities of tlie 
Northern States, those of the southern section being 
closed against his operations by the war of the rebel- 
lion, then raging at the height of its fury. He'.had 
interested his friends in his bold enterprise, and boys 
witli whom the experiment was to be inaugurated were 
gatliered from all parts of the country. 

The securing of the requisite number of pupils was 
the first success, and what he had regarded as the 
most difficult part of the enterprise. More than half 
of them had been obtained before it was deemed 
prudent to lay the keel of the ship. The details of 
the plan had been carefully considered during the 
winter, and when the ship was moored at Brockway, 
the organization of the school, its rules and regula- 
tions, had all been written out. The boys began to 
arrive about the first of March, and by the first of April 
all of them, eighty-seven in number, were on board. 

Mr. Lowington was naturally very anxious for the 
success of his experiment, and for months he had 
labored with unceasing diligence in perfecting his 
plan, and carrying it into operation. In this occu- 
pation he had found the activity he needed ; and he 
may not be blamed for believing, all the time, tliat he 
was laboring for his country and his race. 

If it has been inferred from what has been said of 
Mr. Lowington, of his domestic afflictions, and of his 
views on the subject of discipline, that he was an aus- 
tere, cold, and unsympathizing man, a wrong impres- 
sion has been conveyed. The boys of the Brockway 
Academy, when they came to know him, loved him ar 
much as they respected him* He was not the man 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 29 

needlessly to abridge the harmless enjoyment of youth, 
or to repress its innocent hilarity. He watched the 
sports of the students with interest and pleasure, and 
encouraged them by all the means in his power. He 
was fond of humor, enjoyed a harmless joke, and had 
a keen appreciation of juvenile wit. lie was a good 
companion for the boys, and when they understood 
him, he was always welcome to the play-ground. 

The new ship had been duly christened Young 
America at the launching, by Miss Josey Martj'^n — a 
name which was rapturously applauded by the boys. 
She was one hundred and eighteen feet in length, and 
of about four hundred tons burden. She had been 
built as strong as wood, iron, and copper could make 
her. For a ship, she was small, which permitted her 
to be light sparred, so that her juvenile crew could 
handle her with the more ease. She had a flush deck ; 
tliat is, it was unbroken from stem to stern. There 
was no cabin, poop, camboose, or other house on 
deck) and the eye had a clean range over the whole 
length of her. There was a skylight between the fore 
and the main mast, and another between the main and 
mizzen masts, to afTord light and air to the apartments 
below. There were three openings in the deck by 
which entrance could be obtained to the interior of the 
ship : the fore hatch, the main hatch, and the com- 
panion-way, the two former being used by the crew, 
and the latter by the officers. 

The between-decks, which is the space included 
between the upper and the lower deck, was fitted up 
for the accommodation of the officers and crew. 
Descending by the companion-way — which in tho 

3* 



30 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

Young America extended athwartships — on the right, 
at the foot of the stairs, was the officers' cabin, occu- 
pying the part of the ship nearest to the stem. This 
apartment was twenty-eight feet long, by fifleen in 
breadth at the widest part, with four state rooms on 
each side. The mizzen mast passed up through the 
middle of it. This cabin was richly but plainly fitted 
up, and was furnished well enough for a drawing- 
room on shore. It was for the use of the juvenile 
officers of the ship, fifleen in number, who were to 
hold their positions as rewards of merit. The captain 
had a room to himself, while each of the other apart- 
ments was to accommodate two officers. 

On the left of the companion-way, descending the 
stairs, was the " old folks' cabin," as it was called by 
the students. It was in the locality corresponding to 
that occupied by the ward room of a man-of-war. 
Though the after cabin is the place of honor on board 
a ship, Mr. Lowington had selected the ward room for 
himself and the teachers, in preference to the afler 
cabin, because it was next to the steerage, which was 
occupied by the larger portion of the pupils, and 
because the form of the ship did not contract the di- 
. mcnsions of the state rooms. This cabin was twenty- 
two feet long and fifleen feet wide, with no wasjte room, 
as in the afler cabin, caused by the rounding in of the 
ship's counter. On the sides were five state rooms, 
besides a pantry for the steward, and a dispensary for 
tlie surgeon. 

The forward room on the starboard side was occu- 
pied by Mr. Lowington alone ; the next on the same 
tide by the chaplain and doctor ; and each of the 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 3 1 

three on the port side by two of the teachers. This 
cabin was elegantly finished and furnished, and the 
professors were delighted with its cheerful and pleasant 
aspect. 

From the main cabin, as that of the " faculty ** was 
called, were two doors, opening into the steerage, 
fifty-two feet in length by fifteen feet in width of clear 
space between the berths, which diminished to nine 
feet abreast of the foremast. This apartment was 
eight feet high, and was lighted in part by a large 
skylight midway between the fore and main mast, and 
partly by bulFs eyes in the side of the ship. There 
were seventy-two berths, placed in twelve rooms, 
opening from passage-ways, which extended athwart- 
ihips from the main steerage, and were lighted by the 
bulFs eyes. There were no doors to these dormitories, 
each of which contained six berths, in two tiers of 
three each. It was intended that the six boys occupy- 
ing one of these rooms should form a mess. Between 
the gangways, or passages, were mess tables, which 
could be swung up against tlie partition when not 
in use. 

The steerage was neatly and tastefully fitted up, and 
furnished, though not so elegantly as the cabins. It 
was to be the school room, as well as the parlor and 
dining room of the boys, and it would compare favor- 
ably with such apartments in well-ordered academies 
on shore. There was plenty of shelves, pouches, and 
lockers, under the lower berths, and beneath the bull's 
eyes at tlie head of the main gangways, for clodiing 
and books, and each boy had a place for every article 
which the regulations allowed him to possess. 



32 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

Forward of the foremast there were two laige 
state rooms ; that on the starboard side having four 
berths, for the boatswain, carpenter, sailmaker, and 
head steward ; and the one on the port side with six, 
foi the two cooks and the four under stewards, all of 
whom were men skilful and experienced in their sev- 
eral departments. Forward of these was the kitchen, 
from which opened the lamp room, a triangular closet 
in the bow of the ship. Mr. Lowington had taken 
the idea of locating the cooking apartment in the 
extreme forward part of the vessel from the Victoria 
and Albert, the steam yacht of the Queen of England. 

The hold beneath the berth deck contained the water 
tanks, bread room, chain lockers, and a multitude of 
store rooms for provisions, clothing, and supplies of 
every description needed on board during a long 
voyage. 

The Young America was to be officered and manned 
by the students. They were to work the ship, to make 
and take in sail, to reef, steer, and wash down decks, 
as well as study and recite their lessons. They were 
to go aloft, stand watch, man the capstan, pull the 
boats ; in short, to do everything required of seamen 
on board a ship. Mr. Lowington was to lure them 
into the belief, while they were hauling tacks and 
sheets, halyards and braces, that they were not at 
work, but at play. The labor required of them was 
an essential element in the plan, by which the boys 
were to obtain the necessary physical exercise, and the 
discipline they so much needed. 

By the first of April tlie last of tlie students had 
reported to the principal on board, and tlie professors. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 33 

as tlie boys insisted upon calling them, had taken pos- 
session of their state rooms. Though some of the 
pupils had been on board nearly a month, the organi- 
zation of the ship had not been commenced; but 
classes had been formed in some of the studies, by 
the teachers, and tlie pupils recited every day. The 
boatswain had instructed tlie boys in rowing, and some 
temporary regulations had been adopted for the eating 
and sleeping departments. But not a boy had been 
allowed to go alofl, and nothing more tlian ordinary 
school discipline had been attempted. 

The boys, as boys always are, were impatient at this 
delay. They wanted to be bounding over the ocean — 
to be on their way to some foreign port. They were 
anxious to work, to climb the rigging, and stand at 
the wheel. As yet they knew veiy little of the pur- 
poses of the principal, and had l)ut a faint perception 
of the life they were to lead in tlie Academy Ship. 
It was understood that tlie officers were to be selected 
for tlieir merit, and that tlie ship, some time or other, 
was to cross the ocean ; but beyond this, all was dark- 
ness and uncertainty. 

" To-morrow will be the first day of April," said 
George Wilton, as he walked the deck of the Young 
America-iwith Richard Carnes, a dignified young gen- 
tleman of seventeen. '' Mr. Lowington said we should 
go to work on that day." 

" If he said so, then of course we shall go to work," 
replied Games. 

" Tm tired of waiting," added Wilton. " I think 
tills is a stupid kind of life. We are not even tied to 
a bell rope here." 



36 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

this. takes place, the ensign is hoisted. To-morrow, 
at twelve o'clock, we shall display tlie colors at the 
peak. With us, going into commission will only mean 
the organization of our school. From that time, we 
shall observe the discipline of a man-of-war, so far aa 
the ship and crew are concerned." 

" Shall we go to sea then?" asked Wilton. 

*' I think not," replied Mr. Lowington, laughing. 
" We shall not leave the harbor till every officer and 
seaman knows his duty. You shall hapve enough to 
do to-morrow, young gentlemen. " 

" When shall we be able to go to sea ? " 

*' I don't know. There are many ropes in the 
ship, and you have a great deal to learn before I 
shall be willing to trust you with the anchor at the 
cat-head." 

" What is the cat-head, sir? " asked Kendall. 

" Do you wish to go to sea without knowing what 
the cat-head is?" replied the principal. " You shall 
know in due time. To-morrow we shall select the 
officers, fifteen in number, who are to occupy the after 
cabin." 

This announcement created a decided sensation 
among the eighty-seven boys gathered in the waist, 
for the subject had been full of interest to tiiem. The 
after cabin had thus far been a sealed book ; the door 
was locked, »nd they had not even seen the inside of 
the apartment. They were curious to visit this cabin, 
and to know who wer^ to occupy it. 

" After the organization of the pchool, it is my inten- 
tion to give these offices to those who obtain the highest 
number of merit marks, which will be given for good 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 37 

conduct, good lessons, and progress in seamanship. 
The best boy, who is at the same time the best scholar 
and the best seaman, shall be captain. We have no 
marks now by which to make the selection, and I 
intend to have you elect him the first time, reserving 
to myself the right to veto your choice if it is obviously 
an improper one." 

As Mr. Lowington uttered this last remark, he 
glanced, perhaps unconsciously, at Shuffles, who 
stood directly in front of him. 

"Young gentlemen, the ballot will take place to- 
morrow morning, at nine o'clock. I have given you 
tliis notice, that you may be able to consider the mat- 
ter, and, if you choose, to make nominations for the 
several offices," continued the principal. 

" What are the offices, sir ? " 

" The first and most important one, of course, is the 
captain. The others are four lieutenants, four masters, 
two pursers, and four midshipmen." 

" What are they to do?" asked Kendall. 

" I will not explain their duties now ; it would 
require too much time. I mentioned them in the 
order of their importance. Now, young gentlemen, 
you should select your candidates for these offices by 
merit, not by favor. I am aware that a few of you 
have been, to sea, but probably none df you are com- 
petent to handle a ship ; and your choice should be 
based mainly on good character and good conduct 
I hope I shall be able to approve the choice you may 
make. You are dismissed now." 

" Three cheers for the principal ! " shouted pne of 
ttie boys. 

4 



38 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" Silence, young gentleman ! Let me say now, that 
no expressions of approbation or disapprobation are to 
be allowed." 

The boys separated into groups, and immediately 
gave their attention to the important subject suggested 
to them by Mr. Lowing^on. It must be acknowledged 
that violent symptoms of " log-rolling" began to be 
exhibited. There were fifty, if not eighty-seven young 
men who wished to be captain, and sit at the head of 
the table in the after cabin. Some of them went 
down into the steerage, and in five minutes there was 
a confused jabbering in every part of the ship. 

*' For whom shall you vote, Wilton ? " asked Shuf- 
fles, in a group of half a dozen which had gathered 
around one of the mess tables. 

''I don't know; whom do you go for?" replied 
Wilton. 

" I rather think I shall go for Bob Shuffles. In my 
opinion, he is the best fellow on board," replied the 
owner of that name. 

'* That's modest," laughed Wilton. 

'' Do you know of any fellow tliat would make a 
better captain than I should?", 

" You don't know the first thing about a ship." 

*^ What odds does that make ? I can learn as fast 
as anybody else." 

" Do you expect every fellow to vote for himself? " 
asked Howe, another of the group. 

" Of course I don't ; I expect them to vote for me," 
answered Shuffles, with great good-nature. 

" You are ratlier cheeky, Shuffles." 

" Whafs the use of mincing the matter? Here we 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. ^^ 

are, half a dozen of the best fellows in the ship. We 
can't all be captain ; but one of us can be just as well 
as not." 

" That's so," added Howe, approvingly. " But who 
shall that one be?" 

" I am the one, without a doubt," said Shuffles. 

" I don't see it," interposed Monroe, shaking his 
head ; and he was the young gentleman who hud 
assisted the aspirant for the captaincy to rob Mr. 
Lowington's favorite peach tree. 

" What have you got to say about it, Ike Monroe ? 
Do you expect us to go for you ? " 

" I didn't say so." 

" That's what you meant." 

" I've just as much right to the place as you have, 
Bob Shuffles." 

" Do you think you could make the fellows stand 
round as I can ? But hold on ; fellows, don't let us 
fight about it. We are just the best six fellows 
on board, and if we have a mind to do so, we 
can have this thing all our own way," continued 
Shuffles. • 

" I don't see how," said Philip Sanborn. 

" Don't you know how the politicians manage these 
things?" 

'' I don't." 

" I'll tell you, then." ' 

" But the principal said we must go according to 
merit, and elect the fellows who were the best fitted 
for the offices," interposed Howe. 

" Exactly so ; tliat's. just what we are going to do. 
I'm going to be captain; can you tell me of any 



40 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

better fellow for the place ? " demanded Shuffles, who, 
putting aside the jesting manner in which he had 
commenced the discussion, now assumed an earnest 
and impudent tone. 

** Didn't you hear what Lowington said when he 
wound up his speech ? " asked Wilton. 

"What?" 

" About vetoing our choice if it was not a propet 
one." 

" What of it ? " asked Shuffles, innocently. 

*' Don't you think he would veto you ? " 

" Me ! Not he ! Lowington knows that Fm smart ; 
I was too smart for hirh once, and he knows it. He 
won't veto me. We have been tlie best of friends 
lately." 

" I don't believe he'll have a chance to veto you," 
said Wilton. 

** What do you mean ? " 

" I don't believe you will be elected." 

" I know I shall, if we manage it right. Let us 
look at it," continued Shuffles, as he took a pencil 
from his pocket. "Got a piece of paper?" 

Monroe gave him a piece of paper, and the wire- 
puller began to make his calculations. 

" Eighty-seven votes," said he, writing the number 
on the paper. " Necessary to a choice, forty-four. 
Here are six votes to start with." 

" For whom ? " asked Monroe. 

" For me, for captain, first, and for each of the 
others for whatever, place he wants ; say for Wilton 
for first lieutenant; Howe for second, Sanborn for 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. ^/ 

third, Monroe for fourth, and Adler for first master. 
What do you say to that, fellows ? " 

As with the political " slate," there was some differ- 
ence of opinion in regard to the minor officers, even 
after Shuffles' claim to the captaincy had been con- 
ceded. But this disposition of the spoils was finally 
agreed to. 

" Now we want thirty-eight more votes," Shuffles 
proceeded. 

"Just so; and you might as well attempt to jump 
over the main royal yard as to get them," added Adler, 
Nvho, having been assigned to the office lowest in rank, 
•vas least satisfied with the " slate." 

** Hold on ; we haven't done yet. There are nine 
more offices. Now we will pick out some good fel- 
low, that will work for us, for each of these places ; 
then we will promise him six votes if he will go our 
ticket, and do what he can for us." 

" That will give us only fifteen votes," said Adler. 

" I think that will be doing very well to start with. 
Then you five fellows can electioneer for me, and I'll 
do the same for you." 

" I think we have made one mistake," added San- 
bom. " Most of the fellows will go for Games for 
captain. He is an old salt, and has more influence 
than any other student in the ship. We ought to offer 
him some place." 

" Make him purser, if you like," said Shuffles, con- 
temptuously. 

" That won't go down. Make him first lieutenant.** 

" And shove me out ? " demanded Wilton, indig- 
nantly. " I don't see it I " 
4* 



4^ OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

*' Nor I," added Shuffles. " I won't vote for Games, 
any how. He's a snob and a flunky." 

It was useless to resist the fiat of the chief wire- 
puller ; the ticket remained as it had been originally 
prepared ; and the young gentlemen proceeded to 
distribute tlie rest of the offices. 



YOUNG AiiSRICA AFLOAT. 43 



CHAPTER III. 

THE ENSIGN AT THE PEAK. 

THE Students on board of the Young America 
were between the ages of fourteen and seven- 
teen. By the regulations, no boy under fourteen or 
over seventeen could be admitted, and they averaged 
about fifteen. They had, therefore, reached the years 
of discretion. Among them were a great many who 
were disposed to be wild boys, and not a few who 
had found it difficult to remain in similar institutions 
on shore. They were not criminal or depraved, but 
simply wild ; with a tendeticy to break through reason- 
able restraint ; with a taste for mad pranks, and a con- 
tempt for authority. 

Of this class, who were a trial and a torment to the 
teachers of the ordinary high ^schools and academies, 
the larger proportion would have scorned to steal, or 
commit any wanton outrage upon the persons or prop- 
erty of others. There were many high-minded, noble- 
hearted young men, who could not tamely submit to 
authority, and were prone to insubordination, and 
who only needed the right kind of discipline to make 
them earnest and faithful men and useful citizens. 
There were few, if any, dunces or blockheads among 
them, for a life on shipboard had no attractions for 



44 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

such boys. They were, almost without an exception, 
wide-awake, bold, daring fellows, who had a taste for 
stirring events ; fellows who wanted to climb the 
Rocky Mountains, visit the NortJi Pole, and explore 
the Mammoth Cave. They were full of fun and mis- 
chief, and it would have been easy at any time to get 
up a party among them to march the principal's cow 
into the parlor of the Academy ; to climb to the belfry 
on a winter's night, and fill th^ . inverted bell with 
water, where it would freeze solid before morning ; or 
to convey the occupants of the hen-coop to the recita- 
tion room. 

It was Mr. Lowington's task to repress the mischief 
in these boys, to keep them occupied with work and 
play, and to develop their moral and mental capaci- 
ties. He had doubtless taken a heavy load upon him- 
self, but he felt that he was to labor for his race and 
his country. At least one half of his students were 
too wild to attend the ordinary public or private 
schools, or to profit by them if admitted. With such 
material, his work could not be a sinecure. But he 
had a taste for it, and he gave his whole heart and 
soul to the performance of his duties. 

When the students were gathered on board the 
Young America, they were mostly strangers to him, 
though he had communicated personally or by letter 
with the parents of all of them. He had read and 
listened to the stories of their pranks and peccadilloes, 
but when they came together, he hardly knew one 
from another, and was not prejudiced against any 
individual by the terrible accounts of him related by 
parents, guardians, or teachers. He purposed to give 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT- 45 

them the opportunity to select their own officers at 
first, in order to win a more cheerful obedience from 
them, and because the students knew each other better 
than he knew them. 

After the announcement of the principal that the 
voting would commence on the following morning, 
nothing else was talked of on board. The qualifica- 
tions of various members of the school were discussed 
by groups of excited voters ; and we must do them 
tlie justice to say that most of them considered the 
matter unselfishly and with a single eye to the public 
good. Perhaps it is a little remarkable that not a 
single student, outside of the little group of wire- 
pullers that gathered in the steerage, thought of Shuf- 
fles for the position of captain ; and the " log-rollers'* 
were likely to have up-hill work in electing themselves 
to the six principal offices. But they went to work, 
and labored very diligently till bed-time in carrying 
their point. 

While none thought of ShufHes in connection with 
the highest position, many mentioned the dignified 
young gentleman, who had made one voyage up the 
Mediterranean — Richard Carnes. He had been on 
board a fortnight, and had won and retained the re- 
spect of all his companions. 

Before the little band of wire-pullers in the steerage 
had made up the " slate " to suit their minds, the 
crowd on deck had agreed upon Richard Carnes for 
captain, and were busy in discussing the qualifica- 
tions of others for the subordinate offices, when the 
log-rollers separated, -and went to work upon their 
mission* 



46 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" How are you going to vote for captain, Kendall ? *' 
said Wilton, stepping up to the young gentleman who 
had proposed so many questions to the principal, and 
who had been so honest in confessing his ignorance 
of nautical matters. 

" For Carnes, of course." 

" Humph ! I wouldn't vote for him," sneered the 
wire-puller. 

"Why not?" 

" He's too stiff; he'll put on airs, and be a tyrant 
over us." 

" No, he won't." 

" You «ee if he don't. I say, Kendall, are you up 
for any office? " continued Wilton, with a certain ap- 
pearance of slyness which the straightforward young 
gentleman did not exactly like. 

*^AmI?" 

" Yes, you. Wouldn't you like a room in the after 
cabin?" 

"Perhaps I would," answered Kendall, thought- 
fully; and the place was certainly very inviting to 
him. 

" They say the after cabin is a perfect little palace." 

" I dare say it is." 

*' You can just as well go in there, if you like." 

" I don't see how that can be. I don't think I'm fit 
to be an officer. I am from Cincinnati, and I never 
saw a ship till I came east three weeks ago." 

" None of the fellows know anything about a ship. 
All of us will have to learn." 

" Carnes knows all about one." 

" No, he don't. He made one voyage, and knows 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 47 

just enough to talk salt. He's a good fellow enough, 
but he isn't fit for captain. If you want to be an 
officer, Kendall, and have a berth in the after cabin, 
you can, just as well as not." 

" Well, I would like such a place ; I can't deny it ; 
but I don't think the fellows will go for mc." 

" They will, if you say so." 

" If I say so ! I'm not going to ask them to vote 
for me," replied Kendall, warmly ; for he was no poli- 
tician, and had a vein of modesty in his composition. 

" You needn't say a word to any one. If you will 
go for our ticket, it will be all right. Half a dozen of 
us have talked this matter over, and we have concluded 
that you would be the best fellow for second master." 

*' Have you ? " asked Kendall, who could not help 
being gratified to learn that even half a dozen of his 
companions had thought him worthy to be an officer 
of so high a rank as second master. " I'm very much 
obliged to you." 

" All you have to do, is to go for our ticket." 

*' What do you mean by your ticket?" demanded 
Kendall, who was rather confused by the technical 
terms of the wire-puller. 

Wilton explained that his little party had selected a 
candidate for each of the offices ; and if all the fellows 
agreed to it, there would be fifteen votes for tiieir ticket, 
to begin with. 

"Well, what is your ticket?" demanded Kendall, 
impatiently. " If they are all good fellows, I will go 
for them. Of course you mean to vote for Carnes for 
captain." 

"Not exactly," replied Wilton, with evident dis- 



50 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

that I spoke to you of this little matter. • I thought you 
would go with us, or I shouldn't have said anything 
to you." 

" Not say anything? Why not? " 

" Because it will be better to keep still." 

" I shall not do anything of the kind. You have 
got up a plan to defeat Carnes, by giving the offices to 
fellows who will vote against him. You wish me to 
keep still, while you carry out your plan. I can see 
through a cord of wood, when there's a hole big 
enough." 

" I mentioned tliis thing to you in confidence." 

"You didn't say a word about confidence; and I 
didn't promise to keep still. I won't keep still. I 
think it is a mean trick to buy up the votes of the 
fellow^i a,nd I'll blow the whole thing higher than a 
kite." 

"You'll catch it if you do," said Wilton, in a 
threatening tone. 

"Catch what?" demanded Kendall, with a very 
pretty exhibition of dignity. 

" Bob Shuffles will give it to you." 

" Give what to me ? " 

" Give you the biggest licking you ever had in your 
life," answered Wilton, angrily. " You are so stupid, 
you can't understand anything." 

" I think I can understand the licking, when it 
comes. That*s a game that two can play at." 

" What do you mean, you little bantam? Do you 
think you can whip Bob Shuffles? " 

" I had no idea of whipping him ; and I have no 
idea of his whipping me, eitlier." 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 5 1 

Kendall was spunky; Wilton could make nothing 
of him by threats or persuasion ; and he turned away 
from him to seek a more promising field of labor. 
Kendall took off his cap^ scratched his head as he 
reflected upon the event which had just transpired, 
and made up his mind that it was an insult to an inde^ 
pendent elector to attempt to buy his vote with the 
paltry consideration of an office. He was sorry that 
he had been even tempted by the proposition of the 
wire-pullers, and thankful that his sense of honor and 
decency had prompted liim to decline it when asked to 
vote for an improper person. True to his promise, 
he made all haste to expose the conspiracy, as he 
regarded it, against Carnes. 

When the students turned in that night, the wire-* 
pullers had found a sufficient number of candidates 
for all the offices on the terms set forth in the compact, 
each of whom had promised to use his influence for 
the entire ticket. Shuffles had made a very pretty 
calculation, to the eflect that each of the fifteen candi- 
dates could influence at least two votes besides his own 
for the ticket, which would inevitably elect it. But 
during all this time Paul Kendall had been laboring 
like a Trojan for Carnes, and had induced his friends 
to do the same. 

At nine o'clock in the morning, the polls were 
opened for the election of officers. A box was placed 
on the fife-rail, at the mainmast, in which the ballots 
were deposited, under the inspection of Professor 
Mapps. 

" Have all the students voted ? " called the professor, 



52 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

when the voting was suspended. " If so, I declare 
the poll closed/' 

It was a moment of intense excitement on the spar 
deck of the Young America when Mr. Lowington 
stood up on the hatch to announce the vote. There 
was a pleasant smile upon his face, which indicated 
that it would not be his painful duty to veto the choice 
of the independent electors. 

" Young gentlemen, your balloting appears to have 
been conducted with entire fairness," said he, " and I 
will proceed to declare the result. Whole number of 
votes, eighty-seven ; necessary to a choice, forty-four. 
Paul Kendall has five; Charles Gordon has seven; 
Robert Shuffles has twenty-two ; Richard Carnes 
has fifty-three^ and is elected captain of the Young 
America for tjlie* succeeding three months." 

The party who had worked and voted for Carnes 
applauded the result most lustily, and gave three 
cheers for the> new captain, which, on this exciting 
occasion, were hot objected to by the principal. Shuf- 
fles's jaw dropped down, and his lip quivered with 
angry emotion. 

" That little whipper-snapper of a Kendall did that," 
said Wilton, in a low tone^ to. tlie disappointed candi- 
date. ** I was afraid of this when I saw him blowing 
about the deck." 

" I'll settle it with him when I get a good chance," 
growled Shuffles, as he went to the rail and looked 
over into the water, in order to conceal his disappoints 
ment and chagrin. 

" Young gentlemen will bring in their votes for first 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 53 

lieutenant," said Professor Mapps, as he placed the 
box on the fife-rail again. 

The boys marched around the mainmast, and de- 
posited their ballots for the second officer, as they had 
done before. The friends of Shuffles rallied again, 
hoping that something might yet come of the compact 
they had made with him, and gave him their votes for 
first lieutenant, though, in his chagrin, he declared that 
he would not accept the position. Fortunately for him, 
he was not called upon to do so ; for Charles Gordon 
wjts elected by a very large mtijority. As tl>c election 
proceeded, it became evident that there was no office 
for Shuffles. Paul Kendall was elected fourth lieu- 
tenant, and tlie announcement of the vote was greeted 
.by even more hearty applause than had been bestowed 
upon the captain. 

At the conclusion of the balloting, Shuffles found 
that not a single one of the wire-pullers, or of the 
candidates nominated by them, had been elected. 
The attempt to bribe the independent voters, by giv- 
ing them office, had been a signal failure ; and it is to 
be hoped that Young America, when fully developed, 
will stick to his prir\ciples. 

*' Captain Richard Carnes," said Mr. Lowington, as 
he stepped upon the hatch, afler the voting had beei\ 
concluded. 

The young gentleman thus addressed came forward, 
blushing beneath the honors which had been bestowed 
upon him. The principal took his hand. 

" Captain Carnes, I congratulate you upon your 
election to the highest office in the gift of your con^' 

5* 



54 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

panions ; and I congratulate your fellow-students also 
upon having so good a young man to handle the ship. 
You have been modest, and tliey have been wise. I 
congratulate you both. Young gentlemen, I am, 
satisfied that your captain will be justy courteous, and 
gentlemanly, in his relations with you; and I hope 
you will yield a willing and cheerful obedience to his 
orders, and to those of all your superiors. Let me 
say that this business is not a farce ; it is not mere 
boys' play ; for as soon as the officers and crew are 
fully trained and instructed, all ship duty will be 
"carried on without assist;ince from me or others. 
When necessary, I shall advise the captain what to 
do, but I shall not do it myself; neither shall I need- 
leissly interfere with the discipline of the ship. 

" This is the last time an election of officers will be 
permitted, for it is liable to many objections, not the 
least of which are the bribery and con-uption by which 
some have attempted to obtain office." 

Mr. Lowington looked at Shuffles, as though he 
knew all about the method to which he had resorted 
to secure an election ; but we are quite sure that Paul 
Kendall had never lisped a word of it to him, or to 
any of the instructors. 

>' On the first day of July, young gentlemen, all 
the offices will be vacant ; and they will be awarded 
strictly in accordance with the marks you may obtain. 
There will be no veto upon the result of the merit 
roll. These places, therefore, are open to all. We 
have no aristocracy on board. Every student in the 
ship is a candidate for the captaincy. Now, if the 
officers elect will follow me to the after cabin, I will 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 55 

install them into their new positions ; after which I 
will proceed to organize the crew." 

The door of the after cabin, which had hitherto 
been a mystery to all the boys, was unlocked by the 
head steward, and Mr. Lowington, followed by the 
officers, entered. The students on deck were ordered 
forward, and were not even permitted to look down 
the companion-way, for the principal intended to keep 
the afler cabin exclusively for the officers ; and no one 
not entided to admission was to be allowed to cross 
its threshold. He believed that this mystery, and this 
rigid adherence to the division line between officers 
and crew, would promote the discipline of the ship, 
and enhance the value of the offices — the prizes for 
good conduct, and general fidelity to duty. 

" Captain Carnes, this is your state room," con- 
tinued Mr. Lowington, opening the door of the room 
farthest forward on the starboard side. " As the com- 
mander of the ship you are entitled to an apartment 
by yourself." 

" Thank you, sir," replied the captain, as he stepped 
into the room. 

" You will find on the hooks your uniform as 
captain. There are three suits, from which you will 
select one that fits you." 

Captain Carnes entered and closed the door. If he 
did not feel like a king, he ought to have felt so. 

Mr. Lowington then gave the next room to the first 
and second lieutenants, who were to occupy it together ; 
and they were also directed to clothe themselves in the 
uniforms deposited there for their use. The third state 
room was given to the third and fourth lieutenants, and 



56 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

the fourth to the first and second midshipmen. The 
forward room of the port side was assigned to the first 
and second masters ; the next to the third and fourth ; 
the third to tlie two pursers, and the last to * the third 
and fourth midshipmen. 

In a short time the officers came out of their rooms 
clothed in their uniforms, which consisted of a blue 
frock coat, with brass buttons, and blue pants. The 
cap was of the same material, with a gold band 
around it. Thus far the uniforms were all alike; 
but there were distinguishing insignia to indicate the 
rank of each. All the officers had shoulder-straps, by 
which their positions were designated. The captain 
had two anchors ; the first lieutenant had one anchor, 
with four stars, one above, one below, and one on 
each side ; the second lieutenant had the anchor with 
three stars — none above ; the third lieutenant, one 
star on. each side of the anchor ; and the fourth lieu- 
tenant one star below the anchor. The captain also 
wore five narrow gold bands on each of his coat 
sleeves; the first lieutenant four, and so on, the 
fourth wearing but one band. 

The shoulder-straps of the masters contained no 
anchor; only the stars, one for each grade, the first 
master having four stars ; the fourth only one. The 
rank of the pursers was indicated by the outline of a 
parallelogram for the second, and two of the same 
figure, one within the other, for the first. The straps 
of the midshipmen contained gilt numbers, from one 
to four, designating their grade. 

The officers presented a very elegant and dashing 
appearance in their new uniform ; and if some of them 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 57 

did not feel a little vain, it was because they were less 
human than boys usually are. 

"What are we to do, sir?" asked Kendall of the 
principal, after the uniforms had been duly criticised. 

" Nothing, at present." 

" Nothing ! Why, I feel like a counterfeit gold 
dollar, in this rig, when I know no more about a 
ship than I do about the inside of the moon." 

" You will learn in due time. You will go on deck 
now, young gentlemen ; and remember that, as officers, 
you are not to be familiar with tlie crew while you are 
on duty." 

" Can't we speak to them ? " asked Kendall, who 
was not disposed to be so exclusive as naval discipline 
required him to be. 

"Not while you are on duty, except when it is 
necessary to do so. We will now assign the berths 
in tlie steerage to the crew." 

As the boys came on board, they had taken the 
berths as they pleased. Shuffles had selected a room, 
and invited his " cronies " to occupy the bunks it con- 
tained with him. The berths were now to be distrib- 
uted by lot. Professor Mapps had provided seventy- 
two slips of paper, on each of which he had written 
a number. The boys were mustered into line, and 
drew out these numbers from the package. As each 
student drew his slip, the purser wrote down his name 
in a book, with the number he had drawn. 

In the steerage, each berth had its own number, 
which was also applied to a locker, and a seat at on6 
of the mess tables. When the drawing was com- 
pleted, each student had his berth, his clothes locker, 



5$ OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

and his seat at meals. Many of them were extremely 
dissatisfied when they found that they had been sepa- 
rated from their " cronies ; " but the principal was firm, 
and would not allow a single change to be made. 

By this time it was twelve o'clock, and Boatswain 
Peaks piped all hands to muster. The ensign was 
hoisted, and saluted with tliree cheers, in which all 
hands, young and old, joined. When this ceremony 
was finished, the crew were piped to dinner, and the 
officers went to their cabin, where the steward had set 
the table for them for the first time. They dined like 
lords, though upon tlie same fare as their companions 
in the steerage. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT, 59 



CHAPTER IV. 

OFFICERS AND SEAMEN. 

AFTER dinner the organization of the crew was 
continued. All hands were " piped to muster," 
and by this time most of those who had been dis- 
affected at the drawing of berths had recovered their 
natural equanimity, and. all were intensely interested 
in the arrangement of the details. None of the boys 
knew what was coming, and their curiosity kept thena 
in a continuous state of excitement. 

*' All who have drawn even numbers will take the 
starboard side of the ship," said Mr. Lowington from 
his perch on the hatch. " All who have drawn odd 
numbers will take the port side." 

*' This is the starboard side, my lads," added Mr. 
Fluxion, the instructor in mathematics — who, like the 
principal, had been a naval officer, — as he pointed to 
the right, looking forward. 

Some had already forgotten their numbers, and there 
was considerable confusion before the order could be 
obeyed. 

" Young gentlemen, the books will be opened to- 
day ; and a student who forgets his number again will 
lose a mark," said Mr. Lowington. *' Are they all in 
their places^ Mr. Fluxion?" 



6o OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

"They are, sir," replied the instructor, who had 
just counted them. 

" Young gentlemen, you are thus divided into two 
equal parts — the starboard and the port watches. 
Now form a straight line, toe the crack, and call your 
numbers in order, beginning with the starboard watch." 

The boys eagerly followed this direction, though 
some assistance was required from the instructors in 
repressing their superfluous enthusiasm. 

" Very well,*' continued Mr. Lowington, when the 
students were formed in tWo lines. " Every boy in 
the starboard watch whose number is divisible by four, 
step forward one pace. Number three in the port 
watch, do the same. Mr. Mapps, oblige me by seeing 
that every alternate boy in the line steps forward." 

*' The line is formed, sir," replied the instructor, 
when he had carried out the direction of the principal. 

"Each watch is now divided into two parts — the 
first and second parts, as they will be called. Now, 
young gentlemen, the clothing will be distributed, and 
each student will put on his uniform at once." 

The four lines were then marched down into the 
steerage, each under the charge of an instructor, to- a 
particular locality, where the head steward and his 
assistants had deposited the clothing for each watch 
and quarter watch. The uniform consisted of blue 
seaman's pants and a heavy flannel shirt or frock, such 
as is worn in the United States navy. To each stu- 
dent, the following articles were served out : — 

I pea-jacket. 

I blue cloth jacket 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 6l 

I pair blue cloth pants. 
I pair blue satinet pant"3. 
I blue cap. 
" 1 straw hat, of coarse, sewed straw. 

1 Panama hat, bound. 

2 knit woollen shirts. 

2 pair knit woollen drawers. 
• 2 white frocks. 

2 pair white duck pants. 

4 pair socks. 

2 pair shoes. 

2 black silk neck-handkerchiefs. 

These articles were given to the boys, and they were 
required to put.on the every-day uniform ; after which 
they were directed to arrange the rest of the clothing 
in the lockers belonging to them. The contractor who 
had furnished the goods was present with four tailors, 
to attend to the fitting of the clothes, which were all 
numbered according to the size. In a short time the 
students began to come out of their rooms, clothed in 
their new rig. They looked inlensely " salt," and tliere 
was no end to the jokes and smart things that were 
said on this interesting occasion. Even Shuffles hardly 
knew himself in his new dress. 

The frock had a broad rolling collar, in each corner 
of which was worked an anchor in white. The black 
silk neck-handkerchief was worn under the collar, and 
not many of the* boys had acquired the art of tying the 
regular sailor's knot. Boatswain Peaks not only stood 
up as a model for them, but he adjusted the " neck 
gear" for many of them. Bitts, the carpenter, and 
6 



63 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

Leech, the sailmaker, who were also old sailors, cheer- 
fully rendered a valef s assistance to such as needed 
help. 

Agreeably to the directions of Mr. Lowington, the 
shore suits of the students were done up in bundles, 
each marked with the owner's name, and the head 
steward took them to Mr. Lowington's house for 
storage. 

Rigged out in their " sea togs," the students began 
to feel salt, as well as to look salt. Some of them tried 
to imitate the rolling gait of the boatswain when they 
walked, and some of them began to exhibit an alarm- 
ing tendency to indulge in sea slang. 

" There, my hearty, you look like a sailor now," 
said Peaks, when he had rolled over the collar and 
tied the square knot in the handkerchief of Wilton. 

" Shiver my timbers, but I feel like one," laughed 
the embryo seaman. 

"What's tliat, young gentleman?" demanded Mr. 
Lowington, who happened to be witliin hearing; 
" what did you say ? " 

" I said I felt like a sailor, sir." 

" What was the expression you used ? " 

" I only said shiver my timbers, sir." 

" You stole that expression from a yellow-covered 
novel. Did you ever hear Mr. Peaks, who has been a 
sailor all his lifetime, use such language?" 

*' I'll be bound he never did," added Peaks. 

" No, sir, I don't know that I ever did." 

" Some sailors do use such expressions ; but it is 
gross affectation for these young gentlemen, who never 
saw a blue wave, to indulge in them. If you please, 



YOXmO AMERICA AFLOAT. 63 

Wilton, you will not use such language. It is simply 
ridiculous. Mr. Peaks, you will pipe all hands to 
muster again." 

The shrill whistle of tlie boatswain sounded through 
the ship, and the boys tumbled up the ladders, eager 
to learn what was to be done next. As they formed 
in lines, they presented a novel and picturesque ap- 
pearance in their jaunty uniform. Most of them had 
already learned to wear their caps canted over on one 
side, and not a few of them, perhaps as much from 
necessity as because it was a sailor's -habit, hitched up 
their trousers, and thrust their hands deep down into 
the side pockets. 

The students were again formed in watches and 
quarter watches, each of which classes and sub-classes 
was indicated on the uniforms. All the starboard 
watch wore a small silver star on the right arm, above 
the elbow, and the port watch the same emblem on 
the left arm. The first part of each watch had a 
figure I , under the star, and the second part a figure 
2 in the same position. 

The rest of the day was spent in the organization 
for ship's duty, which was far from completed when 
the sun went down. The next day every boy was 
kept so busy that he had no time to grumble. The 
instructors attended to the lessons in the steerage with 
one watch, while the other was on deck acquiring sea- 
manship. In the course of the month, as the boys 
learned their duties, and the capabilities of each were 
ascertained, they were assigned to their stations in the 
various evolutions required in working the vessel. 

Boatswain Peaks had taught the boys, a few at a 



64 



OUTWARD BOUND, OR 



time, how to set a sail, reef and furl it. They had 
been gradually accustomed to going aloft, until the 
giddy height of the main royal did not appall them, 
and they could lay out on the yards without thinking 
of the empty space beneath them. By the first of 
June, all the petty officers had been appointed, and 
every student had his station billet. When the order 
was given to unmoor ship, to make sail, or to furl the 
sails, every one knew where to go and what to do. 
The station billets were cards on which the various 
evolutions of the snip had been printed in a column 
on the left, while the particular duty of the owner of 
the card was written against it. The card was kept 
by the student, and he was expected to learn its con- 
tents, so that he could take his place without stopping 
to consult it, when an order was given. Here is a 
specimen of the cards : — 



PORT WATCH. NO 21. 


WILLIAM FOSTER, 


Second Part, 


Captain of the Forecastle, 


Reefixo. 


Head Bowlines. 


Tacking ob "Weaiiinq. 


Forecastle. Let go head bowlines. 




Let go and shorten in foretack 




and belay it. 


Gettinq under "Way. 


Head Bowlines. Downhauls and 




head- sheets. 


Anchoring. 


Hoad Bowlines, Sheets and Tacks. 




Downhauls. 


Loosing Sails. 


Foretopmast Staysail. 


Furling. 


Head Bowlines and Downhauls, 




Staysail. 


Mooring and Unmooring. 


Forecastle. 


Boat. 


Professor's Barge, stroke-oar. 


Mess. 


No. 11. 



YOUNG AMSRICA AFLOAT. 65 

The crew had been in training a month before an 
attempt was made to set more than one sail at once ; 
but by this time the officers knew the orders, having 
practised every day since, the organization. The 
petty officers had been appointed, and had, to some 
extent, become familiar with their duties. 

The boys still continued to wonder when the Young 
America would go on a cruise, for they were very 
anxious to see the blue water, and to roll on the great 
waves of the Atlantic ; but they were so constantly 
occupied with ship's duty and their studies, that the 
time did not hang heavily on their hands. Two 
months of constant practice had made tolerable sea- 
men of them, and the discipline of the ship went on 
regularly. The young officers, as Mr. Lowington had 
promised, began to conduct the evolutions and g^ve 
the orders. 

On the ist day of June, after breakfast, the students 
were thrown into a fever of excitement by an unusual 
order, and they ventured to hope that the ship was to 
leave her moorings. 

" Mr. Gordon, you will pipe all hands to muster," 
said Captain Carnes to the first lieutenant. 

" Pass the word for the boatswain,'* added Gordon 
to one of the midshipmen, who stood near him. 

This call was answered, not by Peaks, who no 
longer performed the duties of boatswain, but by one 
of the students, who had been appointed to this posi- 
tion. 

" Pipe all hands to muster, boatswain," said the 
first lieutenant, as tlie petty officer touched his cap to 
him. 

6» 



66 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" All hands on deck, ahoy I " shouted the boatswain, 
as he piped the call. 

This was an unusual order for that time of day, the 
forenoon being appropriated to study for each watch 
in turn ; and those who were below hastened on deck 
to ascertain what was to be done. 

" All hands, stations for loosing sail ! " piped the 
boatswain, when ordered to do so by Gordon. 

The first lieutenant was in charge of the ship, under 
the direction of the captain. The second lieutenant 
stood on the forecastle, where he was attended .by the 
boatswain. The third lieutenant was in tlie waist, 
and die fourth on the quarter deck, near the mizzen- 
mast. These were the stations of the officers when- 
ever all hands were called. Mr. Lowington and the 
instructors stood near the companion-way, watching 
with interest this first attempt to make sail all over 
the ship. 

" Lay aloft, sail-loosers 1 " shouted Gordon ; and his 
order was repeated by the officers at their several 
stations. 

The little tars who belonged on the topsail and top- 
gallant yards sprang up the rigging like so many cats, 
excited beyond measure by the scene of activity around 
them. 

" Lower yardmen in the chains ! " continued Gor- 
don ; and his order was passed along by the officers. 
" Aloft, lower yardmen ! " 

In a moment the crew were in their places ; the 
studding-sail booms were triced up with the usual 
system, so ftat the sails could be reached. 

" Lay out ! " continued the first lieutenant ; and the 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 67 

boys walked out on the foot-ropes to their stations on 
the yards. " Loose I " 

The ropes by which the sails were secured to the 
yards were removed at tliis order, and the topmen held 
tlie sails in their places. 

" All ready on the forecastle, sir," reported Foster, 
who was captain of that part of tlie ship. 

" All ready in the foretop." 

" All ready in the maintop." 

" All ready in tho mizzentop," reported the several 
captains of the tops, in tlieir proper order. 

These reports were passed to the first lieutenant in 
charge of the deck, by his subordinates. 

" Let fall ! " shouted Gordon, highly excited ; and 
the sails dropped from tiie yard. "Overhaul your 
rigging aloft! Man sheets and halyards! Sheets 
home, and hoist away ! " 

These orders were passed from mouth tD mouth 
among the officers, and. return reports made, accord- 
ing to the strict discipline of the navy. They were 
promptly executed by the crew, though of course not 
without some blunders ; and the Young America was 
covered with her cloud, of canvas. Mr. Lowington 
commended the officers and crew for tlie promptness 
and skill they had displayed in their first concerted 
attempt at making sail. He then directed Captain 
Games to furl. Both evolutions were then repeated, 
until a proficiency satisfactory for one day was attained. 

" Not going to sea, afler all," said Shuffles, when 
the crew were dismissed from muster. 

" No," replied Wilton. " Fm tired of lying here, 
and if we don't go to sea soon, I shall take myself oil." 



68 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

« I'm with you." 

" I thought we were going to have some fun on 
board, but we don't do anything but study and shake 
out topsails." 

• " Do you know how you stand on marks, Wilton ? ** 
asked Shuffles. 

" No ; not very high, though." 

'' Don't you think you shall get into the cabin 
next term?" 

" I know I shall not. I haven't tried for anything." 

" On the first of next month, you know, new officers 
will be appointed, and I suppose the crew will be 
messed over again." 

" I don't care. I'm getting tired- of this thing. I 
had a better time at the Academy before we came on 
board." 

" There isn't much chance for any sport. Hardly a 
fellow has been allowed to go on shore since we 
joined the ship." 

" We'll get up a mutiny, if things don't improve." 

" I was thinking of that very thing myself," said 
Shuffles, in a low tone. 

" A mutiny I " exclaimed Wilton, who had used the 
word in jest. 

*' Just for fun, you know," laughed Shuffles. 

" You don't mean any such thing." 

" Not yet, of course." 

" Do you at any time ? " 

" We want something more exciting than this kind 
of a life. Here we are, kept down and treated like 
common sailors. ' We have to touch our caps and 
make our manners to Dick Carnes and the rest of the 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 69 

flunkies in the after cabin. My father pays as much 
for me as Dick Games* father does for him, and I don't 
tliink it is fair that he shoulj live in the cabin and I in 
tlie steerage." 

" If you get marks enough, you can have a bertli in 
the cabin," replied Wilton. 

" Marks ! Confound the marks I I*m not a baby. 
Do you think a fellow seventeen years old is going to 
be put up or put down by marks ? " said Shuffles. 

" I thought you had been working for a place in 
tlie cabin.'' 

" So I have, but I don't expect to get it. I never 
studied so hard in my life, and I believe I haven't had 
a bad mark since I came on board. Lowington 
thinks I have reformed," laughed Shuffles. " And 
so I have." 

" What do you want to get up a mutiny for, then ? " 

" I shall not, if I get a decent position ; if I don't, 
I'm going in for some fun." 

" But do you really think of getting up a mutiny?" 
asked Wilton, curiously. 

" I was thinking the other day what a fine tiling it 
would be if our fellows had the ship all to themselves." 

" What could we do with her ? " 

" Go on a cruise in her." 

" We couldn't handle her ; there is hardly a fellow 
on board that knows anything about navigation." 

" Of course, I don't mean to do anything yet a vsfhile ; 
not this year, perhaps. One of these days, if we stay 
on board, we shall know all about a ship. Fifteen or 
twenty of the fellows are studying navigation. We 
are going to Europe some time or other. When 



jro OUTWARD BOUXD, OR 

we do, we can take the ship, and go it on our own 
hook." 

" I don't believe you mean anything of the kind. 
Bob Shuffles." 

" I've been thinking' about it, anyhow. We can 
lock Lowington and the rest of the old folks into their . 
cabin while they arc at dinner ; and tliere are enough 
of us to handle Peaks and Bitts." 

" I think you are crazy, Shuffles." 

" We should have a high old time if we could get 
possession of the ship. Wc wont say a word about 
it yet." 

" I think you had better not." 

" We might go round Cape Horn into the Pacific, 
and have a splendid time among the beautiful islands 
of tlic South Sea." 

" Of course all the fellows wouldn't join you." 

"We could put those ashore somewhere who did 
not agree with us." 

"You know the penalty of mutiny on the high 



" Bah ! " said Shuffles, contemptuously. " It would 
be nothing but a lark. >{o one woald think of 
hanging us, or even sending us to prison for it. My 
father is rich enough to get me out of any scrape." 

" So is mine ; but I don't tliink it would be quite 
safe to go into a mutiny." 

" Not yet, my dear fellow. You can think it over." 

" But I'm tired of this kind of a life. I liked it 
first rate in the beginning. Do you think Lowington 
really intends to go to sea with the ship? " 

" I know he does." 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 7 1 



\ 



** If he don't go pretty soon, I shall run away, and 
go to sea in earnest." 

" Don't say a word about the mutiny at present, 
Wilton. By and by, if things go right, or if they 
don't go right, we may want wO take some stock in 
such an enterprise." 

" I don't see it yet, but of. course I shall keep still.'* 

It is doubtful whether even sc daring a young man 
as Shuffles, who nad the temerity to do almost any- 
thing, seriously contemplated getting ur: a mutiny. 
Very likely his untamed and vicious imagination had 
revelled in such an enterprise ; had pictured the delights 
of the rover's life at sea ; but a boy of ordinary com- 
mon sense could hardly think of engaging in such a 
n:ad scheme. - 

The last week of June, with which month ended the 
first school term on board of the Young America, 
was devoted to examinations and reviews in all the 
studies for whicii extra marks were given. On the 
last day the instructors made up the merit lists, and 
on the morning of the ist of July all hands were 
mustered, and the result declared. Most of the offi- 
cers, all of whom had studied with unremitting dili- 
gence, in order to retain their positions, were reinstated 
in their offices. The tliird lieutenant, however, fell 
out, having failed in his reviews, and to the astonish- 
ment of all, Robert Shuffles was found to be entitled 
to the place. The first and second lieutenants ex- 
changed ranks, and Paul Kendall fell to the position 
of second master. Three of the tenants of the after 
cabin were compelled to move into tlie steerage, and 



73 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

three of the crew were . transferred to the officers^ 
quarters. 

Many were disappointed, and perhaps some were 
disheartened, for the competition had been a severe 
struggle ; and as much depended upon natural ability 
as upon energy and perseverance. But tlie Young 
America was a world by herself. She had all the 
elements of society within her wooden walls, and 
success and failure there followed tlie same rules as 
in the great world of which she was an epitome. 

After tlie officers had been duly installed in their 
positions, the petty offices were given to those having 
tlie highest number of marks among the crew. It 
was certainly democratic for the late third lieutenant 
to become captain of the foretop, and for a second 
master to become coxswain of the professors' barge ; 
but these young gentlemen, though disappointed, sub- 
mitted with a good grace to their misfortune. 

The student having the highest number of rharks 
among the crew was allowed to have the first choice 
of berths in the steerage ; the one having the next 
highest number had the second choice, and so on, 
until all the numbers had been appropriated. At the 
conclusion of the reorganization, Mr. Lowington made 
a speech, " comforting the mourners," and reminding 
all the students that; on the ist of October, there 
would be anotlier distribution of the places of honor. 
He hoped those who had failed to attain what tliey 
aspired to reach would not be discouraged, for, after 
all, they had been gaining knowledge, and thus the 
real end of the school had been reached* 



YOXyXG AMERICA AFLOAT. ^3 

" How about the mutiny?" said Wilton to the new 
chird lieutenant, when both were off duty in the 
evening. 

" It won't pay just now," replied Shuffles, with 
great good humor. 

" I suppose not," sneered Wilton, who had not 
even won a petty office. " What would Lowington 
say if he knew the third lieutenant talked of getting 
up a mutiny on board ? " 

'* What would he say ? " repeated Shuffles, who was 
as much surprised at the high rank he had gained as 
his companion had been. 

"Yes; what would he say if I should tell him 
of it?" 

" He would say you were a mean pup for telling 
tales out of school ; at least, he ought to say so, and I 
think he would. Lowington is a pretty good fellow, 
after all." 

" No doubt he is, now you are third lieutenant." 

" You needn't snuff at it, Wilton. If you want a 
place, why don't you sail in, and get one. Just look 
out for your marks ; that's all you have to do." 

" Marks ! I thought a fellow seventeen years old 
was not to be put up or put down by marks," said 
Wilton, bitterly. 

" That depends somewhat upon whether you get in 
or out," laughed Shuffles. 

" I suppose you and Paul Kendall will be fast 
friends now," added the discontented student. 

" Kendall behaves very well, and has treated me first 
rate since I went into the cabin." 

7 



74 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" I suppose if I want to run away, you will stop me 
now." 

*' If you are going to do that, you musn't tell me of 
it, now I'm an officer," replied Shuffles, as he turned 
on his heel, and walked afl. 

Wilton was disgusted, and felt that he had lost his 
best friend, now that Shuffles had worked his way 
into tlie cabin. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT 75 



CHAPTER V. 

OUR FELLOWS. 

I WOULD like* leave of absence for to-morrow, Mr. 
Pclham," said Wilton, as he touched his cap to 
the first lieutenant of the Young America, on the day 
before the Fourth of July. 

'^ I am sorry to inform you, Wilton, that no leave 
of absence will be granted to-morrow," replied Pel- 
ham, in accordance with the instructions given him 
by tlie captain, who, in turn, had received his orders 
from the principal. 

" No leave I " exclaimed Wilton, his jaw dropping 
down. 

" Such are the orders.'* 

" I have always been in the habit of celebrating the 
Fourth of July," replied Wilton. " Are we to stay 
on board the ship, and mope all day ? " 

" I presume the day will be celebrated on board in 
a proper manner," added the first lieutenant. 

" On board ! What can a fellow do here ? We 
might as well go to bed, and sleerp off the day." 

" No words are necessary, Wilton," replied Pel- 
ham, as he turned and walked away. 

" Thafs a good one ! " added Wilton, to the group 
of boys who had come with him to the mainmast, to 



76 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

request the same favor, if the spokesman was permits 
ted to go on shore and celebrate the day. 

" Not to celebrate ! " exclaimed Monroe, with som&> 
thing like horror in his tones and looks. 

" Work on the Fourth of July ! " chimed in Adler. 

" I won't stand it, for one ! " said Wilton. 

" Nor I, for another," added Monroe. _ 

So said half a* dozen others. 

"Well, what are you going to do about it?" de* 
manded Adler. " Here we are, and we can't get 
ashore." 

*' Perhaps we can," said Wilton, as he led the way 
to a retired part of the deck, where they could talk 
without being overheard. " Did any one ever hear 
of such a thing as keeping the fellows on board on the 
Fourth of July? Why, every little Greek in the city 
yonder has his Kberty on that day ; and we are to be 
cooped up here like a parcel of sick chickens I I sup- 
pose we shall have to recite history and French, and 
shake out topsails, as usual." 

" It's outrageous. I don't believe the fellows will 
stand it," added Adler, who did not know how bad 
the case was, until it had been rehearsed by Wilton, 
who, in the absence of Shuffles, had become the leader 
of a certain clique on board, given to taking opposite 
views. 

" But I don't see what we can do," said Monroe. 

" We will do something. I won't stand it. If I 
.stay on board the ship to-morrow, it will be as a pris- 
oner," answered Wilton. 

" It's a hard case ; but what can we do about it? " 
asked Sanborn. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 7/ 

" Suppose we go to Lowington, and state the case 
to him," suggested Adler. 

" What* s the use of that? Of course the first lieu- 
tenant spoke by the card. He had his orders to say 
what he did, and I'm sure they came from Lowing- 
ton." 

" There can be no doubt of that ; but it would be 
better to have it from him." 

" I'm willing to ask Lowington for the day, if the 
fellows want me to do so ; but it won't do any more 
good than it would to bark at the mainmast," contin- 
ued Wilton. " I have an idea in my head, if the fel- 
lows will stand by me," he added, in a lower tone, as 
he looked over the rail at the swinging boom, to which 
the boats in constant use were made fast. 

" What is it? " asked Monroe, eagerly. 

" Keep shady, for a while. How many fellows can 
we muster?" 

" I don't know." 

" Well, don't stir the matter yet. Here comes Low- 
ington, and we will talk to him first. Come, fellows, 
lef s make a dive at him." 

Wilton, attended by his companions, walked up to 
the principal, as he was going forward. Touching his 
cap respectfully, as the discipline of the ship required, 
he opened the case. 

" Mr. Lowington, some of the students would like 
to go on shore to-morrow, to celebrate the Fourth. 
Can't we have liberty? " 

" You know the rule ; you should apply to the first 
lieutenant for leave of absence," replied Mr. Lowing- 
ton. 



JS OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" We have, sir, and been refused." 

" Then there is nothing more to be said. The first 
lieutenant speaks with authority." 

" I beg your pardon, sir, but are we to stay on board 
all day to-morrow ? " 

" That is certainly the arrangement, Wilton." 

t* Some of us would like to celebrate the day, sir, 
and we think it is rather hard to be obliged to do duty 
on the Fourth of July." 

" I intend to have the day celebrated in a proper 
manner. I have made preparations for a gala day on 
board." 

" If you please, sir, we would rather go on shore." 

" I am very sorry, for your sake, that I shall be un- 
able to reverse the answer of the first lieutenant. If 
I permit one or a dozen to go ashore, I cannot refuse 
any, and all must go. I think the boys will be satis- 
fied with the arrangements I have made for the day." 

" I never was kept in school on the Fourth of July 
before, sir," growled Wilton. 

" Then this will be a new event in your experience," 
answered Mr. Lowington, coldly, as he turned from 
the petitioners, and went forward. 

There were a great many wild boys on board of the 
Young America, and it was morally impossible for the 
whole crew to attend the celebration in the city, with- 
out more or less of them getting into a scrape. They 
had been kept on board for two months, and not 
allowed to go on shore, except under the supervision 
of one of the instructors ; and to let any considerable 
number of them loose on such a day as the Fourth of 
July, would only be courting trouble, for they would 



YOXrSO AMERICA AFLOAT. 79 

be all the more disorderly after the long period of 
restraint. 

Mr. Lowington did not willingly deprive the boys 
of any innocent gratification. He had faithfully con- 
sidered the matter of celebrating the day, and taken 
the advice of the instructors on the subject. It had 
been proposed to procure a band of music, and visit 
the city in a body, under the usual discipline ; but 
there were many difficulties attending such a plan. 
The boys were all the sons of rich men, and most of 
them were abundantly supplied with pocket money. 
As it would be impossible to prevent the escape of 
some of them from' the procession, in the crowded 
streets, it was feared that their money would prove to 
be " the root of all evil." The project had finally 
been abandoned ; and, as a substitute, a prograny;ne 
for a celebration on board had been arranged, for there 
the students would be entirely under the control of the 
instructors, who would check all excesses. It was an- 
ticipated that a few discontented spirits would grumble, 
but no rebellion was expected. 

Wilton and his companions were dissatisfied, and 
disposed to be rash. They felt that they had been 
harshly and cioielly denied a reasonable privilege. 
The subject of celebrating the Fourth had been under 
consideration for a long time among the boys, and it 
had been generally believed that all hands would be 
permitted to go on shore, with perfect liberty, on that 
day ; and* many of them had already arranged their 
plans for the occasion. 

** Well, what do you think now ? " said Wilton, at 
Ktr« Lowington walked forward. 



So OUTWARD BOUND, OU 

" I think if 8 too bad," replied Adler. " It is meaner 
than dirt to make us stay on board on the Fourth of 
July." 

" But I don't see how we are going to help our- 
selves," added Monroe, looking at Wilton for a solu- 
tion of this difficult problem. 

" I do." 

"How?" 

'^ Keep still ; don't say a word here," continued 
Wilton. " Scatter, now, and I will be on the topgal- 
lant forecastle in a few minutes." 

Wilton strolled about the deck a short time, and 
chen went to the place of meeting, where he was soon 
joined by the rest of the discontented pupils. 

" How many fellows can we muster ? " asked lie, 
when his associates in mischief had again gathered 
around him. 

" I know at least a dozen, who are up to anything," 
replied Monroe ; " but some of them are in the other 
watch. What are you going to do ? " 

" I'll tell you : There are the professors' barge and 
the third cutter at the swinging boom. We. will drop 
into them when the instructors go down to supper, 
and make for the shore. All the rest of the boats are 
at the davits ; and before they can get them into the 
water, we shall be out of their reach. What do you 
think of that for a plan ! " 

" I think it is a first-rate one. But hadn't we better 
wait till the insti*uctors turn in ? " suggested Adler. 

" No ; the boats will all be hoisted up to the davits 
at sunset. We must do it while the professors are at 
supper, or not at all. We want eight oars for'tht 



YOyNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 8 1 

b^r^e, and six for the third cutter; that makes four- 
teen fellows. Can we raise as many as that ? " 

" Yes, I tliink we can ; we will try, at any rate." 

" But you must look out, or some fellow will blow 
the whole thing," added Wilton. " Mind whom you 
speak to."^ 

The trustworthiness of the various students was 
canvassed, and it was decided what ones should be 
invited to join the enterprise. The discontented boys 
separated, and went to work with great caution to 
obtain the needed recruits. . Unfortunately, in such a 
crowd of young men, there are always enough to 
engage in any mischievous plot, and it is quite likely 
that twice as many as were wanted could have been 
obtained to man the boats in the runaway expedi- 
tion. 

Wilton missed Shuffles very much in arranging the 
details of the present enterprise. While at the Brock- 
way Academy, they had plotted mischief so often that 
each seemed to be necessary to the other. But Shuf- 
fles had reformed ; he was now third lieutenant' of the 
ship, and it was not safe to suggest a conspiracy to 
him, for he would attempt to gain favor with the prin- 
cipal by exposing or defeating it. 

Yet Shuffles was so bold in thought, and so daring 
in execution, that Wilton could hardly abandon the 
hope of obtaining his assistance ; besides, the third 
lieutenant would be officer of the deck when the. 
professors went to supper, and might wink at their 
departure in the boats, if he did not actually help 
them off. 

"Would you say anything to Shuffles?" asked 



82 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

Wilton, still in doubt, of Monroe, as they happened 
to meet again in the waist. 

*' To Shuffles ! " exclaimed Monroe, in an energetic 
whisper. 

*' I mean so." 

" Certainly not. I should as soon think of speaking 
to Lowington himself." 

" But Shuffles may join us. He is always in for a 
good time." 

**Why, you ninny, he is third lieutenant of the 
ship." 

" No matter if he is. I think Shuffles would like 
to join us." 

" Nonsense I He has been in office only three days, 
and it would break him. He would be degraded to 
the steerage," replied Monroe, who could not help 
thinking that Wilton was beside himself in proposing 
such a thing, and that the enterprise was doomed to 
failure in such incompetent hands. 

*' If he won't join us, perhaps he will help uS off. 
He is officer of the deck, you know, in the second dog 
watch." 

" I know he is ; but don't you open your mouth to 
him. If you do, I'll back out at once." 

"Back out?" 

" Yes, back out. I believe you are crazy. Why 
don't you go to Captain Carnes, and done with it?" 
said Monroe, with energy. 

" I haven't any hold on Carnes, and I have on 
f^huffles." 

" What do you mean ? " asked the prudent conspir 
atot, curiously. 



YOUNG AMBRICA AFLOAT. 83 

*' If Shuffles won't join us, he won't blow on us, 
you may depend upon that. He wouldn't dare to do 
it. I could break him before sundown, if I chose," 
said Wilton, with conscious power. 

" That alters the case." 

" Of course, I shouldn't think of* saying anything 
to him, if I did not know what I was talking about. 
I have him where the hair is short, and he knows it, aft 
well as i do." 

"What is it, Wilton ?" 

** No matter what it is. When .a thing is told me 
in confidence, I keep it to myself; but if he turns 
traitor to his cronies, he must look out for breakers^ 
He knows what it is." 

" Well, if you can get him, he will be a first-rate 
fellow to have." 

" I think I can get him. Here he comes ; you keep 
out of the way, and I will see how deep the water is." 

Monroe went forward to find a student to whom he 
had been deputed to speak in the interest of the enter- 
prise, leaving Wilton to grapple with the old lion of 
nischief, whose teeth, however, seemed to have been 
worn out in the cause. 

"Whafs up, Wilton?" demanded the third lieu- 
tenant, who was now off duty, and therefore allowed 
to speak to the crew, though it was a privilege of 
which the officers seldom availed themselves. 

" Who said anything was up ? " asked Wilton. 

** You look as though you meant something. What 
were you and Ike Monroe talking about just now ? " 
continued Shuffles. *' About me, I'll be bound, for you 
Irept looking at me, as though you mea'^t sometliing." 



84 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

"What makes you think so? Have you heard 
anything?" asked Wilton, fearful that the plot had 
leaked out. 

" Not a word ; I only judged by your looks." 

" I suppose if anything was up, you wouldn't have 
anything to do with it now." / 

" Most decidedly, I should not. I like my present 
position too well to fall out of it. I*m go#ig to be 
captain next term, if I can fetch it any way in the 
world." 

*' You mean to be a flunky, just like- the rest of 
them. You are not the same fellow you used to be." 

" Yes, I am." * 

" You are getting too big for your boots." 

"You wrong me, Wilton. I*m just as good a 
fellow as I ever was. I think I'm the best fellow in 
the ship, and for that reason I want to be captain. 
I'm ahead of Carnes so far on marks this month." 

" Well, if you want to be the head flunky, I hope 
you'll get it. We are not going ashore to-morrow, 
they say," added Wilton, changing the topic to get 
nearer to the business of the hour. 

" So Pelham told me." 

" Are you willing to stay on board and study, and 
do ship's duty, on the Fourth of July ? " 

" We are going to celebrate." 

"How?" 

" I'm sure I don't know." 

" We shall celebrate to-morrow just as we do every 
day — as close prisoners on board the ship. I, for one, 
ik>n't like it, and I won't stand it." 

" Won't you?" laughed ShuflHes. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT, 85 

" When I say I won't, I mean so." 

" O, you do — do you ? " 

*' You better believe I do," added Wilton, shaking 
his head resolutely. 

" What are you going to do ? " 

" I'm going ashore, by hook or by crook." 

" Better not get into any scrape." 

" Yoi^say that as one of the flunkies." 

" Well, you had better not say anything to me, for 
I shall have to do my duty as an ofliicer. Don't say 
anything to me, and then I sliall not know anything 
about it." 

." Humph ! " sneered Wilton, not pleased witli this 
non-committal policy. 

" I don't want to do anything mean with any of our 
fellows ; so don't say a word to me. I shall do my 
duty as an officer, as I promised to do when I was 
made third lieutenant." 

" Do you mean to say you will stop me, Shuffles, if 
you see me going?" demanded Wilton. 

** I do mean so ; I promised faithfully to do my duty 
as an officer, and I shall do it." 

" See here. Bob Shuffles ; you needn't talk to me in 
that manner. I knew the ship's cable from a pint 
of milk^ and you can't come the flunky over me." 

" I'm going to do just as you would do if you were 
in my place. I won't hear a word about any of your 
pltfns." 

" But will you interfere with them ? " 

" If it is my duty to do so, I shall. I intend to obey 
orders ; and if I have the deck, I shall keep things 
straight, whatever happens." 
8 



86 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

** Lowington don't know you as well as I do." 

" No matter if he don't ; he shafll have no fault to 
find with me this term, jf I can help it." 

" It's no use for me to mince the matter with you, 
Bob Shuffles. We understand each other too well for 
tliat. Sometiiing's up." 

Shuffles turned on his heel, and was about to walk 
away. 

" Hold on a minute, Shuffles," continued Wilton. 
*' I won't tell you what's up, but I'll tell 3'ou this : if 
you interfere with what I do, or with what the fellows 
with me do, I'll tell Lowington about the mutiny — I 
will, as sure as your name is Bob Shuffles. Do you 
understand me ? " 

" Well, I do ; and it seems to me that sounds very 
much like a threat." 

*' Call it what you like. If you turn traitor to our 
fellows, you must stand the racket of it. You are not 
a saint just yet, and those that live in glass houses 
musn't throw stones." 

" I believe I haven't played false to any of our fel- 
lows. If I don't choose to get . into any scrape with 
them, I have a right to keep out. That's all I've got 
to say." 

'' But what are you going to do, Shuffles? Out 
fellows will want to know." 

" I'm going to do my duty," replied the third lieu- 
tenant, as he walked away, regardless of tlie efforts 
of his companion to detain him. 

Shuffles was experiencing the truth of the old 
maxim, that honesty is the best policy. It is to be 
regretted that his present devotion to. duty had no 



YOUNG AMBRICA AFLOAT. 87 

higher incentive than mere policy; but it may be 
hoped of those who do their duty from low motives, 
that they may gather inspiration even from their politic 
fidelity to obey its behests from higher motives. The 
third lieutenant of the Young America intended to 
keep the promise he had made in accepting liis oiHce, 
simply because it would pay best. 

Wilton and his confederates had no difficulty in 
making up the required number of discontents and 
malcontents before six o'clock, which was the time 
fixed for carrying out the enterprise they had planned. 
Some of the recruits joined because they anticipated a 
good time in the city in celebrating the Fourth, and 
others from a mere love of mischief and excitement. 
The details of tlie scheme had been carefully elabo- 
rated by Monroe and Wilton, after tlie ranks of the 
conspirators were full. Having learned a valuable 
lesson from the daily discipline of the ship, the mis- 
chief was certainly well planned. Each boy was 
assigned to a particular position in the boats, and 
knew on what tliwart he was to sit, and which oar he 
was to pulL 

Wilton and Monroe, as the master spirits of the en- 
terprise, were to run out first on the swinging boom, 
and slide down the painters, each into the boat he was 
to command. The others were to follow in the same 
way, descending from the boom, for it was not con' 
sidered prudent to run the boats up to the gangway, 
where some enthusiastic officer might easily interfere 
with the plan, which was to depend for its success 
upon the celerity of its execution. 

When four bells struck, the professors went down to 



88 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

their evening meal, as usual, and the boatswain piped 
the port watch to supper^ the starboard watch liaving 
taken theirs at three bells, or half past five. Wilton 
gave a low whistle, when Shuffles, officer of the deck, 
was abaft the mizzenmast, with his back to the runa- 
ways, who had gathered in the waist, and were waiting 
for the signal. 

" Be lively, fellows," said the leader of the enterprise, 
as he sprang over the rail, and ran out on the boom, 
followed by Monroe. 

The others, in the order in which they had been 
instructed, did the same. About half of them were 
on the boom, when the movement was reported to the 
officer of the deck by tlie midshipman on duty in th« 
waist. Shuffles rushed forward, now understanding, 
for the first time, the intentions of Wilton ; and true tc» 
the inspiration of fidelity, he set about defeating the 
object of " our fellows." 

The studding-sail boom, to which the boats were 
fastened, was supported by a topping-lift from above, 
and kept in position, at right angles with the side of 
the ship, by guys extending forward and aft. 

" Stand by that fore guy ! " shouted Shuffles, as he 
sprang upon the rail. " Cast oflf I " 

" Lively, fellows 1 " said Wilton, when he saw that 
the third lieutenant intended to swing in the boom to 
tlie ship's side. 

" Stand by the after guy of the studding-sail boom ! " 
continued Shuffles, with becoming energy. 

Both his orders were promptly obeyed ; but seeing 
that his movement would be too late, he rushed to the 
topping-lift, and cast it off, causing the swinging boom 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT, 89 

to drop into the water, just as the last boy was 
about to slide down into the professors' boat. Of 
course the luckless fellow went into the water; but 
he was promptly picked up by his companions in 
mischief. 

*' If I'm caught, Bob Shuffles, you look out for 
breakers ! " cried Wilton, as the third lieutenant 
appeared at the gangway again. 

The tide was coming in, and the boats swung so far 
abafl the boom that it had fallen clear of them when 
it dropped into the water. Wilton and Monroe were 
prompt to avail themselves of their present success, 
and the boys sat in the boats, with their oars up, ready 
to pull as soon as the order was given. 

" Let fall I " said Wilton ; and the eight oars of the 
professors' barge dropped into tlie water, and the 
rowers placed them in readiness for the first stroke. 

Monroe, in the third cutter, followed the example 
of his principal, and was hardly a second behind him. 

*' Give way ! " added Wilton. 

" Give way ! " repeated Monroe ; and the two boats 
gathered way and darted oft' towards the nearest point 
of the shore. 

Thus far the enterprise of " our fellows " was en- 
tirely successful, and Shuffles stood on the gangway, 
chagrined at the defeat which had attended his efforts 
to prevent the escape of the runaways. 

*' Stand by to clear away the first cutter ! " shouted 
he, suddenly and with energy, as he made his way to 
the davits, where the boat indicated was suspended. 

" Cast off the gripes, and man the falls ! " he con- 
tinuedy when the watch were collected at the scene of 
8* 



90 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

action. " Mr. Kendall, you will inform the captain 
what has happened." 

Within three minutes, the first cutter was in the 
water, for the crew had been frequently exercised in 
the evolution of lowering boats, and performed it with 
remarkable facility for boys. Before the first cutter 
touched the water, the captain, tlie principal, and all 
the professors, came on deck. 

Mr. Lowington was entirely cool, though everybody 
else appeared to be intensely excited. The crew of 
the first cutter were piped away, and at the principal's 
suggestion, the •third lieutenant was sent off in the 
boat to prevent the landing of the rebellious pupils. 

^'Up'oars! Let-fall! Give way!" said Shuffles, 
in the boat, delivering his orders in rapid succession ; 
and the first cutter darted off in chase of the runaways. 



YOXmG AMERICA APLoAT. QX 



CHAPTER VI. 

THE FOURTH OF JULY. 

THE first cutter was manned by her regular crew, 
who- had been trained with the utmost care to 
pull together, while Wilton, in the professors' barge, 
which was of the same size, had some very indiflerent 
oarsmen. The runaways had made up their force of 
such material as they could obtain, and though all 
were somewhat accustomed to rowing, they had not 
been drilled to work together; they were not the 
unit of power in pulling a boat. Shuffles, therefore, 
had a manifest advantage, and he was determined to 
bring back the fugitives. 

The second cutter, in charge of Paul Kendall, was 
cleared away, and, with Mr. Lowington and Mr. 
Fluxion on board, left the ship to take part in the pur- 
suit. The chase promised to be an exciting one, for 
Wilton and Monroe were straining every nerve to 
reach the shore before they were overtaken. They 
were making for the nearest land, and having just the 
number of hands required to pull the boat, each of 
tliem was obliged to use an oar himself. They had 
no coxswains, and Wilton, at the bow oar of the pro- 
fessors' barge, could not see what was ahead, tliough 
he kept the pursuing boats in full view. 



93 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

The nearest land, not more than half a mile from 
the ship, was a point covered with salt marsh, above 
which was a cove, whose opening was about ten rods 
in width. Wilton was making for the point below the 
cove, but his calculations were made without judgment 
or discretion. If he reached the land, his paity would 
l>e obliged to walk a mile in order to get round the 
cove, on a narrow strip of marsh, where they might 
be intercepted. But the fatal defect in his plan of 
operations was a failure to consider the depth of 
water between the ship and the point. The flow 
of the tide from the cove, while it kept a clear chan- 
nel through the entrance, had formed a bar off the 
tongue of land on the seaward side of it, which was 
bare at half tide, and was now just covered. Wilton 
was pulling for this bar, with all the strength of his 
crew. 

Shuffles was prompt to observe the mistake of his 
late crony, and just as prompt to profit by it. The 
first cutter was gaining rapidly on the chase ; but 
Shuffles, as she reached the border of the main chan- 
nel, ordered his coxswain to keep the boat's head 
towards the entrance of the cove. 

" We shall never catch them on this tack,"^ said the 
coxswain of the cutter, who knew nothing about 
the bar, 

''I think we shall," replied the third lieutenant, 
confidently. 

" We are not going towards the point." 

" That's very true, and the professors' barge will not 
go much fardier in that direction. Pull steady, my 
lads ; don't hurry yourselves. There is plenty of time," 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 95 

The coxswain thought his superior officer was 
taking the matter very coolly, and knowing of the 
intimacy which had formerly subsisted between Shuf 
fles and Wilton, he was ready to conclude that the 
tliird lieutenant was willing to permit the escape of 
" our fellows." While he was putting tjiis construc- 
tion on the conduct of his superior, the professors' 
barge "took the ground," and stuck fast. 

*' They're aground, Mr. Shuffles," said the coxswain. 

" There's just where I expected them to be," an- 
swered Shuffles, quietly. 

" Shall I run towards them ? " 

*' No ; keep her as she is. There isn't more than a 
foot of water anywhere between them and the point." 

The third cutter, being a smaller boat than the pro- 
fessors' barge, did not touch the bar as soon as her 
consort ; but Monroe saw that his craft could not land 
her party on the point at that stage of the tide, and he 
ordered his crew first to lay on their oars, and then to 
back water. Wilton's boat was aground at the bow, 
and when he had sent part of his crew aft, she was 
easily pushed off the bar. By this delay he had lost 
the chance of landing at tlie point, and his only alter- 
native was to pull up to the cove ; but in doing so, it 
would be impossible to avoid the first cutter, which 
had now secured a position pff the mouth of the little 
bay. 

" Stand by to lay on your bars," said the coxswain 
of the first cutter, as directed by the lieutenant in com- 
mand. " Oars 1 " 

The crew ceased rowing, and laying on their oars, 
waited the next movement of the runaways. In the 



94 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

mean time the second cutter was well away from the 
ship, and Mr. Lowington, promptly comprehending 
the intentions of the third lieutenant, directed the 
officer in command to pull towards the boats on 
the bar, keeping well to seaward, in order to prevent 
tliem from escaping in that direction. 

Wilton realized that he was cornered, and hoping 
that Shuffles would not be over-zealous in the dis- 
charge of his duty, directed his course towards the 
opening of the cove. A few strokes brought him 
within hailing distance of the first cutter. 

" No use, Wilton," said Shuffles, laughing. " You 
may as well pull for the ship. It's all up with you." 

But the leader of the nmaways, instead of heeding 
this good advice, attempted to push by astern of the 
first cutter, 

" Stern, all ! Give way ! " shouted Shuffles, sharply. 
" Coxswain, stand by with your stern line ! " 

It was generally understood that the third lieutenant 
of the Young America was a fighting character, and 
that he could whip any officer or seaman in the ship, 
though his prowess had not been practically demon- 
strated. Shuffles took the stern line himself, instead 
of intrusting the duty to the coxswain. He intended 
to grapple the bow of the professors' barge, and 
make fast to it with the rope; but the cutter did 
not gather way enough in season to do this. As she 
backed, she fouled the oars of the barge, and Shuffles 
secured a firm hold pf her stern. 

" What are you doing. Bob Shuffles ? " demanded 
Wilton, angry, when he saw that his late crony was 
fully in earnest. 



THE HIW YORK 
PUBUC UBRARY 



AST«R, Lemix 
TlLBeW FOUWDATWHl 




lii 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 95 

The third lieutenant made no reply ; but passing hia 
rope through a ring in the stern of the barge, he made 
it fast, and then pushed the cutter off from her. When 
the line had run out about a fathom, he secured the 
end he held in his hand to the after thwart of his own 
boat. Thus the first cutter and the barge were lashed 
together, stem to stern. 

" Cast off that rope ! " shouted Wilton to the stroke 
oarsman in the barge. 

" Don't you touch it, my lad," interposed Shuffles, 
when the boy atteiiipted to obey the order of his 
leader. " If you attempt it, you will purchase a sore 
head." 

The third lieutenant had picked up a boat-hook, and 
stood ready to rap any of the barge's crew who might 
attempt to cast off the line by which the boats were 
fastened together. No one was disposed to cross the 
purposes of so formidable a person as Shuffles, and 
the stroke oarsman did not obey tlie order of Wilton. 
It would not be safe to do so. 

** Now, Wilton, what do you say ? " demanded Shuf* 
fles, a smile of triumph playing upon his face, which 
was very aggravating to tlie leader of the runaways. 
** Will you go back to the ship, or not? " 

" No, of course I won't," replied the discomfited 
chief of the malcontents. 

"You had better, my dear fellow. There comes 
Mr. Lowington." 

" I didn't think this of you. Bob Shuffles," said 
Wilton, reproachfully. 

** I told you I should do my duty ; and I shall, ta 



96 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

the end. If you will return, all right ; if not, I sfiall 
take you back." 

" No, you won't." 

*' I think I will," added the third lieutenant, quietly. 
" Stand by to give way ! " he continued, to the cox* 
swain. 

" Two can play at that game," said Wilton, as he 
gave the same order to his crew. 

" Give way ! " shouted the coxswain of the first 
cutter, with energy. 

" Give way ! *' repeated Wilton, in the barge. 

The rope straightened; Shuffles stood up in the 
stern-sheets of the cutter, to prevent the line from 
being cast off, and the contest began, to ascertain 
wliich should drag the other. It was rather ludi- 
crous, in spite of the serious question of discipline 
involved in the affair, and the boys in the cutter 
were intensely amused, as well as excited. Both 
crews struggled with all their might, and each leader 
urged his followers to renewed exertions. 

Thff discipline of the first cutter was on the point of 
carrying the contest in favor of law and order, when 
Monroe, seeing that his friend was nearly worsted, 
backed the third cutter up to the bow of the barge, 
and took her painter on board, which he made fast at 
the stern. Resuming his oar, he ordered his creW to 
give way together. Then law and order appeared to 
be at a discount, for the eight oarsmen in the first 
cutter were not a match, even in the cause of disci- 
pline, against the fourteen in the barge ^nd third 
cutter. 

Shuffles did not give it up, notwithstanding the 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 97 

great odds against him. Letting out the stem line 
far enough to allow space for a new manoeuvre, he di- 
rected the starboard oarsmen to^ lay on their oars, while 
those dn the port side pulled the boat round. Then 
all gave way together, and the barge was dragged 
round sideways, until her oars fouled with those of 
Monroe's boat. At this stage of the exciting proceed- 
ings, the second cutter came up with the principal. 

Mr. Fluxion sat in the stern-sheets, shaking his 
sides with laughter at the singular contest which was 
going on ; but Mr. Lowington, though evidently 
amused, maintained his gravity, and w^as as dignified 
as usual. The appearance of the principal ended the 
struggle. A glance from him was quite sufficient 
to take all the stiffening out of the runaways, and 
even Wilton, tliough he talked valiantly behind Mr. 
Lowington's back, and neglected even to give him the 
simple title of " mister," had not the courage to resist 
the strong arm of his authority. As the second cutter 
backed up to the barge, the principal stepped on 
board of her, and took a seat in the stern-sheets. 

" Young gentlemen, you will return to the ship," 
said Mr. Lowington, sternly, as he took tlie tiller- 
ropes in his hands. " Give way I " 

The malcontents had no thought of further resist- 
ance. The presence of tlie principal was sufficient 
to overcome all insubordination ; they did not dare to 
disobey him. Mechanically they bent to their oars, 
and without a word pulled back to the ship. 

Mr. Fluxion, by direction of Mr. Lowington, had 
taken his place in Monroe's boat, and followed the 
barge, the two cutters bringing up the rear. This was 
9 - - ^ ^ 



98 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

the first instance of flagrant insubordination which had 
occurred since the organization of the ship's company, 
and the students were not a little anxious to learn how 
it would be treated. It was singular that Shuffles, 
who on shore had always been the ringleader in en- 
terprises of mischief, had been the means of defeating 
the scheme of the runaways. 

The boats were hoisted up at the davits, and the 
boatswain was ordered to pipe all hands on deck. 
The principal looked calm, but stern, as he took the 
position on the hatch which he usually occupied when 
he addressed the students. 

" Wilton and Monroe," said he. 

The culprits came forward, hanging their heads 
with shame. 

" I learn that you are the ringleaders in this move- 
ment. Is it so ? " 

" I suppose we are," replied Wilton. 

*' Who proposed the plan ? " 

" Wilton first spoke to me about it," answered 
Monroe. 

" And you induced the others to join you ? " 

" Yes, sir." 

*' As the ringleaders, Wilton and Monroe will lose 
twenty marks each, and remain in their mess rooms 
to-morrow. The other tvvelve lose ten marks each," 
continued Mr. Lowington. " Young gentlemen, those 
who have engaged in this scheme are not to be 
trusted. I have nothing further to say." 

The crew were dismissed, and all the students were 
disposed to laugh at the mildness of the punishment, 
compared with the enormity of the offence. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 



99 



"Mr. Shuffles," said the principal, as he stepped 
flown from the hatch, " I am very much obliged to 
you for the zeal and energy whicli you have exhibited 
in the discharge of your duty. Not only was your 
disposition to do your duty highly commendable, but 
your plans displayed skill anQ forethought." 

" Thank you, sir," replied the third lieutenant ; " 1 
am very glad to have pleased you." 

Mr. Lowington bowed, and descended to the cabin 
to finish his supper, which had been interrupted by 
the event described. What the professors said about 
the affair was not known to the boys; but Shuffles 
was warmly praised for the moderate but skilful meas- 
ures he had used in the capture of the rebels. 

At sundown, a shore boat came alongside with an 
abundant supply of fireworks, which had been ordered 
by Mr. Lowington. They were hoisted on board, and 
deposited in a safe place. At the usual hour, the boys 
turned in to dream of the good time which these squibs 
and crackers suggested to them — all but Monroe and 
Wilton, who had something else to think about. The 
latter was disappointed and surly, while the former 
congratulated himself upon getting out of the scrape 
so easily. Wilton was very angry with Shuffles, who 
might have permitted him to land, if he had been so 
disposed ; and he determined to take what he consid- 
ered an ample vengeance upon the traitor. As soon 
as he had an opportunity to speak to Mr. Lowington, 
he intended to tell him all about the plan for a mutiny, 
and he was fully satisfied that Shuffles would be sent 
in disgrace from his pleasant position in the after 
cabin, to take up his abode in the steerage again. 



lOO OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

On the morning of the ever-glorious Fourth, all 
hands )vere mustered on the deck of the Young Amer- 
ica at four o'clock. Crackers were sei-ved out, and 
for two hours there was a tremendous racket from 
stem to stern, among the younger boys. At six 
o'clock, the port watch were piped to breakfast, and 
all the crackers having been burned, the decks were 
swept, and everything put in perfect order, by the 
starboard Watch. A band of music, engaged for the 
day, came off, and the enlivening str*ains of the national 
airs sounded through the ship. 

At seven o'clock, when all hands had breakfasted, 
an hour earlier than usual, the crew were piped to 
muster, wondering, as they always did, what was 
going to be done. 

" All hands, up anchor ahoy I " shouted the boat- 
swain, prompted by the first lieutenant ; but this order 
was so common in the every-day practice of the crew, 
that no one supposed it had any unusual significance ; 
and some of the boys even began to grumble at being 
compelled to go through the routine of ship's work on 
the Fourth of July. 

" Bring to on the cable, and unbitt I " continued the 
officer in command. " Ship the capstan bars, and 
swifter them ! Heave in the cable to a short stay ! " 

These orders were duly executed, under the direc- 
tion of the various officers at their stations. 

*' Avast heaving ! " called the first master. " Anchor 
apeak, sir," he reported to the first lieutenant. 

" Pawl the capstan, stopper the cable, and unship 
the bars ! " added the executive officers, all of which 
was done, and duly reported. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. lOl 

" Stations for loosing topsails ! " which were shaken 
out by tlie ordinary routine, sheeted home, and hoist- 
ed up: 

" Forecastlemen, loose the head sails I After-guard, 
clear away the spanker I Man the capstan bars, ship 
and swifter them ! Heave around ! " 

This last was a manoeuvre which the crew had 
never before been called upon to perform ; and the 
order sent a thrill of delight to all hearts. The cable 
had often been heaved to a short stay, that is, so that 
it run nearly up and down ; but that was as far as 
they had ever before beien permitted to proceed. Now, 
with the anchor apeak, they were ordered to the cap- 
stan again, and they realized that the Young America 
was actually going to sea. The command kindled an 
enthusiasm which glowed on eveiy face. The ship 
was going out of the harbor, and the evil doers in the 
mess rooms below were to be pitied. • 

" Anchor aweigh, sir," reported the excited boat- 
swain, who, however, had to be prompted in this in- 
stance by Peaks, for it had never been in that position 
before since it first hooked the mud in Brockway 
harbor. 

" Anchor aweigh, sir," repeated the second lieu- 
tenant. 

^ " Man the jib and flying-jib halyards ! " said the 
first lieutenant. 

"Anchor's at the bow, sir," said the boatswain, 
which report went through the same channels as 
before, till it reached the executive oflScer. 

" Hoist away on the jib and flying-jib halyards I 
Avast heaving! Pawl the capstan! Stopper the 
9* 



ro3 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

cable ! Cat and fish the anchor I *' shouted the first 
lieutenant. " Port the helm ! " 

The Young America was clear of the ground. The 
fore topsail, which had been trimmed to the fresh 
breeze, was full, and the ship began to gather head- 
way. Two seamen had been placed at the wheel, 
under the charge of the quartermaster. The boys had 
often " made believe " do these things, but now tliey 
were real. The vessel was actually moving tlirough 
the water, and they could hardly contain themselves, 
so exhilarating was the scene. 

" Steady ! " said the first lieutenant, when tlie sh^p 
had come up to her intended course. 

*' Steady, sir," repeated the quartermaster in charge 
of the helm. 

" Stand by to set the spanker," added the first 
lieutenant. " Man the outhaul ! Cast off the brails, 
and loose the vangs ! " 

The after-guard, which is the portion of the ship's 
company stationed on the quarter-deck, or abaft the 
mizzenmast, obeyed this order, and stood ready to set 
the spanker, which is the aftermost sail. 

" Walk away with the outhaul ! " and the after- 
guard ran off with die rope, which drew the sail out 
into its place on the gaff. '* Stand by the span leer 
sheet — let it out 1" 

" You must attend to your main and mizzen top- 
sails, Mr. Pclham," said the principal, in a low tone. 

" Man the fore and main braces ! " said the execu- 
tive ofiicer; and the young seamen sprang to thw 
stations. " Let go and haul ! ** 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. lOJ 

The main and the mizzen topsails were thus trimmed, 
BO that they took the wind. 

" That was very well done, Captain Games, though 
your crew need more practice. They are very much 
excited," said Mr. Lowing^on. 

"I don't wonder, sir; I think none of them 
knew we were going out of the harbor," replied tlie 
captain. 

*' I am glad they enjoy it," added the principal, 
** though I should not have left the anchorage, except 
as a substitute for the Fourth of July celebration." 

" They will like this much better than going to the 
city." 

'* I have no doubt on that point ; and last evening, 
when those students wished to run away, I was tempt- 
ed to punish their disobedience by letting them go. 
The wind is pretty fresh, Captain Carnes, but I think 
you may set the top-gallant sails." 

The captain gave the order to the first lieutenant. 

" Aloft, sail-loosers of the top-gallant sails ! " shout- 
ed Mr. Pelham ; and the eager young salts dashed up 
the rigging. " Lay out ! Loose ! Let fall ! Man 
your sheets and halyards! Sheets home, and hoist 
away ! " 

The addition of the top-gallant sails was sensibly 
felt by the Young America ; and, " taking a bone in 
her teeth," she careened over, and dashed away mer- 
rily on her course. 

The band played Hail, Columbia, and as the ship 
passed the fort, the crew mounted the rigging and gave 
three cheers. The excitement on board was immense, 
^nd never was Independence Day more thoroughly 



104 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

and enthusiastically enjoyed. The officers and crevr 
were at the height of felicity, as the gallant little ship 
bowled over the waves, threading her way through tlie 
channels between the numerous islands of the bay. 

" Can't we put on any more sail, Mr. Lowington ? ** 
asked Captain Carnes, as he met the principal on the 
quarter-deck. 

" Not at present. We are making very good prog-, 
ress now." 

" The boys want to see all sail on her." 
" The wind is blowing half a gale now," added Mr. 
Lowington, with a smile. " I think we shall be able 
to give them quite enough of it when we get out into 
blue water. I'm afraid you will lose half your crew 
before noon ! " 
"Lose them?" 
*' By seasickness, I mean." 
" Do you think they will be sick, sir ? " 
" I have no doubt of it. Many of them never saw 
the ocean before, and never looked upon a ship till 
they came on board of the Young America. I don't 
think it would be prudent to put on all sail, until 
we know what force we are to have to handle the 
ship." 

'* They don't look like being seasick at present." 
" Wait till we get out into the heavy sea," laughed 
the principal, as he went forward. 

At eight bells the ship was abreast of the last island, 
and she began to pitch and roll a little, though the 
motion was hardly perceptible, until she was well off 
from the land. Professor Paradyme was the first vic- 
tim of seasickness, and the hoys all laughed when 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. IO5 

they saw the woe-begone expression on the face of 
, the learned man ; but some of those who laughed the 
loudest were the first to be taken by the ridiculous 
malady. 

The Young America pitched and rolled heavily as 
she receded from the land, and nothing more was said 
by the students about putting on more sail. The 
spray broke over the bow, and washed the decks ; but 
most of the boys enjoyed the scene as they had never 
enjoyed anything before. 

"What are you doing here, sir?" demanded Mr. 
Lowington, as he went forward, and discovered Wil- 
ton skulking under the lee of the foremast. " You 
were told to stay in your mess room, sir ! " 

" I couldn't, sir," whined the culprit. 

" You could, and you will." ^ 

" I was seasick, sir." 

" I can't help it ; you must stay in your mess room," 
added the principal, sternly. 

" If you please, sir, I will obey orders if you will 
let me stay on deck," said Wilton, humbly. 

" No ; return to your room ; " and Wilton was com- 
pelled to obey. 

It was a very severe punishment to him and Mon- 
roe to be obliged to stay in the steerage during the 
first trip of the Young America. 



X06 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 



CHAPTER VII. 

HEAVING TIIK LOG. 

THE Young America, under topsails and top- 
gallant sails, was making about ten knots an 
hour. AiVer passing the last island in the bay, she 
was headed to the south-east, which brought the wind 
over the starboard quarter. The ship was of the 
clipper class, though not as sharp as many of tliis 
model. It was found that her sailing ability was 
excellent, and Mr. Lowington and Mr. Fluxion ex- 
pressed much satisfaction at her performance, "both in 
respect of speed and weatherly qualities. 

When the ship left her moorings, the principal had 
not decided where to go, or how long to remain at sea, 
intending to be governed by the circumstances of the 
hour. It had never been his purpose to keep her at 
one anchorage, but to go from port to port, remaining 
a few days or a few weeks at each, as the discipline of 
the ship and the progress of the boys in their studies 
suggested. There were many elements of seaman- 
ship which could not be effectively practised while the 
ship lay at anchor, such as heaving the log, sounding 
and steering, though the boys had been carefully 
instructed in the theory of these operations. 

The instructor in mathematics, the boatswain, the 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. I07 

carpenter, and the sailmaker, all of whom were good 
seamen, were in great demand as soon as the ship was 
under way ; but when she had sea-room enough, the 
helm was handed over to the boys, under the charge 
of a juvenile quartermaster. Peaks stood by, and 
gave the necessary directions, till the students were 
able to do the work themselves. 

" Now, my lads, we will heave the log," said the 
boatswain, when the ship was well out from the land. 

" We know how to do tliat," replied Smith, one of 
the quartermasters. 

" I dare say you do, young gentlemen ; but in my 
opinion, you can't do it. You know how to write a 
psalm, but I don't believe you could write one," 
added Peaks. " You have to learn how to do these 
things by the feeling, so that they will do themselves, 
so to speak. After-guard, stand by to haul in the log- 
line. Here, quartermaster, you will hold the glass, 
and the officer of the deck will throw the chip." 

"We know all about it, Mr. Peaks," repeated 
Smith. 

*' I know you do ; but you can't tell within five knots 
how fast the ship is going," laughed the boatswain. 
*' Let's do it right a few times, and then you can be 
trusted." 

The quartermaster took the gla^s, and Gordon, then 
officer of the watch, the chip, which he cast into the 
water over the stern of the ship. 

" Turn I " said he, when the stray line had run 
out. 

Now, Smith, at this particular moment, was watch- 
ing a vessel over the quarter, and he did not instantly 



Io8 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

turn the glass, as he should have done; but Peaks 
said nothing. 

" Up ! " cried the quartermaster, when the sand had 
all run through the glass. 

Gordon stopped the reel from which the line was 
running out, and noted the mark. 

" Seven knots," said he. 

" Not right," replied the boatswain, sharply. " This 
ship is going nine or ten knots an hour, and any man 
who has snuffed salt water for six months could guess 
nearer than you make it. Now try it once again, and 
if you don't hit nearer than that next time, you may 
as well throw the reel overboard, and hire a Yankee 
to guess the rate of sailing." 

" I thought we knew all about it," added Smith. 

** I think you do, young gentlemen ; but you were 
star-gazing when you ought to have been all attention. 
The line ran out two or three knots before you turned 
the glass." 

Gordon took the chip again. It was a thin piece 
of board, in the form of a quarter circle. The round 
side was loaded with just lead enough to make it float 
upright in the water. The log-line was fastened to 
the chip, just as a boy loops a kite, two strings being 
attached at each end of the circular side, while the 
one at the angle is tied to a peg, which is inserted in a 
hole, just hard enough to keep it in place, while there 
is no extra strain on the board, but which can be drawn 
out with a smart pull. When the log-line has run out 
as far as desired, there would be some difficulty in 
hauling in the chip while it was upright in the water ; 
but a sudden jerk draws the peg at the angle, and 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT, IO9 

permits the board to lie flat, in which position the 
water offers the least resistance to its passage. 

The half-minute glass used on board the Young 
America, held by the quartermaster, was like an houi 
glass, and contained just sand enough to pass through 
tlie hole in the neck in thirty seconds. The log-line 
w^as one hundred and iifly fathoms in length, and was 
wound on a reel, which turned very easily, so that the 
resistance of the chip to the water would unwind it. 
The log-line is divided into certain spaces called knots, 
the length of each of which is the same fractional part 
of a mile that a half minute is of an hour. If there 
be sixty-one hundred and twenty feet in a nautical 
mile, or the sixtieth part of a degree of a great cir- 
cle, which is not far from accurate, and the ship be 
going ten knots an hour, she will run sixty-one 
thousand two hundred feet in an hour. If the chip 
were thrown overboard at eight o'clock, and the line 
were long enough, the ship would have run out sixty- 
one thousand two hundred feet, or ten miles, at nine 
o'clock, or in one hour. In one minute she would run 
one sixtieth of sixty-one thousand two hundred feet, 
which is ten hundred and twenty feet; in half a 
minute, five hundred and ten feet. 

The half-minute glass is the measure of time gen- 
erally used in heaving the log. While the sand is 
dropping through, the line runs out five hundred and 
ten feet, the ship going ten knots an hour being the 
basis of the calculation. One knot, therefore, will be 
fifly-one feet. If the line pays out five hundred and 
ten feet in thirty seconds, by the glass, the ship is 
going ten knots an hour. If it pays out four hundred 
10 



XIO , OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

and eight feet in half a minute, or eight hundred and 
sixteen feet in a minute, she will pay out a mile in as 
many minutes as eight hundred and sixteen feet is 
contained in sixty-one hundred and twenty feet, which 
is seven and a half minutes. Then the ship goes a 
mile in seven and a half minutes, or eight miles an 
hour. 

A knot on the log-line is therefore invariably fifty- 
one feet ; and the number of knots of the line run out 
in half a minute indicates also the ship's speed per 
hour, for fifty-one feet is the same part of a nautical 
mile that half a minute is of an hour. The calcula- 
tions are given without allowances, merely to show 
the principle ; and both the glass and the line are 
modified in practice. 

On board the Young America, ten fathoms were 
allowed for " stray line ; " this length of line being 
permitted to run out before the measuring commenced, 
in order to get the chip clear of the eddies in the wake 
of the ship. The ten fathoms were indicated by a 
white rag, drawn through the line ; and when the 
officer paying out comes to this mark, he orders the 
quartermaster to turn the glass, and the operation 
actually begins. At every fifty-one feet (or forty- 
seven and six tenths, making the allowances) there is 
a mark — a bit of leather, or two or more knots. 
The instant the sands have all run through the glass, 
the quartermaster says, " Up,"and the officer notes the 
mark to which the line has run out. Half and quarter 
knots are indicated on the line. 

" Now, quartermaster, mind your eye. When the 
officer of the deck says, ' Turn,' you repeat the word 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. XH 

after him, to show that you are alive/* continued 
Peaks. 

" Ready ! " said Gordon. 

" Ready ! " replied Smith. 

The lieutenant threw the chip into the water, and 
when the stray line had run off, he gave the word to 
turn the glass. 

" Turn 1 " repeated Smith. 

Gordon eased off the log-line, so that nothing should 
prevent it from running easily. 

" Up ! " shouted Smith ; and Gordon stopped the 
line. 

" Very well," added Peaks. " What's the mark? " 

*' Ten and a quarter," replied the officer. 

** That sounds more like it. I knew this ship was 
going more than seven knots. You see, young 
gentlemen, you can't catch flies and tend the log« 
line at the same time. Now, you may try it over 
again." 

The experiment was repeated, with the same rer 
suit. Other officers and seamen were called to the 
quarter-deck, and the training in heaving the log 
continued, until a reasonable degree of proficiency 
was attained. 

*' Land ho ! " cried the lookout on tlie top-gallant 
forecasde, at about eleven o'clock in the forenoon. 

" Where away ? " called the officer of the deck. 

" Dead ahead, sir." 

" What is that land, Mr. Lowington ? " asked Paul 
Kendall. 

" Don't j'^ou know?" 

« I'm sure I don't." 



113 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" Then you should study your inap more. Look at 
the compass, and tell me how she heads." 

"South-east, sir," replied Paul, after looking into 
the binnacle. 

" Now, what land lies south-cast of Brockway Har- 
bor?" asked tlie principal. 

" Cape Cod, I think." 

" You are right ; then that must be Cape Cod." 

"Is it, really?" 

" Certainly it is," laughed Mr. Lowington. " Have 
you no faith in your map? " 

" I didn't think we could be anywhere near Cape 
Cod. I thought it was farther off," added Paul, who 
seemed to be amazed to think they had actually crossed 
Massachusetts Bay. 

" The land you see is Race Point, which is about 
forty miles from the entrance to the bay, at the head 
of which Brockway is located. We have been making 
about ten knots an hour, and our calculations seem to 
be very accurate. By one o'clock we shall come to 
anchor in Provincetown Harbor." 

This prediction was fully verified, and the Young 
America was moored off the town. Those who had 
been seasick recovered as soon as the motion of the 
ship ceased ; and when everything aloft and on deck 
had been made snug, the crew were piped to dinner. 

In tlie afternoon, part of the students were per- 
mitted to go on shore ; the band played, and several 
boat-races took place, very much to the delight of 
the people on shore, as well as those on board. At 
six o'clock the ship was opened for the reception 
of visitors, who came off in large numbers to inspect 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 113 

the vessel. After dark there was a brilliant display 
of fireworks, and the Young America blazed with 
blue-lights and Roman candles, set off by boys on 
the cross-trees, and at tlie yard-arms. At ten the res' 
tivities closed, and all was still in the steerage and on 
deck. 

The next morning, the ship got under way, and 
stood out of the harbor, bound for Brockway again. 
She had a light breeze, and a smooth time, and the 
boys had the satisfaction of seeing every rag of can- 
vas spread, including studding-sails alow and aloft; 
but it was not till after dark that the ship came to 
anchor at her former moorings. 

Wilton and Monroe were released from confinement 
in the morning, and permitted to go on deck. What- 
ever their shipmates might have said, they felt that they 
had been severely punished, especially as they had 
failed in their runaway expedition. Wilton did not 
feel any more kindly towards Shuffles when he was 
released than when he had been ordered to his room. 
He felt that his late crony had been a traitor, and he 
was unable to take any higher view of the circumr 
«tances. 

** Wilton,'* said Mr. Lowington, when he met the 
runaway on deck, the day after the Fourth, *' I told 
you that you had made a mistake. Do you believe 
it yet?" 

** I suppose I do, si^.'* 

" You suppose you do ! Don't you know? " 

*^ Yes, sir, I think I did make a mistake,'' replied 
Wilton, who found it very hard to acknowledge the 
fact. 

io» 



114 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

** I do not refer to your punishment, when I allude 
to the consequences of your misdeed, for that w^as very 
light You have fallen very low in the estimation of 
your superiors." 

" Do you mean Mr. Shuffles, sir? " 

** I did not mean the officers exclusively, though 1 
believe they have a proper respect for the discipline of 
the ship." 

** I don't tliink Shuffles need to say anytliing." 

^^ He hasn't said anything." 

** He is worse than I am.'' 

" Shuffles has done very well, and merits tlie appro- 
bation of the principal and the instructors." 

" They don't know him as well as I do," growled 
Wilton. 

" They probably know him better. Your remarks 
do not exhibit a proper spirit towards an officer. He 
defeated your plan to escape, but he did no more tlian 
his duty. He would have been blamed, perhaps pun- 
ished, if he had done any less." 

" I don't find any fault with him for doing his duty, 
but I don't like to be snubbed by one who is worse 
than I am. . If you knew what I know, sir, you would 
turn him out of the after cabin." 

** Then it is fortunate for him that I don't know 
what you know," replied Mr. Lowington, sternly. 
*' If you wish to injure him in my estimation, you 
will not succeed." 

" He is going to get up a mutiny one of these days. 
He told me all about it," continued Wilton, desper* 
ately, when he found that the principal was in no 
mood to listen to his backbiting. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. II5 

" That will do, Wilton ; I don't wish to hear any- 
thing more about that matter. Your testimony against 
Shuffles, under present circumstances, is not worth tiie 
breath you use in uttering it." 

" I thought it was my duty to tell you, if any one 
was trying to get up a mutiny." 

*' You did not think so ; you are telling me this 
story to revenge yourself against the third lieutenant 
for his fidelity. Whether there is, or is not, any truth 
in what you say, I shall tiike no notice of it." 

"It is all true, sir. He did speak to me about get- 
ting up a mutiny, locking up the professors, taking the 
ship, and going round Cape Horn; and he will not 
deny it" 

" He will have no opportunity to deny it to me, for 
I shall not mention the subject to him. Go to your 
duty, and remember that you have injured yourself 
more than Shuffles by this course." 

Wilton hung his head, and went forward, cheated 
of his revenge, and disconcerted by the rebuke he had 
received. 

Mr. Lowington. was quite willing to believe that 
Shuffles had talked about a mutiny, while he was iji . 
the steerage, but there was at least no present danger 
of such an extravagant scheme being put into opera- 
tion. He understood Shuffles perfectly ; he knew that 
his high office and his ambition were his only incen- 
tives to fidelity in the discharge of his duty ; but he had 
fairly won his position, and he was willing to let him 
stand or fall by his own merits. He was not a young 
man of high moral principle, as Paul Kendall, and 
Gordon, and Games were ; but the discipline of the 



1 1 6 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

thip was certainly doing wonders for him, though it 
might ultimately fail of its ends. 

The ship came to anchor, the hand was sent on 
shore, and the Fourth of July holidays were ended. 
On the following morning the studies were resumed, 
and everything on board went on as usual. A few^ 
days later, the ship went on a cruise to the eastward, 
spending a week in each of the principal ports on the 
coast. The students soon became so accustomed to 
the motion of the ship, that none of them were sea- 
sick, and the recitations were regularly heard, whether 
the Young America was in port or at sea. 

When the cold weather came, stoves were put up in 
the cabins and in the steerage, and the routine of the 
ship was not disturbed ; but Mr. Lowington dreaded 
the ice and snow, and the severe weather of mid- 
winter, and in November, the Young America started 
on a cruise to tlie southward, and in the latter part of 
December she was in Chesapeake Bay. In March 
she returned to Brockway. By this time the crew 
were all tliorough seamen, and had made excellent 
progress in their studies. Mr. Lowington was entirely 
satisfied with the success of his experiment, and was 
resolved to persevere in it. 

The boys were in splendid discipline, and there had 
not been a case of serious illness on board during the 
year. Besides the six hours of study and recitation 
required of the pupils per day, they were all trained 
in gymnastics by Dr. Winstock, the surgeon, who had 
a system of his own, and was an enthusiast on the 
subject. This exercise, with the ordinary ship's duty, 
kept them in excellent physical condition ; and while 



J 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. XI7 

• 

their brown faces and rosy cheeks indicated a healthy 
state of the body, their forms were finely developed, 
and their muscles scientifically trained. 

Greek and Latin, German and French, with the 
ordinary English branches pursued in high schools 
and academies, were taught on board, and the instruct- 
ors were satisfied that the boys accomplished twice as 
much as was ordinarily done in similar institutions on 
shore, and without injury to the students. Everything 
was done by rule, and nothing w^as left to the whims 
and caprices of teachers and scholars. Just so much 
study was done every day, and no more. There was 
no sitting up nights ; there were lio balls and parties, 
theatres and concerts, to interfere with the work ; no 
late suppers of escalloped oysters and lobster salads to 
be eaten. Boys who had bad habits were watched, 
and injurious tendencies corrected. 

But the students enjoyed their life on shipboard. 
As the vessel went from port to port, new scenes were 
opened to them. Those who could be trusted were 
allowed to go on shore in their ofF-time ; and as all 
their privileges depended upon their good conduct, 
they were very careful to do their duty, both as students 
and as seamen, cheerfully and faithfully. 

The Young America dropped her anchor in Brock- 
way Harbor on the 5tli of March, on her return front 
her southern cruise. The first term of the second 
year was to commence on the ist of April, and it was 
understood that the ship would sail for Europe on the 
last day of March. The vessel needed some repairs, 
and all the students were allowed a furlough of twenty 
days to visit their homes. 



Il8 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 



• 



Several of the larger boys, including Games, had 
obtained places in the navy, and were not to return. 
Two or three were to enter college in the summer, 
and a few were to go into mercantile houses ; but 
these vacancies would be more than filled by the appli' 
cants who had been waiting months for an opportunity 
to join the ship. 

After the departure of the students, the Young 
America was docked, and tlie necessary repairs made 
upon her. She was thoroughly cleansed and painted, 
and came out as good as new. Before the return of 
the boys, her provisions, water, and stores, were taken 
on board, and all the preparations made for a foreign 
voyage. On the 25th of the month she was an- 
chored again at her old moorings, and in the course 
of the next two days all the instructors and pupils 
were in their places. There were eleven new boys. 

" Young gentlemen," said Mr. Lowingfton, as he 
mounted- his usual rostrum, "I am happy to see you 
again, and to welcome you on board. Our experience 
during the coming season will be much more interest- 
ing and exciting than that of the last year. We shall 
proceed immediately to Europe, and all who are worthy 
of the privilege will have an opportunity to visit the 
principal cities of Europe — London, Paris, Naples, 
St. Petersburg. We shall go up the Baltic and up the 
Mediterranean, in this or a subsequent cruise, and I 
can safely promise you, not only an interesting, but a 
profitable trip. In a circular I have informed your 
parents and guardians of my purposes, and you are 
shipped this time for a foreign voyage, with their con* 
sent and approval." 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. XI9 

This speech caused no little excitement among the 
boys, who anticipated a great deal from the summer 
voyage. It was no small thing to visit London, Paris, 
and St. Petersburg, and not many boys obtain such an 
opportunity. 

" But, young gentlemen, I believe in discipline and 
progress, as most of you know. I expect every stu- 
dent to do his whole duty ; and I wish to tell you now, 
that misconduct, and failures at recitation, will bring 
heavy disappointments upon you. If you do nothing 
for yourselves, you need expect nothing from me. For 
example, when the ship is going up the Thames, if 
any one of you, or any number of you, should be guilty 
of flagrant misconduct, or gross neglect of your studies, 
you will see, no more of the city of London than you 
can see from the cross-trees, for you shall not put a 
foot on shore." 

" Rather steep," whispered one of the new comers. 

*' That's so, but he means it," replied an old student. 

" We shall be at sea, out of sight of land, for twenty 
or thirty days," continued Mn Lowington. " We shall 
encounter storms and bad weather, such as none of 
you have ever seen ; for in going from port to port, last 
season, we were enabled to avoid all severe weather. 
We shall go to sea now with no harbor before us till 
we reach the other side of the Atlantic, and w^ must 
take whatever comes. But the ship is as strong as a 
ship can be built, and with good management she 
would stand any gale that ever blew. Good manage- 
ment includes good discipline, and every officer and 
seaman must be faithful in the discharge of his duty, 



XaO OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

for the safety of the ship and all on board of her will 
depend upon the fidelity of each individual. 

'' Young gentlemen, there are eleven new scholars : 
they must take the vacant bertlis after the ship's com- 
pany is organized on the old plan. The offices will 
be given out and the berths drawn by the merit roll 
for January, Februar}', and a portion of March — only 
about nine weeks of term time." 

Shuffles, who stood near the principal, looked very 
much disconcerted when this announcement was made, 
and whispered to Paul Kendall that it was not fair to 
distribute tiie offices by last year's record. While the 
Young America was lying at anchor in Chesapeake 
Bay, in December, Shuffles, then second lieutenant, 
had received a letter from his mother, in which she 
had informed him that his family would visit Europe 
in the following spring, and that he would leave the 
ship, and form one of the party. This information 
had caused him to relax his edbrts as a student, and 
he had fallen very low in rank. This was the rea- 
son why the proposed distribution of offices was not 
fair. 

When Shuffles went home on his furlough of 
twenty days, he had behaved so badly that his father 
refused to have him form one of the party in the 
trip abroad, and compelled him to return to the ship 
for another year of wholesome discipline under Mr. 
Lowington. Angry and indignant. Shuffles did re- 
turn, and the announcement that the offices were to 
be distributed by the merit roll did not add to his 
equanimity. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFIX>AT. 121 

•* I will now read the record of marks/' said the 
principal, " and announce the officers for the next 
term." 

The boys were silent and^ anxious ; for places in the 
after cabin were more highly valued than ever, now 
that the Young America was going to Europe. 
II 



112 



OUTWARD BOUND, OR 



CHAPTER VIII, 



OUTWARD BOUND. 



MR. LOWINGTON read the merit roll, an- 
nouncing the officers as he proceeded. The 
occupants of the after cabin, who were appointed for 
the succeeding three months, during whicli time the 
ship crossed the Atlantic, and visited various European 
ports, w^re as follows : — 



Charles Gordon, Captain. 


Joseph Haven, 
Paul Kendall, 
Samuel Goodwin, 
Augustus Pelham, 


First Lieutenant* 
Second " 
Third " 
Fourth " 


William Foster, 
Henry Martin, 
Thomas Ellis, 
Joseph Leavitt, 


First Master* 
Second « 
Third " 
Fourth " 


Joseph O. Rogers, 
Edward Murray, 


First Purser* 
Second " 


George W. Terrill, 
John Humphreys, 
Mark Robinson, 
Andrew Groom, 


First Midshipman, 
Second *' 
Third " 
Fourth ** 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT, 1 23 

The students mentioned in the list made the re- 
quired promise to behave themselves like gentlemen, 
and faithfully discharge the duties of their several 
offices, and were duly installed in their new positions 
in the after cabin. Most of them had been officers 
before, but all of them were higher in rank than at 
any former period. Richard Carncs had been captain 
four terms, for no one could get ahead of him. 

The new captain had been first lieutenant, during 
the preceding year, three terms out of four, and was 
certainly the best qualified student on board for the 
command. He was a young^ man of high moral 
aims, with much dignity of character and energy of 
purpose. 

The officers went to the after cabin, put on their 
uniforms, and assumed their proper places. The 
choice of berths in the steerage proceeded as usual, 
according to the merit roll, and the petty offices were 
given to the highest in rank. The new boys took the 
unoccupied berths by lot. The organization of the 
ship was now completed, and the students were di- 
rected to put their berths and lockers in order. The 
remainder of the day was fully occupied in preparing 
for the voyage. Great quantities of ice and fresh pro- 
visions were taken on board, and packed away in the 
store rooms of the hold, and all was bustle and con- 
fusion. 

On Thursday morning the ship was put in order 
again. The vessel had been duly cleared at the custom 
house, and every article required for the voyage had 
been received. The boys were ordered to put on 
their best suits, and at nine o'clock a steamer came 



124 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

off, having on board a large number of the parents 
and friends of the students. The forenoon was given 
up to this interesting occasion. It was a beautiful 
day, witli a gentle breeze from the westward, and at 
twelve o'clock, all hands were ^mustered on deck for 
religious services, to be performed by the chaplain, ia 
the presence of the friends of the pupils. 

Mr. Lowington was a religious man, and the posi% 
tion of the Rev. Mr. Agneau, as xhaplain on board, 
was by no means a sinecure. Services had always 
been held twice a day on Sunday. At five minutes 
before eight in the morning, and at the isame time in 
the evening, prayers were said on deck, or in the 
steerage, in the presence of the entire ship's company. 
On the point of leaving the shores of the United 
States, it seemed highly appropriate to invoke the 
blessing of God on the voyage and the voyagers, and 
the principal had directed that the service should be 
conducted in the presence of the parents and friends. 

The prayer and the remarks of the chaplain were 
very solemn and impressive, and even the roughest of 
the students were moved by them. At the conclusion 
of the religious service, Mr. Lowington addressed the 
visitors, explaining the details of his plan more fully 
than he had done in his circulars, and saying what he 
could to inspire the parents with confidence in regard 
to the safety of their sons. It need not be said that 
there were many tears shed on this occasion. 

At' the close of the speech a collation was served 
to the visitors, in the cabins and steerage, after which 
another hour was allowed for social intercourse ; and 
then the ship was cleared, the visitors going on board 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 135 

^\e steamer again, which was to accompany the Young 
America below the lighthouse. The boys were sent 
below to change their clothes again. 

"All hands, up anchor, ahoy!" piped the boat- 
swain ; and the crew sprang to their stations witli 
more than usual alacrity. 

This was a greater event than they had ever known 
before. The anchor, which was now to be hauled up, 
was not to be dropped again for about a month, and 
then in foreign waters. They were going out upon 
the waste of the ocean, to be driven and tossed by the 
storms of the Atlantic. They were bidding farewell 
to their native land, not again to look upon its shores 
for many nxonths. They were boys, and they were 
deeply impressed by the fact. 

The capstan was manned, and the cable hove up to 
a short stay. The topsails and top-gallant sails were 
set; then the anchor was hauled up to the hawse- 
hole, catted and fished. The Young America moved ; 
she wore round, and her long voyage was commenced. 
The courses and the royals were set, and she moved 
majestically down the bay. The steamer kept close 
by her, and salutations by shouts, cheers, and the 
waving of handkerchiefs, were continually inter- 
changed, till the ship was several miles outside of 
the lower light. 

The steamer whistled several times, to indicate that 
she was about to return. All hands were then ordered 
into the rigging of the ship ; and cheer after cheer was 
given by the boys, and acknowledged by cheers on 
the part of the gentlemen, and the waving of hand- 
kerchiefs by the ladies. The steamer came about ; the 
II* 



126 oirrtVARD bound, or 

tnomcnt of parting had come, and she was headed 
towards the city. Some of the students wept then ; 
for, whatever channs there were in the voyage before 
them, the tics of home and friends were still strong. 
As. long as the steamer could be seen, signals con- 
tinued to pass between her and the ship. 

" Captain Gordon, has the first master given the 
quartermaster the course yet ? " asked Mr. Lo wing^on, 
when the steamer had d^Aappeared among the islands 
of the bay. 

"No, sir; but Mr. Fluvion told him to make it 
east-north-east." 

" Very well ; but the master's should do this duty," 
added Mr. Lowington, as he directed the instructor in 
mathematics to require the masters, to whom belonged 
the navigation of the ship, to indicate the <:ourse. 

William Foster was called, and sent intp the after 
cabin with his associates, to obtain the necessary sail- 
ing directions. The masters had been furnished with 
a supply of charts, which they had studied daily, as 
they were instructed in the theory of laying down the 
ship's course. Foster unrolled the large chart of the 
North Atlantic Ocean upon tne dinner table, and with 
parallel ruler, pencil, and compasses, proceeded to 
perform his duty. 

"We want to go just south of Cspe Sable,"- said he, 
placing his pencil point on that part of the chart. 

" How far south of it?" asked Harry Martyn. 

" Say twenty nautical miles." 

The first master dotted the point twenjfcy miles south 
of Cape Sable., which is the southern point of Nova 
Scotia, and also the ship's position, with hfs pencil. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. I27 

He then placed one edge of the parallel ruler on both 
of these points, thus connecting them with a straight 
line. 

A parallel ruler consists of two smaller rulers, each 
an inch in width and a foot in length, connected 
together by two flat pieces of brass, riveted into each 
ruler, acting as a kind of hinge. The parts, when 
separated, are always parallel to each other. 

Foster placed the edge of the ruler on the two 
points made with the pencil, one indicating the ship's 
present position, the other the position she was to 
obtain after sailing two or three days. Putting the 
fingers of his left hand on the brass knob of the ruler, 
by which the parts are moved, he pressed down and 
held its upper half, joining the two points, firmly in 
its place. With the fingers of the right hand he 
moved the lower half down, which, in its turn, he kept 
firmly in place, while he slipped the upper half over 
the paper, thus preserving the direction between the 
points. By this process the parallel ruler could be 
moved all over the chart without losing the course 
from one point to the other. 

On every chart there are one or more diagrams of 
tlie compass, with lines diverging from a centre, rep- 
resenting all the points. The parallel ruler is worked 
over die chart to one of these diagrams, where the 
direction to which it has been set nearly or exactly 
coincides with one of the lines representing a point of 
the compass. 

The first master of the Young America worked the 
ruler down to a diagram, and found tliat it coincided 



138 OUTWARD BOUNP, OR 

with the line indicating east by north ; or one point 
north of east. 

'' That's the course," said Thomas Ellis, the third 
master — " east by north." 

'' I think not," added Foster. «' If we steer that 
course, we should go forty or fifty miles south of Cape 
Sable, and thus run much farther than we need. 
What is the variation?" 

" About twelve degrees west," replied Mar^. 

The compass does not indicate the true north in all 
parts of the earth, the needle varying in the North 
Adantic Ocean from thirty degrees east to nearly 
thirty degrees west. There is an imaginary line, ex- 
tending in a north-westerly direction, through a point 
in tlie vicinity of Cape Lookout, called the magnetic 
meridian, on which there is no variation. East of this 
line the needle varies to the westward ; and west <^ 
tlie line, to the eastward. These variations of the 
compass are marked on the chart, in different latitudes 
and longitudes, though they need to be occasionally 
corrected by observations, for they change slightly 
from year to year. 

" Variation of twelve degrees," ♦ repeated Foster, 
verifying the statement by an examination of the 
chart. That is equal to about one point, which, car- 
ried to the westward from east by north, will give the 
course east-north-east." 

The process was repeated, and the same result 
being obtained, the first master reported the course to 

* These calculations are mereljr approximate, being intended 
only to illustrate the principle. 



YOUKG AMERICA AFLOAT. 1 29 

Mr, Fluxion, who had made the calculation himself^ 
in the professors' cabin. 

"Quartermaster, make the course east-north-east/* 
said tlie first master, when his work had been duly 
approved by the instructor. 

"East-north-east, sir!" replied the quartermaster, 
who w as conning the wheel — that is, he was watch- 
ing the compass, and seeing that the two wheelmen 
kept the ship on her course. 

There were two other compasses on deck, one on 
the quarter-deck, and another forward cf the main- 
mast, which the officers on duty were required fre- 
quently to consult, in order that any negligence in one 
place might be discovered in another. The after 
cabin and the professors' cabin were also provided 
with " tell-tales," which are inverted compasses, sus- 
pended under the skylights, by which the officers and 
instructors below could observe the ship's course. 

The log indicated tiiat the ship was making six 
knots an hour, the rate being ascertained every two 
hours, and entered on the log-slate, to be used in 
making up the " dead reckoning." The Young 
America had taken her " departure," that is, left the 
last land to be seen, 'at half past three o'clock. At 
four, when the log was heaved, she had made 
three miles ; at six, fifteen miles ; at eight, the wind 
diminishing and the log indicating but four knots, 
only eight miles were to be added *for the two hours' 
run, making twenty-three miles in all. The first sea 
day would end at twelve o'clock on the morrow, when 
the log-slate would indicate the total of nautical miles 
the ship had f"*' ^ftel taking her departure. This is 



130 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

called her dead reckoning, which may be measured 
off on the chart, and should carry the vessel to the 
poiAt indicated by the observations for latitude and 
longitude. 

The wind was very light, and studding-sails were 
set alow and aloft. The ship only made her six knots 
as she pitched gently in the long swell of the ocean. 
The boys were still nominally under the order of " all 
hands on deck," but there was nothing for them to do, 
with the exception of the wheelmen, and they were 
gazing at the receding land behind them. They were 
taking their last view of the shores of their native 
land. Doubtless some of them were inclined to be 
sentimental, but most of them were thinking of the 
pleasant sights they were to see, and the exciting scenes 
in which they were to engage on the other side of the 
rolling ocean, and were as jolly as though eartli had 
no sorrows for them. 

The principal and the professors were pacing the 
quarter-deck, and doubtless some of them were won- 
dering whether boys like the crew of the Young 
America could be induced to study and recite their 
lessons amid the excitement of crossing the Atlantic, 
and the din of the great commercial cities of the old 
world. The teachers were energetic men, and they 
were hopeful, at least, especially as study and disci- 
pline were the principal elements of the voyage, and 
each pupil's privileges were to depend upon his dili- 
gence and his good behavior. It would be almost 
impossible for a boy who wanted to go to Paris while 
the sHip was lying at Havre, so far to neglect his 
duties as to forfeit the privilege of going. As tlies« 



VOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. I31 

gentlemen have not been formally introduced, the 
" faculty " of the ship is here presented : — 

Robert Lowington, Principal. 
Rev. Thomas Agneau, Chaplain, 
Dr. Edward B. Winstock, Surgeon. 

Instructors. 
John Paradyme, A. M., Greek and Latin, 
Richard Modelle, Reading and Grammar, 
Charles C. Mapps, A. M., Geography and History, 
James E. Fluxion, Mathematics, 
Abraham Carboy, M. D., Chemistry and Nat, Phil, 
Adolph Badois, J^rench and German, 

These gentlemen were all highly accomplished teach* 
crs in their several departments, as the progress of the 
students during the preceding year fully proved. They 
were interested in tiieir work, and in sympathy with 
the boys, as well as with the principal. 

It was a very quiet time on board, and the crew 
were collected in little groups, generally talking of the 
sights they were to see. In the waist were Shuffles, 
Monroe, and Wilton, all feuds among them having 
been hdaled. They appeared to be the best of friends, 
and it looked ominous for the discipline of the ship to 
see them reunited. Shuffles was powerful for good 
or evil, as he chose, and Mr. Lowington regretted that 
he had fallen from his high position, fearing that the 
self-respect which had sustained him as an officer 
would desert him as a seaman, and permit him to fall 
into excesses. 

Shuffles was more dissatisfied and discontented than 



130 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

he had ever been before. He had desired to make the 
tour of Europe with his father, and he was sorely dis- 
appointed when denied this privilege ; for with the 
family he would be free from restraint, and free from 
bard study. When he lost his rank as an officer, he 
became desperate and reckless. To live in the steer- 
age and do seapian's duty for three months, after he 
had enjoyed the luxuries of authority, and of a state- 
room in the after cabin, were intolerable. After the 
cabin offices had been distributed, he told Monroe that 
he intended to run away that night ; but he had found 
no opportunity to do so ; and it was unfortunate for 
his shipmates that he did not. 

" This isn't bad — is it. Shuffles?" said Wilton, as 
the ship slowly ploughed her way through the billows. 

" I think it is. I had made up my mouth to cross 
the ocean in a steamer, and live high in London and 
Paris," replied Shuffles. " I don't relish this thing, 
now." 

" Why not? " asked Wilton. 

" I don't feel at home here." 

'' I do." 

" Because you never were anywhere else. I ought 
to be captain of this ship." 

" Well, you can be, if you have a mind to Work for 
it," added Monroe. 

" Work for it ! That's played out. I must stay in 
the steerage three months, at any rate ; and that while 
the burden of the fun is going on. If we were going 
to lie in harbor, or cruise along the coast, I would go 
in for my old place." 

" But Games is out of the way now, and youi 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. *. I33 

chance is better this year than it was last,** suggested 
Monroe. 

" I know that, but I can't think of straining every 
nerve fot three months, two of them while we are 
going from port to port in Europe. When we go 
ashore at Queenstown, I shall have to wear a short 
jacket, instead of the frock coat of an officer ; and I 
tliink the jacket would look better on some younger 
fellow." 

" What are you going to do, Shuffles ? " asked 
Wilton. 

" I'd rather be a king among hogs, than a hog 
SLinong kings." 

" What do you mean by that? " 

*^ No matter ; there's time enough to talk over these 
things." 

" Do you mean a mutiny ? " laughed Wilton. 

." Haven't you forgotten that? " 

" No." 

" I wonder what Lowington would say, if he knew 
I had proposed such a thing," added Shuffles, thought- 
fully. 

" He did know it, at the time you captured the run- 
aways, for I told him." . 

" Did you ? " demanded Shuffles, his brow contract- 
ing with anger. 

" I told you I would tell Tiim, and I did," answered 
Wilton. " You were a traitor to our fellows, and 
got us into a scrape." 

" I was an officer then." 

" No matter for that. Do you suppose, if I were an 
12 



134 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

officer, I would throw myself in your way when you 
were up to anything? " 

" L don't know whether you would .or not ; but 1 
wouldn't blow on you, if you had told me anything in 
confidence. What did Low ington say?" 

" Nothing ; he wouldn't take any notice of what I 
' said." 

" That* was sensible on his part. One thing is cer- 
tain, Wilton : you cian't be trusted." 

" You mustn't make me mad, then." 

" I will keep things to myself hereafter,", growled 
Shuffles. ' . 

" Don't be savage. You sen'^ed me a mean trick, 
and I paid you off for it ; so we are square." 

" We will keep square then, and not open any new 
accounts." 

"But you will want me when anything is up," 
laughed Wilton. " What would you do without me 
in getting up a mutiny ? " 

" Who said anything about a mutiny? " 

" I know you are thinking over something, and you 
don't mean to submit to the discipline of the ship, if 
you can help it." 

" Well, I can't help it." 

" There goes the boatswain's whistle, piping to 
muster," said Monroe. 

" Confound the boatswain's whistle ! " growled 
Shuffles. " I don't like the idea of running every 
time he pipes." 

Very much to the surprise of his companions, 
Shuffles, his irritation increased by the conduct of 
Wilton, took no notice of tlie call, and went forward. 



YOUNG AMBRICA AFLOAT. I35 

instead of aft. His companions, more wise and pru- 
dent, walked up to the hatch, which Mr. Lowington 
had just mounted- 

" Groom, tell Shuffles to come aft," said the princi- 
pal to one of the midshipmen. 

The officer obeyed the order ; Shuffles flatly refused 
to go aft. Mr. Lowington descended from his ros- 
trum, and went forward to enforce obedience. This 
event created a profound sensation among the. stu- 
dents. 
^ " Shuffles," said Mr. Lowington, sternly., 

*' Sir," replied the malcontent, in a surly tone. 

*' The boatswain piped the crew to muster." 

" I heard him." 

" You did not obey the call. I sent for you, and 
you refused to come." 

" I don't think I ought to obey the boatswain's call." 

" May I ask why not? " 

" I've been an officer three terms, and I should be 
now if we had had fair play," growled Shuffles. 

" I am not disposed to arg^e this point in your pres- 
ent frame of mind. I order you to go aft." 

*' And I won't go ! " replied Shuffles, impudently. 

" Mr. Peaks," said the principal, calling the senior 
boatswain. 

" Here, sir," replied Peaks, touching his hat to the 
principal. 

" Mr. Leech," added Mr. Lowington. 

" Here, sir." 

" Walk this young gentleman aft." 

" Let me alone ! " cried Shuffles, as Peaks placed 
his hand upon him* 



136 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" Gently, my sweet lamb," said the boatswain, with 
affected tenderness. 

" Take your hands off me ! '* roared the mutinous 
pupil, as he struggled to release himself from the grasp 
of the stalwart seaman. 

Peaks took him by the collar with one hand, and 
held his wrist with the other, on one side, while Leech 
did the same on the other .side. 

" Walk him aft," repeated the principal. 

" Mr. Fluxion, may I trouble you to bring up the 
irons?" continued Mr. Lowington, when the boajt- 
swain and carpenter had " walked " the rebel aft, in 
spite of his struggling and kicking. 

" Irons ! " gasped Shuffles, as he heard the request 
of the principal. 

He trembled with rage as he uttered the word. The 
irons seemed to pierce his soul. Probably he did not 
think that the son of a wealthy gentleman would be 
compelled to submit to such an indignity as being put 
in irons. 

Mr. Fluxion came on deck with a pair of handcuffs. 
It was the first time tliey had been seen, and no student 
even knew there were any on board. The discipline 
of the ship had been as gentle as it was firm, and this 
was the first time such instruments were necessary. 

" Mr. Peaks, put the irons on him ! " said Mr. 
Lowington, his usual dignity unruffled by angry emo- 
tions. 

" Don't put them on me ! " cried Shuffles, making 
an effort to disengage himself from the grasp of his 
captors. 

" Put them on at once ! " added the principal. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 1 37 

*' You shall not put them on me I I will die first I** 
roared the rebel. 

It was easier to talk than to do, in the hands of two 
sturdy sailors, one of whom had used the cat in the 
navy, when its use was tolerated. Shuffles did not 
die, and he was ironed, in spite of his struggles and 
his protest. 

12* 



138 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 



CHAPTER IX. 

THE WATCII-BILL. 

SHUFFLES struggled with the irons and with the 
stout men who held him until he had exhausted 
himself; and then, because his frame, rather than his 
spirit, was worn down, he was quiet. It was the first 
case of severe discipline that had occurred on board, 
and it created a tremendous sensation among the 
students. 

Mr. Lowington stood with folded arms, watching 
the vain struggles of the culprit, until he was reduced 
to a state of comparative calmness. He looked , sad, 
rather than angry, and his dignity was not impaired 
b}^ the assault upon his authority. 

" Shuffles, I am sorry to see one who has been an 
officer of the ship reduced to your condition ; but 
discipline must and shall be maintained," said the 
principal. " We are on the high seas now, and diso- 
bedience is dangerous. You led me to believe that 
you had reformed your life and conduct." 

" It isn't my fault," replied Shuffles, angrily. 

" You had better not reply to me in that tone,*' 
added Mr. Lowington, mildly. 

" Yes, I will ! " 

" Mr. ToplifTe," continued the principal. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 1 39 

" Here, sir," replied the head steward 

" You will have the brig cleared out for use." 

"'Yes, sir;" and the head steward went below to 
obey the order. 

There was not a boy on board who knew what the 
*' brig " was, though the establishment had existed in 
the steerage from the time when the boys first went on 
board the ship. It had never before been required for 
use, and Mr. Lowington had carefully veiled every 
disagreeable feature of discipline, until it was necessary 
to exhibit it. The brig was the prison of the ship — 
the lock-up. It was located under and abaft the main 
ladder,. in the steerage, being an apartment five feet in 
length by three feet in width. The partitions which 
enclosed it were composed of upright planks, eight 
inches in width, with spaces between them for the 
admission of light and air. 

The brig had been used as a store room for bed- 
ding by the stewards, and tlie students never suspected, 
till Shuffles' case came up, that it was not built for 
a closet. Mr. Topliffe and his assistants removed 
the blankets and comforters from this lock-up, and 
prepared it for the reception of the refractory pupil. 
When the room was ready he went on deck, and 
reported the fact to the principal. 

" Shuffles, our discipline has always been of the 
mildest character," said Mr. Lowington, breaking the 
impressive silence which reigned on deck. " I regret 
to be compelled to resort to force in any form ; even 
now I would avoid it." 

"You needn't, on my account," replied Shuffles, 



140 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

shaking his head. " You have done your worst 
already." 

" Mr. Peaks, take him below, lock him up in the 
brig, and bring the key to me." 

The manacled rebel made another effort to resist, 
but the stout sailors easily handled him, and bore him 
down into the steerage. He was -thrust into tlie 
brig, ironed as he was, and the door locked upon 
him. Shuffles glanced at the interior of the prison, 
and broke out into a contemptuous laugh. He then 
commenced kicking the pales of the partition ; but 
he might as well have attempted to break through tlie 
deck bencadi. 

" Shuffles," said Peaks, in a low tone, when he had 
locked the door, " be a man. You act like a spoiled 
child now." 

" I have been insulted and abused," replied Shuffles, 
fiercely. 

" No, you haven't. Aboard almost any ship, you 
would have got a knock on the head with a handspike 
before tliis time. Don't make a fool of yourself. You 
are only making yourself ridiculous now — 'pon my 
word as an old sail&r, you arc." 

" I'll have satisfaction." 

" No, you won't, unless you break your own head. 
I want to advise you, as a friend, not to make a fool 
of yourself. I'm sorry for you, my lad." 

" Don't talk to me." 

" I can forgive you for disobeying orders, but I can't 
forgive you for being a fool. Now, keep quiet, and be 
a man." 

The well-meant effort of the boatswain U> pacify the 



YOUNG AMBRICA AFLOAT. I4I 

culprit was a failure, and Peaks, going on deck, deliv- 
ered the key of the brig to Mr. Lowington. Shuffles 
kicked against the partition till he was tired of the 
exercise. 

"Young gentlemen, to-day we enter upon a new 
experience on shipboard," said the principal, without 
making any further allusion to Shuffles. " Our short 
trips last season were so timed that we kept no regular 
night watches, and, witii two or three exceptions, the 
ship was at anchor when you slept. Of course that is 
not practicable on a long voyage, and you must all do 
duty by night as well as by day. 

" This has been a difficult matter to arrange, for you 
are all too young to be deprived of your regular sleep, 
though in heavy weathfer I am afraid you will lose 
your rest to some extent. At eight o'clock this evening 
the starboard watch will be on duty. We have four 
times as many hands on board the Young America as 
are usually employed in merchant ships, so that a 
quarter watch will be able to handle the ship on all 
ordinary occasions. We shall, therefore, keep a quar- 
ter watch on ship's duty at all times tlirough the 
twenty-four hours. 

" During the night, including the time from eight in 
the evening until eight in the morning, each quarter 
watch will be on duty* two hours, and then off six 
hours; and each hand will obtain six consecutive 
hours' sleep every night. At eight this evening, the 
first part of the starboard watch will have the ship in 
charge, and all others may turn in and sleep. At ten, 
the second part of the starboard watch will be called, 
without disturbing any others. At twelve, tlie first 



144 OUTWARD BOimD, OR 

Morning Wd^cA, from 4 //// 8 A, M. 

From 4 till 6. ist Lieut., 2d Master, ist Mid. 
First Part of the Starboard Watch. 

From 6 till 8. 3d Lieut., 4th Master, 3d Mid. 
Second Part of the Starboard Watch. 

Forenoon Watch^ from 8 //// 12 A. Mi 

From 8 till 10. 2d Lieut., ist Master, 2d Mid. 
First Part of the Port Watch. Second Part of Port 
Watch off Duty. All the Starboard Watch study 
and recite till 12. 

From 10 till 12. 4th Lieut., 3d Master, 4th Mid. 
Second Part of Port Watch. First Part of Port Watch 
off Duty. 

Afternoon Watch^ from 1 2 //// ^ P, M. 

From 12 till 2. ist Lieut., 2d Master, ist Mid. 
First Part of Starboard Watch. Second Part of the 
Starboard Watch off Duty, All the Port Watch 
study and recite till 4. 

From 2 till 4. 3d Lieut., 4th Master, 3d Mid. 
Second Part of the Starboard Watch. First Part of 
the Starboard Watch off Duty. 

First Dog Watch, from 4 //// 6 P. M. 

From 4 till 5. 2d Lieut, ist Master, 2d Mid. 
First Part of the Port Watch. Second Part of the 
Port Watch off Duty. All* the Starboard Watch 
study and recite till 6. 

From 5 till 6. 4th Lieut., 3d Master, 4th Mid. 
Second Part of the Port Watch. First Part of the 
Port Watch off Duty. 



YOUNG AMSRICA AFLOAT. I45 

Second Dog Watch^ from 6 till 8 P, M. 

From 6 till 7. ist Lieut., 2d Master, ist Mid. 
First Part of the Starboard Watch. Second Part of 
the Starboard Watch off Duty. All tiie Port Watcb 
study and recite till 8. 

From 7 till 8. 3d Lieut, 4th Master, 3d Mid. 
Second Part of the Starboard Watch. First Part of 
the Starboard Watch off Duty. 

Breakfast. 

Port Watch, 7i o'clock. 

Starboard Watch, 8 o'clock. 

Dinner. 

Starboard Watch, 11^ o'clock. 

Port Watch, 12 o'clock. 

Supper. 

Starboard Watch, 5J o'clock. 

Port Watch, 6 o'clock. 

. The watch bill for the second day was the same, 
with the exception of the names of the watches and 
quarter watches. The entire programme was reversed 
by the operation of the dog watches, which substituted 
" port" for " starboard," and " starboard " for " port," 
in the next day's routine. 

When the boys were permitted to go below, they 
rushed to the watch bills, and studied them faithful- 
ly, till they fully understood the programme. Each 
student ascertained his duty for the night, and his 



146 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

oflP-lime and stiidy-hours for the next day, which wer« 
included in the first day's bill. 

" I go on at twelve o'clock," said Paul Kendall, in 
the after cabin, when he had examined the bill. 

" And I go on deck at eight o'clock," added Joseph 
Haven, the first lieutenant. "I shall have a chance 
to sleep from ten till four in the morning, and an hour 
and a half, from six till half past seven." 

" I shall have my watch below from two till break* 
fast time. I don't think we need wear ourselves out 
under this arrangement." 

" No.; I thought we should be obliged to take four 
hours of duty at a time on deck." 

" How will it be when we have rough weather?'* 
asked Paul. 

" I don't know ; I suppose we must take our chances 
then." 

"Wliat do you think of Shuffles' case?" added 
Paul. 

" He will get the worst of it." 

" I'm sorry for him. He behaved first * rate last 
year, though they say he used to be a hard fellow." 

" What's the use of a fellow doing as he has done? ** 
said Haven, with palpable disgust. " He can't make 
anything by it." 

" Of course he can't." 

" I would rather have him in the cabin than in the 
steerage, for he will not obey orders ; and when he is 
ugly, he is a perfect tiger. I wonder what Mr. Low- 
ington is going to do with him. There is no such 
thing as expelling a fellow in this institution now. If 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT<. I47 

he means to be cross-grained, he can keep us in hot 
water all the time." 

The officers were too much excited by the fact thai 
the ship was outward bound to remain long in the 
cabin, and they returned to the deck to watcli the 
progress of the vessel. At eight o'clock the Young 
America was out of sight of land, though it would 
have been too dark to see it ten miles distant. The 
quartermaster, at the helm, struck eight bells, which 
were repeated on the forecastle. 

" All the first part of the starboard watch, ahoy 1 " 
shouted the boatswain, for it was now time to com- 
mence the programme of regular sea duU'. 

The first lieutenant took his place, as officer of the 
deck, near the helm ; the second master on the fore- 
castle, and the third midshipman in the waist. Th^ 
first part of the starboard watch were stationed in 
various parts of tlie deck. Of the four quartermasters, 
one was attached to each quarter watch. The wheel 
was given to two hands for tlie first hour, and two 
were placed on the top-gallant forecastle, to act as the 
lookout men, to be relieved after one hour's service. 
The rest of the boys were required to keep awake, but 
no special duty was assigned to them. There were 
hands enough on deck to " tack ship," or to take in 
the sails, one or two at a time. 

Though tlie ship was nominally in the hands and 
under the direction of her juvenile officers, who per^ 
formed all the duties required in working her, yet 
they were closely watched by the principal, who, if 
there was anything wrong, informed the captain of 
the fact. The commander kept no watch, but he was 



148 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

responsible for every manoeuvre, and for the regular 
routine p{ duty. Mr. Lowington seldom spoke to 
any other officer in regard to ship's duty or the navi- 
gation. 

When the watch was set, at eight bells, most of the 
boys who were off duty went into the steerage. Some 
of them turned in ; but the novelty of the occasion 
was too great to permit them to sleep. They collected 
In groups, to talk over the prospects of the voyage, and 
the duties required of tliem, as indicated by the watch 
bill. 

Shuffles sat on a stool in the brig, still nursing 
his wrath. When his supper was carried to him by 
the steward, his irons had been taken off. He refused 
to eat, and the food was removed. As he was now 
quiet, the irons were not replaced. The prisoner was 
far from penitent for his offence. 

Mr. Agneau, the chaplain, was very much con- 
cerned about the prisoner. He was shocked by his 
disobedience, and pained to find that one who had 
done so well could do so ill. The case had been fully 
considered in the professors* cabin ; and Mr. Lowing- 
ton declared that Shuffles should stay in the brig 
till he had repented of his folly, and promised obe- 
dience for the future. The chaplain was a tender- 
hearted man, and he thought that some gentle words 
might touch the feelings of the prisoner, and bring 
him to a sense of duty. With the principal's permis- 
sion, therefore, he paid a visit to Shuffles in the 
evening. 

" I am very sorry to find you here. Shuffles," said 
Mr. Agneau, when he had locked the door behind him. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. I49 

*' Has Lowington sent you to torment me ? ** de- 
manded the prisoner. 

" Mr. Lowington, you mean," added the chaplain, 
gently. 

" No, I mean Lowington. When a man has ahused 
and insulted me, I can't stop to put a handle to his 
namQ."* 

" I regret to find you in such an unhappy frame of 
mind, my young friend. I came here of my own 
accord, to do what I might to help you." 

" Did you, indeed ! " sneered Shuffles. 

" That was my only object." 

" Was it? Well, if you want to help me, you will 
induce Lowington to let me out of this crib, apologize 
for what he has done, and give me my place in the 
after cabin." 

•' That is plainly impossible," replied the astonished 
chaplain. 

" Then you can't do anytliing for me ; and I think I 
can take care of myself." 

" I entreat you, my young friend, to consider the 
error of your ways." 

" There is no error in my ways, Mr. Agneau." 

" You are unreasonable.'' 

" No, I'm not. I only want what is fair and right." 

" Was it right for you. Shuffles, to refuse obedience 
to the principal, when he told you to go aft ? " 

" I have always obeyed all proper orders ; and 
under the circumstances, I think it was right for me 
to refuse." 

" You fill me with amazement I " exclaimed the 
chaplain. 

13* 



150 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" You know it was not fair to give out the offices by 
last year's marks,*' protested Shuffles. 

" On the contrary, I think it was entirely fair.*' 

" I haven't anything more to say if it was," replied 
Shuffles, in surly tones. 

The chaplain, finding the prisoner was not in a 
•proper frame of mind for edifying conversation, 
left him, and returned to the professors' cabin. The 
boys had been forbidden to go near the brig, or to 
speak to tlie prisoner; and tlius far no one had ex- 
hibited any disposition to disregard the order. Many 
of them, as they passed near the brig, glanced curiously 
at him. After the departure of the chaplain, Wilton 
sat down on *a stool near the lock-up. 

" How are you, Shuffles ? " said he, in a low tone. 

"Come here, Wilton — will you?" replied the 
prisoner, 

" I can't ; we are not allowed. to speak to you.** 

" Wiiat do you care for that? No one can see you." 

"What do you want?" 

" I want to talk with you." 

" I shall be punished if I*m caught." 

" You won't be caught. How are our fellows 
now?" 

" First rate,'* replied Wilton, walking up and down 
the berth deck, rising and looking as though nothing 
was going on. 

" You know what we were talking about just before 
the row," added Shuffles, drawing his stool up to the 
palings. 

" You said you wouldn't trust me," answered Wilton, 
Btill pacing the deck in front of the brig. 



YOtJNG AMERICA AFLOAT. I5l 

*' You told Lowington about something he had no 
business to know ; but I forgive you, Wilton." 

" You are very willing to forgive me, now you are 
in a tight place.'' 

" It was mean of you to do it, Wilton ; you can't 
deny that. Lowington was on the best of terms with 
me when I was in the after cabin, and I might have 
told him a hundred things about you." 

" Didn't you tell him anything?" 

" Not a word." 

" Well, you are a good fellow, and I always thought 
you were. I couldn't see why you turned traitor to 
us when we intended to spend the Fourth of July on 
shore." 

" I was obliged to do what I did. If I hadn't, I 
should have been turned out of my office." 

" Perhaps you were right. Shuffles, and we won't 
say anything more about the past," replied Wilton, 
who was too willing to be on good terms with the 
powerful malcontent, even while he was a prisoner 
and in disgrace. 

" Wilton, I am going to be captain of this ship 
within ten days," said Shuffles, in a whisper. ""Now 
you may go and tell Lowington of that" 

" Of course I shall not tell him," added Wilton, 
indignantly. 

*" I told you merely to show you that I had full con- 
fidence in you — that's all. You can betray me if 
you wish to do so." 

*'I don't wish to do anything of the kind. Of 
course we shall always go together^ as we did before 
you were an officer." 



152 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

^' I shall be an officer again soon." 

" What's the use of talking about such a thing? " 

" I shall." 

" Do you mean to get up the mutiny? " 

^' I do. I feel more like it now than I ever did 
before," replied Shuffles ; and his low tones came 
from between his closed teeth. 

" It's no use to think of such a thing. It's too 
wild." 

" No matter if it is ; it shall be carried out." 

" The fellows won't go in for it ; they won't dare to 
doit." 

" Yes, they will. I know them better than you' do, 
Wilton. It isn't quite time yet ; but in three or four 
days they will be ready for anything." 

" You can't bring them up to what you mean." 

" Yes, I can." 

" What do you expect to do, locked up in tiiat. 
place?" demanded Wilton, incredulously. 

" When I get ready to go out of this place, I shall 
go. I needn't stay here any longer than I please." 

" Do you really mean to get up a mutiny ? " 

" Hush ! Don't call it by that name." 
•"What shalll call it?" 

" Call it making a chain." 

"I don't understand you," answered Wilton, puz* 
zled by the expression. 

" I know what I'm about, and I have got more 
friends in the ship than Lowington has. And I know 
exactly how to manage the whole thing," added Shuf- 
fles, confidently. 

" But the fellows are all perfectly satisfied with their 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 153 

condition. They wish to go to Europe, and are pleased 
with the prospect before them." 

" Perhaps they are ; and they shall all. go to Europe, 
and travel about without being tied to Lowington's 
coat-tails. I shall come out of this place to-morrow, 
and we will work the thing up." 

" Fm in for a time with any good fellow ; but i 
don't think we can make this thing go," said Wilton. 
** Hush I Don't say another word* There comes an 
officer." 

One bell, indicating half past eight in. the evening, 
struck on deck. It was tlie duty of the master and 
midshipman on deck, alternately, to pass through the 
steerage every half hour during tlie watch, to see that 
there was no disorder, and that the lights were all 
secure, so as to avoid any danger from fire. Henry 
Martyn, the second master, performed this office on 
the present occasion. He descended the main ladder, 
and Wilton, who expected the visit when he heard 
the stroke of the bell, retreated to his mess room, 
and threw himself into his berth. Harry walked 
around the steerage, and glanced into the gangways, 
from wiiich the rooms opened. . 

" Harry," said Shuffles, in a low tone, as the master 
was about to return to the deck. 

"Did you speak to me?" asked Harry, stepping 
up to tlie bars of the cage. 

" I did. Will you oblige me by telling the chaplain 
tliat I would like to see him ? " added the prisoner. 

" I will ; " and Harry knocked at the door of the 
professor^' cabin. 



154 OUTWARD-BOUND, OR 



CHAPTER X. 

MAKING A CHAIN. 

THE chaplain was too glad of an opportunity to 
converse with the prisoner to refuse his request, 
and he hastened to the brig, hoping to find Shuffles in a 
better state of mind than when he had visited him 
before. Mr. Agneau entered the lock-up, and was 
securing tho door behind him, when the prisoner 
spoke. 

"You needn't lock it, sir; I w^ill not attempt to 
escape," said he. " I sent for you to apologize for my 
rudeness." 

■" Indeed ! Then I am very gljid to see you," replied 
the delighted chaplain. *' I have been sorely grieved 
at your misconduct, and I would fain have brought 
you to see the error of your ways." 

"I see it now, sir," replied Shuffles, with appar- 
ent penitence. "I'm afraid I am a great deal worse 
than you think I am, sir." 

" It is of no consequence what I think. Shuffles, if 
you are conscious of the wrong you have done," 
added tl-ie worthy chaplain. " You behaved exceed- 
ingly well last year, and it almost broke my heart to 
see you relapsing into your former evil habits." 

" I am grateful to you for the interest you have 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 1 55 

taken in me, and I assure you I have often been en- 
couraged to do well by your kind words," continued 
the penitent, with due humility. " I have done wrong, 
and I don't deserve to be forgiven." 

" ' He that humbleth himself shall be exalted,' " said 
Mr. Agneau, gratified at the great change which had 
apparentiy been wrought in the prisoner. '" If you 
are really sorry for your offence, Mr. Lowington, I 
doubt not, will pardon you, and restore you to favor 
again." 

" I don't deserve it, sir. Since you left me, I have 
been thinking of my past life. ,1 dare not tell you 
how bad I have been." 

" You need not tell me. It is not necessary that 
you should confess your errors to me. There is One 
who knows them, and if you are sincerely repentant 
He will pity and forgive you." 

" I think I should feel better if I told some one of 
my misdeeds." 

" Perhaps you would ; that is for you to judge. I 
will speak to Mr. Lowington about you to-night. 
What shall I say to him?" 

" I hardly know. I deserve to be punisheil. I have 
done wrong, and am willing to suffer for it." 

The tender-hearted chaplain thought that Shuffles 
was in a beautiful state of mind, aud he desired to 
have him released at once, that he might converse 
with him on great themes under more favorable cir- 
cumstances ; but Shuffles still detained him. 

" I'm afraid I have ruined myself on board this 
ship," continued ShufHes, persisting in his self-humili- 
ation. 



156 OUTWARD BOUNDy OR 

" If you manfully acknowledge your fault, you will 
be freely and generously forgiven." 

" Mr. Lowington hates me now, after what I have 
done." 

" O, far from it ! " exclaimed the chaplain. *' It 
will be a greater satisfaction to him than to you to for- 
give you. You are no longer of the opinion that you 
were unfairly used in the distribution of the offices, I 
suppose." 

" Mr. Agneau, I was beside myself when I resisted 
the principal. I should not have done it if I had been 
in my right mind." 

" You were very angry." 

" I was — I was not myself." 

*' Anger often makes men crazy." 

" You don't understand me, Mr. Agneau." 

" Indeed, I do. You mean that you deluded your- 
self into the belief that you had been wronged, and 
that you ought not to obey the orders of your officers, 
and of the principal. The force that was used made 
you so angry that you did not know what you were 
about," added the sympathizing chaplain. 

" In one word, Mr. Agneau, I had been drinking," 
said Shuffles, with something like desperation in his 
manner, as he bent his head, and covered his face 
with his hands. 

" Drinking ! " gasped the chaplain, filled witli horror 
at the confession. 

'' I told you I was worse than you thought I was," 
moaned Shuffles. 

" Is it possible ! " 

" It is true, sir ; I say it with shame." 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT, I57 

" Are you in the habit of taking intoxicating 
drinks?" asked the chaplain, confounded beyond 
measure at this complication of the difficulty. 

" I am not in the habit of it, because I can't get 
liquor all the time. My father has wine on his table, 
and I always was allowed to drink one glass." 

** Can it be I " ejaculated the chaplain. " A youth 
of seventeen " 

" Fm eighteen now, sir." 

" A youth of eighteen in the habit of taking wine I " 
groaned Mr. Agneau. 

" I drank a great deal more than my father knew 
of while I was at home." 

*' I. am amazed ! " 

" I knew you would be, sir ; but_I have told you the 
truth now." 

*' But where did you get your liquor to-day?" 

" It' was wine, sir." 

" Where did you get it ? " 

" I brought two bottles on board with me when I 
reported for duty yesterday." 

"This is terrible. Shuffles I Do you know what 
an awful habit you are contracting, my dear young 
friend?" 

" I never thought much about it till to-night. It has 
got me into such a scrape this time, that I don't believe 
I shall ever drink any more." 

" As you respect yourself, as you hope for peace in 
this world, and peace in the next, never put the cup to 
your lips again. * Wine is a mocker ; strong drink is 
raging ; and whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise.' 
Did you drink the two bottles?" 



158 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" No, sir ; only part of one bottle," replied Shuffles, 
with commendable promptness. 

" Where is the rest of it ? " 

" Under my berth-sack." 

" Are you willing I should take possession of it, and 
hand it to Mr. Lowington ? " 

"I will ag^ee to anything which you think is 
right." 

"Then I will take the wine and throw it over- 
board." 

"Just as you think best, sir. You will find the two 
bottles in my berth, No. 43, Gangway D, — the for- 
ward one on the starboard side." 

" I hope you will never touch the wine-cup again." 

" I will not — till next time," added Shuffles, as the 
chaplain moved towards the door of the brig. 

" ' Look not thou upon the wine when it is red, 
when it giveth his color in the cup, at the last it biteth 
like a serpent, and stingeth like an adder,'" continued 
the chaplain, as he passed out of the lock-up. 

Mr. Agneau went to the prisoner's berth, and found 
the two bottles of wine. They were a sufficient ex- 
planation of the remarkable conduct of Shuffles. The 
youth had " drank wine, and was drunken," otherwise 
he would not have been guilty of such flagrant diso- 
bedience. Though in his own estimation the excuse 
was worse than the original fault, yet it was an expla- 
nation ; and if the root of the evil could be removed, 
the evil itself would cease to exist. The wine could 
be thrown overboard, and as no more could be ob- 
tained during the voyage, the good conduct of the 
young tippler would be insured, at least till the ship 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. X59 

reached Queenstown, which was the port to which 
she was bound. 

With the two bottles in his hands, the chaplain 
returned to the professors' cabin. Mr. Lowington was 
on deck. He did not deem it prudent to leave the 
ship in the hands of the students, at first, without any 
supervision, and it was arranged that the principal, 
Mr. Fluxion, and Mr. Peake, the boatswain, should 
take, turns in observing the course and management of 
the vessel. Mr. Agneau carried the prize he had cap^ 
tured on deck, and informed Mr. Lowington what had 
just transpired in the brig. 

"I knew the boy drank wine when he was at home," 
replied the principal ; " and if he is ruined, his father 
must blame himself." 

" But it is really shocking ! " exclaimed the chap- 
lain, as he tossed one of the bottles of wine over the 
rail. " How can a parent permit his son to drink 
wne, when he knows that more men are killed by 
intemperance than by war and pestilence? I am 
amazed I " 

" So am I, Mr. Agneau." 

" The boy is hardly to blame for his conduct, since 
he contracted this vicious habit under the eye of his 
father." 

The discipline of the ship must be preserved." 

'* Certainly, Mr. Lowington." 

" And the boy is just as much to blame for his act 
of disobedience as though it had been done in his 
$ober senses." 

" But you can afibrd to pardon him, under the cir- 
cumstances." 



l6o OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" I will do that when he is willing to make a proper 
acknowledgment of his offence in the presence of the 
ship's company, before whom the act was committed/* 

" He is quite ready to do so now." 

"If he will say as much as that to me, he shall be 
released at once." 

" He will, sir." 

" It is very strange to me that T noticed nothing 
peculiar in the boy's speech or manner at the time," 
added tiie principal. " He certainly did not seem to 
be intoxicated." 

" Probably he had taken just enough to inflame his 
e/il passions, without affecting his manner," suggested 
the chaplain. 

" I did not even discover the odor of wine upon 
him." 

" Perhaps you did not go near enough to him. If 
you please, Mr. Lowington, we will go down and see 
him ; and you can judge for yourself whether or not 
it is prudent to release him." 

" I will." 

"Thank you, sir. I feel a deep interest in the 
young man, and I hope he may yet be saved." 

When Mr. Agneau left the brig, after his second 
visit, Wilton, who was very anxious to know what 
Shuffles meant by " making a chain," came out of his 
mess room. He had been watching the chaplain, 
and wondering what the prisoner could have to say 
to him. 

"What's up. Shuffles?" asked Wilton, when Mr, 
Agneau had left the steerage. 

" I've been smoothing him down," laughed Shuffles, 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. l6l 

With an audible chuckle. " I have concluded not to 
stay in here any longer." 

" What do you mean ? " 

" I'm coming out pretty soon, though it has cost me 
a bottle and a half of old sherry to get out," laughed 
Shuffles. 

" I don't know what you mean." 

" I told the parson that I was drunk when I diso- 
beyed orders, and that I was very sorry for it, and 
wouldn't get drunk any more." 

"Did you tell him that?" 

" I did ; 1 assured him I was the worst fellow in the 
whole world, and ought to be hung, drawn, and quar- 
tered for my wickedness ; and he swallowed it as a 
codfish does a clam." 

" And you gave him all the wine? " 
/' No, I didn't ; I gave him one full bottle, and what 
was left in tlie one from which we drank this after- 
noon. I have two more." 

"We were going to have a good time with that 
wine." 

" I have enough left.'* 

"Where is it?" 

" In my locker." 

** They may find it." 

** No, they won't ; I will put it in some other place 
before inspection day. There is plenty of wine in the 
mediciwl stores. It was a good joke for the parson to 
suppose I was drunk." 

" Perhaps you were," suggested Wilton. 

^* I felt good ; but I -was as sober as I am now." 



1 63 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" The drink I took went into my head, and I felt as 
though I was going up in a ballon." 

" That was because you are not used to the arti- 
cle. It waked me up a little, but I knew what I was 
about." 

" I think you were a confounded fool to do what 
you did." 

" Wilton, I'm not going to live in the steerage — 
you may take my word for it. Tve been an officer 
too long to come down to that. If we don't succeed 
in making a chain, I shall quit the concern the first 
time I put my foot on shore in Ireland." 

" What do you mean by making a chain ? " asked 
Wilton, eagerly. 

" A chain is strong." 

"Weil; what of it?" 

" It is composed of many links. Can't you under- 
stand that?" 

" Hush up I Some one is coming," said Wilton, as 
he walked away from the brig. 

" Here ! who is that ? " demanded Mr. Lowington, 
as he saw Wilton moving awlay from the lock-up. 

" No. 59, sir — Wilton," replied he. " I was just 
going on deck to find you, sir." 

"To find me?" asked the principal. 

" Yes, sir. Shuffles called me when I was passing, 
and wished me to tell you he wanted to see you very 
much. I was just going after you, sir." 

" If there is any blame, sir, it rests on me," inter 
posed Shuffles, through the bars of his prison. 

Mr. Lowington unlocked the door of the brig, and 
entered, followed by Mr. Agneau, leaving Wilton to 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT, 1 63 

congratulate himself on the result of the lies he had 
uttered. 

" I am told you wish to see me, Shuffles," said the 
principal. * 

" Yes, sir ; I wish to say that I am extremely sorry 
for what I have done." 

** I thought you were crazy when you refused to 
obey ; and now I find you were.'* 

" I had been drinking, sir, I confess." 

"Mr. Agneau has told me your story; it is not 
necessary to repeat it now. To-morrow I shall require 
you to acknowledge your error at muster, and promise 
obedience in the future. Are you willing to do so? " 

" I am, sir." 

"You are discharged from confinement then, and 
will at once return to your duty," replied Mr. Lowing- 
ton, upon whom Shuffles did not venture to intrude 
his extremely penitential story. " To which watch do 
you belong ? " 

" To the port watch, first part, sir." 

** It will be on deck during the first half of the mid 
watch, from twelve till two," added tlie principal, as 
he came out of the brig. 

Mr. Lowington made no parade of what he had 
done. He never subjected any student to unneces- 
sary humiliation. He indulged in no reproaches, and 
preached no sermons. He went on deck, intending 
to leave the culprit to the influence of the better 
thoughts which he hoped and believed had been 
kindled in his mind by the events of the day. Mr. 
Agneau remained a moment to give a final admoni- 



164 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

tion to the penitent, as he regarded him, and then 
went to his cabin. 

''Are you going to turn in. Shuffles?" asked 
Wilton. 

" Not yet. Are there any of our fellows below? *' 

" Plenty of them." 

" Our fellows " was a term applied to that portion 
of the crew who were understood to be ready for any 
scrape which might be suggested. Shuffles had coined 
the expression himself, while at the Brock way Acad- 
emy, and introduced it on board the ship. Without 
concealment or palliation, they were bad boys. By 
the discipline of the ship they were kept in good 
order, and compelled to perform their duties. 

As in every community of men or boys, where 
persons of kindred tastes find each other out. the bad 
boys in the Young America had discovered those of 
like tendencies, and a bond of sympathy and associa- 
.tion had been established among them. They knew 
and were known of each other. 

On the other hand, it is equally true, that there was 
a bond of sympathy and association among the good 
boys, as there is among good men. If a good man 
wishes to establish a daily prayer meeting, he does 
not apply to tlie intemperate, the profane swearers, and 
the Sabbatli breakers of his neighborhood for help; 
there is a magnetism among men which leads him to 
the right persons. If a bad man intends to get up a 
mob, a raffle, or a carousal, he does not seek assistance 
among those who go to church every Sunday, and 
refrain from evil practices, either from principle ot 
policy. He n>akesi nq mi^takesi of this kind. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 165 

In every community, perhaps one fourth of the whole 
number are positively good, and one fourth positively 
bad, while the remaining two fourths are more or less 
good or more or less bad, floating undecided between 
the two poles of the moral magnet, sometimes drawn 
one way, and sometimes the other. 

The Young America was a world in herself, and 
the moral composition of her people was similar to 
that of communities on a larger scale. She had all 
the elements of good and evil on board. One fourth 
of the students were doubtless high-minded, moral 
young men, having fixed principles, and being willing 
to make great sacrifices rather than do \vrong. As 
good behavior, as well as proficiency in the studies, 
was an element of success in the ship, a large propor- 
tion of the positively good boys were in the after 
cabin. 

Another fourth of the students were reckless and 
unprincipled, with no respect for authority, except so 
far as it was purchased by fear of punishment or hope 
of reward. Occasionally one of tliis class worked his 
way into the cabin by superior natural ability, and a 
spasmodic attempt to better his condition on board. 

The rest of the ship's company belonged to the 
indefinite, undecided class, floating more or less distant 
from the positive elements of good or evil. They were 
not bad boys, for, with proper influences, they could be, 
and were, kept from evil ways. They were not good 
boys on principle, for they could be led away in paths 
of error. 

" Our fellows " were the positively bad boys of the 
floating academy ; and they existed in no greater pro- 



l66 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

portion in the ship's company than in the communi- 
ties of the great world. To this class belonged 
Shuffles, Wilton, Monroe, and others. To the posi- 
tively good boys belonged Gordon, Kendall, Martyn, 
and others — not all of them in the after cabin, by any 
means. 

Shuffles and Wilton walked forward to find some 
of these kindred spirits. They seemed to know just 
where to look for them, for they turned in at Gangway 
D. Over each of the six passages from which the- 
mess rooms opened, a lantern was suspended, besides 
four more in the middle of the steerage. It was light 
enough, therefore, in the rooms for their occupants to 
read coarse print. 

In the lower berths of mess room No. 8 lay two 
students, while another sat on a stool between them. 
Their occupation was sufficient evidence that they 
belonged to " our fellows," for they were shaking 
props for money, on a stool between the bunks. As 
Shuffles and Wilton approached, they picked up the 
props and tlie stakes, and drew back into their beds. 

" It's Shuffles," said Philip Sanborn. " How did 
you get out? " 

" Worked out," replied Shuffles, gayly. 

" You don't mean to say you broke jail ? " 

" No ; that would have been too much trouble. 
There was an easier way, and I took that." 

''How was it?" 

" Why, I soft-sawdered the parson, and he soft- 
sawdered Lowington." 

" It's all right ; go ahead with the game," said 
Lynch, as he produced the props again. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 1 6/ 

Sanborn placed the ^money on the stool, consisting 
of two quarters in fractional currency. Lynch shook 
the props, and dropped them on the stool. 

" A nick ! " exclaimed he, snatching the money. 
" I'll go you a half now." 

" Half if is," replied Sanborn, as he placed the 
requisite sum on the money the other laid down. 

Lynch rattled the props, and threw them down 
again. 

" A browner ! " cried he, intensely excited, as he 
seized the money with eager hand. 

" Don't talk so loud, you fool ! " added Sanborn. 
• ' The fellows are asleep above us., and you will wake 
them up. rjl go you a half again." 

" Half it is ! " replied Lynch, in a whisper, as he 
shook again. 

" An out ! " said Sanborn, picking up the money. 

" Three bells ! Dry up ! " interposed Wilton. " One 
of the officers of the deck will be down in a minute." 

The young gamblers put away the implements, and 
drew back into their berths until the inspecting officer 
had looked into the room. When the master had gone 
on deck again, the play was resumed, and Shuffles 
and Wilton watched it with deep interest. 

Gambling was a new thing on board the Young 
America. It had not been practised at all in the pre- 
ceding year, having been introduced by Shuffles and 
Monroe, who had visited a prop saloon in the city 
where they resided, during their late furlough. Each 
of them had brought a set of props on board, with 
which they intended to amuse tliemselves during the 
voyage. As yet, the practice was confined to a few 



1 68 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

of " our fellows ; " but the crew in the steerage were 
certainly in veiy great danger of being carried away 
by the passion for gaming, for it was spreading 
rapidly. 

The prop-shaking was carried on in the mess rooms, 
while the students were off duty. Shuffles had played 
with half a dozen boys the night before ; Sanborn 
and Lynch had been engaged in the game since the 
first watch was set, and another party had been em- 
ployed in the same manner in another room. All of 
the boys were supplied with money in considerable 
sums, generally in sovereigns and half sovereigns, for 
use when tliey reached Europe. It was changing 
hands now, though no one had as yet been particu- 
larly lucky. 

'' Have a game, Shuffles? " said Lynch, when San- 
born declared that he had no money left but gold. 

" No," replied Shuffles^ " I shall not play any more." 

"Why not?" 

" I haven't time ; and I don't want to become too 
fond of it." 

" Haven't time ! " exclaimed Lynch. 

" No ; I've got a big job on my hands." 

"What's that?" 

" Making a chain." 

" Making a what? " 

" Making a chain." 

"A watch chain?" 

"I think it will be a watch chain ; but I'll tell you 
about it when we are alone. Do you understand? " 

" No, I don't." 

" Keep still then." 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 169 

Shuffles turned in, and the others followed his 
example. He did not sleep, if they did, for his soul 
was full of rage and malice. He was studying up the 
means of revenge ; and he had matured a project, so 
foolhardy that it was ridiculous, and his mind was 
fiilly occupied with it. 

At twelve o'clock he was called to take his place 
with the first part of the port watch on deck. Be- 
longing to each quarter watch, there were five petty 
officers, four of whom were to call the portion of the 
crew who were to relieve those on duty. Shuffles 
was calledby one of these. 

The wind was freshening when he went on deck, 
and the ship was going rapidly through the water. 
At the last heaving of the log she was making eleven 
knots, with her studding sails still set. Mr. Fluxion 
came on deck at eight be? Is. 

Wilton, Sanborn, and Adler were in the watch with 
Shuffles, and the malcontent lost not a moment in 
pushing forward the .scheme he had matured. Fortu- 
nately, or unfortunately, he was placed on the look- 
out with Wilton, and the solitude of the top-gallant 
forecastle afforded them a good opportunity for the 
conference. 

15 



170 OUTWARD BOUNDi OR 



CHAPTER XL 

THB GAMBLERS IN NO. 8. 

IT'S coming on to blow,** said Wilton, as the look- 
outs took their stations on tlie top-gallant fore- 
castle. 

*' I don't think it will blow much ; it is only fresh- 
ening a little," replied Shuffles. 

*' Now, what about the mutiny ? " demanded Wilton, 
impatiently, after he had become more accustomed to 
the dash of the sea under the bows of the ship. 

" Don't call it by tliat name," replied Shuffles, ear- 
nestly. " Never use that word again." 

" Thaf s what you mean — isn't it ? You might as 
well call tilings by their right names." 

'^ It's an ugly word, and if any one should happen 
to hear it, their attention would be attracted at once. 
We musn't get in the habit of using it." 

" I don't know what you are going to do yet," 
added Wilton. I 

" It's a big job ; but I mean to put it through, even 
if I am sure of failure." 

" What's the use of doing that ? Do you want to 
get the fellows into a scrape for nothing? " 

" There will be no failure, Wilton ; you may depend 
upon that. There will be a row on board within a 



YOUNG AMERICA AFIjOAT. 171 

da}' or two, and, if I mistake not, nearly all the fellows 
will be so mad that they will want to join us." 

"What row?" 

" Do you know the reason why I wouldn't shake 
props this evening? " 

" Fm sure I don't." 

" Lowington has found out what is going on in the 
rooms." 

" He hasn't, though ! " 

" Yes, he has." 

" How do you know ? *' 

" What odds does it make how I know?" answered 
Shuffles, impatiently, for Wilton was much too inquis- 
itive to suit his purposes. " I talked with the chap- 
lain half an hour to-night. When he went to my 
berth after the wine, I rather think he heard the rattle 
of the props. At any rate the whole thing will be 
broken up to-morrow or next day." 

" I don't see how that will make a row. Not more 
than a dozen fellows have played any ; and they won't 
think of making a row about that." 

" You see ! " added Shuffles, confidently. 

" Ugh ! " exclaimed Wilton, as a cloud of spray 
dashed over the bow, and drenched the lookout ; but 
they wore their pea-jackets, and such an occurrence 
was to be expected at sea.- 

" Stand by to take in studding sails ! " shouted Paul 
Kendall, who was the officer of the deck ; and the 
order was repeated by his subordinates in the waist 
and on the forecastle. 

" We must go," said Wilton ; and they descended 
from their position. 



1^2 Outward bound, or 

The wind had continned to freshen, until the ship 
labored somewhat under her heavy press of canvas. 
It was the policy of the principal to go as easily and 
comfortably as possible, and he had directed Mr. 
Fluxion, if the wind continued to increase, to have 
the sail reduced, though neither the safety of the ship 
nor of the spars absolutely required such a step. The 
quarter watch on deck was sufficient to perform this 
labor. 

" Lay alofl, foretopmen ! " said the second lieu- 
tenant ; and those of the watch who had their stations 
in the fore rigging sprang up the shrouds. " Stand 
by the halyard of the top-gallant studding sails ! Man 
the tacks and sheets ! " 

*' All ready, sir," reported the second midshipman, 
who was in the foretop, superintending the operation. 

" Lower on the halyards ! Ease off the tacks, and 
haul on the sheet ! " 

The two top-gallant studding-sails were thus brought 
into the top, where they. were made up. The fore- 
topmast and the lower studding sails were taken in by 
a similar routine, and the Young America then moved 
along less furiously tlirough tlie water. 

"Now about the chain," said Wilton, when the 
the lookouts had returned to their stations. 

"Let me see; where did I leave off?" replied 
Shuffles. 

" You said there was to be a row ; which I don't 
believe." 

" I . may be mistaken about that ; if I am, the job 
will be all the more difficult. Lowington has got us 
out to sea now, and, in my opinion, he means to shake 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 1 73 

US up. He is a tyrant at heart, and he will carry it 
with a high hand. I hate the man ! " added Shuffles, 
with savage earnestness. 

" You, may, but the fellows don't generally." 

" They will as soon as he begins to put the twisters 
on them. You won't hear him say, ' If you please, 
young gentlemen,' now that we are in blue water. 
You know how savage he was with me." 

" Well, but you were disobedient. You told him, 
up and down, you wouldn't do what he ordered you 
to do." 

" No matter for that. You had a chance to see the 
spirit of the man. He was a perfect demon. He put 
me in irons I " exclaimed Shuffles, still groaning under 
this indignity. " I have been insulted and outraged, 
and I will teach him that Bob Shuffles is not to be 
treated in that manner! I will be revenged upon 
him, if it costs me my life." 

" The fellows won't go into any such desperate 
game as that," replied Wilton, cautiously. 

" But there will be futi in the thing," added the mal- 
content, softening his tone. " We shall have tlie ship 
all to ourselves. We needn't trouble ourselves any- 
thing about Latin and Greek, and trigonometry and 
algebra. We shall go in for a good time generally." 

" It is all moonshine ; it can't be done. What's 
the use of talking about such a thing?" said Wilton. 

" It can be done, and it shall be," replied Shuffles, 
stamping his foot on the deck." 

"How?" 

" I am not quite ready to tell you yet" 

" Very well ; I don't want to know anjrthing more 
15* 



174 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

«> 

about it,'* answered the timid conspirator, who was 
almost disgusted at the foolhardiness of the plan. 

" I can get along without you," added Shuffles, with 
assumed indifference. 

" I would rather have you do so." 
. " All right ; but you will want to come in when w^e 
have got along a little farther." 

" Perhaps I shall ; if I do, I suppose the door will 
be open to me." 

*' It may be open ; but perhaps you can't walk into 
the cabin then." 

"Why not?" 
" " Do you suppose the fellows who do the burden of 
the work are going to be shut out of the cabin ? If 
you join at the eleventh hour, you will have to be 
what you are now — a foremast hand." 

" What can I be if I join now? " 

" Second or third officer." 

" Who will be first." 

" I can't mention his name yet. He belongs in the 
cabin now." 

" You don't mean so ! " said Wilton, astonished to 
learn that his bold companion expected to find friends 
among the present officers of the ship. 

" I know what I'm about," replied Shuffles, confi- 
dently. 

With this information Wilton thought more favor- 
ably of the mad enterprise. If it was to be a winning 
game, he wished to have a part in it ; if a losing one, 
he desired to avoid it. There was something in the 
decided manner of the chief conspirator which made 
an impression upon this doubting mind. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 1 75 

" I don't want to go in till I know more about it," 
said he, after walking two or three times across the 
top-gallant forecastle. 

" You can't know anything more about it until you 
have been toggled," replied Shuffles. 

" Toggled ? ** repeated the seeptic, curiously. 

" This thing is to be well managed, Wilton. We 
shall not use any hard words, that outsiders can 
understand; and if any of them happen to hear 
anything that don't concern them, they will not know 
what it means. Will you join, or not? " 

" I will," replied Wilton, desperately. 

The strange words which Shuffles used, and the 
confidence he manifested in the success of his project, 
carried the hesitating lookout man. He was fasci- 
nated by the "clap-trap" which the leader of" our 
fellows " had adopted to help along his scheme, for it 
promised to afford no little excitement during the 
voyage. 

" Now you talk like a man, Wilton," replied Shuf- 
fles. "You shall be a member of the league at 
once." 

" Whaf s the league ? " 

" The Chain League." 

" Upon my word. Shuffles, you have been reading 
yellow-covered novels to some purpose." 

*' I didn't get this idea from a novel. I invented it 
myself." 

" The Chain league I " repeated Wilton, who was 
pleased with the title of the conspirators. 

" It will be called simply * The Chain.' I am the 



176 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

first member, and you are the second ; or yon will be 
when you have been toggled." 

"Toggled again!" laughed Wilton. ''What do 
you mean?" 

" Initiated." 

" Go ahead, then." 

" Repeat after me." 

" Go on," replied Wilton, deeply interested in the 
proceeding, even while he was amused at its formality. 

" I am a link of the chain** 

" I am a link of the chain," repeated Wilton. 

" I will obey my superior officers.** 

" I will obey my superior officers." 

" And I will reveal none of its secrets** 

*' And I will reveal none of its secrets." 

" This I promise '-** 

" This I promise " 

" On penalty of falling overboard accidentally** 

"On penalty of what?" demanded Wilton, both 
puzzled and terrified by the mysterious words. 

" Repeat the words after me. On penalty," said 
Shuflles, sternly. 

" I know what the words are, but I'll be hanged if I 
will repeat them. ' Falling overboard accidentally I * 
What does tliat mean ? " 

" It means that, if you betray the secrets of The 
Chain, you might fall overboard accidentally, some 
day." 

" That is, you would push me oxer when no one 
was looking," added Wilton, involuntarily retreating 
from the conspirator, whom,' for the moment, he re- 
garded as a very dangerous companion. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 1 77 

" That's what the words mean," replied ShuffleSi 
coolly. 

" Have I been toggled?*' demanded Wilton. 

" No ; you didn't repeat all the words.". 

*' Then you needn't toggle me any more. I've got 
enough of this thing." 

" All right ; just as you say. But I can tell you 
this, my dear fellow ; if you should whisper the first 
word of what has passed between us to-night, you 
might fall overboard," continued Shuffles, sharply, as 
he laid his hand on his companion's shoulder. 

Wilton grasped the sheet of the fore-topmast stay- 
sail, which was the nearest rope to him, and held oh 
as though he was then in imminent danger of ^' falling 
overboard accidentally." 

" I won't say a word," protested he, vehemently ; 
for he did not know but that Shuffles was wicked 
enough to push him into the sea. 

" Wilton, you are a fool ! " added the disappointed 
conspirator, with deep disgust. " Why didn't you say 
what I told you?" 

^' I don't want to be bound in any such way as that," 
replied the terrified student. 

" Don't you see it is only a form ? " 

" No, I don't ; or if it is, I don't want anything to 
do with such forms. You won't get any fellows to be 
toggled in that way." 

*' Yes, I shall ; I shall get plenty of them. The/ 
are not babies, like you." 

" I'm not a baby." 

*'Yes, you are — a great calf I What are you 
afr^d of?" 



178 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" Fm not afraid ; I didn't think you meant to have 
any murder in your Chain." 

" I don't ; no fellow will think of such a thing as 
betraying one of the secrets." 

*' Then what's the use of having such a penalty ? " 

" It will prevent any fellow from opening his mouth 
when he ought to keep it shut." 

" I don't want anything to do with a concern that 
means murder. I'm not any better than I should be, 
but I'm -too good for that." 

" Suit yourself ; but remember, if you should happen 
to say a word, you will fall overboard accidentally, 
some night when you are on the lookout, or out on the 
yard-arm." 

" Two bells," said Wilton, greatly relieved to hear 
them, for he did not like to stand any longer on the 
top-gallant forecastle, where there was no railing, with 
such a dangerous fellow as Shuffles proved to be. 

Two other members of the watch were sent forward 
to take their places. Wilton and Shuffles went down 
and mingled with their shipmates, who were talking^ 
about what they should do and what they should see in 
Ireland, where the ship would first make a harbor. 
Wilton breathed easier, and the topic was a more 
agreeable one than the dark and terrible niatter which 
had been under discussion on the top-gallant forecastle. 

Shuffles was disappointed by the scruples of his 
generally unscrupulous companion. He regarded the 
machinery of the plot, the clap-trap of the secret 
league, as decidedly attractive; and he depended 
largely upon.it to influence his companions. Though 
he claimed that his plan was original, it was suggested 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 1 79 

by a secret political organization in Europe, of which 
he had read in a pamphlet ; and the idea had doubt- 
less been modified by his more extensive readings in 
the department of fiction, in which midnight juntos 
laid out robbery, treason, and murder ; Venetian tales 
in which bravos, assassins, and decayed princes in dis- 
guise largely figured ; in which mysterious pass-words 
opened mysterious dungeons beneath ruined castles; 
in which bravo met bravo, and knew him by some 
mysterious sign, or cabalistic word. 

Shuffles had a taste for these things, and out of his 
lively imagination he had coined a similar association 
to be recruited from the crew of the Young America, 
which was to redress fancied wrongs, and even take 
the ship out of the hands/of the principal. He could 
thiiik of nothing but this brilliant enterprise ; and 
while his shipmates were talking of the future,. and in- 
dulging in the old sajts' vocation of " spinning yarns," 
he was busy maturing the details of " The Chain 
League." He did not, for reasons best known to him- 
self, attempt to make any more proselytes that night. . 

The ship continued to go along easily on her course 
till morning. It was a clear night, and though the 
wind was fresh, the sea was not rough, and the Young 
America behaved very handsomely. The programme 
for the watches was carried out to the letter, but on the 
first night out, the boys were too much excited by the 
novelty of the situation to be able to sleep much. 

At eight bells in tlie morning, after the port watch 
had breakfasted, all the students off duty attended 
prayers. Then the starboard watch had their morn- 
ing meal, after which all hands were piped to musten 



X80 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

Mr. Lowington mounted the hatch, and it was under- 
stood that the case of discipline which had come up 
the day before was to be settled now. 

" Shuffles I " called the principal. 

The culprit came forward. 

*' Are you still of the same mind as when I saw you 
fast evening?" continued Mr. Lowington. 

" I am, sir," replied Shuffles, with a becoming exhi- 
bition of meekness. 

" You will step upon the hatch, then." 

Shuffles took position by the side of the principal. 

" You will repeat after me," added Mr. Lowington. 

The culprit was startled at these words, and began 
to suspect that Wilton had betrayed him in spite of 
his fear of falling overboard accidentally. It looked 
just then as though the principal intended to " toggle " 
him. 

" I acknowledge that I have done wrong," Mr. 
Lowington continued. 

Shuffles repeated the words, happy to find that 
he was not to take the obligation of " The Chain 
League." 

" And I will hereafter endeavor to do my duty faith- 
fully." 

The promise was repeated with the lips, but of 
course it had no meaning, and did not reach the 
heart. 

"That is all. Shuffles," added the principal.— 
" Young gentlemen, you are dismissed from muster." 

This was certainly a very mild atonement for the 
grave offence which Shuffles had committed, and the 
lenity of the principal was generally comi^ented upon 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. x8l 

by the boys. The starboard watch was piped below 
to study and recite, while the port watch were to be 
off and on during the forenoon. The first part now 
had the deck, while the second was off duty, and the 
boys belonging to it were permitted to remain on deck 
or to spend their time in the mess rooms. They were 
not allowed to linger in the steerage where the recita- 
tions were going on, but might pasS directly through 
on their way to their apartments. 

At ten o'clock the first part of tlie port watch was 
relieved, and the second part went on duty. Shuffles 
and Wilton were at liberty now, but there appeared to 
be a coldness between them, and Wilton sought anoth- 
er companion for his leisure hours. Sanborn and 
Adler belonged to his part of the watch, and he soon 
joined them. 

" There isn't much difference between being off 
duty and being on," said Adler, as they seated them- 
selves on tlie main hatch. • 

" There will be a difference when we have to make 
and take in sail every half hour. We had a big job 
taking in the studding sails last night." 

" They don't drive the ship," added Sanborn. " I 
suppose if we were a merchantman, they would crack 
on all the sail she would carry." 

" She goes along beautifully," said Wilton. 

" She was only making five knots the last time the 
log was heaved." 

" And the sea is as smooth as a mill-pond. Wd 
shall not get to Queenstown for two months at this 
rate." - 

i6 



l83 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" Stand by to set studding sails ! " shouted Pelhara, 
the officer of the deck. 

" I wondered why they didn't do that before," said 
Sanborn. 

The fore and main studding sails were set, two at a 
time, by the part of the watch on duty, the wind still 
being well aft. 

"What shall we do?" asked Wilton, with a long 
yawn, after they had watched the operation of setting 
the studding sails for a time. " This is stupid business, 
and I'm getting sleepy." 

" Let us go below," suggested Sanborn. 

"What for? The professors won't let you speak 
out loud while the recitations are going on," added 
'Adler. 

" We don't want to speak out loud. What do you 
say to shaking a little ? " continued Wilton. 

" I'm with you," replied Wilton. " Can either of 
you change me a half sovereign ? " 

Neither of them could, but they were willing to take 
Wilton's due bills, till his indebtedness amounted to 
ten shillings. The boys had already begun to talk the 
language of sterling currency, and many of them were 
supplied with English silver coins as well as gold. 
The three boys went down at the fore hatch, and 
removing their caps as they entered the steerage, 
walked silently to Gangway D, from which they went 
into mess room No. 8, which had thus far been the 
headquarters of the gamblers. Seating themselves on 
the stools, they used one of the beds as a table, and 
in a few moments were deeply absorbed in the exciting 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 1 83 

pame. They spoke in whispers, and were careful not 
to rattle the props too loudly. 

After they had played a few moments, Shuffles came 
in. They invited him to join them in the play, but he 
declined, and soon left the mess room, returning to the 
deck. In the waist he met Paul Kendall, who was the 
officer of his watch, and, like him, was off duty. They 
had generally been on good terms while in the after 
cabin together, for then Shuffles was on his best 
behavior. 

" How do things go on in the after cabin now, 
Kendall — I beg your pardon — Mr. Kendall ? " said 
Shuffles,* in his most gentlemanly tones. 

" About as usual, Mr. Shuffles," replied Paul. 

*' I am not a ' mister ' now," laughed Shuffles. 

" Well, ifs all the same to me. I am sorry you are 
not with us now." 

" So am I," added Shuffles. " I did not expect, to 
be on board this year, or I should have been there 
now." 

" You can be, next term, if you like." 

" This thing yesterday has ruined all my prospects." 

" That was rather bad. I never was so sorry for 
anything in my life before," answered Paul, warmly. 
*' You and I were always good friends after we got 
well acquainted, though I did vote for another at the 
election a year ago." 

" You did what you thought was right, and I don't 
blame you for that, I always did my duty when I 
was an officer." 

" That you did. Shuffles ; and we always agreed 
first rate. Isn't it a little strange that I have not lived 



184 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

in the steerage since the ship's company were or- 
ganized?" 

" That* s because you were always a good boy, and 
a smart scholar. I think you would not like it." 

" If it wasn't for losing my rank, I should like to 
try it," replied Paul. " I should like to get better 
acquainted with the fellows." 

" You wouldn't like them in the steerage. You 
would see a great many things there which you never 
see in the cabin ; a great many things which Mr. 
Lowington and the professors know nothing about." 

" Why, what do you mean, ShufHes ? " demanded 
Paul, astonished at this revelation. 

" I ought not to say anything about it ; but I believe 
these things will break up the Academy Ship one of 
these days, for the boys are growing worse instead of 
better in her, and their folks will find it out sooner of 
later." 

" You surprise me ! " exclaimed Paul, sadly, for he 
held the honor of the ship and her crew as the apple 
of his eye. " If there is anything wrong there, you 
ought to make it known." 

" I suppose I ought ; but you know I'm not a tell- 
tale." 

" You have told me, and I'm an officer." 

" Well, I blundered into saying what I have. What 
you said about going into the steerage made me let it 
out. I am sorry I said anything." 

" You have raised my curiosity." 

" I will tell you ; or rather I will put you in the 
way of seeing for yourself, if you will not mention 



YOUNG AMBRICA AFLOAT, 185 

my name in connection with the matter, even to Mr. 
Lowington, and certainly not to any one else/* 

" I will not, Shuffles." 

" The fellows are gambling in the steerage at this 
very moment," added Shuffles, in a low tone. " Don't 
betray me." 

" I will not. Gambling ! " exclaimed Paul, witli 
natural horror. 

" You will find them in No. 8," continued Shuffles, 
walking away, and leaving the astonished officer to 
wonder how boys could gamble. 
16 ♦ 



l86 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 



CHAPTER XII. 

THE ROOT OF ALL EVIL. 

PAUL KENDALL, who had not occupied a berth 
in the steerage since the first organization of the 
ship, was greatly surprised and grieved to learn that 
some of the crew were addicted to vicious practices. 
Gambling was an enormous ofTence, and he was not 
quite willing to believe that such a terrible evil had 
obtained a foothold in the ship. He could hardly con- 
ceive of such a thing as boys engaging in games ^ of 
chance ; only the vilest of men, in his estimation, 
would do so. ShufiUcs had told him so, apparently 
without malice or design, and there was no reason to 
doubt the truth of his statement, especially as he had 
given the particulars by which it could be verified. 

The second lieutenant went down into the steerage. 
Classes were reciting to the professors, and studying 
their lessons at the mess tables. There was certainly 
no appearance of evil, for the place was still, and no 
sound of angry altercation or ribald jest, which his 
fancy connected with the vice of gambling, saluted his 
ears. He cautiously entered Gangway D, and paused 
where he could hear what was said in mess room 
No. 8. 

" Vta five shillings into your half sovereign," said 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 1 87 

one of the gamblers ; and then Paul distinctly heard 
the rattling of the props. 

" There's the half sovereign," added anotlicr, whose 
voice the officer recognized as that of Wilton. " You 
own five shillings in it, and I own five shillings." 

'* That's so," replied Sanborn, who appeared to be 
the lucky one. 

". Let us shake for the coin," added Wilton. " It's 
my throw." 

" That's rather steep." 

"We get along faster — that's all. If I throw a 
nick, or a browner, it's mine ; if an out, it's yours." 

" I am agreed — throw away," replied Sanborn, 
without perceiving that the one who held tlie props 
had two chances to his one. 

The props rattled, and dropped on the bed. 

" A browner ! " exclaimed Wilton, thereby winning 
all he had lost at one throw. 

" I lush ! don't talk so loud," interposed Adler. 
"You'll have the profs down upon us." 

" ril go you another five shillings on one throw," 
said Sanborn, chagrined at his loss. 

" Put down your money." 

The reckless young gambler put two half crowns, 
or five shillings, upon the bed, and Wilton shook 
again. 

" A nick ! " said he, seizing the two half crowns. 

" Try it again," demanded Sanborn. 

Paul Kendall was filled with horror as he listened 
to this conversation. When he had heard enough to 
satisfy him that the speakers were actually gambling, 
he hastened to inform Mr. Lowingtoa of the fact. 



1 88 OUTWARD BOUND) OR 

Paul was an officer of the ship, and this was so plain* 
ly his duty that he could not avoid it, disagreeable as 
it was to give testimony against his shipmates. It 
seemed to him tliat the ship could not float much 
longer if such iniquity were carried on widiin her 
walls of wood ; she must be purged of such enormi- 
ties, or some fearful retribution would overtake her. 
There was no malice or revenge in the bosom of the 
second lieutenant ; he was acting solely and unselfishly 
for the good of the institution and the students. 

He went on deck again. Shuffles was still tliere, 
and they met in the waist. 

" You told me the truth," said Paul. 

" You did not tliink I was joking about so serious 
a matter — did you?" rpplied Shuffles. 

" No ; but I hoped you might be mistaken." 

" How could I be mistaken, when I have seen, at 
one time and another, a dozen fellows engaged in 
gambling? Of course such things as these will ruin 
the boys, and bring the ship into disrepute." 

" You are right. My father, for one, wouldn't let 
me stay on board a 'single day, if he knew any of tlie 
boys were gamblers." 

" It can be easily stopped, now you know about it," 
added Shuffles. 

" Perhaps it can. I will inform Mr. Lowington at 
once." 

'• Remember, if you please, what I said, Mr. Ken- 
dall. I am willing to do a good thing for the ship ; 
but you know how much I should have to sufTer, if 
it were known that I gave the information. I didn't 
mean to blow on my shipmates ; but you and I have 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 1 89 

been so intimate in the after cabin, that I spoke before 
I was aware what I was about," continued Shuffles. 

*' I shall not willingly betray you." 

" Willingly I What do you mean by that ? " de- 
manded the conspirator, startled by the words of the 
officer. 

" Suppose Mr. Lowington should ask me where I 
obtained my information," suggested Paul, 

" Didn't yoti see for yourself in No. 8 ? " 

" He might ask what led me to examine tlie 
matter so particularly. But, Shuffles, I will tell him 
honestly that I do not wish to inform him who gave 
me the hint ; arid I am quite sure he will not press the 
matter, when he finds that tlie facts are correct." 

" Don't mention my name on any account," added 
Shuffles. " It was mean of me to say anything ; but 
the ship was going to ruin, and I'm rather glad I spoke, 
though I didn't intend to do so." 

" I will make it all right, Shuffles," replied Paul, 
as he descended the cabin steps. 

Mr. Lowington was in the main cabin, and the sec- 
ond lieutenant knocked at the door. He was readily 
admitted, and invited to take a seat, for the principal 
was as polite to the yoimg gentlemen as though they 
had been his equals in age and rank. 

" I would like to speak with you alone, if you please, 
sir," Paul began, glancing at tlie cabin steward, who 
was at work in the pantry. 

" Come into my state room," said the principal, 
leading the way. 

'^ I hope your business does not relate to the disci- 
pline of the ship," continued Mr. Lowington, when 



190 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

they were seated, and the door of the room was closed. 
" If it does, you should have applied to the captriin." 

" This is a peculiar case, sir, and I obtained my 
information while off duty," replied Paul, with some 
embarrassment ; for he had thought of communicating 
his startling discovery to Captain Gordon, and had 
only been deterred from doing so by the fear of betray- 
ing Shuffles. 

" I will hear what you have to say." • 

" There is something very bad going on in the steer- 
age," said Paul, seriously. 

"Indeed I What is it?" asked the principal, full 
of interest and anxiety. 

" Gambling, sir." 

"Gambling!" repeated Mr. Lowington, his brow 
contracting. 

Paul made no reply ; and he expected to be asked 
how he had obtained the startling information. 

"Are you quite sure of what you say, Mr. Ken- 
dall ? " 

"Yes, sir, I am. In mess room No. 8, there are 
tliree or four students now engaged in gambling. I 
stood at the door long enough to find out what they 
were doing." 

" This is serious, Mr. Kendall." 

" If you have any doubt about the fact, sir, I hope 
you will take measures to satisfy yourself at once, for 
I think the students are still there." 

" I will, Mr. Kendall ; remain in this cabin, if you 
please, until my return," added the principal, as he 
moved towards the door* 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. I9I 

"You must be careful when you approach them, 
sir, for tlie gamblers are very sly." 

Mr. Lowington passed from the professors' cabin 
into the steerage, and proceeding to the entrance of 
No. 8, he paused to listen. He heard the whispered 
conversation about the stakes, and " nicks," " brown- 
ers" and "outs." The gamblers were by this time 
highly excited by the game, and had not only become 
imprudent, but absolutely reckless, so intense was the 
fascination of their employment. Suddenly, but with 
a light step, he entered the mess room. Wilton sat in 
the berth, while his companions occupied stools out- 
side, and their heads were close together. 

Mr. Lowington took Adler by the collar of his frock 
with one hand, and Sanborn with the other, just as 
Wilton had thrown the props upon the bed. With a 
vigorous jerk, he tossed tliem back upon the floor, so 
as to obtain a full view of the stakes and the gambling 
implements. The culprits were astounded at this sud- 
den descent upon them ; but before they could com- 
prehend the situation fully, the principal turned upon 
his heel, and left the room without a word of astonish- 
ment or censure. 

" We're in for it now," said Wilton, as his compan- 
ions picked themselves up from the floor, and gazed 
at each other with a sheepish look. 

" That's so," replied Sanborn. 

" We shall catch it," added Adler. 

" We shall find out how the inside of the brig looks, 
in my opinion," continued Wilton. " I was a fool to 
play here, right in the steerage. Shuffles told me that 



192 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

Lowington smelt a mice, and would make a row about 
this thing." 

*' Shuffles told you so ! " exclaimed Adler. " How- 
did he know ? " 

" I don't know ; I believe the parson told him last 
night, when he was in the brig." 

" Why didn't you say so then?" demanded Sianbom. 
" You have got us into a pretty scrape I That is the 
reason why Shuffles wouldn't play himself." 

" Yes, he said it was ; but I didn't believe Lowing>- 
ton knew an3rthing about it ; I don't see how he could. 
He walked in here as straight as though he had been 
sent for, and knew just where to go," said Wilton. 

" Of course he did : you say Shuffles told you 
Lowington knew all about it ; and I suppose he has 
been on the watch to find some fellows at it so as to 
make an example of them." 

" That's the whole of it. We might as well throw 
the props overboard now." 

Mr. Lowington returned to the cabin, where he had 
left Paul Kendall. He was sadly disturbed by the 
discovery he had made, for he had no suspicion before 
that any of his pupils had made so much progress in 
vice. He knew what a terrible evil gambling was 
among men ; that it was the forerunner of dissipation 
and crime ; and he felt the responsibility which rested 
upon him as a guardian and instructor of youth. 

"Mr. Kendall, your information was correct; and 
I commend the zeal you have displayed in bringing 
this fearful evil to light. How happened you > to di^ 
cover it?" 

" I had a hint from a source which I would rather 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. I93 

not mention," replied the second lieutenant, with some 
embarrassment. 

" Indeed ! " 

" Yes, sir ; one of the students, who berths in the 
steerage, happened accidentally to let it out." 

Paul said " accidentally," because he believed that 
Shuffles had been betrayed into the revelation by their 
former intimacy. 

" And he does not wish to be regarded as an inform- 
er/* added the principal. 

" No, sir ; after he had excited my curiosity, he told 
me where I could find the gamblers at play." 

" I understand his position, precisely," said Mr. 
Lowington ; " and I will not ask his name. The 
information proves to be painfully correct, and there 
appears to have been no malice in giving it." 

*' No, sir ; I don't think there was : indeed, I know 
there was not," added Paul, when he-considered that 
Wilton and the other gamblers were Shuffles' intimate 
companions. 

" This is a very serious matter, Mr. Kendall," re- 
peated the principal, thoughtfully. 

" I think it is, sir ; that is the reason why I came to 
you, instead of going to the captain." 

" Perhaps it is better that you did so, on the whole," 
replied Mr. Lowington, " It has enabled me to see 
the evil for myself. Have you any views in regard to 
what should be done, Mr. Kendall?" 

The principal often asked the opinion of the officers 
concerning similar matters under discussion, perhaps 
in order to teach them self-respect, rather than with the 

11 



194 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

t 

expectation of obtaining valuable suggestions from 
them. 

" I think there should be stricter discipline in the 
mess rooms, sir," replied Paul, blushing to have hi» 
opinion asked. " The fellows " 

" The students, you mean," interposed the priiH 
cipal. 

" Excuse me, sir," added Paul, blushing deeper than 
before at this gentle rebuke. 

The boys had a language of their own, which was 
not tolerated by the faculty when it ran into coarse- 
ness and slang. 

" What were you about to say, Mr. Kendall ? " con- 
tinued the principal, smiling at the confusion of the 
young officer. 

" The students can now do anything they like in the 
mess rooms. They have plenty of money, and if they 
want to gamble, they can. They were playing last 
night when the first part of the starboard watch were 
on duty." 

"You are right, Mr. Kendall," said Mr. Lowing- 
ton. " The students must be looked after in their 
rooms. Has there ever been any gambling among the 
officers in the after cabin ? " 

" I never saw any, or heard of any. I don't think 
there has been." 

•' I hope not ; but we must grapple with this ques- 
tion in earnest," added the principal, as he led the way 
out of the state room into the main cabin. 

The chaplain and the doctor were there, and Mr. 
Lowington wished to take their advice upon the seri- 
ous matter before him ; and before he permitted the 



YOUNG AMERICA ^rr OAT. I95 

second lieutenant to retire, be stat^id the case to 
them. 

" Gambling ! ** groaned the chaplain. 

*'I detected them in the act myself," ac'ded Mr, 
Lowington. " You may retire, Mr. Kendall." 

"Why, this is awful!" 

" Boys will do almost anything that men will," saH 
Dr. Winstock, the surgeon. 

" Drinking and gambling ! " ejaculated the chaplain* 
** What are we coming to ? " 

*'I fear there are other vices of which we know 
notliing yet," added the doctor. 

" Why, I'm afraid the Academy Ship will prove to 
be a failure, after all," sighed Mr. Agneau. 

" Not at all," argued Dr. Winstock. " We are in 
position here to treat these evils properly. There are 
no fond mothers and indulgent fathers to spoil the 
boys, when the discipline becomes sharp." 

"What can we do?" demanded the chaplain. 
" Moral " and religious influences seem to have no 
effect." 

" Have faith in your own medicines, Mr. Agneau," 
said the doctor. 

" I have full faith in the medicine. Dr. Winstock ; 
but I fear I have not done my duty faithfully." 

"You need not reproach yourself, Mr. Agnesnu. 
You have been earnest in your work," interposed the 
principal. " In a large community of young men, all 
these vices and evils will appear. It was to meet them 
that the keel of this ship was laid, and our institution 
organized. I expect to find vice, and even crime, 
among the boys. They that be sick need a physician, 



156 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

not they that be whole. These boys certainly behave 
better on board the ship than they did on shore at the 
various academies they attended. Pelham, who is now 
fourth lieutenant, and has been first, was one of the 
hardest boys in the school to which he belonged in 
New York. He has given us no trouble here, though 
he has been a little sulky since he fell from his former 
rank. Shuffles, who, in the Brockway Academy, -was 
the worst boy I ever knew, without exception, behaved 
himself astonishingly well for a whole year. I am 
sorry to see that he has begun the second year badly." 

" O, his is a very hopeful case ! " said Mr. Agneau. 
" He is penit^ent for his folly, and I never saw so great 
a change in an individual as he exhibited on my sec* 
ond visit to him last evening." 

" I hope he will not disappoint you. I only men- 
tioned him to show what a benefit the ship had been 
to him ; for if it keeps him out of trouble even a single 
year, it is so far a blessing to him, to say nothing of liis 
intellectual progress, which has been more than satis- 
factory. The fact that there are gambling, and drink- 
ing, and other vices on board, does not diminish my 
faith in the institution." 

" It certainly ought not to do so,** added Dr. Win- 
stock, who was not so sanguine a reformer as the chap- 
lain, and was willing to wait till the medicine had 
time to produce an effect. *' Here is an evil : we 
must meet it, and we needn't stop to groan over it 
What's to be done ? that's the question." 

" The officer of the watch must be required to visit 
every room during the first watch at least," said the 
prmcipal. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. I97 

" But those who are disposed to gamble will find 
abundant opportunities to do so," suggested the doctor. 
*' A couple of them up in the maintop, or even in the 
cross-trees, could shake props, 'odd or even,' and 
play other games of chance, without being seen. X 
don't think you have hit the hail on the head yet, Mn 
Lowington." 

" The utmost vigilance we can use will not entirely 
prevent evil. We depend upon moral influences, as 
well as discipline, for the prevention and cure of vice 
and error," added the principal. 

" I'm afraid a lecture on gambling wouldn't do much 
good while the means of play were still in the hands 
of the students. It would influence some ; but others 
are not to be influenced in any way : a strong arm 
alone will meet their case." 

" We can take the props from them," said Mr. Low- 
ington. 

'* You must go a step farther than that ; you must 
search the berths and lockers for cards, dice, or other 
gambling implements. ^Even then you will not have 
struck at the root of the evil." 

"What is the root of the evil? " asked the principal. 

" Money, sir ! " replied the doctor, with unusual 
energy.. 

" That is said to be the root of all evil," added Mr. 
Lowington, with a smile. 

" Among boys, money does more injury than we can 
comprehend. A college friend of mine was wholly 
spoiled by his allowance of money. His purse was 
always full, which made him the prey of dissolute per- 
sons. He always had the means of gratifying his 

17* 



I9S OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

appetites, and is now a sot, if he is living. He he^an 
^ drink, gamble, and dissipate generally, before he 
entered college : he was expelled in a year. Without 
money,* as a boy, he would have been saved from a 
score of temptations. Every boy on board this ship 
has a pocket full of sovereigns for his European ex- 
penses. They are all young nabobs, and if you ever 
let them go ashore, you will have your hands full, 
Mr. Lowington. They will drink beer and wine, visit 
bad places, gamble and carouse. While they have 
plenty of money, you can hardly prevent them from 
being a nuisance to you and to themselves." 

" There is a great deal of force in what you say, 
Dr. Winstock." 

" Money will be the root of all evil to these boys, 
most emphatically. Those who are disposed to gam- 
ble will do so while they have money." 

" The inference to be drawn from your remarks is, 
that the students should not have pocket money." 

'* Most decidedly that is my opinion. If I had a 
son, I wouldn't allow him a penny of pocket money." 

" That would be rather hard," said the chaplain. 

" I know it, but it would be the best thing in the 
world for the boy. I don't mean to say that I would 
never permit him to have money ; but he should have 
no stated allowance; and when he had a dollar, I 
should want to know how it was to be expended." 

" This question of money allowances has been under 
serious consideration with me." 

" You can't handle the boys in Europe with money 
in their pockets. A regiment of soldiers could not 
keep them straight." 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 1 99 

" I think you are right, doctor. I am tempted to 
take their money from them." 

'* Do it, by all means ! " exclaimed Dr. Winstock. 

The chaplain regarded the measure as rather high- 
handed. He thought it would belittle the boys, and 
deprive them of some portion of their self-respect. 
The instructors came into the cabin at seven bells, and 
their opinions were taken. Four of the six were in 
favor of taking all money from the boys. Mr. Low- 
ington had already reached this view of the case, and 
it was resolved to take the important step at once, as 
the best means of effectually putting a stop to the prac- 
tice of gambling. 

Mr. Fluxion had been unable to attend tliis confer- 
ence for more than a few moments, for he was the 
instructor in mathematics, which included navigation, 
and he was compelled to superintend the observations, 
which were made with separate instruments by him- 
self and by the two masters of the forenoon watch. 
The position of the ship was found, and marked on 
the chart, and the " dead reckoning " compared with 
the result obtained by calculation. 

At one bell in the afternoon watch, all hands were 
piped to muster, and the gamblers readily understood 
tliat this call was for their especial benefit. 

"Wilton," said Mr. Lowington, from his usual 
position. 

The culprit came forward. 

" With whom were you gambling in mess room No. 
8, this forenoon?" asked the principal. 

Wilton looked up at the stern dispenser of discipline. 
If he did not know, it was not his business to tell. 



JOO OUTWARD BOtTND, OR 

*' Answer me.** 

" I don't know.** 

" You are telling a falsehood.** 

" I don't remember their names now,** said Wilton. 

** You do remember them ; and for each falsehood 
you utter you shall sufier an additional penalty." 

** I'm not a telltale, sir,'* answered Wilton, dogged* 
ly. ** I don't want to tell who they were." 

"Very well; why didn^t you say that at first? I 
have some respect for the student who dislikes to 
betray even his companions in error ; none at all for a 
liar. Adler and Sanborn," added the principal ; and 
the two gamblers stepped up to the hatch. " Young 
gentlemen, you are charged with gambling. Have 
you anything to say? " 

" Nothing sir," they all replied. 

" Wilton, how much money have you lost at play? *' 

" None, sir." 

*' How much have you made ? " 

" Ten shillings — half a sovereign." 

" From whom did you win it? " 

« From Sanborn." 

« Return it to him." 

Wilton obeyed. Adler had won about a dollar from 
Sanborn, which he was also compelled to restore. 
Mr. Lowington was satisfied that others had gained 
or lost by gambling, but as he did not know who the 
other gamblers were, he did not attempt to have the 
ill-gotten money restored ; for he never made himself 
ridiculous to the students by endeavoring to do what 
could not be done. 

Mr. Lowington then made a very judicious addr^s 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 201 

Dpon the evil of gambling, pointing out its dangerous 
fascination, and the terrible consequences which sooner 
or later overtook, its victims. He illustrated his re- 
marks by examples drawn from real life. The chap- 
lain followed him, detailing the career of a young man 
whom he had attended in prison, and who had been 
utterly ruined by the habit of gaming, contracted 
before he was of age. 

These addresses seemed to produce a deep impres- 
sion on the boys, and one would have judged by their 
looks that they all regarded the dangerous practice 
with well-grounded horror. Mr. Lowington took the 
stand again, and followed with another address upon 
*' the root of all evil ; *' adding that, having money in 
their possession, they would be tempted to gamble. 

"Now, young gentlemen, I propose that you all 
deliver your funds to me, taking my receipt for what- 
ever amount you deliver to me. When you have any 
real need of money, apply to me, and I will restore 
it," added Mr. Lowington. 

*' Take our money from us ! *' exclaimed several ; and 
it was evident that the proposition was creating a tre* 
mendous sensation among the students. 



aOJ OUTWARD BOUND. OR 



CHAPTER XIIL 



PIPING TO MISCHIEF. 



AFTER tke ofiensive announcement that the 
students were to deliver up their money to tlie 
principal, and take his receipt for it, the crew were 
dismissed from muster, after being informed that the 
business of reccivnig the funds would be immediately 
commenced in the steerage. The three gamblers were 
not punished, except by the mortification of the expo- 
sure, even by the loss of tlieir marks, though Wilton was 
confined in the brig one hour for each falsehood he 
had uttered. Mr. Lowington knew that at least a 
dozen of the boys were guilty of gambling ; and as the 
matter now came up for the first time, he did not 
deem it expedient to punish those who had been dis- 
covered, hoping tliat the preventive measures he had 
adopted would efiectually suppress the evil. 

Many of the students regai*ded the taking of tlicir 
money as an indignity. Only a few of them, compar- 
atively, had engaged in gambling, though many of tlie 
occupants of the steerage knew of the existence of the 
practice on board the ship. They were willing to 
believe, and did believe, after the impressive addresses 
to which they had listened,, tliat games of chance 
were a perilous amusement, but they were not quite 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. JCg 

willing to acknowledge the justice of Mr, Lowington's 
measures. 

Most of the officers, and many of the crew, cheer- 
fully complied with the new regulation. They handed 
their money to the pursers, and received a receipt for 
the amount, signed by tlie principal. Others emptied 
the contents of their exchequer sullenly, and under 
protest ; while not a few openly grumbled in the pres- 
ence of Mr. Lowington. Some of " our fellows " 
attempted to keep back a portion of their funds, and 
perhaps a few succeeded, though the tact of the prin- 
cipal exposed the deceit in several instances. What- 
ever may be thought of the justice or the expediency of 
depriving the students of their money, it was evidently 
an exceedingly unpopular step. 

In the second dog watch, when Shuffles and Paul 
Kendall were off duty, they happened to meet in tlie 
waist ; and the exciting topic of the day came up for 
discussion, as it had in every little group that collected 
that afternoon. Shuffles had accomplished his pur- 
pose ; he had accomplished far more than he intended. 
He had expected nothing more thin a general on- 
slaught upon gambling, followed by increased strin- 
gency in tlie regulations, and a closer watch over the 
students in their rooms, which would produce sufficient 
irritation among the boys to suit his purposes. Now 
the crew, and even some of the officers, were in a 
ferment of indignation, and ripe for a demonstration 
of any kind. 

" The business is done," said Paul Kendall, as he 
met the conspirator. 

^^ I'm afraid k*s overdone," answered Shuffles, seri- 



204 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

ously, though he was actually in a state of exultation 
over the effect which had been produced by the new 
regulation. 

" I hope not. I did not mention your name to the 
principal in connectionf with the matter," added Pauh 

"Didn't he ask you?" 

" He did ; but when I stated the case to him, and 
told him the person who had given me the informa- 
tion had let it out accidentally, and did not wish to 
be known, he asked no more questions." 

" Thank you, Mr. Kendall. This last measure is 
so unpopular that I should have been cast out like an 
unclean bird, if it were known that I gave the hint." 

" No one shall know anything about it from me, 
Shuffles. You did a good thing for the ship, and for 
every fellow in it." 

" They wouldn't be willing to believe that just 
now," said Shuffles, laughing. 

" Perhaps not ; but it is a fact, none the less." 

" I didn't tliink Mr. Lowington would go it quite so 
strong. If I had, I shouldn't have told you what I 
did." 

" Wliy, are you not satisfied with what has been 
done ? " asked Kendall, with some astonishment 

" No, I am not. I am glad enough to see the gam- 
bling stopped, but I don't think the principal had any 
more right to take my money away from me than he 
had to take my head off," replied Shuffles, earnestly. 

" Don't you think it will be better for tlie fellows to 
be without money than with it? " 

" Perhaps it will ; I don't know about that. Your 
neighbor might be a better man if he were poor thaa 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 205 

if he were rich : does that make it that you have any 
right to take his property from him? " 

" I don't think it does," replied Paul. . 

*' The State of Massachusetts, for instance, or the 
State of Ohio, makes laws against games of chance. 
Why not make a law, if a man gambles, that all his 
money shall be taken from him?" 

** The state has no right to make such a law, I 
suppose." 

" But the principal goes a long reach beyond that. 
He takes every man's money away from him, whether 
he is accused of gambling or not. Do you tliink he 
had any right to do that? " 

" He hasn't made any law ; but if you want law, 
I'll give you some ! " laughed Paul, who was disposed 
to treat the subject very good-naturedly, especially as 
there was so much loose indignation floating about the 
decks* 

" I don't mean law alone, but justice," added Shuf- 
fles. " I call it high-handed injustice to take the 
fellows' money away from them." 

" Let me give you a little law, then," persisted Paul. 
" How old are you, Shuffles? " . 

" Eighteen." 

"Good I You are an infant." 

"Inlaw, lam." 

" Suppose your uncle, or somebody else, should die 
to-day, and leave you flfty thousand dollars : wouldn't 
you have a good time with it? " 

" I should, as soon as I got hold of it, you had 
better believe," replied Shuffles. . 

" As soon as you got hold of it I " exclaimed Paul. 
18 



ao6 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

**' I suppose I should have a guardian till I became 
of age." 

" Who would appoint your guardian? ** 

" The court, I believe." 

" Exactly so ! The law I What, take your monej 
away from you, or not let you touch it ! " 

" That's law, certainly." 

" Weil, wouldn't the law have just as much right to 
take off a fellow's head, as to take his money ? " de- 
manded Paul, triumphantly. 

" Mr. Lowington is not our guardian." 

" Yes, he is, for the time being ; and I hold that he 
has just as much right to take your money from you 
as your father would have." 

" I don't see it ; I don't believe it. The money was 
given us by our fathers to spend in Europe when we 
get there." 

" Mr. Lowington is to pay all our expenses on shore, 
by the terms of the contract. Besides, the regulations 
of the Academy Ship, to which all the parents assented, 
require that the control of the boys shall be wholly 
given up to the principal. It's a plain case, Shuffles." 

Mr. Lowington and his policy had an able and zeal- 
ous defender in the person of Paul Kendall, who, hy 
his arguments, as well as his influence, had already 
reconciled several of the students to the new regula- 
tion. 

" If I were willing to grant the right of the princi' 
pal to take the fellows' money from them — which I 
am not — I think it is treating them like babies to do 
so. It is punishing the innocent with the guilty." 

" Mr. Lowington said, in so many words, that the 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 207 

measure was not intended as a punishment; that it 
-was purely a matter of discipline, intended to meet 
certain evils which must appear when we landed in 
Europe, as well as to prevent gambling." 

Paul certainly had the best of the argument; but 
Shuffles was not convinced, because he did not wish 
to be convinced. 

At eight bells, when the first part of the port watch 
went on duty, the wind had shifted from west to north ; 
the studding-sails had been taken in, the spanker, 
main spencer, and all the stay-sails hdd been set, and 
the ship, close-hauled, was barely laying her course. 
The wind was fresh, and she was heeled over on the 
starboard side, so that her decks formed a pretty steep 
inclined plane. Under these circumstances, it required 
a great deal of skill and watchfulness on the part of 
the wheelmen to keep the sails full, and at the same 
time to lay the course. As the ship's head met the 
heavy seas, a g^eat deal of spray was dashed on deck, 
and the position of the lookout-men on the top-gallant 
forecastle was not as comfortable as if the weather 
had been warmer. There was no dodging; every 
student was obliged to stand at his post, wet or dry, 
blow high or blow low. 

Wilton had been discharged from confinement in 
the brig, where Mr. Agneau had visited him, giving 
him good advice and religious instruction, as he did to 
all who were punished in any manner, and was now 
with his watch on deck. The new regulation was 
particularly odious to " our fellows," and Wilton re- 
garded himself as a martyr to the popular cause, for- 
getting that he had been punished for the lies he had 



2o8 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

told. lie and twenty others were forward to say they 
^^ wouldn't stand it ; ** and the indignation seemed to 
be increasing rather than subsiding. 

" Well, Wilton, how do you like the inside of the. 
brig?" asked Shuffles, when they met in the main-top, 
having been sent aloft to clear away the bowline 
bridle on the main-topsail. 

" I like it well enough," replied Wilton. " I wasn't 
going to blow on the fellows, ; I would stay in there a 
month first." 

" Did you give up your money ? " 

" Of course I did ; I couldn't help myself." 

*' How do you like the new regulation? " 

" I don't like it any better than the rest of the fellows 
do," answered Wilton, in surly tones. " I won't stand 
it, either." 

" O, I guess you will," laughed Shuffles. " I told 
you Lowington was a tyrant, but you wouldn't believe 
me." 

" Yes, I would ; and I did." 

" The fellows will find out what he is before they 
are many days older." 

" I think they have found out now. I say. Shuffles, 
was this the row you spoke about last night? " 

" Yes ; only there's more of it than I expected." 

" How did you know anything abput it before, 
hand?" 

'* I have a way of finding out these things," repliea 
the artful conspirator, mysteriously. " I have one or 
two friends at court." 

" Is Paul Kendall one of them? " 

*' No ; he is a simpleton. He don't know which 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 209 

Bide his bread is buttered* If Lowington takes snufF, 
Kendall sneezes." 

" I have seen you talking with him two or three 
times to-day." 

" I was only pumping him.*' 

" Well, there is a jolly row on board now, any- 
how," added Wilton, as he prepared to descend over 
the cat-harpings. 

" Hold on ; don't let's go on deck yet," interposed 
Shuffles. " I want to know what our fellows are going 
to do." 

" They will call us down, if we stop here." 

" When they do, we will go down, then," replied 
Shuffles, as he seated himself in the top, with his legs 
through the lubber's-hole. " What are our fellows going 
to do? Do they mean to stand this thing? " 

" They can't help themselves ; they are mad enough 
to do an3rthing ; but what's the use ? " added Wilton, 
as he seated himself by the side of his companion. 

" Don't you think they will join the League now ? " 

" They would join anything that would give them 
their rights. I'll join now ; but I don't want to be 
toggled in such a way as you said last night." 

" Then you can't be toggled at all." 

" I haven't any idea of falling overboard accident- 
ally. I'd rather lose my money than do lliat" 

" It's nothing but a form, Wilton. Between you 
and me, it's only a bugbear, intended to work upon 
the nerves and the imagination. Of course we 
shouldn't help any fellow overboard ; no one would 
dare to do any such thing." 

" I don't like the sound of the thing." 
18* 



no OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

*^ If you really mean to expose the secrets which are 
intrusted to you, I advise you not to join/' 

" I don't mean any such thing," added Wilton, 
indignantly. 

" If you didn't, you wouldn't be afraid of the 
penalty. 

" Toggle me, then ; and see what I mean." 

" I don't want you to go in if you don't believe 
in it." 

" But I do believe in it ; so go ahead." 

Shuffles pronounced the ridiculous obligation again, 
and Wilton repeated it after him. 

"Now you are toggled," said the leader. 

" What are we going to do ? " 

" Bring in the rest of our fellows ; that is the first 
job. In my opinion we can get over fifty of tlietn 
now." 

" I don't know about that," answered Wilton, doubt- 
fully. 

" I'm very sure we can. If we get enough to take 
the ship, we can have all the rest as soon as we have 
done the job." 

" Take the ship ! " exclaimed Wilton, appalled at 
the idea. 

" That's what we mean." 

" I don't believe you can do it," replied the doubtful 
" link in the Chain." 

" It's the easiest thing in the world. The affair will 
come off at supper time, when the professors are all 
in their cabin. All we have to do is to clap the hatch 
on the after companion-way, and secure the doors 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 211 

leading from the main cabin into the steerage. Then 
we have them, and they can't help themselves." 

" But the boatswain, carpenter, and sailraaker will 
be loose." 

" No, they won't. At the right time, we will pass 
the word for tliem, and say that Lowington wants to 
see them in the main cabin. As soon as they go 
below we will put the hatch on." 

" The cooks and stewards will still be at large." 

" We can lock them up in the kitchen. If they 
make trouble, I have a revolver," whispered Shuf- 
fles. 

" A revolver ! I won't have anything to do with it 
if you are going to use pistols," said the alarmed con- 
federate. 

" It's only to look at ; there will be no occasion ta 
use it," answered Shuffles, soothingly. 

" There will be twelve men, besides the stewards^ 
locked up in tlie main cabin." 

"That's so." 

" How long do you suppose it would take them to 
break down the bulkhead between the cabin and tlie 
steerage, or to climb up through the skylight?" 

" If they attempt anything of that kind, we can 
show them the revolver ; that will quiet them." 

" You might frighten the parson in that way ; but 
do you suppose men like Mr. Lowington, Mr. Fluxion, 
and Peaks, who have been in the navy so long, will be 
afraid of a pistol ? " 

" They won't want to be shot, if they have Jjeen in 
the navy all their lives." 

" Then you mean to shoot them ? " 



213 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

"They will think we do, and it will be all the 
same," 

" I don't know about this business. 'I'm afraid the 
pistol might go oft', and hurt somebody." 

"I suppose you could raise objections all night,*' 
added Shuffles, contemptuously. "I'm not going to 
have any man tyrannize over me, Wilton. I suppose 
if Lowington wants to pull every fellow's teeth out, 
you won't object." 

" I'm as much opposed to his tyranny as you are, 
and I will do anything that is reasonable ; but I want 
to know whether the water is hot or cold before I put 
my fingers into it. What's the use of blundering into 
an enterprise, and making a failure of it ? " 

" I have no idea of making a failure of it. Did you 
ever know me to make a failure of anything that I 
attempted?" 

" Yes, I have." 

"What?" 

" You failed to get elected captain when we first 
came aboard of the ship." 

" That was only because we had just come on 
board ; the fellows didn't know me, and I didn't know 
them. We are better acquainted now, and I am just 
as sure of success as though we had already won 
it," added Shuffles, confidently. " I don't believe in 
making failures." 

" I don't believe there is more than one chance in 
ten for you to succeed," continued the sceptic. 

" There isn't more than one chance in ten for us to 
fail. You are a bird of evil omen. You have no faith 
in anything ; and if you are going to croak like this, I 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 213 

don't want you in the Chain/* added Shuffles, petu- 
lantly. 

"Fm in for it, already; and when I can see my 
way clearly, I shall be as strong as you are." 

" Then don't croak any more. We must go to 
work while the fever is on the fellows, and make 
up " 

" In the main-top, ahoy ! ** shouted the master, from 
the waist. 

" On deck ! " replied Shuffles. 

" Lay down from aloft ! " 

" Yes, sir." 

The conspirators descended, after Shuffles had ad- 
monished his shaky companion to be discreet. 

*' What are you doing in the top so long?" demanded 
Foster, the first master, as the tmants reached the 
sheer-pole. 

"Watching the sea, sir," replied Shuffles*-'^ "It 
looks fine from the top." 

"When you have done what you are sent aloft 
for, it is your duty to come down and report it," 
added the officer. 

Shuffles mad^ no reply, as he probably would have 
done if he had not had a heavy operation on his 
hands, which prevented him from indulging in any 
side quarrels. 

Except the wheelmen and the lookout, the watch 
on deck was divided into little groups, who were 
quartered in the most comfortable places they could 
find, telling stories, or discussing the exciting topic of 
the day. 

" Shuffles, some of our fellows want to see you 



214 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

and Wilton," said Adler, as the first master went 
below, to inspect tlie steerage, at two bells. 

'' What's up ? " demanded the conspirator. 

** Don't say anything," added the messenger, as he 
led the way to the steerage skylight, under the lee of 
which Sanborn and Grimme had stowed themselves 
away, out of the reach of the stream that was flowing 
along the water-ways, and of the spray which was 
dashing over the weather bows. 

The party from aloft, with the messenger, increased 
the group to five, which was the total number of ** our 
fellows " that could be mustered in the first part of the 
port watch. 

" What's up ? " demanded Shuflflcs, when he had 
seated himself by the skylight, * 

*' We intend to pipe to mischief, to-night. Shuf- 
fles, and we want some help from you," said Sanborn, 
in reply. 

" We have been robbed of our money, and we are 
going to have satisfaction, somehow or other," added 
Grimme, in explanation. " We are not going to stand 
this sort of thing. We must teach Lowington and 
the professors tliat they can't put our noses to the 
grindstone." 

" Exactly .so ! " exclaimed Shuffles. " And you 
intend to put them there yourselves. In other words, 
you mean to get into some scrape, and be punished 
for it, as I was." 

"No, we don't. We are going to work man-of- 
war style. Old Peaks told us how to do it, when we 
were on watch last night," replied Grimme. 

"Peaks?" 



YOXmG AMERICA AFLOAT. 215 

" Yes, he spun us a yam about man-of-war life, and 
told us how the men serve out the officers when they 
don't behave themselves/* 

*' Peaks told you this — did he ? " demanded Shuffles. 

" Of course he didn't mean to have us do anything 
of t le kind." 

" Well, how did he tell you to serve out the 
officers ? " 

" Make them uncomfortable ; keep them in a hornet'j 
nest all the time." 

" How ? How ? " asked Shuffles, impatiendy. 

" Why, if the unpopular officer went forward, a 
belaying pin was sure to drop on his head or his feet ; 
a tar can or a paint pot would be upset on his back ; 
or, if he went below, a cannon ball was liable to roll 
out of a shot case upon him. Of course no pne ever 
knew the author of this mischief." 

" Do you propose to play off any of these tricks on 
Lowington?" demanded Shuffles. 

"We have got a rod in pickle for him," replied 
Grimme, chuckling. 

"What is it?" 

" We intend to give him a dose of kerosene oil, to 
begin with," laughed Sanborn. 

" One of the stewards left his oil can on the fore- 
scuttle ladder, after the hatch was put on to keep the 
spray out, and I took possession of it," added Grimme j 
hardly able to keep his mirth within the limits of 
prudence. 

" What are you going to do with it ? " asked Shuffles. 

** We are going to give Lovirington the contents of 
tl> tan, and dien throw it overboard." 



2l6 OUTWARD BOUND, 0» 

"Indeed! Who is the fellow that has boldness 
enough to do this thing?" 

" I have ; and I have volunteered tr» do the job," 
answered Grimme, with a degree of assurance which 
astonished even Shuffles. 

" You dare not do it I " 

" I dare, and I will, if the fellows will stand by me. 
Lowington is sitting at the table in the professors' 
cabin,, right under the skylight, reading. One section 
of the skylighf is 6pen, and you can see him, as plain 
as day. It*s as dark as a pocket on deck, and th^ 
officers can't see you twenty feet off. All I have to d<t 
is to pop the oil through the opening, and get out of 
the way." 

"What then?" 

" Why, he will come on deek^ and try to find out 
who did it ; but he can't." 

" Perhaps he can." 

" No, he can't ; only half a dozen of the fellows 
will know anything about it, and of course they won't 
let on." 

" Suppose he don*t find out. What good will tliis 
trick do?" 

" The second part of the port watch must follow up 
the game. Lowington will come on deck at eight 
bells, and Monroe, in the starboard watch, will give 
him another dose." 

"What will that be?" 

" Slush the first Step of thd ladder iat the after com- 
panion-way, and let hitn tumble down Stairs/' chuckled 
Grimme. 

*' Then Lyneh will give Jiim some morei** told Adler. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 217 

" Well, you may break his neck when he tuml^les 
down the ladder. Fll have nothing to do with any 
of those tricks," added Shuffles, decidedly. " If you 
want to pipe to mischief, I'm with you, but in no such 
way as that. Those are little, mean, dirty tricks." 

" But they will keep him in hot water all the time, 
and he will get sick of being a tyrant over the fellows 
in less than a week. There are twenty things we 
might do to annoy him, which would help to bring 
him to his senses. For instance, when the steward 
carries the coffee into the professors' cabin, one fellow 
might engage his attention, while anotlier drops a 
lump of salt, a handful of pepper, or a piece of 
tobacco into the urn." 

" I don't want to hear any more of such low-lived 
tricks," interposed the magnificent conspirator. " If 
you want to pipe to mischief, let us do it like men." 

" What would you do ? Fifty of the fellows, at least, 
will go into anything to punish Lowington for his 
tyranny." 

'^ Join the Chain, then," said Shuffles, in a whisper, 
and with a suitable parade of mystery. 

"The what?" 

" The Chain." 

The object of the Leag^ie was duly explained ; and 
before the second part of the port watch came on 
deck, three new members had been " toggled." 
Greatly to the satisfaction of Shuffles, and to the aston- 
ishment of Wilton, they did not hesitate at the penalty 
of the obligation, and seemed to be entirely willing to 
** fall overboard accidentally " if they failed to make 
strong and faithful " links in the Chain." 
19 



3l8 OUTWARD BOVHDt OK 



CHAPTER XIV. 

ALL HANDS, REEF TOPSAILS I 

AUGUSTUS PELHAM, the fourth lieutenant 
of the Young America, was almost the only 
malcontent among the officers ; the only one who per- 
sistently declined to be reconciled to the new regula- 
tion. Others objected to it; others criticised it, and 
even regarded the act as tyrannical ; but the good offices 
of Paul Kendall, who argued the question with them, 
as he did with Shuffles, had in a measure conciliated 
them, and they were at least disposed to submit grace- 
fully to the order. But Pelham was not of this num- 
ber. He was above the average age, and, like the 
chief conspirator on board, expecting to leave the ship 
at the end of the first year, had not exerted himself to 
the extent of his ability. He had been first lieuten- 
ant, and had now fallen to fourth. He was older than 
the captain, and it galled him to be subject to one 
younger than himself. 

He was dissatisfied with his rank, and this had a 
tendency to make him a grumbler. * It needed only an 
appearance of tyranny or injustice to array him in 
&pirit against the authorities of the ship. Shuffles 
knew his state of mind, and was prepared to take 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. »ig 

advantage of it, hoping through him. to gain other dis- 
contented spirits in the cabin. 

When the first part of tlie port watch was relieved, 
the " Chain " consisted of five links, and the conspira- 
tors were well satisfied with the present success of the 
enterprise. Each of the new members of the League 
was commissioned to obtain a recruit, whose name 
was given to him, and he was required to report 
upon the case, to ShufRes, before eight bells in the 
afernoon watch. As a measure of precaution, it was 
required that no meetings should be held ; that not 
more than three members should assemble for business 
at any one time. The utmost care and circumspec- 
tion were urged, and it was agreed that not a word 
should be said in the steerage, where it was possible 
^r any of the professors to overhear it. 

The second part of the port watch, with Pelham as 
officer of the deck, went on duty at ten o'clock. The 
wind had been freshening for the last two hours, and 
it was now necessary to reduce sail. The royals were 
first taken in, and then the top-gallant sails. 

" We can't lay this course, sir," said Burchmore, the 
quartermaster, who was conning the helm. *'The 
wind is hauling tp the eastward." 

" Make the course east by north then," replied Pel- 
ham, without taking the trouble to consult the captain 
or Mr. Fluxion, both of whom were on deck. 

** The wind is' north-north-east, sir," reported the 
quartermaster, a short time afterwards. 

" Keep her east then." 

At six bells the wind was north-east, and coming 
heavier and heavier every moment. The ship was 



220 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

headed east-south-east, and it was evident that she still 
had on more sail than she could easily carry. 

** What's the course, Mr. Pelham ? " asked Captain 
Gordon. 

** East-south-east, sir," replied Pelham. 

" The course given out was east-north-east.-' 

*' I have changed it three times within the last hour," 
answered the fourth lieutenant, in rather surly tones. 

" By whose order? " demanded the captain. 

" By n<J one's order, sir." 

**You know tlie regulation for the officer of the 
deck. He is not permitted to alter the course of the 
ship, unless to avoid some sudden danger, without 
informing tlie captain." 

"I had to alter the course, or have the topsails 
thrown aback," replied Pelham. 

" Very likely it was proper to alter the courscv; but 
it was also proper to inform me, especially when I 
was on deck." 

" Very well. Captain Gordon. I will not alter the 
course again without your order," added the fourth 
lieutenant, stiffly. 

" The regulation is not mine, Mr. Pelham," contin- 
ued the captain, sternly. 

As the wind increased, sail was reduced to topsails 
and courses, jib and spanker ; but at seven bells even 
these were found to be too much for her. 

" Captain Gordon, it is coming heavier," said Mr. 
Fluxion. " I think it will be necessary to reef." 

" I was thinking of that, sir. The wind is north- 
cast, and blowing a gale." 

*' You had better call iail hands, and do it at once."\ 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 221 

" Mr. Pelbam, you will call all hands to reef top 
sails ! " 

*'A11 hands, sir?" 

" Certainly, Mr. Pelham ; that was my order,*' re- 
plied the captain, more sharply than usual, for there 
was something in the manner of the officer of the 
deck which he did not like, and he found it necessary 
to maintain the dignity of his position. 

Pelham touched his cap ; he felt the weight of au- 
tliority upon him heavier tlian ever before. Until 
recently he had always performed his duty cheerfully, 
and was considered a first-rate officer. Since the new 
regulation had been put in force, and he had been 
compelled to deliver up ten sovereigns in his posses- 
sion, he had been rather disagreeable. In the cabin 
he had used some language reflecting upon the prin- 
cipal, and he was now regarded as a malcontent by 
tlie captain, and by tliose who still sustained the dis- 
cipline of the ship. 

" Morrison," called he, as he went forward to the 
waist. 

" Here, sir," replied the boatswain, who belonged 
in this quarter watch ; and there was a boatswain's 
mate in each of the others. 

" Call all hands to reef topsails." 

The shrill pipe of the boatswain's whistle soon rang 
above the howling winds, which now sounded gloom- 
ily through the rigging. The call was repeated in the 
steerage, and at the door of the after cabin, where it 
could be heard by the officers, for no one on board is 
exempted when all hands are called. This was the 
first taste of the hardships of a seaman's life to which 
19* 



223 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

the Students had been invited. It is not pleasant, to 
say the least, to be turned out of a warm bed in a 
gale, when tlie wind comes cold and furious, laden 
with the spray of the ocean, and be sent aloft in the 
"gging of the ship, when she is rolling and pitching, 
jumping and jerking, in the mad waves. But there 
is no excuse at such a time, and nothing but positive 
physical disability can exempt officer or seaman from 
duty. 

It was the first time the bo3's had seen a gale at sea, 
and though it was not yet what would be called a 
strong gale, it was sufficiently terridc to produce a deep 
impression upon them. The ship was still close- 
hauled, under topsails and courses, with jib and 
spanker. The wind came in heavy blasts, and -when 
they struck the sails, tlie Young America heeled over, 
until her lee yard-arm seemed to be dipping the waves. 
Huge billows came roaring down from the windward, 
crowned with white foam, and presenting an a>vful 
aspect in the night, striking the ship, lifting her bow 
high in tlie air, and breaking over the rail, pouring 
tons of water on the deck. 

Before the whole crew had been called, every open- 
ing in the deck had been secured, and the plank guards 
placed over the glass in the skylights. Life lines had 
been stretched along the decks, and the swinging 
ports, through which the water that came over the 
rail escaped, were crossed with whale line by Peaks, 
to prevent any unlucky boy from being washed 
through, if he happened to be thrown off his feet 
by a rush of water to the scuppers. 

The scene was wild. and startling; it was even ter- 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 223 

rible to those who had never seen anything of the kind 
before, though the old sailors regarded it quite as a 
matter of course. * Peaks had never been known to be 
so jolly and excited since he came on board. He was 
full of jokes and witty sayings ; he seemed to be in 
his element now, and all his powers of body and mind 
were in the keenest state of excitement. 

The students were disposed to look .upon it as a 
rough time, and doubtless some of them thought the 
ship was in great peril. Not a few of them pretended 
to enjoy the scene, and talked amazingly salt, as 
though they had been used to this kind of thing all 
their lives. Mr. Lowington came on deck, wlicn all 
hands were called ; and though, to his experienced eye, 
there was no danger while the ship was well managed, 
he was exceedingly anxious, for it was a time when 
accidents were prone to happen, and the loss of a boy 
at such an hour, would endanger the success of his 
great experiment. On deck, the students could not 
get overboard without the grossest carelessness ; but it 
was perilous to send them aloft in the gloom of tlie 
howling tempest. He had hoped that he might be 
permitted to meet the onslaught of die first gale the 
ship encountered in the daytime ; but as the " clerk of 
the weather " otherwise ordained it, he was compelled 
to make the best of the circumstances. 

Before the mancBuvre of reefing, in the gale, was 
begun, Mr. Fluxion was sent forward. Bitts was 
placed in the fore rigging, Peaks in the main, and 
Leach in the mizzen, to see that the young tars did not 
needlessly expose themselves, and that they used all 



S24 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

proper precautions to avoid an accident All the offi- 
cers were at their stations. 

*^ Man the topsail clewlines, and buntlines, and the 
weather topsail braces," shouted Haven, the first lieu- 
tenant, who always handled the ship when all hands 
were called. *' Stand by the lee braces, bowlines, and 
halyards." 

The clewlines are ropes fastened to the corners of 
the topsail, passing through blocks on the topsail yard, 
and leading down to the deck through the lubber's 
hole. They are used in hauling the corners of the 
sail up when they are to be reefed or furled. 

The buntlines are two ropes attached to cringles, or 
eyes, in the bottom* of the sail, which are used for 
hauling up the middle, or bunt, of the topsail. 

The braces are the ropes secured to the ends of the 
yards, leading down to the deck directly, or to a mast 
first, and thence below, by which the yards and the 
sails attached to them are hauled round so as to take 
the wind. They are distinguished by the terms 
** weather" and " lee," the former being those on the 
side from which the wind comes, the latter on the 
opposite side. They also have their specific names, 
as the '' weather fore-top-gallant brace," the " lee main 
brace." 

The bowlines are ropes attached to the leeches of 
square sails to draw the edge forward, so that they 
may take the wind better. They are fastened to the 
bridles, which are loops like those of a kite, two or 
tliree of them extending from the side of the sail. 

The halyards are the ropes by which any sail is 
hoisted. For square sails they are secured to the 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 225 

yards, which, with the exception of the lower one 
on each mast slide up and down. 

" Clear away the bowlines," said the first lieuten- 
ant, when all hands were reported ready for the 
manoeuvre which had been ordered. 

At this command the bowlines on the topsails and 
courses were unfastened. 

" All clear, sir," reported the officers from their 
stations. 

* Round in the weather braces, ease off the lee 
braces ! " was the next order. " Settle away the top- 
sail halyards ! Clew down ! " 

To round in the weather braces was simply to haul 
them up as the lee braces were slacked, so that the 
yard was squared. As the command was executed, 
the sail was " spilled," or the wind thrown out of it. 

" Haul out the reef tackles ! Haul up the bunt- 
lines ! " continued the executive officer. 

To reef a sail is to tie up a portion of it, so as to 
present less surface of canvas to the force of the wind. 
Topsails are reefed in the upper part ; a portion of 
the sail nearest to the yard from which it is suspended 
being rolled up and secured by strings to the yard. 
Fo^e and afl sails, like the spanker, the fore and main 
spencers, or the mainsail of a schooner, are reefed at 
the foot, the lower part being tied down to the boom. 

The topsails of the Young America had three reef 
bands, or strips of canvas sewed crosswise over 
them, in which were the reef points, or strings by 
which the sail is tied up when reefed. When the first 
or highest row of reef points was used, the sail was 
single reefed; when the second was used, it was 



226 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

double reefed ; and when the third row was used, H 
was close reefed. On each side of the sail, at the end 
of each reef band, was a cringle, or eye, in which the 
reef pendent was fastened. The reef tackle consists 
of a rope passing from the eye, at the end of the reef 
band, through a block at tlie extremity of the yard, 
thence to the mast, and down to the deck. Hauling 
on this rope draws the required portion of the sail up 
to the yard in readiness to be reefed. 

The reef tackles were hauled out, and the buntlines 
hauled up to bring the sail where it could be easily 
handled. When the sail is to be reefed, the seamen 
have to *' lay out " on the yards, and tie up the sail. 
To enable them to do this with safety, there are horses, 
or foot-ropes, extending from the slings, or middle of 
the spar, to the yard-arms. This rope hangs below 
the yard, the middle parts being supported by stirrups. 
When a man is to "lay out," he throws his breast 
across the yard with his feet on the horse. The man 
at the " weather earing," or eye for the reef pendent, 
has to sit astride the yard, and pull the sail towards 
him. 

The foot-rope sometimes slips through the eyes in 
the stirrups when only one hand goes out upon it, 
which does, or may, place him in a dangerous posi- 
tion. During the preceding day, when the barometer 
indicated a change of weather, Mr. Lowington had 
sent the old boatswain aloft to " mouse the horses," 
in anticipation of the manoeuvre which the boys were 
now compelled to perform at midnight, in a gale of 
wind. Mousing the horses was merely fastening the 
foot-ropes to the eyes of the stirrups, so that they could 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 227 

not slip through, and thus throw the entire slack of 
the horse under one boy, by which he sank down so 
low that his neck was even with the spar. 

At the foot of each mast there is a contrivance for 
securing ropes, called the fife-rail. It is full of belay- 
ing pins, to which are secured the sheets, halyards, 
buntlines, clewlines, lifts, braces, reef tackle, and 
other ropes leading down from aloft. Looking at the 
mast, it seems to be surrounded by a perfect wilder- 
ness of ropes, without order or arrangement, whose 
uses no ordinary mortal could comprehend. There 
were other ropes leading down from aloft, which were 
fastened at the sheer-poles and under tlie rail. Now, 
it is necessary that every sailor should be able to put 
his hand on the right rope in the darkest night ; and 
when the order to haul out the buntlines was given 
in the gloom and the gale, those to whom this duty 
was assigned could have closed their eyes and found 
the right lines. 

"Aloft, topman!" continued the first lieutenant, 
when the topsails were in readiness for reefing. 

At this order thirty of the young tars ran up the 
shrouds, over the cat-harpings, and up the rigging, till 
they reached the fore, main, and mizzen topsail yards. 
Twelve of them were stationed on the main, ten on 
the fore, and eight on the mizzen topsail yard. The 
first, second, and third midshipmen were aloft to su- 
perintend the work, and when the studding-sail booms 
had been triced up, they gave the order to lay out, and 
take two reefs. 

When the hands were at their stations on the yard, 
the first lieutenant ordered the quartermaster to " luff 



S2S OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

up ; ** that is, to put the helm down so as to throw the 
ship up into the wind and spill the sail, or get the wind 
out of it, that the young tars might handle it with the 
more ease. 

The boys had been frequently trained in the ma- 
nceuvre which they were now executing under trying 
circumstances, and all of them knew their duty. If 
any one trembled as the mast swayed over when the 
ship rolled, he was afraid to mention the fact, or to 
exhibit any signs of alarm. Perhaps most of them 
would have been willing to acknowledge that it was 
rather " ticklish " business to lay out on a topsail yard 
at midnight in a gale of wind ; and if their anxious 
mothers could have seen the boys at that moment, 
some of them might have fainted, and all wished them 
in a safer place. 

The boom tricing-lines were manned again, and the 
studding-sail booms restored to their places. 

" Lay down from aloft I " shouted Haven, when the 
midshipman in charge aloft had reported tlie work 
done ; and he was obliged to roar at the top of his 
lungs through the speaking trumpet, in order to be 
heard above the piping of the gale and the dashing 
of the sea. ** Man the topsail halyards ! stand by the 
braces." 

" All ready, sir," reported the fourth lieutenant, after 
the others. 

" Hoist away the topsails I" 

The hands en deck walked away with the halyards, 
until the topsails were hauled up to a taut leech. 

The same operation was repeated on the fore and 
main course ; tlie yards were trimmed ; the bowlines 



YOUNG AMBRICA AFLOAT, 239 

attached and hauled out, and then the ship was undet 
double-reefed topsails and courses. 

" Boatswain, pipe down ! " said the executive offi- 
cer, when the work was done. 

But the crew did not care to pipe down, just then. 
This was the first time they had ever seen a gale at 
sea, and there was something grand and sublime in 
the heaving ocean, and the wild winds that danced 
madly over the white-crested waves. It was now af- 
ter midnight, eight bells having struck before the 
courses were reefed, and the first part of the star- 
board watch were to have tlie deck. Mr. Lowington 
insisted that all others should go below and turn in, 
assuring them that they would see enough of the gale 
in the morning, or as soon as their quarter watches 
were called. 

The principal and Mr. Fluxion were earnest in their, 
commendation of the behavior of the Young America. 
She was not only a stiff and weatherly ship, but she 
behaved most admirably, keeping well up to the wind, 
and minding her helm. The four boys at the wheel 
handled it with perfect ease. 

The ship did not labor in the gale as she had before 
the sails were reefed ; and though she jumped, plunged, 
and rolled, making a terrific roar as she went along, 
everything was ship-shape about her, and the boys 
soon became accustomed to the exciting scene. She 
was making but little headway, but she still kept within 
three points of her general course. Mr. Lowington 
remained on deck the rest of the night, anxiously 
watching the ship and her crew in the trying experi- 
ence of the hour. 
20 



. 23lO OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

Augfiistus Pelham, the discontented lieutenant, went 
below when his quarter watch was relieved. The 
little incident, before all hands were called, between 
himself and the captain, had disturbed him more than 
he would have been willing^ to acknowledge. He 
thought it was harsh of the captain to say anything to 
him, though he had broken one of tlie rules of the 
ship; and he regarded the gentle reproof he had 
received as a very gp-eat indignity. 

He went to his state room. The ship was rolling 
fearfully, and he could not stand up without holding 
on at the front of his. berth. Goodwin, the third lieu- 
tenant, who was his room-mate, had already turned 
in ; but it was impossible for him to sleep. Pelham 
took a match from his pocket and lighted the lamp, 
which swung on gimbals in the room. 

" What are you doing, Pelham?" demanded Good- 
win. " It is against the rule to light a lamp after ten 
o'clock." 

" I know it ; but I*m not going to blunder round 
here, and have my brains knocked out in the dark," 
growled Pelham. 

" Put the light out ; you will get into trouble,** 
remonstrated his room-mate. 

" I won't do it." 

" What are you going to do ? " 

'* Go to sleep, Goodwin, and don't bother me." 

''What's the matter, Pelham? What ails you? I 
never knew you to think of breaking one of the rules 
before." 

"I should like to break them all, as Moses did the 
ten commandments. I have been insulted." 



YOUNG AMERICA AFI^AT. 231 

" Who insulted you?** 

" The captain." 

" Gordon?" asked Goodwin, in astonishment. 

" Yes-" 

" I never knew him to do such a thing as that. I 
think you didn't understand him ; or he must have 
been excited by the gale." 

" It was before it came on to blow very hard," re- 
plied Pelham, seating himself on a stool, and bracing 
his feet against the front of the bertli to prevent being 
thrown down. 

"What did he do?" 

" He snubbed me, told me I knew the rule, and was 
as overbearing as though I had been his servant, in- 
stead of an officer of the ship." 

'' But what did you do ? He wouldn't have done 
anything of the kind if you hadn't given him some 
provocation." 

*' I told the quartermaster, when the wind was head- 
ing off the ship, to alter the course." 

" Didn't you tell the captain beforehand?" 

" Not I." 

" Then I don't blanie him for snubbing you. Whaf s 
the use of being captain if the officers don't obey you ? " 

" If he had anything to say to me, he might have 
been a little more gentle about it." 

Pelham neglected to say tliat he was not particularly 
gentle himfeelf. 

*' Put that light out, Pelham, for my sake, if not for 
your own," said Goodwin, when he found that his 
companion was too much out of sorts to be reasonable. 

" Neither for yours nor my own will I put it out," 



13* OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

replied Pelham, as he took a cigar from its hidings 
place, under the lower berth. 

*' What are you going to do, Pelham ? " demanded 
Goodwin, filled with astonishment, as he observed the 
conduct of his fellow-officer. . 

" I'm going to have a smoke." 

" But you know that smoking is positively prohib^ 
ited either on ship or shore." 

" I haven't had a smoke since vacation," replied 
Pelham, as he lighted the cigar. 

" See here, Pelham ; I won't stand this ! " exclaimed 
the third lieutenant, rising up in his bed, in which act 
he was nearly pitched out of his berth by a heavy roll 
of the ship. " The companion-way is closed." 

" That's the very reason why I'm going to smoke," 
replied the malcontent, coolly. 

" But I shall be stifled here." 

" Can't help it." 

*' I can," retorted Goodwin, as he leaped out on the 
floor. 

" What are you going to do ? " 

" I am going to inform Mr. Lowington what you 
are doing." 

"Are you such a fellow as that?" asked Pelham, 
indignantly. 

" I am, if you are such a fellow as to attempt to 
stifle me with cigar smoke in my own room. It would 
make me as sick as a horse in Ave minutes." 

" Seasick, you mean," sneered Pelham. " I'm go- 
ing to have my smoke, if there is a row about it." 

Goodwin put on his pea-jacket, and left the room. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 233 



CHAPTER XV. 

AFTER THE GALE. 

ONE of the most singular traits observable in 
the character of some boys is the willingness, 
and even the desire, under certain circumstances, to 
get into trouble. A young gentleman, feeling that be 
has been slighted, or his merit overlooked, permits 
himself to fall into a mental condition in which he 
feels no responsibility for his conduct; in which he 
recklessly breaks through all regulations, places him- 
self in an attitude of opposition to constituted authority, 
and seems to court the heaviest penalty which can be 
inflicted upon him for disobedience, impudence, and 
rebellion. 

The fourth lieutenant of the Young America had 
worked himself up to this disagreeable pitch. He 
was not only disposed to assume an attitude of oppo- 
sition to the principal, who had made the obnoxious 
regulation which was the immediate cause of his 
rebellious condition, but to all who supported his 
authority, or willingly submitted to it. 

Smoking was a high crime on board the Young 

America — not in the relation of tlie practice to the 

ship, but to the student. It was condemned, not 

simply because it would be offensive in the cabins and 

20* 



234 'OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

Steerage, and on deck, but because it was a bad habit 
for a boy to acquire. The adult forward officers, the 
cooks and ihe stewards, were allowed to smoke on tlie 
forecastle a« certain prescribed hours ; but it w^as a 
punishable oHence for a student to smoke at any time 
or in any place, whether, on board or on shore. 

Goodwin wa& indignant at the conduct of his room- 
mate, for the thud lieutenant was not only opposed to 
smoking on principle, but the fumes of tobacco were 
intensely ofiensive to him ; and there was no doubt 
that, in the confincvi space of the state room, insuffi- 
ciently ventilated, v^hile all the openings in the deck 
were closed during the gale, the smoke would make 
him ^' as sack as a horse." He was a noble-minded, 
manly youth, and had all a boy's detestation for tat- 
tling and tale-bearing. He did not like to go on deck 
and inform the principal of the conduct of Pelham, 
but he could not submit to the indignity cast upon 
him. He went out into the cabin, and threw himself 
upon the cushioned divan, under the stem ports of 
the ship. 

This would have been a very satisfactory place 
to sleep under ordinary circumstances ; but Goodwin 
had hardly secured a comfortable position, before the 
heavy rolling and pitching of the vessel tumbled him 
off, and he measured his length on the cabin floor — a 
very undignified situation for a third lieutenant. He 
picked himself up in the darkness, and tried it again, 
but with no better success ^an before. He had fully 
intended to go on deck anjf inform the principal of the 
misconduct of Pelham, which had driven him from 
his room ; but he shrank from the task. 



YOUNG AMBRICA AFLOAT. 235 

What Goodwin was attempting to do on the divan 
many of the officers were striving to do in their berths, 
though with better success than attended his efforts. 
It was not an easy matter to stay in the berths ; and 
this done, the situation was far from comfortable. 
Avoiding the rude fall on the one side, the occupant 
was rolled over against the partition on the other side. 
Sleep, in anything more than " cat naps," was utterly 
impracticable, for as soon as the tired officer began 
to lose himself in slumber, he was thimiped violently 
against the pine boards, or was roused by the fear of 
being tumbled out of his berth. 

Mr. Lowington comprehended the situation of the 
students, and when the topsails and courses had been 
reefed, he called up all the stewards, and sent them 
through the after cabin and steerage, to ascertain the 
condition of the boys, and to give them the benefit of 
certain expedients known to old voyagers for such 
occasions. Jacobs, the steward of the after cabin, 
entered to perform his duty. He had no light, not 
even a lantern ; for fire is so terrible a calamity at sea, 
that every lamp was extinguished by the stewards at 
ten o'clock, and no light was allowed, except in the 
binnacle, without the special permission of the prin- 
cipal. Even the capt^iin could not allow a lamp to be 
lighted after hours. 

Jacobs went to all the state rooms on the port side 
firsthand pulled up the berth sacks above the front of the 
/>unks, so as to form a kind of wall, to keep the occu- 
pant from rolling out. A bundle of clothing was 
placed on the inside of the berth, and the body was 
thus wedged in, so as to afford some relief to the 



2^6 . OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

•unstable form. Pelham's room was the second one 
on the starboard side, and Jacobs came to it at last, in 
his humane mission. He opened the door, and started 
back with unfeigned astonishment to see the lamp 
lighted, and the fourth lieutenant puffing his cigar as 
leisurely as the violent motion of the ship would 
permit. 

" Contrary to regulation, sir," said Jacobs, respect- 
fully, as he touched his cap to the reckless officer. 

" Take yourself off, Jacobs," replied Pelham, 
coarsely and rudely. 

" Yes, sir." 

Jacobs did take himself off, and hastened on deck to 
inform Mr. Lowington of the conduct of the infatuated 
officer. 

The principal immediately presented himself. Pel- 
ham had fully believed, in his self-willed obstinacy, that 
he could look Mr. Lowington full in the face, and im- 
pudently defy him. He found that he was mistaken. 
The experience of Shuffles in the hands of the boat- 
swain and carpenter would intrude itself upon him, 
and he quailed when the principal opened the door 
and gazed sternly into his face. 

'' Smoking, Mr. Pelham? " 

" Yes, sir," replied the rebel, with an attempt to 
be cool and impudent, which, however, was a signal 
failure. 

" You will put out that cigar, and throw it away." 

" I will ; I've smoked enough," answered Pelham. 

" Your light is burning, contrary to regulation." 

" The ship rolls so, I should break my neck without 
one," replied Pelham, sourly. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 237 

*' That is a weak plea for a sailor to make. Mr, 
Pelham, I confess my surprise to find one who has 
done so well engaged in acts of disobedience." 
. The reckless officer could make no reply ; if the 
reproof had been given in presence of others, he would 
probably have retorted, prompted by a false, foolish 
pride to " keep even " with the principal. 

"For smoking, you will lose ten marks ; for lighting 
your lamp, ten more," added the principal. 

"You might as well send me into the steerage at 
once," answered Pelham. 

" If either offence is repeated, that will be done. 
You will put out your light at once." 

The fourth lieutenant obeyed the order because he 
did not dare to disobey it ; the fear of the muscular 
boatswain, the irons, and the brig, ratlier than that of 
immediate degiadation to the steerage, operating upon 
his mind. The principal went on deck ; Pelham turned 
in, and was soon followed, without a word of com- 
ment on the events which had just transpired, by 
Qoodwin. 

The night wore away, the gale increasing in fury^ 
and the rain pouring in torrents. It was a true taste 
of a seaman's life to those who were on deck. At 
daybreak all hands were called again, to put the third 
reef in the topsails. At eight bells the courses were 
furled. The gale continued to increase in power 
during die forenoon, and by noon a tremendous sea 
had been stirred up. The ship rolled almost down to 
her beam ends, and the crests of the waves seemed to 
be above the level of the main j'ard. 

In the popular exaggerated language, " the waves 



2^8 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

ran mountain high," which means from twenty to 
forty feet ; perhaps, on this occasion, twenty-five feet 
from the trough of the sea to the crest of the hillow. 
Even this is a g^eat height to be tossed up and. down 
on the water ; and to the boys of the Young America 
the effect was grand, if not terrific. The deck w^as 
constantly flooded with water; additional life-lines 
had been stretched across from rail to rail, and every 
precaution taken to insure the safety of the crew. 

Study and recitation were impossible, and nothing 
was attempted of this kind. The storm was now 
what could justly be called a heavy gale, and it was 
no longer practicable to lay a course. Before eight 
bells in the forenoon watch, the royal and top-gallant 
yards had been sent down, and the ship was laid to 
under a close-reefed main-topsail, which the nautical 
gentlemen on board regarded as the best for the pecu- 
liar conditions which the Young America presented. 

When a ship is laying to, no attention is paid to 
anything but tlie safety of tlie vessel, the only object 
being to keep her head up to the sea. In the gale, 
the Young America lay with her port bow to the wind, 
her hull being at an angle of forty-five degrees, with a 
line indicating the direction of the wind. Her topsail 
yard was braced so that it pointed directly to the 
north-east — the quarter from which the gale blew. 
The helm was put a-lee just enough to keep her in the 
position indicated. She made little or no headway, 
but rather drifted with the waves. 

The young ,tars had a hard forenoon's work ; and 

. what was done was accomplished with triple the labor 

required in an ordinary sea. All hands were on duty 



YOUNG AMBRICA AFLOAT. 339 

during the first part of the day, though there were in- 
tervals of rest, such as they were, while the boys had 
to hold on with both hands, and there was no stable 
abiding-place for the body. The ship rolled so 
fiercely that no cooking could be done, and the only 
refreshments were coffee and " hard tack." 

" This is a regular muzzier, Pelham," said Shuffles, 
in the afternoon, as they were holding on at the life- 
lines in the waist. 

" That's a fact ; and I've got about enough of this 
thing." 

*^ There isn't much fun in it," replied Shuffles, who 
had been watching for this oppoitunity to advance the 
interests of the " Chain." 

" No, not a bit." 

" It's better for you officers, who don't have to lay 
out on the yards when they jump under you like a 
mad horse, than for us.'' 

^' I suppose I shall have a chance to try it next 
term." 

"Why so?" 

" I lost twenty marks last night. I got mad, lighted 
the lamp, and smoked a cigar in my state room." 

"Will the loss of the twenty marks throw you 
over?" 

" Yes ; I'm a goner I " added Pelham, with a smile. 

" What made you mad ? " 

" The captain snubbed me ; then Lowington came 
the magnificent over me. A single slip throws a 
fellow here." 

A single slip in the great world throws a man or 
woman ; and young men and young women should be 



240 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

taught that " single slips " are not to be tolerated. 
More children are spoiled by weak indulgence than 
by over-severe discipline. But a boy had a better 
chance to recover from the effects of his errors in the 
Young America, than men and women have in the 
community. 

By gradual approaches, Shuffles informed the fourth 
lieutenant of the object of the " Chain," which Pelham 
promptly agreed to join, declaring that it was just the 
thing to suit his case. He was in a rebellious frame 
of mind ; and though he could not feel that the enter- 
prise would be a complete success, it would afford him 
an opportunity to annoy and punish the principal for 
his degrading and tyrannical regulation, as the recreant 
officer chose to regard it. 

By the exercise of. some tact, the conspirators found 
a convenient place under the top-gallant forecastle to 
consider the project. Pelham was duly " toggled," 
and offered no objection to the penalty; indeed, he 
only laughed at it. 

" Suppose we get possession of the ship — what 
then ? " asked Pelhani. 

" We will go on a cruise. I understand that she 
has provisions for a six months' voyage on board. I*m 
in favor of going round Cape Horn, and having a 
good time among the islands of the South Sea." 

Pelham laughed outright at this splendid scheme. 

" Round Cape Horn ! " exclaimed he. 

" Yes ; why not? We should be up with the cape 
by the first of June ; rather a bad time, I know, but 
this ship would make good weather of it, and I don't 
believe we should see anything worse than this." 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 24I 

** What will you do with the principal and the pro- 
fessors?" asked Pelham, lightly. 

'* We can run up within ten or fifteen miles of Cape 
Sable, give them one of the boats, and let them go on 
shore." 

" Perhaps they won't go." 

" We have ten fellows already in the Chain, who are 
seventeen years old. If we get half the crew, we can 
handle the other half, and the professors with them." 

" All right ! I'm with you, whether you succeed or 
not. Fm not going to be ground under Lowington's 
feet, and be snubbed by such fellows as Gordon. If I 
want to smoke a cigar, Fm going to do it." 

" Or take a glass of wine," suggested Shuffles. 

" If there is any on board." 

" There is, plenty of it. I'll make you a present of 
a bottle, if you wish it." 

'' Thank you. Suppose we get the ship. Shuffles, 
who are to be the officers? " asked Pelham. 

" We shall have good fellows for officers. You will 
be one, of course." 

" I suppose lam higher in rank now than any fellow 
who has joined the Chain." 

" Yes, that's a fact ; but we are not going to mind 
who are officers now, or who have been before. We 
intend to take the best fellows — those who have done 
the most work in making the Chain." 

*' Whether they are competent or not," added 
Pelham. 

" All the fellows know how to work a ship now, 
except the g^een hands that came aboard this year." 

" This is rather an important matter, Shuffles, fot 
21 



343 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

everything depends upon the officers. For instance, 
who will be captain ? " asked Pelham, with assumed 
indifference. 

** I shall, of course," replied Shuffles, with becoming 
modesty. 

" That's a settled matter, I suppose." 

" Yes ; without a doubt it is." 

" I may not ag^ee to that," suggested *iie new 
convert. 

" You have already agreed to it. You have prom- 
ised to obey your superiors." 

" But who are my superiors ? " 

" I am one of them." 

" Who appointed you ? " 

" I appointed myself. I got up the Chain." 

" I think I have just as much right to that place as • 
you have, Shuffles." j 

" I don't see it ! Do you expect me to get up this I 
thing, and then take a subordinate position?" de- 
manded Shuffles, indignantly. 

" Let tfie members choose the captain ; that's the 
proper way." 

" Perhaps they will choose neither one of us." 

" Very well ; I will agree to serve under any fellow 
who is fairly elected." 

" When shall he be chosen ? " asked Shuffles, who 
was so sure of a majority that he was disposed to 
adopt the suggestion. 

" When we have thirty links, say." 

'*•! will agree to it." 

The conspirators separated, each to obtain recruits 
as fast as he eould. During the latter part of the day, 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 243 

the gale began to subside, and at sunset its force was 
broken, but the sea still ran fearfully high. The fore 
course was shaken out, and the ship filled away again, 
plunging madly into the savage waves. 

On Sunday morning, the gale had entirely subsided ; 
but the wind still came from the same quarter, and the 
weather was cloudy. The sea had abated its fury, 
though the billows still rolled high, and the ship had 
an ugly motion. During the night, the reefs had been 
turned out of the topsails; the jib, flying-jib, and 
spanker had been set, and the Young America was 
making a course east-south-east. 

" Sail ho ! " shouted one of the crew on the top- 
gallant forecastle, after the forenoon watch was set. 

" Where away ? " demanded the officer of the deck. 

" Over the lee bow, sir," was the report which came 
through the officers on duty. 

The report created a sensation, as it always does 
when a sail is seen ; for one who has not spent days 
and weeks on the broad expanse of waters, can form 
only an inadequate idea of the companionship which 
those in one ship feel for those in another, even while 
they are miles apart. Though the crew of the Young 
America had been shut out from society only about 
three days, they had already begun to realize this 
craving for association — this desire to see other peo- 
ple, and be conscious of their existence. 

After the severe gale through which they had just 
passed, this sentiment was stronger than it would have 
been under other circumstances. The ocean hadjbeen 
lashed into unwonted fury by the mad winds. A 
fierce gale had been raging for full twenty-four hours, 



^4 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

And the tempest was suggestive of what the sailor 
dreads most — shipwreck, with its long train of disas- 
ter — suffering, privation, and death. It was hardly 
possible that such a terrible storm had swept the sea 
without carrying down some vessels with precious 
freights of human life. 

The Young America had safely ridden out the gale, 
for all thatlniman art could do to make her safe and 
strong had been done without regard to expense. No 
tiiggardly owners had built her of poor and insufficient 
material, or sent her to sea weakly manned and with 
incompetent officers. The ship was heavily manned ; 
eighteen or twenty men would have been deemed a 
sufficient crew to work her; and though her force 
consisted of boys, they would average more than two 
tliirds of the muscle and skill of able-bodied seamen. 

There were other ships abroad on the vast ocean^ 
which could not compare with her in strength and 
appointments, and which had not one third of her 
working power on board. No ship can absolutely 
defy tlie elements, and there is no such thing as abso- 
lute safety in a voyage across the ocean ; but there is 
far less peril than people who have had no experience 
generally suppose. The Cunard steamers have been 
.running more than a quarter of a century, with the 
loss of only one ship, and no lives in that one — a 
triumphant result achieved by strong ships, with com- 
petent men to manage them. Poorly built ships, 
short manned, with officers unfit for their positions, 
constitute the harvest of destruction on the ocean. 

Mr. Lowington believed that the students of the 
Academy Ship would be as safe on board the Young 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 24] 

America as they would on shore. He had taken a 
great deal of pains to demonstrate his theory to 
parents, and though he often failed, he often suc- 
ceeded. The Young America had just passed through 
one of the severest gales of the year, and in cruising 
for the next three" years^ she would hardly encounter a 
more terrific storm. She had safely weathered it ; the 
boys had behaved splendidly, and not one of them had 
been lost, or even injured, by the trying exposure. The 
principal's theory was thus far vindicated. 

The starboard watch piped to breakfast, when the 
sail was discovered, too far off to make her out. The 
"boys all manifested a deep interest in the distant wan- 
derer on the tempestuous sea, mingled with a desire 
to know how the stranger had weathered the gale. 
Many of them went up the shrouds into the tops, and 
the spy-glasses were in great demand. 

" Do you make her out, Captain Gordon ? " asked 
Mr. Fluxion, as he came up front bis breakfast, and 
discovered the commander watching the stranger 
through the glass. 

" Yes, sir ; I can just make her out now. Her fore- 
mast and mainmast have gone by the board, and she 
has the ensign, union down, hoisted at her mizzen," 
replied the captain, with no little excitement in his 
manner. 

" Indeed ! " exclaimed the teacher of matliematics, 
as he took the glass. '* You are right, Captain Gordon, 
and you had better keep her away." 

" Shall I speak to Mr. Lowington first, sir? " asked 
the captain. 

" I think there is no need of it in the present 
21* 



246 OXnrWARD BOUND, OR 

instance. There can be no doubt what he will do when 
a ship is in distress." 

" Mr. Kendall, keep her away two points," said the 
captain to the officer of the deck. " What is the 
ship's course now ? " 

" East-south-east, sir," replied the second lieutenant, 
who had the deck. 

" Make it south-east." 

" South-east, sir," repeated Kendall. ** Quartermas- 
ter, keep her away two points," he added to the petty 
officer conning the wheel. 

" Two points, sir," said Bennington, the quarter- 
master. 

" Make the course south-east." 

" South-east, sir." 

After all these repetitions it was not likely that any 
mistake would occur ; and the discipline of the ship 
required every officer and seaman who received a ma- 
terial order, especially in regard to the helm or the 
course, to repeat it, and thus make sure that it was not 
misunderstood. 

It was Sunday ; and no study was required, or work 
performed, except the necessary ship's duty. Morning 
prayers had been said, as usual, and there was to be 
divine service in the steerage^ forenoon and afternoon, 
for all who could possibly attend ; and this rule ex- 
cepted none but the watch bri deck. By this system, 
the quarter watch on duty in tiie forenoon, attended 
in the afternoon ; those whd were absent at morning 
prayers were always present at the evening devotions ; 
and blow high or blow low, the brief matin and vesper 
service were never omitted, for young men in the midst 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. Z^f 

of the sublimity and the terrors of the ocean could 
least afford to be without the daily thought of God, 
** who plants his footsteps in the sea, and rides upon 
the storm." 

Every man and boy in the ship was watching the 
speck on the watery waste, which the glass had re- 
vealed to be a dismasted, and perhaps sinking ship. 
The incident created an intense interest, and was cal- 
culated to bring out the finer feelings of the students. 
They were full of sympathy for her people, and the 
cultivation of noble and unselfish sentiments, which 
the occasion had already called forth, and was likely 
to call forth in a still greater degree, was worth the 
voyage over the ocean ; for there are impressions to be 
awakened by such a scene which can be garnered in 
no other field. 



248 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 



CHAPTER XVI. 

THB WRECK OF THE SYLVIA. 

THE people in the dismasted ship had discovered 
the Young America, as it appeared from the 
efforts they were using to attract her attention. The 
booming of a gun was occasionally heard from her, 
but she was yet too far off to be distinctly seen. 

On the forecastle of the Academy Ship were two 
brass guns, four-pounders, intended solely for use in 
making signals. They had never been fired, even on 
the Fourth of July, for Mr. Lowington would not en- 
courage their use among the boys. On the present 
occasion he ordered Peaks, the boatswain, to fire 
twice, to assure the ship in distress that her signals 
were heard. 

The top-gallant sails were set, and the speed of the 

ship increased as much as possible ; but the heavy sea 

was not favorable to rapid progress through the water. 

At four bells, when all hands but the second part of 

the port watch were piped to attend divine service in 

the steerage, the Young America was about four miles 

distant from the dismasted vessel. She was rolling 

and pitching heavily, and not making more than two 

J i_i (>ts an hour. ^ 
and blow n.^^ ..... ^ , 

^ing the impatience of the crew, and 
serv«cewere ne\*» ^ * 



YOUNG AMBRICA AFLOAT. 249 

their desire to be on deck, where they could see the 
wreck, the service on that Sunday forenoon was espe- 
cially impressive, Mr. Agneau prayed earnestly for 
those who were suffering by the perils of the sea, and 
that those who should draw near unto them in the 
hour of their danger, might be filled with the love of 
God and of man, which would inspire them to be faitlv 
ful to the duties of the occasion. 

When the service was ended the students went on 
deck again. The wreck could now be distinctly seen. 
It was a ship of five or six hundred tons, rolling help- 
lessly in the trough of the sea. She was apparently 
water-logged, if not just ready to go down. As the 
Young America approached her, her people were seen 
to be laboring at the pumps, and to be baling her out 
with buckets. It was evident from the appearance of 
the wreck, that it had been kept afloat only by the 
severest exertion on the part of the crew. 

" Mr. Peaks, you will see that the boats are in ordfer 
for use," said Mr. Lowington. " We shall lower the 
barge and the gig." 

" The barge and the gig, sir," replied the boatswain. 

" Captain Gordon," continued the principal, " tv/o 
of your best officers must be detailed for the boats." 

" I will send Mr. Kendall in the barge, sir." 

" Very well ; he is entirely reliable. Whom will 
you send in the gig?" 

^^ I am sorry Shuffles is not an ofHcer now, for he 
was one of the best we had for such service," added 
the captain. 

" Shuffles is out of the question," replied Mr. Low- 
ington. 



a50 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" Mr. Haven, then, in the gigJ* 

** The sea is very heavy, and the boats must*be han% 
died with skill and prudence." 

"The crews have been practised in heavy seas, 
though in nothing like this." 

The barge and the gig — called so by courtesy^ 
were the two largest boats belonging to the ship, and 
pulled eight oars each. They were light and strong, 
and had been built with especial reference to the use 
for which they were intended. They were life-boats, 
and before the ship sailed, they had been rigged with 
life-lines and floats. If they were upset in a heavy 
sea, the crews could save themselves by clinging to 
the rope, buoyed up by the floats. 

The Young America stood up towards the wreck, 
intending to pass under her stem as near as it w^as 
prudent to lay, the head of the dismasted ship being 
to the north-west. 

'"Boatswain, pipe all hands to muster," said the 
captain, prompted by Mr. Lowington, as the ship ap- 
proached the wreck. 

" All hands on deck, ahoy ! " shouted the boatswain, 
piping the call. 

The first lieutenant took the trumpet from the offi- 
cer of the deck, and the crew, all of whom were on 
deck when the call was sounded, sprang to their mus- 
ter stations. 

"All hands, take in courses," said the executive 
officer ; and those who were stationed at the tacks and 
sheets, clew-garnets and buntlines, prepared to do 
tlieir duty when the boatswain piped the call. 

"Man the fore and main clew-garnets and bunt- 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 251 

lines I ** shouted the first lieutenant. " Stand by tacks 
and sheets ! " 

The fore and main sail, being the lowest square 
sails, are called the courses. There is no correspond- 
ing sail on the mizzenmast. The ropes by which the 
lower comers of these sails are hauled up for furl* 
ing, are the clew-garnets — the same that are desig- 
nated clewlines on the topsails. 

The tacks and sheets are the ropes by which the 
courses are hauled down, and kept in place, the tack 
being on the windward side, and the sheet on the lee- 
ward. 

" All ready, sir," reported the lieutenants forward. 

^^ Haul taut ! Let go tacks and sheets ! Haul 
up I" 

These orders being promptly obeyed, the courses 
were hauled up, and the ship was under topsails and 
top-gallant sails, jib, flying-jib, and spanker. 

" Ship, ahoy I " shouted the first lieutenant through 
his trumpet, as the Young America rolled slowly 
along under the stern of the wreck. 

" Ship, ahoy ! " replied a voice from the deck of the 
wreck. " We are in a sinking condition I Will you 
take us off? " 

" Ay, ay 1 " cried Haven, with right good will. 

*' You will heave to the ship, Mr. Haven," said the 
captain, when she had passed a short distance beyond 
the wreck. 

"Man the jib and flying-jib halyards and down- 
hauls," said the flrst lieutenant. 

*' All ready forward, sir," replied the second lieu- 
tenant, on the forecastle. 



253 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" Stand by the main-top bowline ! Cast off! Man 
the main braces ! " 

" Let go the jib and flying-jib halyards ! Haul 
down I " And the jibs were taken in. 

" Slack off the lee braces ! Haul on the weather 
braces I " 

The main-topsail and top-gallant were thus thrown 
aback, and the Young America was hove to, in order 
to enable her people to perform their humane mission. 

" Stand by to lower the barge and gig ! " continued 
Haven. 

" Mr. Haven, you will board the wreck in the gig," 
said Captain Gordon. 

" Yes, sir," replied he, touching his cap, and hand- 
ing the trumpet to the second lieutenant. 

" Mr. Kendall, you will take charge of the barge," 
added the captain. 

"The barge, sir," answered Kendall, passing the 
trumpet to Goodwin, the third lieutenant, who, during 
the absence of his superiors, was to discharge the duty 
of the executive officer. 

The boats were cleared away, and every prepara- 
tion made for lowering them into the water. This 
was a difficult and dangerous manoeuvre in the heavy 
sea which was running at the time. The professors* 
barge, which was secured at the davits on the weather 
side of the ship, was to be lowered with her crew on 
board, and they took their places on the thwarts, with 
their hands to the oars in readiness for action. The 
principal had requested Mr. Fluxion to go in the 
barge and Mr. Peaks in the gig, not to command the 



THB HEW YORr 
IFUBLIC UBRARTJ 



AtTVft, LCWIX 
TILMLN FOUNOATlONt 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 253 

boats, but to giv6 the officers such suggestions as the 
emergenc}'^ of the occasion might require. 

" All ready, sir," reported Ward, the coxswain of 
the barge, when the oarsmen were in their places. 

" Stand by the after tackle. Ward," said Haven. 
'* Bowman, attend to the fore tackle." 

At a favorable moment, when a great wave was 
I sinking down by the ship's side, the order was given 
I to lower away, and in an instant the barge struck the 
I water. Ward cast off the after tackle, and the bow* 
j man did the same with the forward tackle. At the 
; moment the order to lower was given, as the wave 
I sank down, the ship rolled to windward, and the boat 
j struck the water some eight feet from the vessel's side. 
J " Up oars ! " said the coxswain, with energy. 

'* Lively, Ward," added the first lieutenant. 
" Let fall I " continued the coxswain^ as a billow 
lifted the boat, so that those on board could see the 
ship's deck. " Give way together ! " 

The barge, tossed like a feather on the high seas, 

gathered headway, and moved off towards the wreck. 

The lowering of the barge had been so successful 

that the same method was adopted with the gig ; but 

as she was under the lee of the ship, there was less 

difficulty in getting her off. She pulled round the 

ship's bow, and having made less stern way in start- 

1 ing, both boats came up under the counter of the 

wreck at about the same time. When the barge and 

gig reached the ship, a line was thrown to each of* 

them over the quarter, which the .bowman caught, and 

made fast to the ring. 

22 



354 OUTWARD BRUND, OR 

^^ Where is the captain of the ship ? " demanded Mr. 
Haven. 

" Here," shouted that officer. 

" How many have you aboard ? " 

" Eighteen 1 " 

" You must slide down on a rope over the stem ; 
we can't go alongside," continued the first lieutenant. 

" Ay, ay, sir ! " responded the captain of the ship. 
" I have two women and two children on board." 

"You must lower them in slings," added Haven, 
prompted by Mr. Fluxion. . 

The people on board the wreck went to work, and 
one of the women was lowered into each boat at the 
same time. A long loop was made in the end of the 
rope, and the woman sat down in the bight of it, hold- 
ing on to the line with her hands. At a moment 
when the sea favored the movement, the boats were 
hauled up close to the ship's stern, the passenger 
caught by two of the crew, and hauled on board. A 
boy and a girl were let down in the same manner. 
The captain, mates, and seamen came down the rope 
hand over hand. 

Each boat now had nine passengers, who were 
stowed in the stern sheets and on the bottom. The 
ropes from the ship were cast off, and the oarsmen 
were ordered to give way. The barge and the gig 
rose and fell, now leaping up on the huge billows, 
and then plunging down deep into th6 trough of the 
sea ; but they had been well trimmed, and though the 
comb of the sea occasionally broke into them, drench- 
ing the boys with spray, the return to the Young 
America was safely effected. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 255 

" How happens it that you are all boys?" asked the 
captain of the wrecked ship, who was in Paul Ken- 
dall's boat. 

"That's the Academy Ship," replied the second 
lieutenant. 

" The what ?" exclaimed the captain. 

" It is the Young America. She is a school ship." 

«0, ay!" 

There was no disposition to talk much in the 
boats. The officers and crews were fiilly employed 
in keeping the barge and gig right side up in the tre- 
mendous sea, and though all hands were filled with 
curiosity to know the particulars of the wreck, all 
questions were wisely deferred until they were on the 
deck of the ship. 

When the gig came up under the counter of the 
Young America, a line was thrown down to the bow- 
man, who made it fast to the ring. The passengers 
were then taken aboard in slings rigged oa the 
spanker-boom, which was swung over tlie lee quarter 
for the purpose. Part of the boat's crew were taken 
on board in the same way, and then the gig was 
hoisted up to the davits with the rest in her. 

Before the barge was allowed to come up under the 
counter, the officer of the deck wore ship, so as to 
bring the port quarter, on which the boat was to be 
suspended, on the lee side. Her passengers were 
taken on deck as those from the gig had been, and 
she was hoisted up. 

" Mr. Kendall, I congratulate you upon the success 
of your labors," said Mr. Lowington, when the second 
lieutenant reached the deck. "You have handled 



2$6 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

your boat exceedingly well, and you deserve a great 
deal of credit." 

" That's a fact, sir," added Boatswain Peaks, touch- 
ing his cap. ^'I hardly spoke a word to him,. and 
IVe seen many a boat worse handled in *a sea." 

Paul blushed at the praise bestowed upon him, but 
he was proud and happy to have done his duty faith- 
fully on this important occasion. The same commen- 
dation was given to the first lieutenant, after the barge 
had been hauled up to the davits, and the order g^ven 
for the ship to fill away again. 

The women and children were conducted to the 
professors' cabin as soon as they came on board, and 
the seamen were taken into the steerage. All of them 
were exhausted by the anxiety and the hardships they 
had endured, and as soon as their safety was insured, 
they sank almost helpless under the pressure of their 
physical weakness. 

" This is a school ship, I'm told," said Captain 
Greely, the master of the shipwrecked vessel, who 
had also been invited to the main cabin. 

" Yes, sir ; we call it the Academy Ship, and we 
have eighty-seven young gentlemen on board," replied 
Mr. Lowington. 

" They are smart boys, sir. 1 never saw boats bet- 
ter handled than those which brought us off from the 
ship," added Captain Greely, warmly. 

" Your voyage has come to an unfortunate conclu- 
sion," said Mr. Lowington. 

" Yes, sir ; I have lost my ship, but I thank God 
my wife and children are safe," answered the weather- 
beaten seaman, as he glanced at one of the womeoi 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 2^7 

while the great tears flowed down his sun-browned 
cheeks. 

" Poor children ! " sighed Mr. Agneau, as he patted 
the little girl on the head ; and his own eyes were dim 
with the tears he shed f^r others' woes. 

Captain Greely told his story very briefly. His 
ship was the Sylvia, thirty days out of Liverpool, 
bound to New York. She had encountered a heavy 
gale a week before, in which she had badl}' sprung 
her mainmast. Finding it impossible to lay her to 
under the foresail, they had been compelled to set the 
main-topsail, reefed ; but even tliis was too much for 
the weak mast, and it had gone by the board, carrying 
the second mate and five men with it. The Sylvia 
was old, and the captain acknowledged that she was 
hardly sea-worthy. She became unmanageable, and 
the foremast had been cut away to ease off* the strain 
upon her. Her seams opened, and she was making 
more water than could be controlled with the pumps. 
For eighteen hours, all hands, even including the two 
women, had labored incessantly at the pumps and 
the buckets, to keep the ship afloat. They were 
utterly worn out when they discovered the Young 
America, were on the point of abandoning their 
efforts in despair, and taking to the boats, in which 
most of them would probably have perished. 

Aflier the boats started from the Young America, 
Mr. Lowington had ordered the cooks to prepare a 
meal for the people from the wreck ; and as soon as 
they came on board, coffee and tea, beefsteaks, fried 
potatoes, and hot biscuit were in readiness for them. 
Tables were spread in the main cabin and in the 

22* 



358 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

steerage, and the exhausted guests, providentially sent 
to this bountiful board, were cordially invited to par- 
take. They had eaten nothing but hard bread since 
the gale came on, and they were in condition to ap- 
preciate the substantial fare set before them. 

By the forethought of Captain Grecly, the clothing 
of the women and children had been thrown into one 
of the boats. The bundle was opened, and its con- 
tents dried at tlie galley fire. The doctor and the 
chaplain gave up their state room to the captain, his 
wife and children, while Mr. Lowington extended a 
similar courtesy to the other woman, who was Mrs. 
Greely's sister. Mr. Fluxion was the first to offer his 
berth to the mate of the Sylvia, which was reluctantly 
accepted ; and all the professors were zealous to sac- 
rifice their own comfort to the wants of the wrecked 
visitors. 

In the steerage, every boy, without an exception, 
wanted to give up his berth to one of the seamen from 
the Sylvia ; but the privilege was claimed by the adult 
forward oflicers, the cooks, and stewards. The prin- 
cipal was finally obliged to decide between them ; and 
for obvious reasons, he directed that the guests should 
occupy the quarters of the men, rather than, of the boys. 
The people from the Sylvia needed rest and nourish- 
ment more than anything else. They were warmed, 
and fed, and dried, and then permitted to sleep ofif the 
fatigues of their severe exertion. 

At three o'clock, though they had slept but an hour 
or two, most of the shipwrecked people appeared at 
divine service, for this was a privilege which they had 
long been denied, and it would be strange, at such a 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 259 

time, if the hearts of those who had been saved from 
the angry flood were not overflowing with gratitude 
to God for his mercy to them. Mr. Agneau, whose 
sensitive nature had been keenly touched by the events 
of the day, made a proper use of the occasion, deliver* 
ing a very effective address to the students and to the 
shipwrecked voyagers, who formed his little congre- 
gation. 

The next morning tlie wind came up fresh and 
warm from the southward, knocking down the heavy 
sea, and giving a delightful day to those on board the 
ship. The passengers appeared on deck, and were 
greatly interested in the Young America and her 
juvenile crew. Captain Greely's son and daughter 
were little lions, of the first class, among the boys. 
All hands vied with each other in their efforts to do 
something for the guests of the ship, and it really 
seemed as though the era of good feeling had dawned 
upon them. Even ShufHes and Pelham forgot, for a 
time, the interests of the Chain League, and joined 
with others in petting the children of the wreck, and 
in laboring for the happiness of the involuntary 
guests. 

On this day, observations for latitude and longitude 
were obtained, and at noon the ship was found to be 
in latitude 42^, 37', 5" N. ; longitude 64°, 39', 52" W. 
The position of the ship was marked on the chart by 
the masters, in council assembled, and the calculations 
made for the course. Bowditch's Navigator, an in- 
dispensable work to the seaman, was consulted fre- 
quently, both for the rules and the nautical tables it 
contains. The course, after allowing for the variation 



A6o outward bound, or 

of the compass, was found to be north-east by east, 
which, agreeing w^ith the calculations of Mr. Fluxion, 
was given out to the quartermaster conning the wheel. 

The wind continued to blow fresh from the south 
and south-west during the rest of the day and the suc- 
ceeding night ; and the log-slate showed ten and eleven 
knots until midnight, when the wind hauled round to 
the westward, and soon came strong from that quarter. 
At noon on Tuesday,. April 5, the Young America 
had made two hundred and forty-four miles during 
the preceding twenty-four hours, which was the best 
run she had had during the voyage. 

On the afternoon of this day, a ship, bound to the 
westward, was seen, and Captain Greely expressed a 
desire to be put on board of her, with his family, as 
he did not wish to return to the point from which he 
had just come. The Young America bore down upon 
the sail, and spoke her at sundown. Her captain was 
willing to take the shipwrecked voyagers on board 
his ship, which was bound to New York, and they 
were transferred in the barge and gig. Captain 
Greely and his party were very grateful for the atten- 
tions they had received ; and the little boy and girl 
almost rebelled at the idea of leaving their new and 
partial friends. 

As the two ships were filling away, after the trans- 
fer of the passengers, the seamen of the New York 
ship, having learned what the Young America was, 
gave three cheers, and dipped her ensign in compli- 
ment to her. All the young tars were immediately 
ordered into the rigging by Captain Gordon, and 
"three times three" were most lustily given. The 



YOUNG AMSRICA AFLOAT. 36l 

American flag at her peak was lowered three times, 
in reply to the salute of the stranger. As the Academy 
Ship stood off on her course, the two children of Cap- 
tain Greely were seen, on the poop-deck of the other 
vessel, waving their handkerchiefs ; and they continued 
to do so as long as they could be seen. 

The departure of the guests had a saddening effect 
upon the crew of the Young America, as they missed 
the children and the ladies very much ; for, during 
their presence on board, the ship had assumed quite a 
domestic aspect, and all the idlers on deck found 
pleasing companions in the little boy and girl. 

The limits of this volume do not permit a full detail 
of the entire voyage across the ocean. Enough has 
been given to show the discipline of the ship, and the 
daily life of the boys on board of her. For the next 
ten days the weather was generalh^ favorable, and she 
laid her course all the time.. Some days she made 
two hundred miles, and others less than one hundred. 
. On the sixteenth *day from her departure, she was 
in latitude 51^, 4', 28" N. ; longitude 31*=*, 10', 2'' W. ; 
course, E. by N. In going from Cape Race, the 
southern point of Newfoundland, to Cape Clear, the 
southern point of Ireland, the Young America did not 
lay a straight course, as it would appear when drawn 
on a map or chart. La Rochelle, on the western 
coast of France, and Cape Race are nearly on the 
same parallel of latitude, and the former is exactly 
east of the latter. But the parallel on which both 
points lie would not be the shortest line between 
them. A great circle, extending entirely around the 
earth in the broadest part, going through both, would 



262 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

not coincide with the parallel, but would run to the 
north of it a considerable distance at a point half way 
between the two places, the separation diminishing 
each way till the great circle crosses the parallel at 
Cape Race and La Rochelle. *The shortest course 
between the two points, therefore, would be the arc 
of the great circle lying between them. A skilful 
navigator would find and follow this track. This is 
called great circle sailing. 

The Young America followed a great circle from 
Cape Race to Cape Clear. Oft' the former point, her 
course was two points north of east ; off" the latter, it 
was half a point south of east. On her twentieth day 
out she sailed due east. 

After the excitement of the wreck and the departure 
of the passengers, Shuffles and his confederates re- 
sumed their operations in the Chain League, assisted 
somewhat by a case of discipline which occurred at 
this time. When the ship was sixteen days out the 
Chain consisted of thirty-one links, in the cabalistic 
language of the conspirators, and Shuffles was in 
favor of striking the blow. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 363 



CHAPTER XVIL 



PEAS AND BEANS. 



THE business of the Chain had been managed 
with extreme caution by the conspirators, and 
more than one third of the crew had been initiated with- 
out the knowledge of the principal and professors, or 
of the officers and seamen who were not members. 
Pelham and Shuffles ordered the affairs of the Leagi.e, 
and no " link " was allowed to approach an outsider 
for the purpose of inducing him to join without the 
consent of one of these worthies. 

As the scheme progressed, various modifications had 
been made* in the plan to adapt ft to circumstances, 
the principal of which was the choice of two " shac- 
kles," lA'ho should be deemed the officers of the 
League until a regular election had taken place. By 
this invention, Shuffles and Pelham had been enabled 
to compromise their differences, for they assumed the 
newly-created offices, and labored as equals in the bad 
cause. Each endeavored to make as many new 
" links " as possible, for already the conspirators con- 
sisted of two factions, one of which'favored the elec- 
tion of Shuffles, and the other that of Pelham, to the 
captaincy. Each, in a measure, controlled his own 



264 OUTWAKD BOUND, OR 

recruits, and was reasonably sure of their votes when 
the election should be ordered. 

These young gentlemen were not only plotting to 
take the ship, but to " take in " each other. While 
both worked for the League as a whole, each worked 
for himself as an individual. Shuffles was much more 
thorough than his rival in the making of his converts. 
He told them the whole story, and taught them to look 
full in the face the extreme peril of the undertaking. 
He did not conceal anything from them. On the 
other hand, Pelham merely represented the project as 
a means of redressing the grievances of the officers 
and crew ; of having their money restored to them, 
and abolishing certain portions of the regulations 
which pressed hard upon those who were disposed to 
be unruly. 

Though the number of "links" in the "Chain** 
has been mentioned, it was not known to either of 
the rivals. Each knew his own peculiar followers, 
but he did not know how many the other could mus- 
ter. Though there were signs and passwords by 
which the members could know each other, there were 
no means by which any one could precisely sum up 
the whole number of " links." Shuffles could count 
thirteen including his rival, while Pelham could num- 
ber nineteen without his coequal in authority. The 
former believed the list to consist of about twenty four, 
while the latter estimated it above thirty. With them 
it was a struggle for an office, as well as to redress 
tlieir fancied wrongs, and tliey mutually deceived each 
other in order to obtain the advantage. 

" How many do you suppose we can muster now? ** 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. ^6$ 

asked Shuffles, on the evening of the eighteenth daj 
out, as they met in the waist, when both were off duty. 

" About twenty," replied Pelham. 

" There are more than that." 

" Perhaps there are." 

" But it is time to stretch tlie Chain,** added Shuffles, 
in a whisper. 

" Not yet." 

" If we are ever going to do anything, we must 
begin soon. We have so many members now that the 
danger of exposure increases every day." 

" We can't do anything here. Besides, I am not in 
favor of having the time or the manner of accomplish- 
ing the work talked about among the members. I 
believe in one-man power in an affair of this sort. 
There should be one head, who should plan and com- 
mand ; all the rest should obey. If every step in the 
thing must be discussed and agreed upon, we shall 
never do anything. ,One fellow will want it done in 
one way, and another in some other way." 

"I think you are more than half right," replied 
Shuffles, who was confident that he should be the 
person chosen to arrange the plans and issue the 
commands. 

" I know I am wholly right," added Pelham, who 
was equally confident that he should enjoy the undi- 
vided sway of the League. " If you are chosen cap- 
tain, I will cheerfully obey your orders. I go a step 
farther : whoever is elected captain should appoint his 
own officers." 

" I will agree to that also,"^replied the complaisant 
Shuffles. 

«3 



266 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" Very well, then ; the understanding is, that when 
one of us is elected captain, he shall appoint his own 
officers, and do all the planning and all the command- 
ing," answered Pelham. 

" Exactly so ; we are now in about longitude thirty- 
one, and Cork Harbor is in longitude eight, according, 
to Bowditch, for I was .looking -the matter up in the 
steerage to-day. We have to make about twenty-three 
degrees more. A degree of longitude, in latitude fifty- 
one, is thirty-seven and three quarters miles, which 
would make it eight hundred and sixty-eight miles 
more to rim in order to reach Queenstown. You see 
I am posted," said Shuffles. 

" I see you are. By the way, had you noticed that 
Queenstown is not in the Navigator, or on the older • 
maps ? " added Pelham. 

" Yes ; the place was called the Cove of Cork until 
1849, when, in honor of her majesty's visit to the town, 
the name was changed to Queenstown." 

"All right," said Pelham. 

It need not be supposed that tlie distance to Queens- 
town and the change in tlie name of that place had 
anything to do widi the League. The fact was, that 
Mr. Fluxion had passed near the conspirators, and had 
paused a moment in the waist to glance up at the fore- 
top-gallant sail, which was not in good trim ; and the 
conversation had been changed to suit the occasion. 
In talking of the affairs of the " Chain," it was required 
that one of the party should look forward, and the 
other aft, if there were two. of them ; and that the tliird, 
if there were three, should stand back to tlie nearest 
rail. It was further required jthat the conversation 



YOUNG AMERICA AFIX>AT* 267 

should not take place in a situation where it would be 
possible for a*ny one to overhear them. The lee side 
of the waist, — the midshipman of the watch always 
being on the weather side, — the top-gallant forecastle, 
and the tops were the favorite resorts of the conspira- 
tors. If any one approached, the parties in conver- 
sation were instantly to change tlie topic, as Shuffles 
had done. / 

" I think it is about time for the election to take 
place," continued Shuffles, when Mr. Fluxion had 
gone afl. 
. " Whenever you are ready, I am," replied Pelham. 

" I am ready now." 

« So am I." 

" Very well ; it shall come off to-morrow, say." 

" To-morrow it is, then." 

" But how shall it be conducted ? " asked Shuffles. 

" That will not be an easy matter. I think, how- 
ever, we can hit upon some J3lan for having it fairly 
done." 

" Of course the matter lies between you and me," 
added Shuffles. 

"To be sure." 

" J suppose both of us are ready to abide the issue, 
whatever it may be," said Shuffles, who was not a little 
fearful that his powerful rival would refuse to acknowl- 
edge him when he was chosen, as he confidently ex- 
pected to be. ' 

" I pledge you my word and honor, that I will obey 
you in all things if you are fairly elected captain," 
replied Pelham, who was equally sure of being chosen 
himself. 



S68 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

'^ Fairly? Who is to decide whether it is fairly done 
or not?" demanded Shuffles, unwilling to leave a loop- 
hole through which his companion could crawl out 
of the bargain. 

'* When we have agreed upon the means of electing 
the captain, the choice shall be final." 

" Good ! You and I shall have no difficulty I " ex- 
claimed Shuffles, rather astonished to find his rival so 
easily managed, as he regarded it. 

"We will make it a little more binding, if 3'ou 
choose," suggested PelhamJ who, the reader has 
already been assured by the figures given, was com- 
pletely outwitting the author and inventor of tlie 
Chain League. 

" With all my heart ! " 

" We will toggle each other on this special ques- 
tion, if you like." 

" The stronger we make the bond the better," said 
Shuffles. " Repeat after me." 

"Not here. Shuffles. There is a steamer on ouf 
weatlier bow. Let's go up into the mizzen-top, and 
have a look at her with a night glass." 

Mr. Haven, the first lieutenant, who was in charge 
of the deck, permitted them to go aloft with the glass^ 
for the officers were empowered to grant small favors. 
On reaching the top, they glanced at the steamer, and 
then resumed the conversation which had been sus- 
pended on deck, it being too dark for the officers 
below to see what they were doing 

" Now go ahead," said Pelham. 

" Repeat after me." 

"All right." 



YOtJNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 269 

• "I promise, without any reservation, to acknowl- 
edge Shuffles as captain, if he is chosen, and faithfully 
to obey his orders, on penalty of falling overboard acci- 
dentally/' 

Pelham repeated these words, ahd then " toggled '! 
his rival in the same manner. 

*'Now we understand each other perfectly, and 
there will be no chance of dragging the anchor," said 
Shuffles, satisfied that his sway would be undisputed. 
" Let me say, in addition to this, that if I should hap- 
pen to be chosen, I shall make you my first officer, 
Pelham." 

" And I will make you my first officer, if I should 
happen to be chosen," replied the obliging Pelham. 
" Of course I don't expect to be chosen ; you have had 
the swing of this affair, and you will have all the 
advantage." 

"No, I think not; you are an officer now, and you 
have more influence than I have," added tlie modest 
Shuffles. ' 

If both had been laboring for the organization of 
the League on the same terms. Shuffles would certain- 
ly have the better chance of an election ; but Pelham 
had been taking in members on false pretences, merely 
representing to those whom he approached that the 
League was an association having for its object the 
redress of their grievances. To only a few had he 
mentioned the fact that a regular mutiny was contem- 
plated ; that the ship was to be taken out of the hands 
of the principal, and an independent cruise com- 
menced. He was afraid the whole truth would be 
more than some of them could bear; and perhaps 
as* 



t^O OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

he had so little faith in the extreme measures to be 
carried out by the League, that he was unwilling even 
to mention them. 

Those who serve the evil one can neither trust each., 
other nor trust their master. 

The only real confidence in each other which can 
exist among men or boys must be based on moral and 
religious principle. 

The man who pays his debts, or who performs hi* 
obligations to his fellow-men, for his reputation's sake, 
rather than from devotion to pure principle, will fail of 
his duty when he can conceal his infidelity, or when 
his reputation will not suffer from -his acts. 

A man or a boy without principle is not to be trust- 
ed out of the line of his own interest. 

While Shuffles and Pelham were pledging them- 
selves to a kind of romantic fidelity, they were plot- 
ting each against the other, each being satisfied that 
he had the advantage of the other. 

" Now, Fm afraid the election will give us some 
trouble," continued Shuffles. " It will not be an easy 
matter to conduct it fairly — not that any fellow means 
to cheat, but it must be conducted with so much 
secrecy that we can't superintend the ballot properly." 

"I know there is all that difficulty, but I have 
thought of a method which I believe will g^vc us a 
fair election," replied Pelham. 

" Have you ? So have I." 

"Well, what is your plan? If it is better than 
mine, I am willing to adopt it." 

" I was thinking, as you and I are the only candi- 
dates, that each of us might be represented by one side 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. jyi 

of the ship. You shall be port, and I will be star- 
board. Then every link in the Chain shall hand his 
vote, on which shall be written the single word port or 
starboard either to you or me ; and if there are more 
port than starboard, you will be captain ; if more star- 
board than port, I shall be captain. How does that 
idea strike you ? " 

" Pretty well ; but the fellows have all got to write 
their votes, and others will want to know what it 
means. It will set outsiders to thinking, and I don't 
Kelieve the plan is quite safe." 

" Well, what is your method ? " asked Shuffles, who 
was willing to acknowledge the force of his rival's 
objections. 

*' Perhaps my plan is as open to objection as yours," 
answered Pelham ; " but it will require no writing. 
Each of us shall get a handful of beans and a handful 
of peas. We can easily obtain them when the store 
rooms are opened. You shall be beans, and I will be 
peas." 

" How are you. Peas ? " said Shuffles, laughing at 
the idea. 

" How are you, Beans ? " added Pelham. 

" Go on with your soup." 

"We will give to every fellow belonging to the 
Chain one pea and one bean," 

" I understand the plan now ; but where are the 
fellows to deposit their vegetable ballots?" 

" We can have a receiver ; appoint some good fel- 
low for the purpose — say, Greenway, the captain of 
the forecasde ; or Tom Ellis, the third master." 

" Tom Ellis I Does he belong ? " 



ZJ2 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" Of course he does,*' laughed Pelham, who real- 
ized that he had been a little too fast in betraying the 
strength of his faction. 

" I wouldn't appoint an officer." 

*' Well, you mention some fellow," said the politic 
Pelham. 

"Say Wilton." 

" Mention another." 

" Lynch." 

" No ; try again." 

"Grossbeck." 

" Very well ; I will agree to him." 

" But he mig^t make some mistake." 

" If he does, it will be in your favor, I suppose ; 
for you nominated him, and, of course, he will give 
you the benefit of any doubt," replied Pelham. 

"I want a fellow who will do it fairly. I don't 
wish to get in by any mistake," said Shuffles, mag- 
nanimously. 

" Neither do I ; and I don't think there will be any 
mistakes." 

" There is a chance for a great many. The fellows 
may get mixed between beans and peas. When they 
come to vote, there will be some who don't know 
beans," laughed Shuffles. 

" Well, if they don't, they will know peas, which 
will do just as well," replied Pelham. 

" It would not be pleasant for me to have them 
know peas, when they ought to know beans." 

" We will give them P. P. as a clew to the whole 
thing." 

" P. P. ? That means Fs, I suppose." 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 273 

*' It means that, and more. P. for Pelham, and P. 
for peas. If they get one right, they can't very well 
get the other wrong." 

*'That*s true," answered Shuffles, silenced, rather 
than convinced, by tlie tactics of his fellow-conspir- 
ator. 

It was settled that he who knew peas must certainly 
*' know beans." 

"When shall the fellows vote?" asked Shuffles. 

" After dinner to-morrow afternoon. Every fellow 
will be off duty an hour in the first or second dog 
watch," replied Pelham, who seemed to have an an- 
swer ready for every question. " The polls shall be 
kept open till eight o'clock. The peas and beans 
shall be distributed before eight bells in the forenoon 
watch, so that every fellow will be ready to vote." 

" Where will Grossbeck stand when he receives the 
ballots?" 

'* He won't stand anywhere in particular. We will 
see him together, and give him his instructions. I 
think it will be better for him to walk about the ship, 
and let the fellows hand him the votes on the sly, 
which he must put in his pocket. He shall count 
them in the presence of both of us." 

" Suppose he should lose some of them ? " suggest- 
ed Shuffles. 

" If he does, he is as likely to lose peas as beans." 

" I don't want to be chosen in any such manner as 
by the loss of the votes." 

" I can't see that there is any more danger of his 
losing them than there is of his losing his head. I 
see you are not entirely satisfied with the plan." 



2J4 OUTWARD BOUND, OR, 

" To tell you the tnith, Pelham, I am not There 
is, at least, a chance for mistakes/' 

" I'm willing to do anything you like, that will make 
the election a fairer one." ' 

" I have it ! " exclaimed Shuffles. " We can give 
each fellow two peas and two beans, and let him vote 
twice." 

" What good will that do ? " 

" 1*11 tell you. We want another receiver ; then let 
each fellow vote twice, giving a pea or .a bean to both 
of the receivers. If the two results don't agree, it 
shall not be an election." 

" That's a first-rate idea. Shuffles, and I go in for it 
with all my might," replied Pelham, with so much 
warmth that his companion was put in the best of 
humor. " Who shall be the other receiver ? " 

"Name some one," said Shuffles, generously con* 
ceding the nomination to his confederate. 

"Perth." 

« No." 

Shuffles objected because Pelham had done so when 
he had mentioned two names. 

" Richton." 

" Once more." 

" McKeon." 

" Right. McKeon is an honest, careful fellow," 
added Shuffles. "Now I think there can be no mis- 
take." 

The minor details of ' the election were carefully 
arranged, and the boys went below again. They g^ve 
satisfactory replies to the first lieutenant, who ques- 
tioned them in regard to the steamer they had gone 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 275 

aloft to examine. Pelham thought she was a " Cu- 
narder," but Shuffles was confident she belonged to 
the Inman line ; and it is quite certain neither of them 
had any opinion whatever in regard to her, except 
that she was going west ; for the red light on her port 
side was visible. 

On. the following day, Grossbeck and McKeon, the 
receivers who had been appointed, were waited upon, 
separately, by the two " Shackles." They accepted 
the important trust which was confided to them, and 
each was duly and solemnly admonished of the neces- 
sity of entire fairness. They were informed that any 
discrepancy in the number of ballots in the hands of 
the two receivers would cause the vote to be rejected ; 
and they individually promised to be both faithful and 
careful. 

The beans and the peas were readily obtained, and 
were distributed among the members of the League, 
with the necessary secrecy. Some of the independent 
voters needed a little persuasion to induce them to 
vote, when informed that the choice was between tlie 
"Shackles" only; but they yielded the point, and 
entered heartily into the excitement of the event ; for, 
secret as were the proceedings, they were attended 
with no little exhilaration of feeling. 

The voting commenced in the afternoon watch. 
The second part of the starboard watch, being off duty, 
gave in their peas and beans first. The receivers, 
without even knowing all the members of the League, 
took whatever was handed to them " on the sly," and 
looked as careless and indifferent as though nothing 
was going on. The only responsibility that, rested 



*76 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

upon them, besides the general duty of carefulness 
and fidelity, was to see that no one voted twice. 
" Vote early and vote often " was not countenanced ; 
and one receiver acted as a check upon the other. 

The election progressed so secretly that no occasion 
for suspicion was given ; and though the ballots were 
deposited under the eyes of the principal and the pro- 
fessors, they saw nothing, and had not the remotest 
idea that anything wrong was in progress. 

In the last half of the first dog watch. Shuffles be- 
gan to be excited. He was too much of a politician 
to be idle while any voting was going on ; and so .far 
as his duty would permit, he had watched the receiv- 
ers since the balloting commenced. He had seen 
seven or eight vote of whose membership in the Chain 
he had no previous knowledge. He saw that Pelham 
had made more initiates than he had been willing to 
acknowledge, apparently concealing the facts for the 
purpose of favoring his own election. He observed 
that all the officers of his rival's quarter watch voted, 
and he was almost certain that he had been defeated. 

Shuffles was angry and indignant when he discov- 
ered the treacherous shrewdness of his fellow-con- 
spirator ; but he had solemnly promised to abide the 
result of the election, and he could not recede from 
his position without a violation of the " honor among 
thieves " which is said to exist. The poll would not 
be closed for half an hour ; and as he had been cheat- 
ed, he deemed it quite right to restore the equilibrium 
by a resort to the same policy. 

" Wilton, I have been cheated," said he, angrily, as 
he -met his old crony in the waist. 



YOVNG AMBIUCA AFXOAT. 2JJ 

** How do you know you have ? " 

" I know it. I will explain by and by. Something 
must be done. I am beaten as sure as you live." 

" Well, 1 can't help it if you are. You and Pelham 
have fixed things to suit yourselves, and now you 
must fight it out between you," replied Wilton, as he 
turned on his heel, and left the mighty mischief-maker 
alone and disconcerted. 

"Where do all these beans come from?" said Paul 
Kendall, as he noticed the rejected ballots of the Pel- 
hamites, which they had not even taken the trouble to 
throw over the rail. 

" If s a new game the fellows are plajring," replied 
Shuffles, with apparent indifference, as he walked aft 
with the second lieutenant. 

" What* s that? " asked Paul, curiously. 

"It's called' Don't know Beans,' " answered Shuf- 
fles, in deep thought. " The fellows have a good deal 
of sport out of it in the off-time." 

" * Don't know Beans 1 ' I never heard of such a 
game before. Tell me about it." 

" You see Grossbeck and McKeon ? " 

"Yes." 

" Well, they are the 3uUs^ as we call them. All 
the fellows in our watch have some beans," added 
Shuffles, taking a handful of them from his pocket. 
~ " What do they do with them ? " 

" You try it yourself. Take two of these beans." 

Paul took them. 

"Now you must give one to Grossbeck, and the 
other to McKeon, without letting any fellow see you 
24 



2j8 . OUTWAAR BOUND, OR 

do it. If any fellow does see you give it to either of 
them, he will say, in a low tone, ' Don't know Beans,* 
and then the butt must drop it on deck. When the 
even bell strikes, Grossbeck and McKeon must count 
their beans. The one who has the most must appoint 
the next two bean-pots, or butts ; and the one who has 
the smaller number must pick up all the beans that 
have been dropped on the deck. There is fun in it ; 
though, perhaps, you wouldn't think so." 

" I will try it, at any rate." 

Paul did try it, and succeeded, as all others did, in 
giving the beans to the receivers without any one ut- 
tering the warning words. He w^as rather pleased 
with the game, so suddenly invented, and the two offi- 
cers of his watch were induced to try the experiment. 
Then Blackburn, Endicott, and Bennington were sup- 
plied with beans by Shuffles, who instructed his audi- 
tors that not a word must be said about tlie matter to 
the " butts," or to any one in the waist. The last 
three were as successful as the first three. Then 
Thompson and Cartwright were equally fortimate. 
Finally, Captain Gordon's attention was attracted, 
and he descended so far from his dignity as to deposit 
the beans. ^ 

Shuffles was satisfied. He had procured nine votes, 
and he was confident that he had thus defeated his 
rival. As a matter of precaution, he directed McKeon 
to pick up the beans scattered in the waist ; and the 
" outsiders " who had cast the nine votes believed that 
he was the unlucky butt, who had been beaten in the 
game. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 279 

"The captain and half the officers voted/* whis- 
pered Grossbeck at four bells. 

*' Certainly ; that's all right. You and McKeon 
will meet Pelham and me in the waist at eight bells," 
replied Shuffles, as he went below. 



3&> OUTWARD BOUND, OR 



CHAPTER XVm. 

THE RESULT OF THE BALLOT. 

THE first part of the port watch went on duty at 
eight o'clock, when the secret poll for the choice 
of a captain, under the new order of events, was 
closed. Shuffles was in this watch, but as neither his 
" trick at the wheel '* nor his turn on the lookout came- 
within the first hour, he had an opportunity to attend 
to the important business of tlie League. Pelham and 
the two receivers of votes belonged in the second part 
of the port watch, and there was nothing to prevent 
them from attending the conference which Shuffles 
had appointed. 

While Shuffles had been teaching the " outsiders " 
tlie game of " Don't know Beans," Pelham, as officer 
of the deck, remained abaft the mizzenmast, and had 
failed to notice what was taking place in the waist. 
The officers who were off duty, and who had uncon- 
sciously voted for Shuffles, satd nothing to those in 
charge of the ship. In accordance with the require- 
ments of man-of-war discipline, the weather side of 
the deck was given up to the captain and the officers 
on duty, while all the idlers were required to keep on 
the lee side. Captain Gordon was a privileged person. 
On the weather side, even the denizens of the after 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT- 28t 

cabin did not presume to address him on any question 
not connected with the discipline of the sliip. When 
he went over to the lee side, it was understood that he 
was simply a student, and even an ordinary seaman 
might speak to him when he walked forward. 

Shuffles had explained the game to the outsiders 
on the lee side, out of the hearing of the officer of 
the deck ; and Pelham, entirely satisfied that he was 
already elected, did not trouble himself about the 
matter. 

If " Don't know Beans " was not much of a game, 
it was better than nothing, and Shuffles soon found 
that there was danger of his little scheme being ex- 
posed. During the second dog watch, at supper time, 
and as other opportunities were presented, he told 
Wilton, Monroe, Adler, and others, that the second 
lieutenant, seeing so many beans on the deck, wished 
to know where they came from, and that, to deceive 
him and the rest of the officers, he had invented the 
game which he described, and wished them to play 
while off duty on deck. " Our fellows", thought this 
was a good joke, and the new pastime was soon under- 
stood tliroughout the ship, and *' butts " were appointed 
in each quarter watch to play it the next day. 

" The fellows have all voted, I suppose," said Pel- 
ham, when the party had obtained a good position for 
tlie conference. 

" The time is out, whether they have or not," 
replied Grossbeck. 

"All we have to do now is to count the votes," 
added Shuffles, impatiently, for he was afraid his little 
H* 



38a 'OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

trick would be exposed before the result of the ballot 
was obtained. 

" Well, let us have it counted at once," said Pelham, 
who, having no doubt of the result, had no thought of 
offering any objection to the fairness of the election. 

" We can't count the votes here," suggested McKeon. 
^* Some one would see us, and want to know what we 
were doing." 

" I can't leave the deck ; I'm on duty," replied 
Shuffles. 

" Let the receivers coimt it themselves.'' 

" We ought to see them do it." 

" That is not necessary. They don't know how 
many votes they have." 

" I'm sure I don't," said Grossbeck." 

" Neither do I," added McKeon. 

" I'll tell you how we can manage it, without 
exciting the attention of any one." 

" I will agree to anything that is fair," replied 
Shuffles. 

" Grossbeck shall go forward, and McKeon aft as 
far as the mainmast, so that each cannot know what 
tlie other is about. They can count the votes sepa- 
rately, without being seen." 

'^ I don't see how we can," said McKeon. 

" Can you tell a pea from a bean by the feeling? " 

" Of course we can." 

" Where did you put the votes, Grossbeck?" asked 
Pelham. 

" In my trousers' pocket." 

" So did I," added McKeon. 

" Both of you have on your pea-jackets now, and 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 283 

there is a pocket on each side of them. Take out all 
the peas first, and put them in the right-hand pocket 
of your pea-jacket ; then all the beans, and put them 
in the left-hand pocket ; then count each." 

^' Some fellow may see us counting them," said 
Grossbeck. 

" You must take care of that," answered Pelham. 

" If they do, it will not make much difference. 
Some of the felloWs were careless, and threw their 
beans on the deck." 

" Did they ? " laughed Pelham ; " I suppose they 
had no use for them." 

" The second lieutenant saw them, and wanted to 
know what they meant," added Shuffles. 

" Whew ! " exclaimed Pelham. 

" I made it all right, though I was obliged to invent 
a new game to throw him off the track." 

" Good ! " said Pelham. " But we must go on with 
the counting. When you have found the number of 
peas and of beans, you will write the result on a piece 
of paper, each of you. McKeon, you will hand your 
paper to Shuffles, and, Grossbeck, you will hand yours 
to me. That* s fair — isn't it ? " 

" Certainly," replied Shuffles. 

" Then we will put tlie two papers together •, if 
they agree, the election is made ; if they do not agree, 
we must do it all over again," continued Pelham. 

" All right," added Shuffles. 

The two receivers were sent away to count the 
votes. As one went forward, and the other aft, and 
tlie two " Shackles^' stood between, no communication 
whatever could pass from one to the other. It was 



S84 OUTWARD BOUND9 OR 

now quite dark, and most of those off duty had 
turned in, for the students had become so well ac- 
customed to sea life that they could sleep whenever 
their presence was not required on deck. 

" I hope this thing will be settled now once for all," 
said Pelham, who feared that some mistake might 
defeat his hopes. 

" So do I," replied Shuffles, who was disturbed by 
the same dread. 

"Have you any idea what the result will be?" 
asked Pelham, who, in spite of the mutual "tog- 
gling,'' and the mutual assurances of good faith, had 
some doubts whether his rival would be willing to 
accept the result. 

" Well, I don't know," replied Shuffles, cautiously, 
and with the same want of confidence which disturbed 
his companion. " There is no knowing who will be 
governor till after election." 

" Of course not, but you might have some idea of 
tlie way the thing is going? " 

" I might, but what's the use of talking when we 
shall know all about it in ten or fifteen minutes? " 

" Of course you have some hopes." 

" To be sure I have ; and I suppose you have, too." 

"Certainly I have; if I hadn't, I should have 
given the thing up without the trouble and risk of 
a ballot," replied Pelham. 

" We both expect it, and it follows that one of us 
must be disappointed." 

" You know the bond." 

" I do." 

" Here is my hand, Shuffles. I pledge myself over 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 285 

again to abide the result of the vote, whether it is for me 
or against me/' continued Pelham, extending his hand. 

" And here is my hand, Pelham, with the same 
pledge, honor bright," replied Shuffles, as he took the 
offered hand. 

'^ I am tolerably confident of the result," added 
Pelham. 

^^ I am quite confident that I shall be chosen," 
replied Shuffles. 

" Don't be too certain, my dear fellow," laughed the 
fourth lieutenant. ^'I have taken in a great many 
recruits." 

*' I^m glad you have — the more the better. I have 
also taken in a good many. Pelham, do you know this 
is very shaky business? " 

"Shaky?" 

" Yes — between you and me, I mean. If either of 
us should back down, the whole thing would fall to 
the ground." 

" Back down ! " exclaimed Pelham. " Why, after 
what has passed between us, I consider it impossible 
that either of us should back down. I am pledged ; 
so are you ; and if either of us should back down, I 
hope he will — fall overboard accidentally." 

" So do I," replied Shuffles, heartily. 

" My dear fellow, if you should back out, I should 
be mad enough to help you over the rail, some dark 
evening, if I had a good chance." 

*' I don't believe I should feel any better-natured if 
you should break your agreement. Ond of us is 
doomed to disappointment. We have tried to make 
this thing as fair as possible." 



286 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" Certainly we have, aod it will be as fair as any- 
thing can be. I am entirely satisfied with the voting." 

*' Are you?" 

" Of course I am." 

Shuffles was very glad of this acknowledgment in 
advance of the reception of the result. 

" But, after all, Pelham," said he, " there may be an 
appearance of unfairness in the voting, after the result 
is declared." 

" There may be ; but each of us- is pledged not to 
claim anything on account of such an appearance. 
If the figures of the two receivers agree, that is the 
end of the whole thing, and you or I will be the 
captain." 

" That's so ; but here comes McKeon," replied 
Shuffles, as the receiver gave him the paper on which 
the result of the votes he had received was written. 

It was too dark to see it, and the rivals waited, in 
great excitement of mind, for tlie appearance of Gross- 
beck. He came, and his paper was handed to Pel- 
ham. The conditions of the agreement had now all 
been complied with, and the two papers were to be 
placed side by side, where both of the candidates 
could see them at the same instant. It was necessary, 
in the darkness, to obtain the use of a light for a mo- 
ment, and they decided to wait till the midshipman on 
duty in the waist went into the steerage to make the 
half-hourly inspection. 

" When one bell struck, the officer left his post, and 
the conspirators walked up to the binnacle in the I 
waist. By raising one of the slides in the side of the * 
machine, the lamp which threw its light on the fac« / 



V YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 287 

of the compass would eaable thetn to examine the 
papers. 

" Hold your paper by the side of mine," said Pel- 
ham, as he placed the important document in a posi- 
tion to receive the light from the binnacle when the 
slide should be moved. 

" Open it," replied Shuffles, nervously, as he com- 
plied with the direction of his rival. 

Pelham raised the slide, and the contents of the 
papers were read by both. 

Peas, 19 

Beans, 22 

The results g^ven in by the two receivers were the 
same, and by the terms of the bond, it was an election. 

" Shut the slide," said Shuffles. 

"Who opened that binnacle?" demanded the first 
master, walking aft from his station on the. forecastle. 

" I did, sir," replied Shuffles, unwilling to permit 
the fourth lieutenant to answer the question. "We 
were looking at some figures I had made." 

The master, finding that the fourth lieutenant was 
one of the party gathered around tlie binnacle, said no 
more, and returned to his place. 

"Are you satisfied, Pelham?" asked Shuffles, in 
the softest of tones. 

" I don't understand it," answered the disappointed 
candidate. 

" Don't you ? Well, you will remember that neither 
of us was to raise any question about the fairness of 
the ballot." 

" I don't say a word about its fairness ; I only said 



288 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

I did not understand it," answered Pelham, in surly 
tones. 

" I don't understand it any better than you do ; but 
the point just now is, whether you acknowledge me as 
captain, or not." 

n" Of course I do. When I pledge myself to do a 
thing, I always do it. I hail you as captain." 

" All right," added Shuffles. " Then nothing more 
need be said. You have kept your bond like a gen- 
tleman, and I now appoint you my first officer, as I 
promised to do." 

" Thank you," replied Pelham, in a sneering tone. 

" What's the matter, my dear fellow ? Are you not 
satisfied ? " demanded Shuffles. 

'' Entirely satisfied with the result ; " but he talked 
like one who was anything but satisfied. 

" It was a fair thing — wasn't it?" 

" I suppose it was ; I don't know." 

" You speak as though you were not satisfied, 
Pelham." 

^' I am not disposed to grumble. I only say that I 
don't understand it." 

"What don't you understand?" asked Shuffles, 
sharply. " The election was conducted on a plan 
furnished by yourself; the receivers were of your own 
choice ; the results agree ; and I can't see, for the life 
of me, that there is any chance to find fault." 

"I don't find fault. The result perplexes me, 
because I can't see through it." 

" What do you mean by that?" 

"I don't see where your twenty-two votes came 
from." 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 289 

•* And I don't see where your nineteen came from," 
retorted the successful candidate. 

" Tht whole number of votes was fortj'-one," added 
Pelham, who was quite sure there was something 
wrong. 

" The long and short of it is, that there are more 
fellows on board that ' know beans,' tlian you thought 
there were," laughed Shuffles. 

" Can you tell me where the forty-one votes came 
from. Shuffles?" demanded Pelham. 

*' Came from the fellows, of course." 

" Ifs no use to snuff at it, my dear fellow- I do not 
purpose to set aside the election. I acknowledge you 
as captain. Can I do any more? " 

^^ You can't ; but you seem disposed to do- something 
more." 

" I merely wish to inquire into this thing, and find 
out how we stand. Had you any idea that forty-one 
fellows belonged to the Chain ? " 

" I had not," replied Shuffles, honestly. " I was 
never more surprised in my life, than when I saw Tom 
Ellis and Andy Groom vote." 

" That was all right. Both of them joined." 

^^ I can tell you what took me all aback," interposed 
McKeon, who, with Grossbeck, had been walking 
back and forth in the waist. 

" No matter what took you all aback," added Shuf- 
fles, sharply. " The question is settled ; what's the 
use of raking up every thing that may seem to be 
strange ? " 

" What was it that took you aback, McKeon? " de- 
manded P«lham. 



t^O OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

^^It was when the captain voted/' replied the re* 
ceiver. 

" The captain I " exclaimed Pelham. 

"Yes." 

" Do you mean Captain Gordon, McKeon? * askpd 
Pelham, with intense surprise. 

" Of course I do." 

" All the officers of the first part of the port watch 
voted," added Grossbeck. 

" They did ! " exclaimed Pelham. 

" Well, was it any stranger that the officers of the 
first part of the port watch voted, than it was that 
those of the second part did so?" inquired Shuffies, 
with earnestness. 

" I think it was," replied Pelham, decidedly. 

" Paul Kendall was one of them," said McKeon. 

" Paul Kendall I Does any fellow suppose he has 
joined the Chain?" demanded the defeated candidate. 

"Why not?" 

" And Captain Gordon?" 

"Why not?" 

^' How did the captain vote? " asked Pelham. 

"No matter how he voted," said Shuffles, indigo 
nantly. " I protest against this raking up of matters 
which are already settled." 

" He voted beans," replied McKeon, who, it is 
hardly necessary to add, was a Pelham man. 

" Then 'he is one of your friends. Shuffles," contin- 
ued Pelham, who was beginning to understand how 
his rival bad been elected. 

" I don't claim him." 

" Did yp« t^He th^ gaptain into the Cham, Shuflles ? * 



YOUNG AMBRICA APLOAT. 39I 

** I won't answer," replied the captain. elect. 

" If Captain Gordon and Paul Kendall are mem* 
bers, I would like to know it. I am first officer of the 
ship under the new order of things, and if I command 
Gordon to do anything, I mean that he shall obey me." 

" Of course you will give him no orders till we are 
in possession of the ship," added Shuffles, not a little 
alarmed. 

'' Well, as Gordon and Kendall are members of the 
Chain — of course they are, or they wouldn't have 
voted — we can talk over the matter freely with them," 
said Pelham, chuckling. 

*' If you make the signs, and they make them, of 
course you can,'* replied Shuffles. " No member can 
speak to another about the business of the Chain until 
both of tliem have proved that they belong, by giving 
the required signals." 

. " Shuffles, do you suppose Captain Gordon knows 
the signs?" 

" How should I know ? I never tried him. I don't 
know why he shouldn't make them as well as Tom 
Ellis." 

" Tom Ellis is all right I vouch for him, for I ad- 
mitted him myself. Who will vouch for the captain? 
Who took him in ? " 

" I don't know." 

^^ I don't ; but if anybody has admitted him, and not 
given him the signs, he ought to be instructed in them. 
Of course he must have been admitted, or he would 
not have voted," added Pelham, sarcastically. 

**I have nothing more to say about this matter," 



»g2 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

replied Shuffles, disgusted with the cavils of his first 
officer. 

" Nor I ; but I shall satisfy myself whether the cap- 
tain is a member or not," said Pelham, decidedly. 
" Well, you must be very cautious what you do." 
" Certainly I shall. I will give him the first sign ; 
if he don't answer it, I shall conclude he is not a 
member ; or, if he is, that he has not been properly 
instructed." 

" Better not say anything to him," said Shuffles. 
" Why not? He^oted, and it must be all right." 
" Don't you say a word to him, unless he prove? 
that he is a member." 

" I think he has proved that already by voting." 
" You know our rule." • 

"I do; it requires me to satisfy myself that the 
person to whom I speak is a member. I am entirely 
satisfied now that the captain and Paul Kendall 
belong; they would not have voted if they had not 
belonged." 

This was a " clincher," and even Shuffles had not 
wit enough to escape the conclusion of the dogmatic 
reasoner. The captain elect of the League knew very 
well that nine persons who were not members had 
voted — that he had secured his election by a gross 
fraud. He was afraid that Pelham, disappointed by 
his defeat, would do something to compromise the 
enterprise ; but his own treachery had placed him in 
such a position that he could say nothing widiout ex- 
posing himself. 

" Of course if s all right," added Pelham. " I find 
we have plenty of friends in the after cabin. As soon 



YOXmO AMERICA AFLOAT. 393 

RS you have any orders to give, Captain Shuffles, I am 
m a position to execute them to the best advantage." 

** When I am ready, I will give them to you." 

*^ It will be an easy matter now to obtain possession 
of the ship ; in fact, all you have to do is to ordet 
Captain Gordon to turn the command over to you. 
He has been ' toggled,* and must obey his superiors — ■ 
of course he has been toggled ; he couldn't have voted 
if he hadn't been." 

Shuffles was terribly exercised by the repeated flings 
of his disconcerted rival. He was already satisfied 
that the enterprise had come to an end, unless Pelham 
could be quieted ; and he was about to propose a new 
ballot, when he was ordered by the quartermaster on 
duty to take his trick at the wheel. 

" What does all this mean ? " demanded Pelham of 
the receivers, when the captain-elect had gone to his 
duty, 

"I only know that the captain and all the officers of 
the first part of the port watch voted, and other fellows 
who would no more join this thing than they would 
jump overboard," replied McKeon. 

"How could they vote — how could the captain 
vote — without understanding the whole thing?" de- 
manded Pelham, perplexed at the inconsistency of tlie 
facts. 

" I think I know something about it," added Gross 
beck. 

"What do you know?" 

" Haven't you heard of the new game?" 

** What new game?" 

" ' Don't know Beans. '" 
25* 



J94 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

** Shuffles said something about it, but I did nd 
comprehend his meaning." 

Grossbeck explained the game, whose history had 
been circulated among " our fellows." 

** And this game was played while the voting was 
going on?" said Pelham, who began to see the trick 
which his rival had put upon him. 

" I didn't know anything about it till supper time," 
answered Grossbeck. 

" I see it all," continued Pelham. " The receivers 
were the ' butts,' and about a dozen fellows voted for 
ShufHes, including Gordon and Kendall, supposing 
they were simply playing ' Don't know Beans.' " 

It did not require a great deal of penetration on the 
part of the fourth lieutenant to comprehend the trick 
of his rival. He was indignant and angry^ and all the 
more so because he had been outwitted, even while He * 
was attempting to outwit his unscrupulous competitor. 

The next day, the quarter watches off duty played 
*' Don't know Beans " to their satisfaction. It was 
found, when everybody was watching the " butts," 
that very few could deposit their beans without detec- 
tion. A few hours' trial of the new pastime convinced 
all except " our fellbws " that it was a senseless game, 
and it was speedily abandoned. 

On the nineteenth day of the voyage, the Young 
America encountered another gale, but it was not 
nearly so severe as the one through which she had 
passed when off Cape Sable. The ship ran for twelve 
hours under close^reefed topsails ; but as the gale came 
from the south-west, she laid her course during the 
whole of it, and behaved herself to the entire satisfac- 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT, ^95 

don of all on board. On the following day, the wind 
had hauled round to the north-west, and the sea sub* 
sided, so that the ship went along very comfortably. 

Notwithstanding his doubts of the good faith of 
Pelham, who, liowever, nominally adhered to the 
terms of the compact. Shuffles arranged his plans for 
the capture of the ship. He had decided to defer the 
grand strike unti] the ship had come up with Cape 
Clear, so that the faculty, and all the students who 
would not take a part in the enterprise, might be put 
on shore immediately. In tlie course of three days, 
the land would probably be sighted. The rising was 
to take place in Pelham's watch, tlie officers of which 
were members of the League. All the details had 
been carefully arranged, and trusty ^^ links '* appointed 
to perform the heavy work. As <soon as the '^ old 
folks *' had been locked up in the cabin, and the new 
captain had taken the command, the ship was to be 
headed for the shore. The great event was to come 
off at six o'clock in the afternoon of the twenty-third 
or twenty-fifth day. The ship would be near the coast 
for at least a part of two days. If she was within six 
hours' sail of the land on the twenty-third \day out, 
when Pelham would have the second part of the first 
dog watch, the rising was to take place then ; if not, 
it was to be deferred till the twenty-fifth day, when the 
watches were again favorable. 

Shuffles communicated with his discontented first 
officer as often as he could, and unfolded his plans 
witliout reserve. Pelham listened, and, still professing 
his willingness to obey his superior officer, promised 
t» do all that was required of him* 



2g6 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

*' In your watch, Pelham, you will see that tlie 
helm 18 in the hands of some of our fellows/' said 
Shuffles. 

*' Certainly," replied Pelham, with more indiffer- 
ence than suited the enthusiastic chief of the enter- 
prise. " By the way, Captain Shuffles, have you laid 
out any work for Captain Gordon to do ? " 

*' What's the use of talking to me about him now 
that we are on the very point of accomplishing oui 
purpose? " demanded Shuffles, with deep di^ust. 

*' You can't deny that Gordon is an able fellow, 
and^ as a good commander, of course you intend to 
give hin\ some important position," chuckled Pelham. 
" Have you appointed the rest of your officers yet? *' 

" To be sure I have." 

" Have you given Gordon anything? " 

*' No ! " growled Shuffles. 

"No? Why, do you think the present captain of 
the ship will be content to go into the steerage under 
the new arrangement? " 

" He may go into the steerage or go overboard," 
answered the chief, angrily. 

" Accidentally; you mean." 

" Pelham, if you intend to be a traitor, say so." 

" I ! My dear fellow, I don't mean anything of the 
kind. I am as true as the pole star." 

" Have you spoken to tlie captain about our affairs? *' 

" Not a word." 

" Have you tried him by the signs? " 

" I have, and he made no sign," laughed Pelham, 
who was not much enamoured of the cabalistic clap- 
trap of the Chain. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 297 

** Then, of course, he is not a member." 

• "He must be; he voted," replied Pelham, mali- 
ciously. 

" How many more times will you say that ? " 

" Perhaps fifty ; perhaps a hundred," answered the 
fourth lieutenant, coolly. " I shall say it until you are 
willing to acknowledge the trick you put upon me." 

*^ What trick?" 

" O, I know all about it ! Didn't you tell Kendall, 
the captain, and seven or eight others, how to play 

* Don't know Beans'?^' 

" If I did, it was to cheat them when they wanted 
to know what the beans meant." 

" You saw that the fellows threw away the beans, 
instead of voting for you with them, and you invented 
your game to make the thing come out right. No 
matter. Shuffles; I am bound by the compact we 
made, but I shall persist in regarding Gordon, Ken- 
dall, Foster, and others as members. As you made 
them vote, you are responsible for them. That's all." 

" Don't let us quarrel about it, my dear fellow," 
said Shuffles, in soft, insinuating tones. 

" By no means." 

" We will have a new election," suggested the chief. 

" If we should, I'm afraid all the fellows would 
want to play ' Don't know Beans.' " 

" You shall conduct it any way you please." 

" If I did, you would say I cheated you. I agreed 
to abide by the election^ and I shall do so. The fact 
is, Shuffles, you and I are too smart to play in the 
same game. I shall stick to the bond. When you 



2^ OUTWARD BOUNDy OR 

order me to do anything, I shall do it,** replied Pel- 
ham, as he turned on his heel and walked off. 

He retreated into the after cabin, where Shuffles 
could not follow him. At the cabin table, studying 
4is French lesson, sat Paul Kendall. 



YOXJN6 AMBRICA AFLOAT. 299 



CHAPTER XIX. 
icAN overboard! 

Do you know how to play * Don't know Beans*?" 
asked Pelham, as he seated himself by the 
side of the second lieutenant. 

*'Yes; I know how to play it, but it's a stupid 
game. Shuffles told me how." 

"Did he, indeed?" 

" There was some fun in it the first time I tried it ; 
but the second time was enough to' satisfy me. I 
don't think there is any sense in it." 

" Of course there isn't, Kendall," laughed Pelham. 
*' It was no game at all." 

** What are you laughing at?" 

"Vou were sold on that game," added the con- 
spirator, indulging in more laughter than the occasion 
seemed to require. 

"How was I sold? I don't see an3rthing so very 
funny about it." 

" I do." 

"Tell me about it; if there is any joke I think I 
shall enjoy it. You say I was sold." 

" You were ; and so was I." 
. " Well, what was it?" asked Paul, impatiently. 



300 OUTWARD BOUND^ OR 

" When you gave those fellows the beans that day, 
you were voting ! " 

" Voting I Voting for what, or whom ? " exclaimed 
the second lieutenant. 

" For Shuffles." 

" Did my vote count?" 

" To be sure it did ; and he was elected to a certain 
position by your vote and those of seven or eight 
others who did not understand tlie trick," replied Pel- 
ham, laughing all the time. 

" What was the position ? I don't understand what 
you are talking about, and therefore I can't appreciate 
the joke." 

^^ril tell you, Kendall; but you must keep still 
about it for the present." 

" It looks to me, on the face of it, like a dishonest 
trick. It seems that Shuffles lied to us when he made 
us believe that we were playing a game. I like a 
joke well enough, but I ^don't believe in a fellow's 
lying for the sake of any fun." 

" You are right, Kendall. It was not ohly a dis- 
honest trick, but it was a mean one." 

" What was the position ? " repeated Paul. 

" Some of the fellows are going to make Mr. Low- 
ington a present of a silver pitcher as soon as we get 
to some port where we can obtain one." 

" Why didn't yoii tell of it? " demanded Paul. " I 
should like to join in the presentation, for I don't think 
there is a fellow on board who likes Mr. Lowington 
better than I do." 

"Yes; but, you see, there's soniething peculiar 
about this thing. The contribution is to be Confined 



YOyNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 30! 

to those fellows who have been disciplined in one way 
or another. A good many of us, you know, were 
mad when Mr. Lowington took our money away ; we 
are satisfied now that he was right. We made him 
feel rather uncomfortable by our looks and actions, 
and some of us were positively impudent to him. 
We purpose to show that our feelings are all right." 

" Precisely so ! " replied Paul, with enthusiasm. 
"Thafs splendid! Mr. Lowington will appreciate 
the gijfl when he sees the names of tlie subscribers." 

" Certainly he will." 

"But you have no money," laughed the second 
lieutenant. 

"We have put our names down for ten shillings 
apiece — about tliirty of us. When we get into port, 
we shall tell Mr. Lowington that we wish to present 
a silver pitcher to a gentleman on board, in token of 
our appreciation of his kindness, &c., and ask him fot 
half a sovereign each from our funds." 

" He will wish to know who the gentleman is." 

" We can ask to be excused from telling him." 

" I can manage that part of the business for you. 
Each of the fellows shall give me an order on the 
principal for ten shillings, to be paid to Dr. Winstock, 
who will buy the pitcher for you, if you like. He is 
acquainted in Cork. I will give all the orders to the 
doctor, and he will get the present without saying a 
word to Mr. Lowington until after the presentation. 
Then he will have no chance to object, on the sus- 
picion that the gift is intended for him — don't you 
see?" 

Paul Kendall entered into tlic project with a degree 

26 



302 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

of enthusiasm which was rather embarrassing to the 
conspirator. 

"The fellows have been very secret about the 
thing," added Pelham. 

"They must have been, or I should have heard 
something about it," replied Paul, innocently. 

^' No one but ourselves has known a thing about it 
till now. They have formed a kind of secret society, 
and know each other by certain signs." 

" But what was the voting for ? " 

" For orator of the day." 

" For the fellow who is to present the pitcher and 
make the speech ? " added Paul. 

"Yes." 

" And Shuffles was chosen ? " 

" Yes, by a trick." 

" You mean that no one but subscribers ought to 
liave voted ? " 

" Precisely so." 

" It was a mean trick." 

" It was a sort of practical joke upon me, I sup- 
pose." 

" I don't believe in practical jokes which need a lie 
to carry them through." 

"Well, Shuffles has the position, unless some of 
you fellows will help me out. I wanted to make the 
s|>eech, and without the nine votes which you and 
other outsiders put in, I should have been chosen." 

"What can we do?" 

" I have a right to consider all the fellows that voted 
as members of the society. The fact of their voting 
mtkes them members." 



yOtJNG AMBRICA AFLOAT. 303 

" I don't know anything about that." 

^^ It's clear enough to me, and in a talk I had with 
Shuffles just now, he didn't pretend to deny the cor- 
rectness of my position." 

" If he agrees, it must be all right," laughed Paul. 

" If you had understood the matter, for whom should 
you have voted ? " 

" I don't know ; but after the trick Shuffles played 
off upon you, I should not vote for him." 

" Very well ; then you can change your vote." 

" How shall I change it?" 

" Go to Shuffles ; and the other eight fellows who 
voted in the dark must do the same.'' 

" What shall I say to him? " 

"You must go to him as a member of the society, 
and salute him as such." 

" I don't know how." 

" I'll tell you. When ybu meet him, scratch the tip 
end of your nose with the nail of your second finger 
on the right hand ; in this manner," continued Pel- 
ham, giving the first sign. 

"That's it— is it?" said Paul, as he imitated the 
action of Pelham. 

"Yes; that's right. He will reply by taking the 
lower part of his left ear between the thumb and first 
finger of the left hand — so," added Pelham, 

"I have it«" answered Paul, as he made the 
motions. 

" Then you will scratch your chin with the thumb 
nail of the left hand, and he will reply by blowing his 
nose." . 

" Let's see if I can do all that," laughed Paul, very 



304 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

much amused at the mystic indications of membership 
in the secret association. 

He made the sig^s to Pelh&m, who replied to them, 
several times, until he was perfect in his part. 

" All right. I will remember them," said Paul. 

" But you haven't got the whole of it yet. When 
you have made the signs, and he has answered them, 
he will say, ^Is that so?' with strong emphasis on the 
first word." 

*'Zr that so ? " repeated Paul. 

" Then you will reply, ' That is so,' with the stress 
on ikatr 

" That is so," added Paul. 

" Then you must place yourself so as to look -di- 
rectly forward or aft. If you look forward, he must 
look aft." 

" I understand you." 

" Now I want to know who the other fellows were 
that played ' Don't know Beans ' that day." 

'^ Captain Gordon was one." 

" Will you post him up in what I have told you ? " 

" I will, and the other fellows who voted for Shuf- 
fles, if you say so." 

" Thank you. I wish you would. Let them all tell 
him they desire to change their votes ; but .have tliem 
do it one at a time." 

Paul Kendall promised to do what was required of 
him ; and in the course of the following forenoon he 
initiated " the outsiders who had voted for Shuffles " 
in the secret machinery of the supposed society, but 
in fact of the Chain League. Being off duty during 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 3O5 

the second part of the afternoon watch, he encountered 
Shuffles in the lee side of the waist. 

" Well, Shuffles, we are almost up with the coast 
of Ireland," said Paul, as he scratched the tip of his 
nose with the second finger of his right hand, agreea^ 
bly to the instructions given him by Pel ham, 

" Yes ; and I suppose by Saturday, if the wind holds 
fair, we shall be off Cape Clear," replied the eaptain- 
elect, as he took the lower part of his left ear between 
the thumb and forefinger of the left hand. 

Shuffles did not suppose that the second lieutenant 
was a member of the league, and pledged to assist in 
the capture of the ship : but as he had made the sign, 
probably accidentally, he replied to it. 

" There is a prospect of fair weather for some days 
to come," continued Paul, as he scratched his chin 
with his left hand, which was the second step towards 
a recognition in the " Chain." 

Shuffles was duly and properly astonished at this 
exhibition of intelligence on the part of the officer; 
and it was now quite certain that Paul had joined the 
league, or that he had obtained its tremendous secrets. 

" I hope it will be good weather now during the 
rest of the passage," added the captain-elect, as he 
took his handkerchief from his breast pocket and blew 
his nose, for he was determined to satisfy himself 
whether or not the second lieutenant was a- member 
of the League. . 

"/jT that so?" demanded Shuffles. 

" That is so," answered Paul. 

Shuffles was almost overwhelmed with astonish* 
26* 



3o6 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

ment to find that one who was a model of fidelity and 
propriety had actually joined the Chain. 

" Shuffles, I voted for you the other day," added 
Paul. 

** I know you did." 

**! wish to change my vote." 

**' Change it ! " exclaimed Shuffles. 

" Yes ; I voted in the dark. I wish now to vote few: 
the other candidate." 

"For whom?" 

" For Pelham, of course." 

" You are too late." 

"I think, under the circumstances, that my vote 
ought to be counted on the other side, even if it 
reverses the result," said Paul, earnestly. 

" Why do you wish to vote for Pelham ? " demanded 
Shuffles, rather because he had nothing else to say 
than because he was interested in the anticipated 
reply. 

" I don't think it was quite fair for you to obtain 
my vote as you did." 

" No matter for that. Do you think Pelham would 
make a better captain than I should?" 

"A better what?" 

" Do you think he will command the ship any bet. 
ter than I shall." 

" Command the ship I " repeated Paul, bewildered 
by this extraordinary question. " I wasn't aware that 
either of you were to command the ship." 

Shuffles, in his turn, was confounded when he 
found that the second lieutenant was a member of 
the " Chain " without any knowledge of its objects 



YOUNG AMSRICA AFLOAT. 307 

Though he had used all the precautions required by 
the League, a hint had unwittingly been g^ven to Paul, 
whose simple integrity rendered him the most dan- 
gerous person on board to the interests of such an 
institution as the Chain. 

" Mr. Kendall, may I ask what you now suppose 
you were voting for?" asked Shuffles, with easy as» 
surance. 

" For the orator of the day, of course," replied Paul, 
who was too free from wiles or arts to make any use 
of the advantage gained. 

Indeed, he was so true himself that he was not sus- 
picious of others ; and he did not even perceive that 
he had obtained an advantage. 

" Exactly so," added Shuffles ; " for orator of the 
day ; but we don't speak the idea out loud, or call it 
by its. proper name." 

"What did you mean by commanding the ship, 
Shuffles?" laughed Kendall. 

" I meant orator of the day. We keep this thing to 
ourselves," added Shuffles, who had no idea what was 
meant by his companion. 

" Of course ; I understand all about that," said Paul, 
knowingly. " I don't think I had any right to vote ; 
and in my opinion the trick you played on Pelham' 
was decidedly wrong." 

" It was merely a joke," answered Shuffles. 

" But do you intend to use the advantage you gained 
by this trick?" 

"Certainly not." 

" I'm very glad of that" 



joS OUTWARB BOUND, OR 

" It was only for the fun of the thing," added Shuf- 
fles, at a venture. 

" It may have heen funny ; but I don't think it was 
liKMiest" 

*^ I didn't intend to make any use of it," continued 
Shuffles. "What did Mr. Pelham say to you, Mr. 
Kendall?" 

" He told me all about it," replied Paul. 

"Did he, indeed?" 
' " He said that you, by causing me to vote, had made 
me a member." 

"Just so." 

Shuffles did not dare to say much, though it was 
evident, from the words and the manner of the second 
lietitenant, that Pelham had not yet betrayed the real 
object of the Chain. If he had, the captain elect was 
satisfied he would have been in irons, confined in ther 
brig, before that time. ^ 

"I told Mr. Pelham I fully approved the purpose, 
and would help him out with it.'^ 

*> What purpose ? " asked Shuffles, anxious to know 
what Paul meant. 

" Why, don't you know?" 

" Of course I do ; but I wish to know precisely 
what Mr. Pelham told you." 

"He will tell you himself," laughed Paul, as he 
walked afl, in order to afford the other " outsiders " 
who had voted an opportunity to communicate with 
Shuffles ; for he perceived that they were waiting theii 
turns. 

As the second lieutenant went aft, the captain went 
forward on the lee side of the deck. 



VOUNG AMSRICA AFLOAT. 30^ 

" Shuffles ! " called Captain Gordon, as the chief 
conspirator was going forward. 

The captain elect turned and walked towards the 
commander, and touched his cap with becoming 
respect 

'*What do you think of the weather?" demanded 
Captain Gordon, scratching the tip of his nose. 

Paul had instructed the ** outsiders " to talk about 
the weather while they went through with the mystic 
routine of the signs. 

"I think we shall have good weather,'* replied 
Shuffles, who, though he was confounded and amazed 
to be saluted from this quarter with the language of 
the " Chain," dared not refuse to give the signs, after 
be had done so with the second lieutenant. 

" I wish to change my vote ; for I don't think it 
was fairly given before," said the captain, when he 
bad gone through all the forms of the recognition. 

" Certainly, Captain Gordon, if you desire to do so.* 

Fortunately for Shuffles, the captain did not pro 
long the conversation; for others were waiting ait 
opportunity to make themselves known to the conspin 
ator. One after another, they saluted Shuffles in th* 
waist, inquiring about the weather, and making th^ 
requisite signs. The captain elect was filled with 
indignation and rage against Pelham, who had played 
off this trick upon him ; but he was compelled to meet 
all who came, and go through the signs with them, 
while the *' outsiders," scattered about the deck, stood 
watching the motions with intense delight. He would 
ifain have fled, but he could not leave the deck ; and 
be was afraid that any impatience, or a refusal to 



SIO OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

answer the signs, would involve him in a worse difB* 
culty. 

At last the nine illegal voters had ^^ made themselves 
known," and having requested that their votes might 
be changed, Shuffles was released from torture. He 
was both alarmed and indignant. He had not been 
able to ascertain what was meant by " the orator of 
the day ; " and he began to fear that Pelham had ex- 
posed the whole, or a part, of the real purposes of 
the League. He was enraged that he had revealed 
anything. Even the captain and the second lieutenant 
had made all the signs, and they could not have done 
so without the assistance of a traitor. 

" It's all up with us, Wilton," said Shuffles, as they 
met near the foremast. 

"What is?" 

" Pelham has blowed the whole thing." 

** No ! " exclaimed Wilton, almost paralyzed by the 
information. 

" He has. The captain and several of the officers 
made all the signs to me just now. We shall spend 
our time in the brig for the next month." 

"Did Pelham do it?" 

"Yes." 

" That was mean," added Wilton, his face pale with 
terror. 

"He will fall overboard accidentally some day," 
added Shuffles, shaking his head. 

"Don't do that, Shuffles," protested the frightened 
confederate. 

" I will, if I get a chance." 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 3H 

" You will only make the matter ten times worse 
than it is/' 

Monroe joined them, and was informed of the des* 
perate situation of the League. 

" It's all your fault, Shuffles," said Monroe, indig- 
nantly. •' I don't blame Pelham." 

•' You don't I He has told a dozen outsiders how 
to make the signs, and let them into the secrets of tlie 
Chain, for all I know." 

"If he has, we may thank you for it. Shuffles. 
You cheated him, and played a mean trick upon 
him," replied Monroe. " I wouldn't have stood it if 
I had been he." 

" Pelham is a traitor, and you are another." 

" No matter what he is, or what I am. You got 
all those fellows to vote for you, and cheated him out 
of the place that belonged to him." 

" Did you think I was going to have him captain, 
after I had got up the Chain, and done all the work ? " 

"You agreed to leave it out to the fellows who 
should be captain. They voted, and you cheated," 
added Monroe. " I've had enough of the Chain ; and 
if any fellow makes the signs again, I shall not notice 
them." 

" Humph ! It's a pretty time to talk so, after the 
whole thing is let out." 

" Well, I will face the music, and get out of it the 
best way I can. I was a fool to join the Chain." 

" So was I," said Wilton. 

There was no difficulty in arriving at such a con- 
clusion, after the afTair had been exposed; and the 
sentiments of Wilton and Monroe were, or )vould 



311 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

aeon be, the sentiments of all the members of the 
League. ShufHes realized the truth of the old adages 
that rats desert a sinking ship, and he began to feel 
lonely in his guilt and his fear of exposure. But he 
could not forgive Pelham for his perfidy, forgetting 
that each had been treacherous to the other. 

In the first dog watch on that day, while Shuffles' 
heart was still rankling with hatred towards the al- 
leged traitor, the rivals met in the waist, which was 
common ground to officers off duty and seamen. 

'^ I want to see you, Pelham," said Shuffles, in a 
low tone. 

*' Well, you do see me — don't you?" laughed Pel- 
ham, who, feeling that he was now even with his 
rival, was in excellent humor. 

" Things are going wrong with us." 

" O, no ; I think not." 

" Will you meet me on the top-gallant forecastle^ 
where we shall not be disturbed ? " asked Shuffles. 

" That is noc exactly the*place for an officer." 

*' You are off duty, and you can go where you 
please." 

" What do you want of me ? " 

" I want to have an understanding." 

*' I suppose you think we . have too many members 
— don't you ? " asked Pelham, lightly. 

" The more the better." 

" I'll meet you there." 

Shuffles went to the place designated at once, where 
he was soon followed by the fourth lieutenant. 

"Well, Shuffles, what is it?" demanded Pelham, 
as, with one hand on the sheet of the fore*topma8t 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 313 

Staysail, he looked over tlie bow at the bone in ihe 
teeth of the ship. 

" What is it? Don't you know what it is? ** replied 
Shuffles, angrily. 

" Upon my life, I don't know." 

" You have been a traitor," exclaimed Shuffles, with 
savage earnestness. 

"O! have I?" 

" You know you have." 

" Perhaps you would be willing to tell me wherein 
I have been a traitor," added Pelham, laughing ; for 
he was enjoying the scene he had witnessed in tlie 
waist, when, one after another, the " outsiders " had 
made the signs to his rival. 

" You have betrayed the secrets of the Chain." 

"Havel?" 

" Didn't you give the signs to Paul Kendall, the 
captain, and half a dozen others ? " 

" But, my dear fellow, they are members," replied 
Pelham, chuckling. 

" They are not ; and you know they are not." 

" But, Shuffles, just consider that all of them voted 
for you." 

" I don't care for that.'' 

" I do. You recognized them as members first, 
and I couldn't do less than you did." 

" You are a traitor 1 " said Shuffles, red in the face 
with passion ; and the word hissed through bis closed 
teeth. 

"Well, just as you like: we won't quarrel about 
the meaning of words," replied Pelham, gayly ; for 
he enjoyed the discomfiture of his rival, and felt that 
27 



314 OUTWARD BOUliD, OR 

Shuffles deserved all he got, for the foul play of which 
he had been guilty on the ballot. 

" You pledged yourself to be honest, and stand^ by 
die vote, fair or foul." 

" Very true, my dear fellow ; and I do so. Give 
me your orders, and I will obey tliem." 

" But you have exposed the whole thing,** retorted 
Shuffles. " What can we do now, when Kendall and 
the captain know all about it?" 

** They don't know any more than the law allows. 
Besides, they are members. Didn't they vote for you ? 
Didn't they know beans? " continued Pclham, in the 
most tantalizing of tones. 

" Do you mean to insult me ? " demanded Shuffles, 
unable to control his rage. 

"Not I. I respect you too much. You are the 
captain — tliat is to be — of the ship," laughed Pel- 
ham. " The captain, the second lieutenant, and all 
the flunkies, voted for you ; and, of course, I couldn't 
be so deficient in politeness as to insult one who " 

At that moment Pelham removed his hand from 
the sheet, and Shuffles, irritated beyond control at the 
badinage of his companion, gave him a sudden push, 
and the fourth lieutenant went down into the surges, 
under the bow of the ship. 

As Pelham disappeared beneath the waves. Shuf- 
fles y-as appalled at his own act ; for even he had not 
sunk so low as to contemplate murder. The deed was 
not premeditated. It was done on the spur of ang^y 
excitement, which dethroned his reason. The chief 
conspirator had so often and. so lightly used the lan- 
guage of the League, about " falling overboard acci- 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 315 

dentally," that he had become familiar with the idea ; 
and, perhaps, the deed seemed less terrible to him 
than it really was. When the act was done, on the 
impulse of the moment, he realized his own situation, 
and that of his victim. He would have given any- 
thing at that instant, as he looked down upon the dark 
waves, to have recalled the deed ; but it was too late. 
Self-reproach and terror overwlielmcd him. 

" Man overboard I " he shouted with desperation, 
as he threw off his pea-jacket, and dived, head fore- 
most, from the forecastle into the sea. 

His first impulse had been to do a foul deed ; his 
next, to undo it. Shuffles was a powerful swimmer. 
The ocean was his element. He struck the water 
hardly an instant after Pelham ; and the ship, which 
was under all sail, making nine knots, hurried on her 
course, leaving the rivals to buffet the waves unaided. 

" Man overboard ! *' cried officers and seamen, on 
all parts of the ship's deck. 

" Hard down the helm, quartermaster I Let go the 
life-buoys I " shouted Kendall, who was the officer of 
the deck. 

" Hard down, sir. Buoy overboard,*' replied Ben- 
nington, the quartermaster at the helm. 

" Clear away the third cutter I " added Kendall. 

The orders were rapidly given for backing the main* 
topsail, while the courses were clewed up ; but the ship 
went on a considerable distance before her headway 
could be arrested. 

When Pelham went down into the water, he had 
been injured by the fall ; and though he struck out to 
save himself, it was not with his usual skill and vigor } 



3l9 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

for, like his companion in the water, he was a good 
swimmer. ' Shuffles had struck the waves in proper 
attitude, and was in condition to exert all his powers 
when he came to .the surface. He swani towards 
Pelham, intent upon rendering him the assistance he 
might require. 

*' Do you mean to drown me ? " gasped Pelham^ 
who supposed his rival had followed him overboard 
for the purpose of completing his work. 

**I mean to save you, Pelham," replied Shuffles. 
*' Can you swim ? " 

" I'm hurt.'* 

" Give me your hand, and I will support you." 

Shuffles took the offered hand of Pelham, who was 
able to swim a little, and supported him till they could 
reach the life-buoy, which had been dropped from the 
stern of the ship when the alarming cry was given. 

"Where are you hurt?" asked Shuffles, as soon as 
they had grasped the buoy. 

"My stomach struck the water," replied Pelham, 
faintly. 

The third cutter had been lowered into the water as 
soon as the ship's headway was stopped, and was now 
within a few yards of the buoy. 

" Will you forgive me, Pelham? I was beside my- 
self," said Shuffles, when his companion had recovered 
breath after his exertions. 

" You have saved me. Shuffles. I should have gone 
down without you." 

" Will you forgive me? " pleaded the penitent " I 
did not mean to injure you." ^ 



YOUNG. AMBRICA AFLOAT. 317 

** Never mind it ; we won't say a word about it,** 
answered Pelham, as the boat came up. 

They were assisted into the cutter, and the oarsmen 
pulled back to the ship. When the party reached the 
deck, a cheer burst from a portion of the crew ; but 
Wilton, Monroe, and a few others, believing that Pel- 
ham had "fallen overboard accidentally,'* were ap- 
palled at the probable consequences of the event. 

Pelham was assisted to the after cabin, where Dr. 
Winstock. immediately attended him. He was not 
seriously injured ; and the next day he was able to be 
on deck, and do duty. 

"How was that?" asked Wilton, when Shuffles 
had changed his clothes, and warmed himself at the 
stove, as they met in the waist. 

' Shuffles looked sad and solemn. He made no 
reply. 

: "Did he fall overboard accidentally?" demanded 
Wilton. 

"Don't ask me." 

** You jumped in after him, and saved him, they 
say," added Wilton ; " so, I suppose, it was really an 
accident." 

Shuffles still made no reply. 

2J^ 



JlS OUTWARD BOUND, OR 



CHAPTER XX, 

THE BND OF THB CHAIN I.EAGUB. 

THE fact that Shuffles had plunged into the sea, 
and labored so effectively for the rescue of the 
fourth lieutenant, blinded ^he eyes of " our fellows,'* 
who, knowing the penalty of treachery to the " Chain," 
might otherwise have suspected that he had " fallen 
overboard accidentally," or, in other words, that he 
had been pushed into the water by his unscrupulous 
rival. Wilton, Monroe, and Adler, had discussed 
the matter, and reached the conclusion that Pelham 
had been knocked over by the shaking of the stay* 
sail sheet, or that he had really fallen accidentally. 
They had been appalled and horrified by the event ; 
and those who were disgusted with the League were 
not disposed to betray its secrets ; for it was possible, 
though not probable, that the mishap which had be- 
fallen Pelham was an incident in the history of the 
" Chain." 

When a wicked man or a wicked boy exceeds his 
average wickedness, the excess sometimes produces a 
moral reaction. A person who tipples moderately 
may have the drunkard's fate vividly foreshadowed to 
him by getting absolutely drunk himself, and thus be 
induced to abandon a dangerous practice. That 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 319 

loathsome disease, small pox, sometimes leaves the 
patient better than it finds him ; and tlirough, and 
on account of, the vilest sin may come the sinner's 
reformation. 

Shuffles had exceeded himself in wickedness ; and 
the fact that his foul design was not even suspected bj 
any other person than his intended victim did not di-» 
minish his self-reproaches. He shuddered when he 
thought of the remorse which must have gnawed his 
soul during the rest of his lifetime if Pelham had been 
drowned. He would have been a murderer ; and 
while so many knew the penalty of treachery to the 
League, he could hardly have escaped suspicion and 
detection. 

A reaction had been produced in his mind ; but it 
was not a healthy movement of the moral nature. It 
was not so much the awful crime he had impulsively 
committed, as the terrible consequences which would 
have followed, that caused him to shrink from it. It 
was an awful crime, and his nature revolted at it. He 
could not have done it without the impulse of an in- 
sane passion ; but it was dreadful because it would 
have shut him out from society ; because it would have 
placed the mark of Cain upon him ; because the dun- 
geon and the gallows were beyond it, -7- rather than 
because it was the sacrifice of a human life, of one 
created in the image of God. 

Shuffles was in a state of terror, as one who has 
just escaped from an awful gulf that yawned before 
him. He was not sincerely penitent, as one who feels 
the enormity ot his offence. He was not prepared to 



320 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

acknowledge his sin before God, whose law he had 
outraged. 

When Pelham came on deck, on the day after the 
exciting event, he greeted Shuffles with his accustomed 
suavity, and seemed not to bear any malice in his heart 
against the author of his misfortune. Officers and sea- 
men, as well as the principal and the professors, con- 
gratulated him upon his escape from the peril which 
had menaced him ; and all commended Shuffles for 
his prompt and noble efforts in rescuing him. Pel- 
ham dissented from none of their conclusions, and 
was as generous in his praise of the deliverer as the 
occasion required. 

Shuffles was rather astonished to find himself a 
lion on board, and at being specially thanked by Mr. 
Lowington for his humane exertions in saving a ship- 
mate. He was so warmly and so generously com- 
mended that he almost reached the conclusion himself 
that he had done a good thing. He was not. satisfied 
with himself. He was in the power of Pelham, who, 
by a word, could change the current of popular sen- 
timent, and arraign him for the gravest of crimes. If 
tlie fourth lieutenant spoke. Shuffles realized that he 
should be shunned and despised, as well as hated and 
feared, by all on board the ship. It was quite natural, 
therefore, for him to desire a better understanding 
with Pelham. 

The League had fallen into contempt, at least for 
the present. Even "our fellows" would not have 
spirit enough to strike the blow ; besides, the terrible 
gulf from which Shuffles had just escaped was too 
vivid in his mind to permit him to place himself on 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 32I 

the brink of another. So far the reaction was salu- 
tary. 

"When may I see you, Mr. Pelham?" said Shuf- 
fles, 83 they came together in the waist. 

" We will visit the top-gallant forecastle again, and 
see if we can understand how I happened to fall over- 
board, for really Fm not in the habit of doing such 
things," replied Pelham, with a smile. 

They walked forward together, and mounted the 
ladder to the place indicated* 

" Shuffles, I never paid much attention to the snap- 
per of the toggle before, and never supposed it meant 
anything in particular," continued Pelham, as he 
placed himself in the position he had occupied before 
he went over the bow. "Am I in any danger 
now?" 

"No, Pelham, no!" replied Shuffles, earnestly. 
*'You provoked me so by your cool taunts that I 
pushed you over before I thought what I was about." 

" Did you really mean to drown me ? " 

" Upon my soul, I did not. If you knew how I felt 
when I saw you strike the water, and realized what I 
had done, you would forgive me." 

" I have done that already. Shuffles." 

" I would have given my own life for yours at that 
Instant, Pelham." 

" You saved me, after all, Shuffles. When I went 
over, I either hit the side of the ship, or struck my 
stomach on the water, for all the breath seemed to be 
knocked out of me. I hardly knew what I was about 
in the water till I saw you. At first I supposed you 
had jumped overboard to finish your job." 



322 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" You wronged me ; I would have saved you, if 1 
had been sure of perishing myself." 

" You did save me, and I am willing to let that act 
offset the other." 

" I'm grateful to you for this, Pelham. You treat 
me better than I deserve." 

" Never mind it now ; we will call it square," re- 
plied Pelham, lightly. " How about the Chain, Shuf- 
fles?' We shall be in sight of land by to-morrow." 

" We can't do anything now." 

"Why not?" 

"How can we? After whit has happened, I will 
not reproach you for what you did. You know how 
you provoked me. You have exposed tlie whole 
affair to the officers." 

"Not a bit of it." 

" No." 

" Certainly not. Did you ever know Augustus 
Pelham to violate his obligations?" demanded Pel- 
ham, with dignity. 

" Never before ; but the captain, the second lieuten- 
ant, and seven others, who would no more join the 
League than they would steal your pocket-book, went 
through all the signs witli me." 

" They all voted too," laughed Pelham. 

" I am willing to confess that I played off a mean 
trick upon you." 

" And I have only made myself even with you. I 
have not betrayed a single secret of the Chain to any 
one not posted — except the signs. If I had, of course 
you and I would both have been in the brig before 
this time." 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 323 

" I was puzzled to find nothing was ^id," added 
Shuffles. 

" No one knows anything. The Chain is as perfect 
as ever. Give me your orders, and I will carry them 
out." 

" The fellows have backed out now." 

" Then, of course, we must do the same. I doubt 
whether we could have carried the thing out." 

"No matter whether we could or not: we must 
drop it for the present. The fellows all suppose they 
are caught now, and expect every moment to be hauled 
up to the mast for an investigation." 

" They are all safe ; at least we can purchase their 
safety for ten shillings apiece," laughed Pelham. 

" Purchase it ! " exclaimed Shuffles, mystified by 
tlie language of his companion. 

"Just so — purchase it," added Pelham; and he 
proceeded to inform his late rival of the trick he had 
invented in retaliation for the one Shuffles had put 
upon him. 

" It was tit for tat," said Shuffles. 

*' I told nothing which would harm either of us, 
for I am just as deep in the mud as you are in the 
mire." 

" That's true. We must hang together." 

" I hope not," replied Pelham, laughing. " We 
have got into this scrape, and we must get out of it." 

" Suppose the captain or the second lieutenant 
should make tiie signs to one of our fellows, and he 
should tell what we were going to do." 

" I told all my recruits not to answer any signs now, 
■whoever made them." 



334 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

" I did the same, when I found the captain knew 
them." 

*' Then we are safe ; but the silver pitcher must be 
forthcoming." 

" The fellows will all be glad enough to get out of 
this scrape by paying ten shillings." 

*' Very well ; then every one of them must sign an 
order on Mr.- Lowington for ten shillings, payable to 
Dr. Winstock," added Pelham. 

" They will do it. Are you sure nothing has leaked 
out?" 

" Very sure ; there would have been a tremendous 
commotion before this time, if our real object had 
been even suspected." 

" No -doubt of that." 

" After all, ShufHes, do you really think we intend- 
ed to take the ship ? " 

" I did ; I know that." 

" I don't believe I did," said the fourth lieutenant. 
" Nothing seemed exactly real to me, until I went 
overboard." 

" It was more real to me then than ever before," 
replied Shuffles. " What shall we do with the Chain 
now ? " 

"Nothing; we may want to use it again, some 
time. Let every fellow keep still. When the princi- 
pal gets his silver pitcher, which the doctor will pro- 
cure as soon as he can go up to Cork, he will think 
the members of the Chain are the best fellows ou 
board." 

" I think you liave sold the whole of us, Pelham," 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 325 

continued Shuffles, with a sheepish smile. " Here's 
the end of the Qiain " 

" Yes, and we may be thankful that it isn't the end 
of a rope instead of a chain," laughed Pelham. " The 
penalty of mutiny is death." 

" I have had no fear of that; it would have been 
regarded only as a lark. But it is really amusing to 
think where we have come out," added Shuffles. " We 
formed the ' Chain ' because Lowington was tyran- 
nical ; most of the fellows joined it because he took 
their money from the«i." 

*' Precisely so." 

" And we are going to end it by giving Lowington 
a silver pitcher, in token of our respect and esteem ! " 

"In other words, Shuffles, we have played this 
game, and whipped out each other, without any help 
from the principal. It was mean business — I really 
think so ; and while we were trying to overreach 
each other, the game slipped through our fingers. 
I am really grateful when I think what an awful 
scrape we have avoided." 

" Perhaps you are right," replied Shuffles, thought- 
fully ; " but there was fun in the scheme." 

" There might have been, if we had succeeded ; but 
it would have been anything but fun if we had failed. 
Some of us would have found quarters in the brig, 
and we should not have been allowed to go on shore 
when we reached Queenstown." 

" A fellow won't want to go on shore without any 
money," growled Shuffles, who was not wholly cured 
of his discontent. 

" Since I went overboard I have been thinking a 
• • 28 



326 OUTWARD BOU?n>, OR 

great deal of this matter. I have come to the conclu- 
sion that Mr. Lowington is not the worst man in the 
world." 

*' He is harsh and tyrannical." 

" I don't think he ought to have taken our money 
. from us ; but I judge him from all his acts, not by one 
alone." 

Pelham seemed to have turned over a new leaf, and 
to be sincerely sorry for his attitude of rebellion. 
Shuffles was not to be convinced ; he was to be over- 
whelmed in another manner. 

The rivals separated, with their differences re- 
moved, and with full confidence in each other. Pel- 
ham wrote thirty-one orders on the principal for ten 
shillings each, in favor of the surgeon, during his oflP- 
time on that day, which were to be signed and handed 
to Paul Kendall. As opportunity occurred, the " sit- 
uation " was explained to the members of the League ; 
and though many of them growled at the idea of 
giving a present to Mr. Lowington for taking their 
money from them, not one of them refused to sign 
the orders ; none of them dared to refuse. 

In due time Dr. Winstock had possession of all these 
little drafts, amounting in the aggregate to fifteen 
pounds, ten shillings, which would purchase quite a 
respectable piece of plate. Paul Kendall was the 
happiest student on board, for the presentation her- 
alded the era of good feeling. The League was 
virtually dead for the present, if not forever. The 
inherent evil of the organization, with the bickerings 
and bad passions of its members, had killed it — 
the turtle had swallowed his own head. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 327 

The weather continued fine ; the routine of ship's 
duty and the studies went on without interruption. On 
the twent3'-fourth day out, at three bells in the after- 
noon watch, a tremendous excitement was created on 
board. 

" Land on the port bow ! " shouted one of the crew, 
who had been stationed on the fore yard-arm as a 
lookout. 

All on deck sprang into the rigging, to get a sight 
of the* welcome shore. It looked like a fog bank in 
the distance ; there was really nothing to be seen, but 
the fact that the ship was in sight of land was enough 
to create an excitement among the boys. 

At three bells, in the first dog watch, the land was 
distinctly visible. It was the Island of D^irsey, and 
was now seen on the beam, while other land appeared 
in sight ahead. It was Sunday, and all hands were at 
liberty to enjoy this first view of the new continent. 
The boys thought the land looked just like that they 
had last seen on the shore of the western continent, 
and perhaps some of them were disappointed because 
everything looked so natural. 

The officers and crew were impatient to make their 
destined port ; but the wind subsided as the sun went 
^own on that quiet Sabbath day on the ocean. The 
ship hardly made twenty miles before daylight in the 
morning. 

At eight o'clock, on Monday, when Paul Kendall 
had the deck, the Young America was off Fastnet 
Rock, and not more than half a mile from it. It is 
about ten miles from Cape Clear, and is a solitary 
rock rising out of the sea, on which a lighthouse is 



3a8 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

located. The water around it was covered with small 
boats engaged in fishing. The port watch were all on 
deck, and the scene was full of interest to them. The 
people whom they saw belonged to another continent 
than that in which they lived. All was new and 
strange to them, and all were interested in observing 
the distant shore, and the objects near the ship. 

At one bell in the afternoon watch, when the Young 
America was off Gaily Head, all hands were piped to 
muster. Mr. Lowington, on taking the rostruni, said 
that he had received a petition signed by a majority of 
the officers and crew. 

" A petition to go ashore, I suppose," said Shuffles 
to Pelham. 

" I think not," laughed the fourth lieutenant, who 
appeared to know what was coming. 

" Young gentlemen," continued the principal, whose 
face wore an unusually pleasant smile, ^' a few days 
since you were all filled witli admiration at th^^vioble 
conduct of one of your number, who saved the life of 
another at the peril of his own." 

" Want to go ashore, Shuffles ? " whispered Pelham. 

Shuffles was too much confused to make any reply ; 
he did not know whether he was to be praised or 
blamed. 

" I have received a petition, requesting me to appoint 
Robert Shuffles second lieutenant of the ship, in place 
of Paul Kendall, resigned," added Mr. Lowington. 

Shuffles was overwhelmed with astonishment, and a 
large proportion of the students received the announce-^ 
ment with hearty applause, 

" Young gentlemen, I have only to say that tho 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 329 

petition is granted. I ought to add, however, that no 
officer will lose his rank, except Mr. Kendall, who, at 
his own desire, will take the vacant number in the 
steerage, now belonging to Robert Shuffles, promoted. 
I take great pleasure in granting this petition, because 
the request is honorable to you, and shows a proper 
appreciation of the noble conduct of your shipmate. 
But let me add, that you should divide your admira- 
tion between the one who rescued his friend from 
death, and him who voluntarily resigned his honorable 
^sition in the after cabin, in order to make a place in 
which merit could be acknowledged and rewarded. 
[Nothing but a matter of life and death could have 
induced me to vary the discipline of the ship. Young 
gentlemen, you are dismissed from muster." 

. " Three cheers for Paul Kendall I " shouted one of 
the boys. 

They were given. 

*'Thli^ cheers for Robert Shuffles I*' added Paul; 
and they ^ere given. 

*' Mr. Shuffles will repair to the after cabin, where 
he will be qualified, and take his position at once." 

" Mr. Lowington, I must decline Mr. Kendall's 
generous offer," interposed Shuffles, who was actually 
choking with emotion. 

" This matter has been well considered. Shuffles," 
replied the principal ; " and as it is the desire of a 
large majority of your shipmates that you should 
accept the position, I think you had better do so." 

" There isn't a student in the ship who desires it 
so much as I do," added Paul, with generous en» 
thusiasm. " You know I told yOu I would like 
a8* 



330 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

to be in the steerage, for I have always been an 
officer." 

" Allow nie till to-night, if you f^ease, to consider 
it, Mr. Lowington," replied Shuffles, as he grasped 
the hand of Paul. 

*' Certainly, if you desire it." 

Shuffles was overwhelmed by the magnanimity of 
Paul and the kindness of the pYincipal. At that 
moment he would have given everything to be such 
a young man as the second lieutenant ; to be as good 
and true, as free from evil thoughts and evil purposes, 
as he was. A light had dawned upon the rebel and 
the plotter which he had never seen before. Good- 
ness arid truth had vindicated themselves, and over- 
whelmed the guilty one. 

" Mr. Shuffles, I congratulate you on your promo- 
tion," said the chaplain, extending his hand. 

" I cannot accept it, sir," replied the repentant mal- 
content. " I would like to speak with yoxi alone, Mr. 
Agneau." 

The cHaplain took him to his state room in the 
main cabin ; and there. Shuffles, conquered and sub- 
dued by the kindness of his friends, confessed the 
terrible crime he had committed — that he had pushed 
Pelham overboard. 

The chaplain was confounded at this confession, 
but still more so when the self-convicted conspirator 
revealed all the secrets of "The Chain." Shuffles 
mentioned no names; he took all the guilt upon 
himself. 

" I am astonished, my dear young friend," said the 



YOUNO AMERICA AFLOAT. 33 1 

chaplain. "Is it possible the life you saved was 
imperilled by your own violent passions?" 

"It is true, sir," replied Shuffles, hardly able to 
control his feelings. 

"Then I think you had better not accept the 
promotion that has been offered to you." 

" I will not ; I would jump overboard first. I am 
willing to be punished ; I deserve it." 

" Shuffles, you have almost atoned for your errors 
by confessing them ; and your courageous conduct, 
after you had pushed Pelham into the sea, proves that 
you sincerely repented that act. Shall I tell Mr. 
Lowington what you have said?" 

" Yes, sir ; let him know me as I am ; let him 
despise me as I deserve," replied Shuffles, wiping 
away a genuine tear of repentance. 

Mr. Ag^eau talked to the penitent for two hours ; 
and finally he prayed with him and for him. If never 
before, the moral condition of the culprit was now 
hopeful, and the chaplain labored earnestly and faith- 
fully to give him right views of his relations to God 
and his fellow-beings. 

"Paul," said Shuffles, when he met his generous 
and self-sacrificing friend in the waist, after the con- 
ference in the state room, " I am the meanest and 
vilest fellow on board." 

" No, you are not ! " exclaimed Paul. 

" I would give the world to be like you." 

" No, no I You wrong yourself, and overdo me." 

" I have confessed all to the chaplain, and you will 
•con know me as I am, Paul. I will not take your 
place in the cabin. Your kindness and generosity 



33* OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

have overcome me. You have convinced me that 
doing right is always the best way." 

Paul did not know what to make of this remarkable 
confession ; but, after supper, all hands were piped ta 
muster again, the ship being off Kinsale Head, nearly 
becalmed. The chaplain had informed the principal 
of the substance of Shuffles' confession. Mr. Low- 
ington laughed at ** The Chain League," the signs and 
the passwords, and regarded the mutiny as a matter 
of little consequence. He did not believe that Shuf- 
fles, or his followers, had really intended to take the 
ship. The project was too monstrous to be credible. 
The fact that the conspirator had attempted the life of 
his companion was a grave matter, and it was treated 
as such. Mr. Agjneau was entirely confident of the 
sincerity of the culprit's repentance. Shuffles had 
refused to take the proffered promotion, which was 
abundant evidence that he was in earnest. 

The penitent was sent for, and repeated his confes* 
sion to the principal. He did not ask to be exempted 
from punishment ; but he did ask to be forgiven. He 
was forgiven ; but when the crew were piped to mus- 
ter, all the particulars of tlie intended mutiny were 
exposed to the astonished " outsiders." Paul under- 
stood it now. Mr. Lowington ridiculed the mutiny ; 
but. he spoke very seriously of this consequences of 
insubordination. 

" Young gentlemen. Shuffles has not mentioned the 
name of a single student in connection with this silly 
conspiracy; he has asked to be excused from doing 
so. I grant his request, and I hope that all who have 
engaged in the affair are as sincerely sorry for their 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 333 

connection with it as he is. Under the circumstances, 
Shuffles will not be promoted. Young gentlemen, 
you are dismissed." 

" Shuffles was a good fellow to keep us in the dark," 
whispered Sariborn to Wilton. 

" Keepstill," replied Wilton. " We are lucky to get 
out of the scrape on any terms." 

So thought all of them ; and it was certainly mag- 
nanimous on the part of the chief conspirator to be 
willing to assume all the guilt, and suffer all the pun- 
ishment. There was enough of good in Shuffles to 
save him from the evil of his nature. 

" Paul, there is one more thing I must tell you," 
said Shuffles, that evening, while the ship lay becalmed 
off Kinsale. " You remember when I told you about 
the gambling in the steerage? " 

" I do." 

" I was deceiving you then. I only exposed the 
fellows in order to make trouble. I knew that the 
students would be closely watched, and the rules 
more strictly- enforced, which- would make them 
mad." 

*' What did you want to make them mad for? " 

'' So that they would join the League." 

" Well, you did a good thing for the ship and for 
the fellows, if your motives were not good," replied 
Paul. " It was good out of evil, any way." 

" I don't think half so many fellows would have 
joined if Mr. Lowington hadn't taken their money 
from them." 

" Have you seen any gambling since ? " 

" Not a bit of it, Paul." 



334 OUTWARD BOUND, OR 

' " I am glad to know that." 

" One thing more ; you know all the members of 
the League, Paul." 

"I?" 

" Yes ; you have their names on the orders, for ten 
shillings each." 

" So I have ; but we will make a general affair of 
the presentation, and that will cover up the whole of 
them." 

" Thank you, Paul. You despise me as much as } 
like and respect you." 

" I don't despise you. Shuffles. You have done 
wrong, but I respect you for undoing the evil you 
had meditated. We are all weak and erring, and 
we can't afford to despise any one. On the con- 
trary, I like you," replied Paul, giving Shuffles his 
hand. 

" You treat me better than I deserve, Paul ; but if 
you are my friend, I shall be all the better for it ; and 
I hope you will not be worse." 

The end of the conspiracy had been reached, 
Before the ship came to anchor in the Cove, every 
boy on board had drawn his order on the principal 
for ten shillings, and the members of the League were 
veiled beneath the mass of names. 

At sunrise, on Tuesday morning, the ship had a gen- 
tle breeze ; and at three bells in the forenoon watch, 
she was off Roches Point, with the Union Jack at the 
foremast-head, as a signal for a pilot. On this ex- 
citing occasion, the studies and recitations were sus- 
pended, to enable all the students to see the shores, 
and enjoy the scene. The pilot made his appearance. 



YOUNG AMERICA AFLOAT. 335 

gave Mr. Lowington the latest Cork papers, and took 
charge of the ship. The honest Irishman was not a 
little surprised to find the vessel manned *' wid nothing 
in the wide wurld but by's ; " but he found they were 
good seamen. 

The Young America ran into the beautiful bay 
through the narrow opening, with Carlisle Fort on the 
starboard and Camden Fort on the port hand. The 
students were intensely excited by the near view of 
the land, of the odd little Steamers that went whisking 
about, and the distant view of Queenstown, on the 
slope of the hill at the head of the bay. They were 
in Europe now. 

" All hands to bring ship to anchor ! " said the 
first lieutenant, when the ship was approaching the 
town. 

The light sails were furled, the port anchor cleared 
away, and every preparation made for the moor- 
ing. Then the orders to let go the topsail sheets, 
clew up the topsails, and haul down the jib, were 
given. 

" Port the helm ! Stand clear of the cable ! Let 
go the port anchor ! " 

The cable rattled through the hawse-hole, the 
anchor went to the bottom, the Young America swung 
round, and her voyage across the ocean was happily 
terminated. Three rousing cheers were given in 
honor of the auspicious event, and when the sails had 
been furled, the crew were piped to dinner. 

And here, at the close of the voyage, we leave the 
Young America, with her officers and crew wiser and 
better, we trust, than when they sailed from the shores 



336 OUTWARD BOUND, 

of their native country. They were now to ente^ 
upon a new life in foreign lands; and what they 
saw and what they did, on sea and shore, during the 
following weeks, will be related in " Shamrock 
AND Thistle, or Toung America in Ireland and 
Scotland^ 



I 
I 



RKV. BLIJAH KKIXOGG'S 

ELM ISLAND STORIES. 



Blxfok Iteo. niulnUad. FBrTol.,«lJ5. 

Idem Ban of mm Island. 



1 

8. 
». 

4. 



CharUe Bell. 

The Ark of Sim Island. 

The BoT Farmers of Elm 
Island. 

The Tounff Shipbuilders of 
film Island. 

The Hardsorabble of Mm 
Island. 



**There it no sentimentalism in this senes. 
It is all downright inatter-of-&ct bov life, and 
of ooiane they are deeply interestea in read- 
ing it. The history cf pioneer life is so 
ittractive that one involuntarily wishes to 
renew those early struggles with adverse 
nrcuiiistatioe& and join the busy actors in 
their sucocasful efforts to build up pleasant 
tKMnes ock oar sea-girt islands. "^Zwm'j 



■a i SHEPARD, Publishers, Boston. 



Wonderful SUotUb, 

JUTLAND SERIES. 

Poor Tob. IDiailnitodL Set In a neat box, or sold 
fervoLttLW. 



rhe Sand Hhls^of Jutland. 

By liaos Christian Andersen. i6nK>. 
Illuatrated. 

Tarns of an Old Mariner. 

By Mrs. Mary Cowden Qarke. Illus- 
trated by Cruikaihank. x6ma 

iohoolboy Days. 

By W. H. G. Kingston. t6mo. Six- 
teen illustrations. 

}reat Men and Gallant Deeds. 
By J. a Edgar. z6mo Illustrated. 

Four books by four noted authors comprise 
lis series, which contains Adventures by Sea 
3d Land, Manly Sports of England, Boy 
ife in English Schools, Fairy Tales and 
egenda^ — all handsomely illustrated 

> LEE ft 8HEPAR0, Publishers, Boston. 



The Great West. 

THE FRONTIER SERIES 

Five vols. Illuitrated. F^toL, fl-SS. 

Twelve Ni«hts in the Hunters' 

Camp. 
A Thousand Miles' Walk Across 

South America. 
The Cabin on the Prairie. 
Planting the Wilderness. 
The Young Pioneers. 

The romance surrounding the adventurous 
lives of Western pioneers and immigrants 
has suggested nparlv as many stories as the 
chivalnc deeds of knight-errantry. These 
tales of frontier life are, however, as a rule, 
characterized by such wilduess of fancy and 
such extravagancy of language that we have 
often wondered why another Cervantes did 
not ridicule our border romances by de .b- 
ing a second Don Quixote's adventures on 
the prairies. We are pleased to notice^ that 
in the new series of Frontier Tales, by Li»e 
& Shepard. there is an agreeable absence v* 
sensational writing, of that maudlii^ senti- 
mentality which make the SfocialiMyDf such 
tales nauseous. " — •^^^"^^^'jj^fif-^VyS ^ 

LEE A SHEPARa PoblishJfBoeton. "* ^ 



Iliustrated Natural Miatory, ^Q 

Y0UN6 HUNTER'S LIBRARY. 

By Mbs. B. tXB. Four volumes. lUiistnitad. 
Pei voL, flin. 

The Australian Wanderers. 

The Adventures of Captain Spencer and 
his Horse and Dog in the Wi^ of Aus- 
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The African Crusoes. 

The Adventures of Carlos aad Antonio 
in the Wilds of Africa. 

Anecdotes of Animals, 

With their Habits, Instincts, &c, As. 

Anecdotes of Birds, Fishes, Bep- 

tiles, &c., their Habits and Instincts. 

This is a very popular series, prepared for 
the purpose of interesting the young in the 
study of natural history. The exating ad- 
ventures of celebrated travellers, anecdotes ; 
of sagacity in birds, beasts, &c., have been 
interwoven in a pleasant manner. This se- 
ries is not only verjr interesting but is deci- 
dedly proiStable reading. 

LEE & SHEPARO, Publishetv, Boston. 






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